Linking Words for IELTS Writing Task 2

The linking words list below is essential for IELTS writing task 2 for high score. The examiner needs to see a range of linking words in your essay to award you a high score for the criterion of Coherence and Cohesion which is 25% of your marks. You will be checked on your range, accuracy and your flexibility of linking words in IELTS writing task 2. These connecting words are suitable for all types of essay writing as well as GT IELTS writing task 2

IELTS Writing Linking Words

Download PDF: Linking Words for IELTS Writing Task 2

Listing

This is often used to either put your paragraphs in order or used inside the paragraph to list your supporting points.

  • firstly
  • secondly
  • thirdly
  • fourthly
  • lastly /last but not least / finally

Adding Information

You will need to support your main points in your IELTS essay. These linkers inform the read that extra information is about to be presented.

  • in addition
  • additionally
  • furthermore
  • moreover
  • also
  • not only … but also
  • as well as
  • and

Giving Examples

It is often useful to give examples to support your ideas in IELTS writing task 2. Make sure you use this range of linking words to do so.

  • for example
  • one clear example is
  • for instance
  • such as
  • namely
  • to illustrate
  • in other words

To learn how to put examples in sentences for essay writing, please follow this link: How to Add Examples to Essays.

Results and Consequences

These linking devices can be used for solution essays or any essay when you need to explain the consequences of something.

  • as a result
  • consequently
  • therefore
  • thus
  • hence
  • so
  • for this reason

Highlighting and Stressing

It is important to be clear about what you mean in your essay. These linking words help you stress particular points.

  • particularly
  • in particular
  • specifically
  • especially
  • obviously
  • of course
  • clearly

Concessions and Contrasts

You often need to give opposite ideas, particularly for discussion essays so the linking words below will help you show the reader when you want to introduce an opposite point. Also you might want to give exceptions to a rule for a concession.

  • admittedly
  • however
  • nevertheless
  • even though
  • although
  • but
  • despite
  • in spite of
  • still
  • on the other hand
  • by contrast
  • in comparison
  • alternatively
  • another option could be

Reasons and Causes

These connecting words will help you explain reasons and causes for something which is very common in IELTS writing task 2, especially for cause / solution essays.

  • because
  • owing to
  • due to
  • since
  • as

Giving your Opinion

  • in my opinion
  • I think
  • I believe
  • I admit
  • in my view
  • I concur / agree
  • I disagree / I cannot accept

Don’t make a mistake with the way you express your opinion. Watch this video for useful tips on giving your opinion and how to avoid mistakes: IELTS: Presenting your Opinion

Concluding Linkers

  • in conclusion
  • to conclude
  • to sum up

To get more tips and advice on linking words to start your IELTS conclusion, please watch this video lesson: IELTS Conclusion Linkers

Practice with Linking Words

Improve your use of linking words by fill in the gaps below with linking words from the above list.

  • There are a number of drawbacks to people using Facebook as a way of communicating (1)………………… it is (2)…………….. one of the most common social networking platforms for both individuals and businesses.
  • (3)……………………….. the lack of exercise taken by average people, obesity and other weight related problems are on the rise.
  • Unemployment and poverty, (4) ………….. in urban areas, is often deemed to be the cause of rising crime rate.
  • (5) ……….. the rise in urban crime, more and more people continue to move to cities looking for a better life.
  • More children are becoming obese and (6)…………….. schools should be encouraged to provide more sports lessons and outdoor activities.

Answers

Click below to reveal the answers:

Answers
  1. even though
  2. admittedly
  3. Due to / Owing to ( you can’t have “because of” because it is at the beginning of a sentence)
  4. particularly / especially / specifically
  5. despite
  6. therefore / so / for this reason

 

IELTS Speaking Linking Words

Linking words for IELTS speaking. Both word list and tips.

Recommended

Main IELTS Pages

Develop your IELTS skills with tips, model answers, lessons, free videos and more.

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Comments

  1. Thank you Liz for this useful lesson
    The answer is for instance , still , because , especially , consequently , therefore

  2. Dear Liz,

    Thank you for your great lessons. It really helps a lot.
    I have a question about a linking word ‘and’.
    Would it be okay to start a sentence with ‘and’?

    For example, this is mainly because of lack of physical activity and the poor quality of food. People are too busy. And in spite of economic growth, the quality of food has diminished.

  3. Hello Liz

    Please guide me, how i can get good score in writing, Is it good to use idioms, Phrasal verbs in writing task 2

  4. Hi Liz
    Can I expree my opinion by using this sentence (in my own point of view) or it’s informal
    Thanks

  5. abdulatiyf says:

    Hello Liz I have question . If I use idioms or slangs to essay , could they help me to get higher score

  6. Hi Liz
    I have a problem with writing task, I can’t have enough time for task 2, I’m constantly thinking about what to write next. can you give me some suggestion?
    Thanks
    Abdullah

  7. sulabh khanal says:

    hi madam if we are confused or not sure about answer can we can we write both the answer by using // in the middle

  8. Hi Liz
    Can we use the phrase “my personal sentiments” to give opinion in task 2 instead of I believe or I think

    thanks alot

  9. Mohammed Hanif says:

    Hi mam,
    Thanks for your kind initiatives for the IELTS students like us. It is really fortune for me to have an online teacher like you.
    Please keep continuing.

    Regards

  10. Hi mam..
    What is the procedure? to send u ielts writing for checking …..

    Plz plz tell me…

  11. Cris Reyes says:

    HI! I’m one of your avid fan. I just want to say thank you. I recently got the score I needed for Writing after 2 takes. I used all your guidelines in making it coherent and scoring higher using your tips on having a balance essay for every kind of questions. I also did task2 first to make me more calm and relax in writing the ardous part. THANKS FOR EVERYTHING!

  12. thanks Liz ,was very efficiently significant

  13. Hi Liz,

    I had written my IELTS test twice before coming across your website. Both the times I scored 6.5 in Writing which scoring above 7 in all the other 3 sections. I needed 7 in writing and hence I enrolled for the third time. I came across your website 3 weeks before my test and went through all the study material in your web pages. I got my scores last week and was ecstatic to see that I managed 7 in my writing section.

    I am thankful to you and your website for helping me achieve my goal. You are doing such a commendable work. Keep it up.

    • That’s really good news! I’m so pleased for you. It can be hard to hit that elusive band 7 in writing. Well done 🙂

  14. Hi Liz, are you available to correct my essay? If not, could you suggest another teacher? Thanks.

  15. My God! You are doing a beautiful job. More I’m studying from your website more I’m impressed! I can’t explain how much I feel grateful. Thanks a lot.

  16. Hi liz,
    Is the writing matters for writing task 1 and 2? If so then whether we need to write in cursive or just clear.. I mean is any writing method acceptable?

    • You just need clear writing. As long as the examiner can read it, you are fine. It doesn’t matter what style of handwriting you choose.

  17. hi mam,
    Task 2 which you provided is for BC or IDP.Because i am taking idp exam,pls give me reply

  18. Hi Liz
    thank you a lot for giving us all this informative lectures and publishes. But why different teachers give different IELTS writing rules. Example you teach us hooking in your introduction is not important, but other teachers demonstrate that it is very important. And if we add hook to our writing could it reduce our marks?

  19. Renata E. N. de Oliveira says:

    Hi Liz,

    First, I would like to say to you thank you for very nice lessons. I was wondering to ask if you correct essay task 2 ?

  20. hlo mam,
    i just wanted to say that you are the best teacher.

  21. Hi mam i need your help how to write task 2 to get 8 band can you give 9band samples writing answer pls

  22. hi liz, i will give my ielts test after three month please help me in all. modules plss

  23. Gagandeep says:

    Dear Liz

    Hope you are fine.

    My name is Gagandeep. I have IELTS test on 16th July and I feel I am not able to structure my ideas in writing task 1 and task 2 both. Please let me know how can I bulid my ideas perfectly to get band 8.

    Regards
    Gagandeep

  24. Rehan Attaullah says:

    Hi Liz,

    Thank you so much for being replying to people i have recently got the IELTS date which is on 16th of jun its my second time i am giving ielts the first time i got 5 bands and i need at lest 6.5 so how can i improve my grammar and vocabulary i have just 20 days remaining..

    please do reply me soon.

    Thanks

    • It is normally best to take the test when you repeatedly get the score you want in practice tests. To improve English in just 20 days is a challenge. I can only suggest you decide what your main grammar problems are and deal with them one at a time. For vocabulary, review common topics for speaking ad writing – you can find word lists on google.

  25. Hi liz,

    this is my first query from you. please clarify.

    how to use furthermore,morever,in addition in an essay please clarify.

    Excessive use of computers has many detrimental effects on childrens health.Firstly, frequent joint pain and fatigue are most likely to be experienced by young individuals and these issue seems to be prevaile till the death.Morever(do we use morever here to introduce new idea such effect of exceissive computer usage and academic grades or do we have to discuss another health related issue)(moreover will be used to introduce new idea such as school performance or anyother health related issue?

    thank you very much

    shezii

  26. mussa saleh says:

    thanksssssssssssss

  27. Hi Liz,

    Thank you for all the tips on how to write a meaningful essay. However could you please help out on how to paraphrase the question as that part is posing a lot more difficulty for me at the moment.

    Thank You.

  28. Hi Liz,

    Thank you so much for the tips on how to write a meaningful essay. However could you please help out with how to paraphrase the question, which is posing as the most difficult part for me right now.

    Thank You

  29. Hi liz
    i am going to take my test in 3days , i am not perfect at task2 i can”t able to know how many word are of mandetatory can i write more than 250 words , can you please give me any suggestion how to get good score in task2 any key words etc

  30. hey liz i am learn many things related to ielts but my writing skill is not development and is it important strength of the sentence suggest me about this

  31. Arslan idrees says:

    A.A mam my problem is vocabulary. Plz help me by giving tips and vocab words. I need 7 in ielts.

  32. Hi Liz.
    My general english is good. I can cope up with more complex sentence structures too. But when it comes to writing task 2 , my brain just stops working. My main problem is I cant brainstorm on the topic.
    How can I improve my brainstorming for different topics.
    Thanks.

  33. Muazzam ALI says:

    Hello Mam,can you assess my writing task if i mail it to you please?
    Further I do not have good command on spelling. how can i improve it within one month effectivly.

  34. tejas shah says:

    Hey Liz,

    I can found some problems in writing task2 and i can not used rich vocabulary and some time i can’t get good points.so how can i improve???

  35. Hi Liz, I know that native english speakers rarely use ” moreover”. Is it safe to use it in IELTS Essay?

  36. Hello, Liz

    Thank you for your useful lessons. I have a question that worries me lately. Would the assessor count repetitive words? For example if I used the word “students” 9 times in the whole essay? Or another example, if in writing task 1, I used countries’ names all the time (besides making it nationality: Britain = British).

  37. Hi Liz
    Are the following answers appropriate for the respective questions?
    1. because
    2. obviously
    Thank you for the help
    Lahari

  38. Dear Liz,
    This question is not about the linking words, its about grammar. In the 2nd question, why you have not use ” ……. problems ARE on the rise.” instead of ” …… problems IS on the rise”?

  39. Hello liz
    thanks for your good websites.
    how can i submit my writing for checking?
    thanks in advance
    baazoft

  40. kanwaljeet kaur brar says:

    i wanna ask that sometimes like ….to…. like question are there in listening task what is the right way to answer this. it is 4to5 or it is4,5

    • Just “4 5”. You don’t need punctuation. Just make sure the numbers are easily read and separate. If you write “4 to 5” is would be marked wrong.
      Liz

  41. can i say, “as a result” in place of “for this reason / therefore “

  42. We shouldn’t use these terms in the speaking part, should we?
    – The first thing i should mention is…
    – And i shouldn’t forget to mention
    – There’s a mixed variety of things but i guess the most popular one is…
    I think that i had better answer directly and spend time on expressing my ideas rather than using these phrases, but my teacher told me that i should use these to help organize my answer

    • You can use those phrases if they help you explain your ideas but they won’t necessarily give you a higher score. In part 1, you must answer quickly and directly so don’t use them. In part 3, you might use them to explain your ideas. The most important thing is to speak naturally.
      All the best
      Liz

  43. I just want to ask about the appropriate answers for a listening practice test 🙂
    The questions are about ticket prices:
    $30 (1)…, or (2)… return
    According to what i heard, (1) is “one(-)way”. So is this written with or without a hyphen?
    For the second blank i heard “$45 in return” . so should i write down “$45 in” into the blank or just “$45” ?
    Thank you for your help.

    • One-way has a hyphen. For your second question, always look at the example they gave you. If the first one is “$30 one-way” then the second one must be “$45 return”. Always check the grammar. For note, form or table completion, grammar is rarely involved.
      All the best
      Liz

  44. Dear Liz,

    Can I answer questions 1 and 2 in a different way ?
    1- .However,
    2- still

    Thanks.

    • It can’t be “However” because there is no full stop. Always check grammar. For the second question, “still” is possible.
      All the best
      Liz

      • Thank you so much.I really appreciate your reply.

        Would my answer be correct if I used a full stop (.However, ) ?

        I am asking because I could not see any grammatical difference in this sentence between using (even though ) or ( . However, ) .

        Thanks.

  45. You are great …God bless you.

  46. Kc Susmit says:

    Hi mam.i want to study with you online, if you have time please teach me.

  47. Hello mam,
    Today while searching some helpful tips for ielts exam i went through your videos and i found it vry easy and helpful ways to improve our writing skills. Hope it will work during my exam too. Thank you mam for such a wonderful tips and guidance.

  48. Kc Susmit says:

    How i can improve my vocabulary please give me suggestion.my vocabulary is so poor.

  49. Kc Susmit says:

    Thank you so much for your wonderful tips

  50. Dear Ms.Liz,

    I have just received my Ielts result. Thanks to your help, I have got an overall band score of 7.5, 8.0 for the listening and reading test, 6.5 for the writing section and 7.0 for the speaking part. I am really delighted with this result because this is my first time ever studying on my own by using the materials on the Internet. Thank you so much for all of your lessons, I really appreciate what you have been doing and your dedication to teaching. May all the best thing come to you and your family.

    Your Vietnamese student,
    Hanh Tran 😀

    • Hi Hanh Tran,

      I’m really pleased to hear your result. 7.5 is a really good score, particular for your first try. In Vietnam the average is around band 6. So, band 7.5 puts you much higher than most students in your country. I hope you celebrated your result !

      Good luck with your future plans 🙂
      Liz

  51. Sandeep says:

    Hi liz
    I have my ielts exam on Thursday. I just wanna ask you that in writing task 2 general ielts training test ” in my opinion….” Should write in introduction or conclusion? I am little confused with that.
    And suggestions like “they should do that ……” That will come in conclusion or in body paragraphs? Where are they appropriate ?
    Looking forward for your reply thanks

    • You put your opinion in the introduction, if the instructions ask for your opinion or for you to answer a direct question. If the instructions don’t ask for your opinion, don’t give it. Please see my model essays to see how and where I put my opinion. There is also a separate lesson about giving your opinion on the writing task 2 page.
      Liz

  52. Hi Liz,
    Is it advisable to use the listing words such as firstly, secondly, thirdly and finally at the last paragraph before the conclusion or I could use it also at my initial paragraph after the introduction?
    Thank you!

  53. Sandeep says:

    Hello mam, i need your help how to complete reading task in one hour. There is some technic to do task as soon as possible because read full paragarh then find out ans. Is take so much time. Also how i improve my listening skills mam please help me.

  54. Sherzod says:

    Hi Liz;
    I want to ask you about linking that are related to giving opinion.
    May I use them “I take the view that…” and “I subscribe to the theory that…” in writing Task 2 or just in Speaking.

    Regards,
    Sherzod

    • Just be direct and don’t try to learn phrases – the examiner isn’t impressed by students who purposely learn phrases to boost their score and will not award points for it. You can use “In my opinion” or “I think” or “I agree” for task 2. You can also find a lesson on my task 2 page about how to give your opinion. For speaking, it is informal so you can use a range “I suppose”, ” I guess” or “I reckon” or “I think” etc.
      All the best
      Liz

  55. mohamad ali says:

    Hi Liz,
    My ILETS exam was on the 4th of July and today I got my results’ message (listening 6, reading 6, writing 5.5, speaking 6.5). I am really shocked by my speaking and listening results.
    Do you you think I will get any new result if I reject and apply for remarking?

    Thanks

    • Listening rarely changes with a remark because it is marked by right or wrong answers and mistakes almost never happen. For speaking, band score 6.5 means you make more than a few mistakes in your grammar and vocabulary or possibly that your fluency is strong enough to be able to talk at length without effort. It is possible to get a remark for speaking but looking at your writing, it is even lower. So, it doesn’t give confidence that your score will go up with a remark. However, you must judge for yourself.
      All the best
      Liz

  56. Dear Liz
    I have recently found out about your videos and website and I deeply appreciate your effort. I am preparing for an Academic module in a limited time so I found your lessons and instructions very useful to manage my studies. Although I am still struggling with Reading skill.

    • The key to reading is to spend time understanding the language in the questions and thinking about paraphrasing before you try and find the answers. The more time you spend with the questions, the quicker it is to find answers. You should also be writing down a list of paraphrases from all reading exercises you do. Lastly, spend time planning a strategy for each question type and learning which questions have answers that come in order. You can find a page about question types in the reading section of this blog.
      All the best
      Liz

  57. Dear Liz,
    Thank you for such a useful note, but it seems you missed contrast/opposite connection words.

    Regards,
    Amir

  58. Hello teacher,

    I’m confused using between these two words. Is the same ” as a result ” and ” therefore”.?

    Could you explain it to me, please?
    Thank you very much

  59. This is such a big help Ms. Liz. Thank you for always updating your site! Love you! 🙂

  60. Sachin patel says:

    Please give me a common sentences of task 2 i can write in all type of essay

    • Sorry but that is not the right way to approach IELTS. The examiner is trained to spot learned sentences and you will lose marks. The sentences you should aim for are based on grammar structures or tenses: clauses, conditionals, prefect tenses, gerunds etc. Just review your grammar structures.
      All the best
      Liz

  61. Hi Liz;
    Thanks to publish this useful words for writing task. I need 7 in that task while I was got 5.5 in my first attempt after that I had knew about your site and I register myself in it and from that day onwards I regularly follow your tips hope i will improve in my writing. Thanks again

    • Make sure you check your level of English to get band 7. In the message above, your first 9 words contain 2 mistakes and the second sentence contains 5 mistakes. You will need to reduce your errors to get band 7.
      Good luck
      Liz

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