Answers to Procrastination Reading Lesson

Hi guys,

I’ve posted the answers back on the original page for you. Click here: http://ieltsliz.com/reading-practice-procrastination/

All the best

Liz

Reading Practice: Procrastination

This reading lesson is based on Sentence Completion questions that are very common in IELTS reading, both GT and Academic.

Reading Exercise: Procrastination

Procrastination refers to the voluntary postponement of an unpleasant task, often against one’s better judgement (Steel, 2007). There are a few reasons for procrastination. One reason is the lack of imposed direction that’s become common in the workplace. People tend to dawdle in completing a task when they are not given set deadlines and goals. The most significant predictor of procrastination is a task that’s considered unpleasant, boring, or uninteresting. The less people are interested in their task, the less effort they put into completing it. Furthermore, avoidance is a well-known form of coping with anxiety. Procrastinators may postpone getting started because of their doubts and a fear of failure. Finally, when difficulties arise, people with weak self-confidence easily develop doubts about their ability to accomplish the task at hand, while those with strong beliefs are more likely to continue their efforts. When low self-confidence causes people to avoid activities, they miss opportunities to acquire new knowledge and skills. All these reasons are typical of procrastination. However, there is one other reason not mentioned so far and that is passive aggressive behaviour. These people use avoidance tactics to express their anger in a non-confrontational way by purposely not completing their task which they know might cause problems for others.

Source: Adapted  from psychologytoday.com. Parts of this passage have been altered from the original to suit the lesson.

Questions 1-5: Complete the sentences using no more than two words and/or a number.

  1. People may procrastinate if they are not given clear aims and …………………
  2. Without an interest in what they are doing, people might not put enough …………. into it.
  3. People may delay beginning their task because of a ………..of …………
  4. Some people avoid learning new skills due to  ………………
  5. Passive aggressive people procrastinate to convey ………..

Answers

Click below to reveal the answers:

[expand title=”Answers”]

  1. DEADLINES / SET DEADLINES
    1. The answer cannot be “goals” because that is already paraphrased in the question as “aims”.
  2. EFFORT
    1. This should be singular. This is not usual in IELTS and is specifically for this lesson only. The question I have written requires you to change the noun.
  3. FEAR FAILURE
    1. It is not necessary to use punctuation in any listening answers. You can just write two words only. If you use a comma, it is fine – but not necessary.
    2. Your answer will be marked wrong if you wrote “of”. This word is given in the question and you do not repeat it. Your task is to write what it missing.
    3. Some people struggled with this one. They thought the answer was “doubt fear. For example, “People may delay beginning their task because of a doubt of fear.” = this is 100% wrong.
    4. The term “a fear of failure” is an expression which is well known. It cannot be written as “a doubt of fear”.
    5. In the passage, it said that people procrastinate because of doubt AND a fear of failure. As you see “doubt” and “fear of failure” are two different things. You can have “doubt and fear”, but you can’t have “doubt of fear” – the question had the word “of”, it did not have the word “and”.
    6. So this question really tests your understanding of language. I hope this explanation will help you understand if you got that question wrong.
  4. LOW SELF-CONFIDENCE / WEAK SELF-CONFIDENCE
    1. If you wrote only “self-confidence” it would be marked wrong. This is not about self-confidence, it is specifically about LOW self-confidence.
    2. You must decide when to add the extra word and when not to. This will always depend on meaning. To miss the word “low” changes the meaning.
  5. ANGER
    1. You should not use “their”. It is not necessary to include the pronoun, only the noun.

[/expand][expand title=”Useful Vocabulary”]

  • postponement
  • against one’s better judgement
  • procrastination / procrastinate
  • dawdle
  • deadlines
  • predictor
  • avoidance
  • a fear of failure
  • low self-confidence
  • acquire knowledge
  • passive aggressive behaviour
  • avoidance tactics
  • non-confrontational[/expand]

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I hope you enjoyed the topic. Procrastination is a common problem for many people – don’t let that happen with your IELTS preparation 🙂

All the best

Liz

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Get 50% off Advanced IELTS Writing Task 2 Lessons until Friday, 15thh March (10pm UK time).

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Learn the best techniques for a high score. Lessons are for both GT and Academic students. Each lesson focuses on one type of IELTS essay and covers:

  • analysing the question & identifying issues
  • developing ideas
  • planning paragraphs & structure
  • writing paragraphs
  • using linking words
  • what the examiner is looking for
  • tips and techniques for a high score

The lessons come with model essays and a page of tips.

Payment:

All payments are processed by Paypal using either:

  • Credit or Debit Card
  • Paypal Account

Note: If you have problems using your card with paypal, try opening a paypal account and paying that way. If your country doesn’t use Paypal, you can ask a friend to buy the lessons for you.

Click to see my 50% Discount Offer: IELTS Liz Advanced Lessons

All the best

Liz

50% DISCOUNT ENDS TOMORROW !


50% OFF!!

Tomorrow is the last day to get 50% Off Advanced IELTS Writing Task 2 Lessons.

CLICK HERE50% DISCOUNT OFFER ADVANCED IELTS WRITING

Learn the best techniques for a high score. Lessons are for both GT and Academic students. Each lesson focuses on one type of IELTS essay and covers:

  • analysing the question & identifying issues
  • developing ideas
  • planning paragraphs & structure
  • writing paragraphs
  • using linking words
  • what the examiner is looking for
  • tips and techniques for a high score

The lessons come with model essays and a page of tips.

Payment:

All payments are processed by Paypal using either:

  • Credit or Debit Card
  • Paypal Account

Note: If you have problems using your card with paypal, try opening a paypal account and paying that way. If your country doesn’t use Paypal, you can ask a friend to buy the lessons for you.

Click to see my 50% Discount Offer: IELTS Liz Advanced Lessons

All the best

Liz



Answers for My University Listening Practice

Below are answers with tips for the practice listening lesson about My University. If you have not done this lesson, please click here: My University Listening,before looking at the answers.

Answers

  1. 19
    1. Some of you have difficult hearing the difference between 19 and 90. Try this lesson to improve your listening with these types of numbers: Numbers listening video
  2. 1879
    1. The listening recording says “Thomas Holloway founded the college in 1879.” The question was “The college was established in…” The word “established” is a synonym for “founded”.
    2. The preposition “in” in the question means you should listen for a date or a place. As you listen for the synonym keyword, you find it is a date.
  3. 8,000
    1. You do not need to use a comma in the number, but it helps the person marking if you do.
    2. The recording actually says “Today, Royal Holloway is a thriving co-educational community of some 8,000 students…”. The word “some” means “about”. You do not need to write it in your answer.
  4. SECLUDED
    1. The question is clearly asking for you to write an adjective “… feels like a peaceful, …… place …”.
    2. The audio says “…. like the campus is enjoying a peaceful, secluded existence right in the heart of the British countryside.”
    3. It is always best to write your answers using capital letters.
    4. The spelling must be correct or the answer will be marked wrong.
  5. 19 MILES
    1. The question asks for a distance “is located … from X”.
    2. The audio says “it is only 19 miles from the centre of London”.
    3. Always check if the question gives the word “miles”. If the word is given in the question, you do not repeat it in the answer.
    4. In this case, if you wrote only 19 without the word “miles”, your answer would be marked wrong.
  6. HISTORY SOCIAL SCIENCES
    1. If you wrote “and” in your answer, it would be marked wrong. The word “and” was written in the question and you do not need to repeat it. This only applies when you are completing sentences as a task because the sentence must be grammatically correct once you have completed it.
    2. You must have “s” with the word “sciences”. If you didn’t write the “s”,  your answer would be marked wrong.
    3. You do not need to write a comma between the words. If you want to write a comma, you can. But it isn’t necessary. Punctuation is not needed in your answers for listening.
    4. Many people struggled with this question because they understand “social sciences”. Examples of social sciences are: anthropology, Geography, Sociology, Psychology, Linguistics, Law etc. Take a look online if you are unsure. This term usually applies to university subjects rather than school subjects.

I hope you enjoyed this listening lesson. I now recommend you go back to the original listening lesson and listen again to the video.

Did you like my university? I, personally, think it is a beautiful building. I actually lived for one year in the main castle building 🙂

All the best

Liz

Listening Practice: My University

This listening practice is with a video rather than an audio recording. It is a video of Royal Holloway, University of London, which is actually where I completed my BA Hons degree. I thought you would enjoy seeing it. The main building is one of the most beautiful I have ever seen for a university.

The listening exercise is not difficult so I expect you all to get at least 5 out of 6 correct 🙂

Listening Practice: My University

Read the questions first and then listen to the video below and answer the questions.

Questions 1 – 6: no more than three words and/or a number

  1. The University of London is made up of ………. different institutions.
  2. The college was established in ………..
  3. Nowadays, the university has ………… students from over 100 countries.
  4. The campus feels like a peaceful, ……….. place in the countryside.
  5. Royal Holloway is located ………… from the centre of London.
  6. There are three world class faculties: the arts faculty, …………….and ……………………, and the science faculty.

Liz’s University: Royal Holloway, University of London

Listen to the video and answer the questions above.

[su_youtube url=”https://youtu.be/DQECVTiDYEU”]

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Answers

The answers are now available for this lesson.

Click here: Answers for My University Listening Lesson

All the best

Liz

Do I need an overview for an IELTS Diagram?

There is a simple answer to this question. YES!

For IELTS writing task 1 (academic paper), the overview is the most important paragraph. It is the paragraph that contains all the key features to help the reader grasp the main information contained in the diagram.

You need to look at the stages and summarise them into one statement (max two statements). It is important that the examiner finds your overview quickly and easily, so always start with “Overall, …”.

The overview is part of the marking criterion of Task Achievement. See below how it affects your score:

  • Band 5 = no clear overview
  • Band 6 = an overview is presented
  • Band 7 = a clear overview of main trends or stages

You can see how important this overview is. Even when you are given a diagram, you must give details of the main stages in your overview.

To see a model answer for a diagram and other useful tips for writing task 1 academic, click here: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-1-lessons-and-tips/

For anyone taking the IELTS GT test, you will be asked to write a letter. Always follow the order of the prompts given. Each prompt will be one paragraph. Add more detail to each paragraph from your imagination to make the letter realistic. Make sure you understand who the letter is to and what the purpose of the letter is. This will help you decide your tone and style. See this page: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-writing-task-1-lessons-and-tips/

All the best

Liz

50% DISCOUNT IELTS WRITING LESSONS

50% OFF!!

Get 50% off Advanced IELTS Writing Task 2 Lessons until Friday, 15thh March (7pm UK time).

CLICK HERE50% DISCOUNT OFFER ADVANCED IELTS WRITING

Learn the best techniques for a high score. Lessons are for both GT and Academic students. Each lesson focuses on one type of IELTS essay and covers:

  • analysing the question & identifying issues
  • developing ideas
  • planning paragraphs & structure
  • writing paragraphs
  • using linking words
  • what the examiner is looking for
  • tips and techniques for a high score

The lessons come with model essays and a page of tips.

Payment:

All payments are processed by Paypal using either:

  • Credit or Debit Card
  • Paypal Account

Note: If you have problems using your card with paypal, try opening a paypal account and paying that way. If your country doesn’t use Paypal, you can ask a friend to buy the lessons for you.

Click to see my 50% Discount Offer: IELTS Liz Advanced Lessons

All the best

Liz