Opinion Essay Introduction Feedback

Below is some feedback to an IELTS opinion essay introduction written by a student in response to the following essay question.

IELTS Essay Question

Due to the development and rapid expansion of supermarkets in some countries, many small, local business are unable to compete. Some people think that the closure of local business will bring about the death of local communities. To what extent do you agree?

Student Introduction Sample

Small business are unable to competition supermarkets, which are rapidly increasing and developing in a number of countries. It is believed that close small business will bring negative impact on local societies. In my opinion modern buildings and comfortable service are important for new societies. However, local business increased the number of job opportunity.

General Feedback

The student introduction does not give a clear answer to the statement and the main points introduced are not completely relevant. It is important to spend time:

  1. to understand the issues in the statement
  2. to find main points which answer the statement.

Below are detailed comments on both the background statement and thesis statement for the student’s introduction.

Background Statement Feedback

Small business are unable to competition supermarkets, which are rapidly increasing and developing in a number of countries. It is believed that close small business will bring negative impact on local societies.

The content of the background statement is fine. The student has paraphrased most of the statement given by IELTS. This means the student is attempting to use the correct technique for IELTS with an academic style. The student has also used a clause in the first sentence which is great to increase the band score for grammar.

Unfortunately, there are also some errors in grammar and vocabulary.

  • to competition = to compete (check the form of the word – don’t use a noun if a verb is needed)
  • to compete supermarkets = compete with supermarkets (check all verbs to see if there needs to be a preposition after them)
  • it is believed that close small business will … = it is believed that the closure of small businesses will … (check the form of the word – it should be a noun not a verb / check the use of plural nouns)
  • will bring negative impact = will have a negative impact (check the use of (a / the etc) articles / check which verb to use)

Here is a model background statement:

Many small, local business are closing, owing to a boom in large supermarkets, and, according to some, this will have dire consequences for local communities.

Thesis statement Feedback

In my opinion modern buildings and comfortable service are important for new societies. However, local business increased the number of job opportunity.

This thesis statement does not address the task or offer a clear answer to the issue. The thesis statement should provide a clear answer to the issue: Do you think the community will die because many small shops close down and people go to do their shopping in large supermarkets instead? Here are some comments on the thesis statement above:

  • The student thesis statement above does not answer this question
  • It gives information about modern buildings which is off topic
  • The thesis contains information about comfortable services which is also off topic
  • It gives information about local business offering jobs – this is also not relevant to the topic

To write the model thesis statement we must understand all aspects of this issue and think more deeply. Here are some questions to consider:

  1. Why do people shop in supermarkets rather than small businesses? Answer
    The reason is that it is more convenient to buy everything in one large shop, for example a supermarket, than have to visit different shops to buy the same things. Supermarkets reduce shopping time and people can find what they want more quickly.
  2. What is the result of people shopping in supermarkets rather than small shops? Answer
    People no long need to go into the town center and walk around the shops to buy their goods. Instead, they can drive to a large supermarket, often located on the outskirts of town, to get what they want.
  3. How does this affect the community? Answer
    Local people no long need to go into the town center. This means that the town center no longer is a place to socialise and meet other people while shopping. As small shops close, town centers become empty and local people become more distant to each other.
  4. Is this the death of the community? Answer
    It certainly means that there are negative effects for communities but communities still survive through social events, through clubs, through schools and other institutions in society. Also there are a number of shops which will not be affected by supermarkets because they are not in direct competition for example, supermarkets do not offer top quality products so high end shops will not be affected by supermarkets.

Here is a model thesis statement:

In my opinion, I agree that communities will suffer as some small, local businesses close but it is doubtful that it will cause the death of local communities.

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  1. Hi Liz,
    Could you please explain what is exactly meant by “local communities”?
    Thanks a lot for your help!

  2. hi,

    can you tell me what actually does death of local communities indicates?

    will u check my introduction?

    Small local enterprises are not capable to run their business due to the wide expansion of supermarkets, it is often argued that failure of local business organisation cause the death of local communities. I strongly agree that small business cannot compete with big supermarket but I oppose with the claim that this brings about the extinction of local communities.

  3. Hi Liz !I really love your site.Thankyou for being kind to share your knowledge,time and patience !More power and keep IELTSLIZing!(:

  4. Hi Liz
    I’m an advanced level student in English. I always get above 7.5 in all modules except writing module. When I submit my writing tasks for correction, sometimes I get 5, sometimes 6, 7, and even 8. I’m not sure why it happens. Why do I get low score sometimes?

  5. Can i write the introduction in this format

    “Owing to the swift growth and extension of super market in some countries, the local shopkeepers are unable to compete. Some people think shutting down of local business will bring local societies to doom. In my opinion, i completely disagree with this.
    A local seller has more chances to sell and acquire better profit than shops in shopping malls”

  6. Hi, Liz!
    I find this topic unfamiliar to me so I try to complete the whole essay and hope for your advices, thank you! If you have no time to see my completing writing, you can take a look at my planning.

    Here’s my body paragraphs’ planning.
    Body Paragraph A: It’s certainly convenient to have a supermarket.
    (1) supermarkets are convenient, providing various goods; (2)small business only have one particular kind of things.
    Body Paragraph B: not all small shops will die out
    (1) branding shops sells high quality products.
    Body Paragraph C: besides small business, communities provides more services
    (1)schools for eduction; clubs for entertainment; (2)take hospitals for example; no doctors will work in supermarket

    It’s considered by some that the local communities will die out because of the disappearance of most small, local business, which is caused by the popularity of supermarkets nowadays. In my opinion, lots of business will disappear because more people prefer supermarkets, however, not the same as communities which provide many other services for local people.
    It’s certainly that supermarkets which contains many kinds of goods are quite easier for people to get what they want. For customers’ convenience, more supermarkets are built and at the same time are bigger and bigger. Customers no longer buy things in small shops because they must go for a lot of shops if they want different kinds of things which is absolutely a waste of time and energy. Instead, supermarkets, providing various goods, can satisfy people at one time.
    Although the popularity of supermarkets is pushing most local business to death which is quite a loss for local communities, it doesn’t mean that communities will die out as well. Not all the local business will disappear because of supermarkets. A large amount of famous companies, selling high quality products such as clothes, watches, phones and computers, have their branches in communities, which are not accessible in a supermarket. Consequently, branding shops will not be affected by supermarkets at all.
    What’s more, besides small shops, local communities contain schools for education, clubs for entertainment and other institutions. For example, local hospitals are predominant for local people since doctors there can take care for patients and guide them to take medicine precisely. However, a supermarket can only sell some normal medicine for little disease but not a doctor who has professional knowledge about diseases.
    To conclude, a supermarket is only a part of a community which contains almost all kinds of social events for local people. It’s possible for the death of some small business because of supermarkets, however, a community is much more important than supermarkets for humans.

    Thanks a lot!!!

  7. baharan says:

    could you please score mine

    Many small,local businesses are going to fade away , consequently due to rapidly expansion of supermrkets.Some argue that the local communication will be collapsed by closing local businesses.In my point of view , while opening more megamarkets would be essential key for city growing , to some extent ,I agree that local communities couldn’t survive without local businesses ,as a result of financial sources depletion and limited social connections .

    • Be careful with your language. This essay is about the death of communities not about communication. This is also not about urban growth but about communities. Try to write a very clear opinion which doesn’t leave any confusion for the reader. Also try to keep your thesis statement more concise – over 40 words is quite long.
      All the best

  8. Mohammed Al-Nafee says:

    Hi Liz,
    I have a question about reading part. I know I have to use scanning and skimming method but I have a problem with keywords. Which word from question I have to looking for? I mean How can I select word from the question to seek on it in text?
    Thank you

    • Hi,

      Firstly, you should look for words that can’t be paraphrased, for example numbers, dates, names, places and also technical words (specific words for that topic). Any word that can’t be paraphrased is your key to locating the answer.

      Secondly, look for words which indicate a meaning. To illustrate, if the question asks about appearance, rather than looking for that word, start looking for words which are descriptive – adjectives. If you find a couple of sentences heavy in adjectives, that will probably be the place. So, you can also predict the type of information or language to find in the passage.

      Thirdly, look for a word which is necessary in the question. For example, “The keystone to any thriving community is ……”. you can see that the word “keystone” is essential to this sentence. So, you should look for any word in the passage with the same meaning such as “foundation”, “cornerstone”, “principle” etc. That sentence also has another key word “thriving community” which means “healthy” or “flourishing” society – so you can also look for those words. A sentence may have more than one key word to help you locate the meaning.

      Lastly, you need to know which types of questions have answers that come in order so you don’t waste time looking too far and can focus your search for the key words. Here’s a link to help you with that: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-reading-question-types/
      All the best

  9. Hi Liz, I subscribed your website a couple of months ago and I find all information very useful. I have started preparing myself for IELTS test however I find unbelievably difficult to prepare myself for writing task 2. It seems to me that I never know what to write to a given topic. Could you please advise?
    Kind regards

  10. i had applied for ielts n can u pls tell me how to improve my speaking?

    • Hi, here are some steps you will need to take:
      1. prepare topics, ideas and vocabulary
      2. practice the common question types
      3. practice expanding your answers and giving examples
      4. develop your fluency so you can talk without hesitations
      5. work on your pronunciation to make sure it is clear
      Here’s a video about improving your speaking at home for free: http://ieltsliz.com/develop-your-ielts-speaking-for-free/
      All the best

  11. Mohammed Al-Nafee says:

    Face to face communication is become less important than the past, since increase and populate communication by the internet and text messaging. In my opinion, I agree that face to face communication will suffer as some small, develop new technologies bit it is fishy that it is cause the death of traditional communicate.

    Question is:
    With an increasing population communicating via the internet and text messaging, face to face communication will become a thing of the past.

    To what extent do you agree?

    • Hi,

      I will post some feedback to you later this week in a separate post. Check all new posts this week to read your feedback.

      • There has been a recent trend, restructuring and explosion in extension of supermarket, found in many countries and it is considered by many that this situation will eventually force the extinction of local communities through the closure of local business.

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