IELTS Problem Solution Essay Model Answer

Below is an IELTS model answer for the IELTS problem solution essay in writing task 2. There are five types of essays in IELTS writing task 2 and the “solution” type essay is a common one. However, make sure you follow the instructions. You need to know the difference between “what are the causes?” and “what problems does this cause?”.  The first requires causes and the second requires problems.

Problem Solution Essay Instructions

The instructions for problem solution questions are often paraphrased in different ways. Below you can see a few examples:

  1. What are the problems to this and how can it be solved?
  2. What problems are caused by this? What solutions would you recommend?
  3. What problems arise from this situation? What measures can be taken to deal with it?
  4. What problems does this cause? What can be done to deal with this situation?

You can find some essay questions for solution essays and problem solution essays on this page: Solution Essay Questions and you can find over 100 essay questions to practice: 100 Essay Questions for IELTS

IELTS Problem Solution Essay Question

An increasing number of professionals, such as doctors and teachers, are leaving their own poorer countries to work in developed countries. What problems does this cause? What can be done to deal with this situation?

Model IELTS Essay: Problems and Solutions

More and more professionals from developing or underdeveloped countries are choosing to live and work in richer countries. As a result, poorer countries will struggle to develop but this can be tackled by offering more incentives to stay and better living conditions.

The main problem faced by poorer countries due to the brain-drain, in fields such as medicine and education, is that they will struggle to develop and find it difficult to improve their economy as well as living conditions. One of the main ways that a developing country can better themselves is through the skills and dedication of their professionals which is negated when they choose to take their skills to benefit another country. Consequently, less developed countries will not be able to offer their citizens high levels of education or health care, and this in turn will hinder their ability to compete on a global scale, to entice investors and ultimately to stop the poverty cycle.

One effective solution to deal with professionals leaving their country is for their government to encourage them to stay by offering better work conditions. This can be done by increasing wages and investing in state-of-the-art equipment and training to tempt doctors and teachers to continue working there. Another possible answer is for  poorer countries to offer better standards of living, more tolerance and a positive future as a way to entice their professionals back to their own country after they have completed their training abroad. However, these solutions are financially demanding which means poorer governments may have to look to developed countries for aid in order to implement these changes.

In conclusion, poorer countries are unable to develop due to the brain-drain which can only be tackled by enticing professionals to remain in their country of origin through better conditions.



  1. Thank You dear Liz

  2. Thank You for your helps

  3. The question prompt usually says “What are the problems due to this phenomenon?” and “What are the solutions to this problems?”. In this case, are we supposed to write two problems and two solutions or one problem and one solution?
    I ask this because question says problems and solutions, which is plural but if we write two problems and solutions than we will have to write about 350 to 400 words to fully develop those ideas to get higher task achievement scores. This will mean that completing task in 40 minutes will be tough.
    What do you suggest in this case? Is writing one problem and a solution answering all parts of the task?
    Looking forward to your response.

    • The page above gives you a model essay for exactly that type of essay. Read through it and learn how to write it using a reasonable word count.

      • Farrukh Azimov says

        Hello Liz. Can you share with me the link to your video lessons where you explain “cause and solution essay”? Looking forward your response. Thanks.

  4. Francesco Benedetti says

    Hi Liz,
    Firstly wanted to thank for the info you’re providing!

    I just have one question about the solution essay. When they just ask to provide the solution in the essay (not mentioning cause or problems) how do we structure the two BP’s? One solution each body BP?

    I can’t see any examples about this on your website!

    Thanks in advance,


    • Who said you could only have two body paragraphs? It is fine to have three. The number of body paragraphs will depend on the number of solutions you have.

  5. Ahmed Mustafa says

    Thanks a lot for you effort

  6. Rashid Ahmad says

    Dear Liz,
    For a problem solution essay, can I follow the following structure to get higher bands?
    1- Intro
    2- Body paragraph 1 (problem + solution)
    3- Body paragraph 2 (problem + solution)
    4- Conclusion


    • It is a standard, correct structure to use. There are many reasons to get a higher score based on the 4 marking criteria – that only will not help you.

  7. Heba Abdel Aleem says

    thank you

  8. Mike Nguyen says

    Thank you so much.

  9. Nirmala sapkota says

    Thank you

  10. Hello liz

    Can you please tell where could I find your problem solution essay video lesson …
    shall be thankful

  11. Hey Liz,

    Thank you for the essay. I observed that this essay does not consist of any examples in both the body paragraphs. Does that mean we have to only include examples in opinion essays? or we can afford to not mention examples in writing task 2 and still get a good band score?

    Thank you for your help in advance.


  12. Thank you for this model answer. But, I have a feeling that the solution could be more fully developed. Please clear my doubt dear teacher.

    • You don’t get marks for a longer essay and this essay is long enough. Developing solutions further would not increase your score.

      • The official criteria is very confusing which states that not developing ideas could lower your writing score. What should I do teacher? Ielts is so confusing.

        • I think you need to consider what the requirements are. An essay is under 300 words (about 290). This means the intro is about 40 or 50, the conclusion about 30. So, you are left with about 105 or 110 words per body paragraph (for two body paragraphs). This means to get band 9, those words are enough. Just be logical. An underdeveloped body paragraph contains one or two sentences – no more. Try to work within the requirements. See my advanced lessons for training:


    Hi Liz!i want to pay 24$.can i do through bank.i face face problem in my visa card.

  14. Thank you Liz
    Your free training is doing a good work in me,
    I actually need to extend time for my IELTS test.

  15. Thank you Liz for your brilliant ideas and tips!!

  16. Kavinga Gimhani says

    Dear liz
    Pls let me know GT task 2 questions are similar to academic task 2 questions?
    As I need GT task 2 questions to practice please give me some details about it?

  17. Hello mam please I’d like to ask who marks ielts exam papers? Are they sent to british council uk or marked in country where its taken? Just to clear a doubt please.
    Thanks mam.

    • This has recently changed. Before the writing was marked by examiners in the city where you did your test. Now the papers are sent to a central location abroad where examiners will mark them.

      • Hi Liz,
        Since when did they start sending the writing papers to be assessed at central location. Does this mean we can’t apply for remark anymore?

        • Of course, you can apply for a remark. All remarks are checked by a senior examiner. The change in system has NO influence on candidates, on your score or on your remarking.

  18. Liz can you please explain use of articles in particular ‘the’? I feel like I miss them before abstract nouns. Is there any lesson/video I could watch? I’m desperate for your help!

  19. Thank you very much, Liz. You have been very helpful.

  20. Thank you very much madam

  21. Hello Liz, thanks for sharing your knowledge with us, “poor mortals”.
    If you were an examiner, would you give which band for this problem solution essay you made as a model? Would it be band 9, indeed? If so, I’m very confident I got the right structure to build it.
    Thanks a lot!

    • Yes, it would be a band 9. It addresses the task fully with relevant, well developed ideas. Signposts and linking are used flexibly. Paragraphing is logical. Vocab and grammar are flexible and also error free. The real aim for a high score is keeping your English language error free – don’t take risks.

  22. Thank you liz. It was long awaited. I also purchased your other writing videos. They are great. Your way of explaining is very good and easy to understand.

    • I’m really glad my advanced writing task 2 lessons were useful. I tried to pack them with as many flexible techniques as I could 🙂

  23. For Writing Task 1 and 2, can extra sheet be given?

    • If you have filled the answer sheet, you can raise your hand and ask for another. However, the answer sheets are the right length for the writing required.

    • I knew that I need two sheets because I practised on them before therefore I ask for them at the beginning of writing part. I’ve obtained them without any problem.

      • You will not be given them at the start of the writing part. You must first full the answer sheets provided. Always remember that your aim is to write under 300 words for task 2 and under 200 for task 1.

  24. Thank you Liz for your prompt response .

  25. Thanx alot mam liz. This is very helpful eassy of solution and problem. Can we use this eassy words for every eassy of solution and problem.

    • I don’t understand your question. Are you talking about memorising the essay? You definitely can’t memorise it but you can learn vocabulary from it.

  26. What is the paraphrase of financially demanding?

  27. Hi Liz ,

    Thanks for whole essay . It is really nice answer for problem and solution type of essay. My problem is I could not copy your sample essay and paste it into word doc. Could you please tell me how it can be done? I know it is a silly question. I prefer read them rather on the paper than on computer. . Thank you

    • Unfortunately, you’ll have to type the essay into your laptop to copy it. It will do you good to test your English accuracy 🙂

  28. Splendid😊😊
    Thanks liz
    Is lure equal tempt??

    • It has a similar meaning but I wouldn’t use it in this context. You need to be very careful with synonyms. Although they have similar meaning, they might not all be suitable for the same topics or contexts.

  29. thanks for the answer to this essay. But one thing I want to clarify is that “brain-drain” is an informal word. So can we use it in writing ?
    thanks & regards,

  30. Gabriel Abiodun says

    Thanks alot Liz.. I have LWR on Dec. 2nd and this has help alot.

  31. Is conclusion word not used in introduction and conclusion of task 2.

    • Sorry I don’t understand this comment at all. The linking words “In conclusion” are used to start the conclusion of the essay above.

  32. Sunny Pathak says

    Thanks liz ..
    Your ielts tips are really helpful.

  33. Hi Liz
    Thank you very much for your efforts writing the wonderful essay,
    Can I ask you there is a repeatation of (entice) is there any exact synynom for entice or it is ok to repeat it??

    • It’s fine and natural for some words to be repeated. As long as you show paraphrasing skills that’s all that is needed. Your aim isn’t change all words, all the time.

  34. Good morning Liz, thanks. ☺

  35. Dear Liz,

    I watched your videos on all modules and I would like to sincerely thank you for your guidance and support. Your videos and tips are very much helpful, after watching your videos my preparation style and concepts on each modules are changed completely.

    Thank you so much for your support.

  36. Thank You Liz for your update
    Currently, I’m preparing my IELTS test and all tips in your website really helps me

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