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Answers to Mammoth Listening Lesson

Below are the answers, transcript and useful vocabulary for the IELTS listening lesson about Mammoths which focuses on multiple choice pictures.

If you have not completed this lesson yet, please click here: Listening Lessons Mammoths

Vocabulary Builder
mammoth = prehistoric animal now extinct similar in shape to an elephant
physiology = make-up / structure
prominent = major / outstanding
parts of an elephant and mammoth = tusks, trunk, large ears
huge / colossal = enormous / extremely large

Transcript
There is evidence of much change and development in the mammoth. We can see the Ambelodon 20 million years ago, the Stegodon 12 million years ago and finally the Stegotetrabelodon which existed somewhere between 7.5 to 4.5 million years ago. There seem to have been a number of changes in the physiology of the mammoth, the most prominent were in the height, the size of the ears and the shape of the head and tusks. Today, I’m going to be focusing, on the one most of us associate with the ‘so-called’ classic shape and size of a mammoth and which is most known for its huge curving tusks and colossal size.

Answer
= B
‘Today, I’m going to be focusing on….. which is most known for its huge curving tusks and colossal size.

For more listening lessons, click here: IELTS Listening Lessons

Answers for Bird Migration Synonyms Practice

Below are the answers to the lesson about Migrating Birds Synonyms. If you haven’t finished this lesson, please do so by clicking here: Bird Migration Synonyms Lesson

  1. breeding sites = nesting locations
  2. relatively = fairly
  3. developed gradually = evolved
  4. include = incorporate
  5. departed from an established course = deviation
  6. on their own = independently
  7. distinct feature noticeable from a distance = landmark

I hope you found this lesson useful 🙂

If you want more reading practice, click here: Reading Practice Lessons. If you want to see more vocabulary for topics, click here: Vocabulary for IELTS

All the best

Liz

I want a higher score in IELTS: Tips & Techniques

Tips to get a higher score in IELTS

Some students take the test again and again  and do not take the time to understand what they need to do to get a better score. This page is a brief overview to help you understand your role and your responsibilities to ensure a higher score. Read this page VERY carefully.

My Level of English

If you are getting band 5.5 repeatedly and you want band score 7, the problem might be your English. If you are making frequent errors in your English and have limited accuracy, you will struggle to get a high score. It is time for you to be honest with yourself about the level of your own English. You don’t really need a teacher to tell you this. You should know for yourself if your English is accurate and flexible or not.

IELTS is a language test and your band score is based on your level of English. This means if you want a higher score, you need to improve your English. It also means that “tips and techniques” won’t guarantee a big increase in your score. If your English is not strong enough, you won’t get a high score in IELTS.

You can gain awareness of your own level of English in many ways. Here is one way:

Go to the following link in this paragraph which contains vocabulary and an exercise about Crime and Punishment topic. How many words do you know from the lists given? Is your pronunciation accurate? Do you know the spelling? When you do the exercise, do you get many wrong or many right?  If you get some wrong, look at the reason why. If the reason is because you didn’t know enough English – that tells you a lot. Band 9 students will know about 90-100% of the words. Band 8 will probably know about 80-90% (these are rough estimates). See this page: Crime & Punishment Vocabulary Start becoming more aware of your own English language.

Each lesson on this website will help you gain insight into your own English and the mistakes you make. Mistakes are a good way of judging your level:

  • band 8 = most sentences are error free
  • band 7 = few errors
  • band 6 = some errors
  • band 5 = frequent errors

Some mistakes will be made because you didn’t know what the question wanted you to do – this is about technique (explained below). But some of your mistakes will be because you didn’t know enough English. Always review the reason you get answers wrong.

Can tips increase your score?

Tips will only help you if your English is strong enough. If your English is strong, but you are not getting a good score, you will need to review your IELTS exam techniques and your understanding of IELTS.

If your English isn’t strong enough, tips won’t make a big difference. If your English is about band 5.5, then you will probably get between band 5 and 6 in your test.

IELTS Exam Techniques

Yes, of course they can. Techniques are about how to tackle different types of questions and strategies for approaching questions. The more you understand about IELTS questions, IELTS marking criteria, IELTS band score requirements and how to avoid mistakes, the better you will do. Techniques will help you reach your potential. If you have good English, but are not scoring well, techniques will help you push your score higher.

However, techniques are of limited use if the problem is your English language. So, make sure you review your English and have realistic expectations.

Essential Preparation for IELTS

All students should work on two areas:

  1. English language – review your English and try improve it if you have time. Focus on these areas:
    1. paraphrasing – the correct use of synonyms and when not to paraphrase
    2. vocabulary – appropriate to topic
    3. grammar – accurate with a good range
    4. avoiding errors – aiming for accuracy and not aiming to impress
    5. listening practice – bbc, videos, documentaries etc
    6. reading practice – articles, magazines, books (develop speed reading)
    7. speaking practice – topics, pronunciation, explaining ideas
    8. writing practice is best done only in relation to IELTS requirements
  2. IELTS Exam Skills –
    1. review techniques & review strategies for each and every question type
    2. learn to identify keywords and issues
    3. develop skimming and scanning skills for reading
    4. learn to focus on identifying answers in listening
    5. prepare topics:
      1. for speaking, prepare your past memories, hopes, opinions
      2. for writing, prepare world issues based on common and recent topics
    6. learn to manage time
    7. learn about the requirements of the test
    8. learn about marking for speaking and writing
    9. practice full IELTS tests under exam conditions at home
    10. take responsibility for your own training

Useful IELTS Links & Tips

Below is a list of useful links to help you prepare for IELTS.

Good luck in your test !!

Liz 🙂

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Answer to Prepositions Lessons Sept 2018

Hi guys,

I’ve posted the answers to the prepositions lesson on the original page. Click here: Prepositions Lesson with Answers

All the best

Liz

Listening Answers for Blue Foot Bird Exercise

Questions, Answers & Transcript: Blue-footed Bird Listening Practice

Do not look at the answers until you have finished the listening lesson.

If you have not finished this listening lesson, please click here: Blue-footed bird listening practice

Transcript:

These boobies live off the western coasts of Central and South America. The Galápagos Islands population includes about half of all breeding pairs of blue-footed boobies. They are aptly named, and males take great pride in their fabulous feet. During mating rituals, male birds show off their feet to prospective mates with a high-stepping strut. The bluer the feet, the more attractive the mate.

All half-dozen or so booby species are thought to take their name from the Spanish word “bobo.” The term means “stupid,” which is how early European colonists may have characterized these clumsy and unwary birds when they saw them on land—their least graceful environment.

Like other boobies, blue-foots nest on land at night. When day breaks, they take to the air in search of seafood, sometimes fishing in cooperative groups. They may fly far out to sea while keeping a keen eye out for schools of small fish, such as anchovies. When their prey is in sight, these seabirds utilize the physical adaptations that make them exceptional divers. They fold their long wings back around their streamlined bodies and plunge into the water from as high as 80 feet. Blue-footed boobies can also dive from a sitting position on the water’s surface.

Blue-footed boobies also use their webbed feet to cover their young and keep them warm. When a typical brood of one to three chicks hatch, both parents feed and care for them.

It is a good idea to read the transcript and listen to the recording at the same time. Below:

.

Questions: No more than two words and/or a number.

  1. Strutting and showing off feet is part of the mating …………
  2. When a male boobie has very blue feet, he is considered ……………..
  3. Their name comes from the Spanish word for …………..
  4. On land, blue-footed boobies move  in a ………. manner.
  5. Blue-footed boobies fish in ……………….
  6. They eat small fish, for example ………….
  7. Their bodies are ………..  which is advantageous when diving.
  8. Adult boobies warm their chicks with their ……………….
  9. They usually have a maximum of ………. young.

Answers:

  1. RITUAL / RITUALS
    1. You can have either plural or singular for this answer. It isn’t common that you can have both – usually in IELTS you must choose carefully and writing the wrong one will mean it is marked wrong.
  2. ATTRACTIVE
  3. STUPID
    1. You cannot have the word “bobo” because the word “for” means you are looking for a translation. You need the English word, not the Spanish word.
  4. CLUMSY
  5. GROUPS / COOPERATIVE GROUPS
    1. Some people had difficulty with the pronunciation of “in cooperative groups”. This is due to the pronunciation features of linking sounds.
  6. ANCHOVIES
  7. STREAMLINED
  8. FEET / WEBBED FEET
  9. THREE / 3
    1. Notice that the question asks for the maximum number.  Always underline key words in the question on your listening question paper.

 

 

Answers to August Linking Word Practice

Below are the questions and answers for the lesson on linking words this month. I hope you found this lesson useful 🙂

Questions 

  1. ……………. the government building more homes in city centres, there is still a lack of housing.
    1.  A) Although   B) Despite   C) So
  2. ………….. the government is increasing the amount of money spent on dealing with environmental pollution, individuals must still play their part.
    1.  A) But    B) Although  C) Despite
  3. People should eat a balanced diet …………….. avoid serious health problems.
    1. A) due to    B) so     C) in order to
  4. …………… there are children who may not find it easy to live abroad, for others it can be an experience that helps them mature and become more independent.
    1. A) While  B) In spite of  C) Even so
  5. ………………….. more and more people moving to the city to find jobs, housing has become a serious problem in city centres.
    1. A) Consequently   B) As a result  C) As a result of  D) Owing to

Answers

  1. B
    1. Despite the government building more homes in city centres, there is still a lack of housing.
    2. It is not possible to have “Although” in this sentence. The meaning is correct, but the grammar is wrong. If you wanted to use “Although”, you would need to change the sentence: ” Although the government is building more homes in city centres, there is still a lack of housing.”
  2. B
    1. Although the government is increasing the amount of money spent on dealing with environmental pollution, individuals must still play their part.
  3. C
    1. People should eat a balanced diet in order to avoid serious health problems.
  4. A
    1. While there are children who may not find it easy to live abroad, for others it can be an experience that helps them mature and become more independent.
    2. The linking words “in spite of” have the right meaning, but can’t be used in this sentence. If you want to use “in spite of” you need to change the grammar structure of the sentence: “In spite of some children not finding it easy to live abroad, for others it can be an experience that helps them mature and become more independent.
  5. C & D
    1. As a result of more and more people moving to the city to find jobs, housing has become a serious problem in city centres.
    2. Owing to more and more people moving to the city to find jobs, housing has become a serious problem in city centres.
    3. It is not possible to have “Consequently”. The meaning is fine, but the grammatical structure of the sentence makes it impossible to use. Using “consequently” = More and more people are moving to the city to find jobs and, consequently,  housing has become a serious problem in city centres.
    4. The linking word “as a result” must have the proposition “of” with it for this sentence. Using “as a result” without “of” = More and more people are moving to the city to find jobs and, as a result, housing has become a serious problem in city centres.

To use linking words correctly, you must understand both their meaning and the correct grammatically way to use them in a sentence. See a full list of linking words for your essay: IELTS Linking Words List.

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Answers about counting words

Below are the answers to yesterday’s lesson about counting words in IELTS writing. See the qustions and answers below. Also notice I have added some extra links with more information so you can learn more about how words are counted in IELTS.

  1. Are small words counted such as “a” and “the”?
    1. Yes, they are counted. All words are counted. If you write “a man walked into a shop” = 6 words.
  2. Is “15%” counted as one word or two?
    1. It is one word. If you write “15 percent” = two words.
  3. Is this one word or two: “good-looking”?
    1. It is one word.
  4. Are commas counted as a word?
    1. No punctuation is counted as a word.
  5. Does the examiner count all the words in your essay or does the examiner guess the word count?
    1. The examiner will see if your writing doesn’t look long. In that case, the examiner will count every single word. Each individual word must be counted precisely by the examiner.

Learn More

  1. Another exercise to test your understanding of word counting. Click here: Practice Counting Words
  2. Rules about how words are counted in IELTS. Click here: How Words are Counted in IELTS
  3. Using the writing answer sheet and counting your own words: How to Use the Answer Sheet Correctly
  4. Learn about deleting words in IELTS Writing. Click here: Deleting Words
  5. Learn about Essay Word Length: How Long Should My IELTS Essay Be?

All the best

Liz

Counting Words Questions

Hi,

I have had many IELTS test takers asking me about how words are counted in IELTS writing. Let’s check your understanding:

  1. Are small words counted such as “a” and “the”?
  2. Is “15%” counted as one word or two?
  3. Is this one word or two: “good-looking”?
  4. Are commas counted as a word?
  5. Does the examiner count all the words in your essay or does the examiner guess the word count?

Answers

Post your answers below.

I will post the answers tomorrow to these questions with a link to more information.

All the best

Liz