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Answer to Prepositions Lessons Sept 2018

Hi guys,

I’ve posted the answers to the prepositions lesson on the original page. Click here: Prepositions Lesson with Answers

All the best

Liz

Prepositions Practice Sept 2018

Complete the sentences below using the following prepositions.

Prepositions:

  • A = down
  • B= for
  • C = on
  • D = with
  • E = over
  • F = in
  • G = no preposition required

Questions 1-6

Which of the above options can be used to complete these sentences.

  1. Smaller family units have become more common ………. recent decades.
  2. One of the main reasons ………. family units becoming smaller is finances.
  3. There has been a fall ……….. in the number of families with more than four members.
  4. Many children do not have a close relationship ………… their grandparents.
  5. Nowadays, less emphasis is placed ……….. close relationships between the generations.
  6. Children of working parents are often left alone ……. extended periods of time.

Answers

Click below to reveal the answers:

Answers
  1. F = in
    1. Smaller family units have become more common in recent decades.
  2. B = for
    1. One of the main reasons for family units becoming smaller is finances.
  3. G = no preposition needed
    1. There has been a fall in the number of families with more than four members.
  4. D = with
    1. Many children do not have a close relationship with their grandparents.
  5. C = on
    1. Nowadays, less emphasis is placed on close relationships between the generations.
  6. B = for
    1. Children of working parents are often left alone for extended periods of time.

 

All the best

Liz

Sept to Dec 2018 IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics

IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics for September, October, November and December.

Below are IELTS speaking part 2 topics from September to December 2018. These topics have been reported by students in their IELTS test. Remember that there is only one speaking test for everyone. This means GT and Academic students will do the same IELTS speaking test with the same marking criteria. All the topics are for both sets of candidates.

Q) Will I get these topics in my speaking test?

A) There is no guarantee. The examiner has a long list of topics (longer than the list below) to choose from and you can’t predict what you will get. The most you can do to prepare is much as you can. Prepare both the recent topics below and also common topics which you can find on this page: Common Part 2 Topics for IELTS Speaking.

Q) Why from September to December?

A) This is because in September the examiners get a new list of topics which will be used for about 4 months. It is a long list and only some of the topics are listed below.

I will add more topics to the list below once students have informed me. These topics are not predictions, they are topics reported by IELTS students in their test.

IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topics Sept – Dec

  1. an interesting job you would like to do
  2. a time you helped someone
  3. a time you planned something that later got changed
  4. a recent happy moment
  5. a useful website
  6. a journey
  7. a book you recently read
  8. something you made by hand for a friend
  9. a good law
  10. a story you have been told
  11. a decision you made with someone’s help
  12. a talkative person
  13. your favourite animal
  14. a foreign language you would like to learn (not English)
  15. something you lost that was important to you
  16. someone who has visited your country
  17. a piece of equipment you had repaired
  18. a distance place you would like to visit
  19. a place you prefer to study indoors or outdoors
  20. a film or TV show that made you laugh
  21. your first mobile phone
  22. a person you never met but heard a lot about
  23. a magazine you like to read
  24. a teenager you know
  25. a young child
  26. a valuable gift you received
  27. a competition you would like to take part in
  28. a happy event that you celebrated
  29. a family business that you know
  30. something interesting your friend has done
  31. a time you complained about something and action was easily taken
  32. something you borrowed from a family member or friend
  33. someone actively involved in environmental problems
  34. a national flower or plant
  35. a childhood friend
  36. an important part of your country
  37. an interesting thing your friend has done
  38. how you learned maths in primary school
  39. an item you own that needs replacing
  40. something a friend has done that you would like to do
  41. the last time you went shopping in a market
  42. a skill that takes a long time to learn
  43. a beautiful city
  44. a journey you made using pubic transport
  45. a special item of clothing you wore for an occasion
  46. a building you like

Click here to see a Full IELTS Speaking Test for 2018

IELTS Speaking Tips

If you would like to get some IELTS speaking tips, free videos and model answers, click here: IELTS Speaking Tips.

All the best

Liz

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Desertification Reading Exercise & Useful Vocab

Reading lesson on Desertification to develop ideas and vocabulary for IELTS.  This lesson will provide you with ideas and vocabulary for IELTS writing task 2, speaking part 3 and the reading test.

Desertification: IELTS Environmental Topic

Desertification is a type of land degradation in which a relatively dry land region becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife. It is caused by a variety of factors, such as climate change and human activities. Desertification is a significant global ecological and environmental problem.

Questions 1 – 8

Match each paragraph below to a title from the list. Not all letters will be used.

  • A) Overgrazing
  • B) Mass migration
  • C) Overpopulation
  • D) Polluted drinking water
  • E) Famine
  • F) Extinction of species
  • G) Deforestation
  • H) Poverty
  • I) Unsustainable agriculture techniques
  • J) Soil infertility

Reading Passage: Desertification Causes and Effects

Causes of Desertification

1) Trees are being cut down at much larger scale than ever before to be used as fuel, to provide products we use in our daily life, or to simply create more space for agriculture to sustain growing human population. Once the trees and other vegetation in an area are gone, there is nothing left to hold the soil in place.

2) Our planet’s ecosystems sustain life only when balanced. They can cope with incremental challenges and adapt but beyond a certain tipping point they collapse. A rapid increase in the number of people demands higher amounts of natural resources and expands more and more over the landscape, leading to increased desertification.

3) Improper irrigation methods used in arid areas, such as canal irrigation, lead to a buildup of salt in the soil and make it difficult for crops and other plants to grow, increasing desertification. Similarly harmful is cultivation of already deteriorated lands. Through inconsiderate farming methods, farmers only speed up the process of desertification in exchange for poor quality crops with low economic value.

4) In arid regions, grass and other vegetation is necessary to keep the soil in place. If such vegetation is used as feed for cattle without sustainable control, there is nothing that remains to prevent soil from blowing or washing away, and if this process occurs long enough, it can lead to desertification.

Effects of Desertification

5) As desertification occurs, the soil can be blown or washed away, and valuable soil nutrients are lost. As the soil dries out, it hardens and it becomes difficult for any rainfall that does occur to penetrate below the soil’s surface. And what remains left is a lifeless pile of dust instead of a life-giving medium.

6) Due to drought conditions and a loss of productive land, local people find themselves and their livestock experiencing starvation.

7) Desertification events have been a major driver behind the movement of large human populations throughout history. When soils are not able to support their civilisation, people set on the move to look for better locations.

8) Species that once lived in a fertile and productive climate may not survive in a newly desertified region.

Answers

The answers are now available for this reading lesson. Click below for Answers:

Answers

Please remember that in the real IELTS test, if you are asked to write a letter, you must write the letter and not the word. Always following instructions very carefully for IELTS.

  1. G
    1. Deforestation. Keywords: Trees are being cut down
  2. C
    1. Overpopulation. Keywords: A rapid increase in the number of people
  3. I
    1. Unsustainable agriculture techniques. Keywords: Improper irrigation methods / inconsiderate farming methods
  4. A
    1. Overgrazing. Keywords: feed for cattle without sustainable control
  5. J
    1. Soil infertility. Keywords: valuable soil nutrients are lost /  soil dries out / lifeless pile of dust
  6. E
    1. Famine. Keywords: people find themselves and their livestock experiencing starvation.
  7. B
    1. Mass migration. Keywords: movement of large human populations
  8. F
    1. Extinction of species. Keywords: Species …………………. may not survive …

All reading exercises on ieltsliz.com have been written by myself to help you prepare for your IELTS test.   

Liz

 

All the best

Liz

Listening Answers for Blue Foot Bird Exercise

Questions, Answers & Transcript: Blue-footed Bird Listening Practice

Do not look at the answers until you have finished the listening lesson.

If you have not finished this listening lesson, please click here: Blue-footed bird listening practice

Transcript:

These boobies live off the western coasts of Central and South America. The Galápagos Islands population includes about half of all breeding pairs of blue-footed boobies. They are aptly named, and males take great pride in their fabulous feet. During mating rituals, male birds show off their feet to prospective mates with a high-stepping strut. The bluer the feet, the more attractive the mate.

All half-dozen or so booby species are thought to take their name from the Spanish word “bobo.” The term means “stupid,” which is how early European colonists may have characterized these clumsy and unwary birds when they saw them on land—their least graceful environment.

Like other boobies, blue-foots nest on land at night. When day breaks, they take to the air in search of seafood, sometimes fishing in cooperative groups. They may fly far out to sea while keeping a keen eye out for schools of small fish, such as anchovies. When their prey is in sight, these seabirds utilize the physical adaptations that make them exceptional divers. They fold their long wings back around their streamlined bodies and plunge into the water from as high as 80 feet. Blue-footed boobies can also dive from a sitting position on the water’s surface.

Blue-footed boobies also use their webbed feet to cover their young and keep them warm. When a typical brood of one to three chicks hatch, both parents feed and care for them.

It is a good idea to read the transcript and listen to the recording at the same time. Below:

.

Questions: No more than two words and/or a number.

  1. Strutting and showing off feet is part of the mating …………
  2. When a male boobie has very blue feet, he is considered ……………..
  3. Their name comes from the Spanish word for …………..
  4. On land, blue-footed boobies move  in a ………. manner.
  5. Blue-footed boobies fish in ……………….
  6. They eat small fish, for example ………….
  7. Their bodies are ………..  which is advantageous when diving.
  8. Adult boobies warm their chicks with their ……………….
  9. They usually have a maximum of ………. young.

Answers:

  1. RITUAL / RITUALS
    1. You can have either plural or singular for this answer. It isn’t common that you can have both – usually in IELTS you must choose carefully and writing the wrong one will mean it is marked wrong.
  2. ATTRACTIVE
  3. STUPID
    1. You cannot have the word “bobo” because the word “for” means you are looking for a translation. You need the English word, not the Spanish word.
  4. CLUMSY
  5. GROUPS / COOPERATIVE GROUPS
    1. Some people had difficulty with the pronunciation of “in cooperative groups”. This is due to the pronunciation features of linking sounds.
  6. ANCHOVIES
  7. STREAMLINED
  8. FEET / WEBBED FEET
  9. THREE / 3
    1. Notice that the question asks for the maximum number.  Always underline key words in the question on your listening question paper.

 

 

Listening Practice Blue-Footed Boobie Birds

Listening Practice for IELTS preparation. This topic was actually reported in the IELTS Reading Test. But, I have used it to create a listening exercise for you. There’s a funny video if you want to see these birds in action at the bottom of this article.

Blue-Footed Boobies Listening Exercise

Questions 1-8

No more than two words and/or a number.

  1. Strutting and showing off feet is part of the mating …………
  2. When a male boobie has very blue feet, he is considered ……………..
  3. Their name comes from the Spanish word for …………..
  4. On land, blue-footed boobies move  in a ………. manner.
  5. Blue-footed boobies fish in ……………….
  6. They eat small fish, for example ………….
  7. Their bodies are ………..  which is advantageous when diving.
  8. Adult boobies warm their chicks with their ……………….
  9. They usually have a maximum of ………. chicks.

Notice: Based on Article from National Geographic

Answers

The answers are now available for this lesson.

Click here for the answers: ANSWERS FOR BIRD LISTENING EXERCISE

 

All the best

Liz

The Blue-Footed Boobie Video

Sorry this is not an educational video, but it is great fun to watch 🙂

 

 

IELTS Speaking Test August 2018

Below is a sample IELTS speaking test for August 2018. The topics and questions are currently being used in the IELTS Speaking test.

Remember that there is only one speaking test. All candidates, both GT and Academic, will get the same topics and questions. There is no difference in marking. The test will last between 11 and 14 mins. The IELTS Speaking test is informal.

Full IELTS Speaking Test August 2018

IELTS Speaking Part 1

Home

  1. Do you live in a house or an apartment?
  2. What room do you most like in your home?
  3. Is there anything you would like to change?
  4. Do you plan to move in the future?

Apps

  1. Do you often use apps?
  2. What type of app would you like to get for your phone or computer?
  3. What type of app do you think is most popular?
  4. If you could create an app, what would it be?

Foreign Food

  1. Did you often eat foreign food as a child?
  2. What type of foreign food have you recently eaten?
  3. Are foreign foods popular in your country today?
  4. Do you think there will be an increase in the amount of foreign food in your country in the future?

IELTS Speaking Part 2

Describe an important event that you celebrated in the past. You should say:

  • what the event was
  • when it was
  • where it was held
  • who you celebrated with
  • and explain why the event was important to you

IELTS Speaking Part 3

  1. Do you think it is essential for people to celebrate their birthdays?
  2. Have you ever attended an outdoor event before?
  3. Which one do you prefer, indoor or outdoor events?
  4. Do you think people spend more money on events today compared to the past?
  5. What is the most popular event in your country? How do people celebrate it?
  6. Do you think it is beneficial for a country to host international events?

Click here for RECENT SPEAKING TOPICS FOR PART 2

Click here for: COMMON TOPICS & TIPS FOR SPEAKING

 

Answers to August Linking Word Practice

Below are the questions and answers for the lesson on linking words this month. I hope you found this lesson useful 🙂

Questions 

  1. ……………. the government building more homes in city centres, there is still a lack of housing.
    1.  A) Although   B) Despite   C) So
  2. ………….. the government is increasing the amount of money spent on dealing with environmental pollution, individuals must still play their part.
    1.  A) But    B) Although  C) Despite
  3. People should eat a balanced diet …………….. avoid serious health problems.
    1. A) due to    B) so     C) in order to
  4. …………… there are children who may not find it easy to live abroad, for others it can be an experience that helps them mature and become more independent.
    1. A) While  B) In spite of  C) Even so
  5. ………………….. more and more people moving to the city to find jobs, housing has become a serious problem in city centres.
    1. A) Consequently   B) As a result  C) As a result of  D) Owing to

Answers

  1. B
    1. Despite the government building more homes in city centres, there is still a lack of housing.
    2. It is not possible to have “Although” in this sentence. The meaning is correct, but the grammar is wrong. If you wanted to use “Although”, you would need to change the sentence: ” Although the government is building more homes in city centres, there is still a lack of housing.”
  2. B
    1. Although the government is increasing the amount of money spent on dealing with environmental pollution, individuals must still play their part.
  3. C
    1. People should eat a balanced diet in order to avoid serious health problems.
  4. A
    1. While there are children who may not find it easy to live abroad, for others it can be an experience that helps them mature and become more independent.
    2. The linking words “in spite of” have the right meaning, but can’t be used in this sentence. If you want to use “in spite of” you need to change the grammar structure of the sentence: “In spite of some children not finding it easy to live abroad, for others it can be an experience that helps them mature and become more independent.
  5. C & D
    1. As a result of more and more people moving to the city to find jobs, housing has become a serious problem in city centres.
    2. Owing to more and more people moving to the city to find jobs, housing has become a serious problem in city centres.
    3. It is not possible to have “Consequently”. The meaning is fine, but the grammatical structure of the sentence makes it impossible to use. Using “consequently” = More and more people are moving to the city to find jobs and, consequently,  housing has become a serious problem in city centres.
    4. The linking word “as a result” must have the proposition “of” with it for this sentence. Using “as a result” without “of” = More and more people are moving to the city to find jobs and, as a result, housing has become a serious problem in city centres.

To use linking words correctly, you must understand both their meaning and the correct grammatically way to use them in a sentence. See a full list of linking words for your essay: IELTS Linking Words List.

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