True False Not Given: IELTS Reading Practice Lesson

Free practice reading for IELTS True False Not Given questions. IELTS reading TFNG questions come in both the Academic reading test and the General Training reading test. Below are 4 practice lessons for IELTS TFNG questions. They are not IELTS tests. They are practice lessons for IELTS students.


Question: Do you have a lesson to understand TFNG questions?

Answer: Yes, click here: TFNG Tips Video

Question: I don’t understand one of the questions below.

Answer: Read the comments boxes below. I do not provide a question/answer service.

Understanding Questions: If there is a question you don’t understand, please review the comments boxes lower down the page. I have explained many answers to students and you can find the explanations below.

TFNG Reading: Exercise 1

Passage: The Thames Tunnel

When it opened in 1843 the Thames Tunnel was described as the Eighth Wonder of the World. People came from far and wide to see the first tunnel under a river. On the first day, fifty thousand people descended the staircase and paid a penny to walk through the tunnel. By the end of the first three months there were a million people, or half the population of London. This was the most successful visitor attraction in the world. In the age of sail and horse-drawn coaches, people came long distances and bought souvenirs and listened to the entertainment in the cross-tunnel arches. The idea, of course, was not entertainment but to move cargo and turn a profit.

Notice: This passage is from You can read the full article here: The Thames Tunnel

Questions 1-5

Are the following statements true, false or not given according to the information in the passage?

  • True = the statement matches the information in the passage
  • False = the statement contradicts the information in the passage
  • Not Given = the information is not found in the passage
  1. People were drawn from all over to see the Thames Tunnel.
  2. People were able to travel by sea or land in those days.
  3. Statues of the tunnel could be purchased as souvenirs.
  4. The aim of building the tunnel was make money as a tourist attraction.


Click below to reveal the answers.


I do not provide a question/answer service. Please read the comments boxes below for further tips. From IELTS Liz

  1. T
  2. T
  3. NG (no information is given about the types of souvenirs sold)
  4. F (the aim was to make money through moving cargo)


TFNG Reading: Exercise 2

Passage: Pyramid Building

The pyramid blocks were hewn from quarries using stone and copper tools. The blocks were transported to the pyramid site from remote quarries using barges, and from local quarries using wooden sleds. The Egyptians did not use the wheel during the Pyramid Age, an invention that would have been of limited use on softer ground under heavy loads. The sleds were dragged manually, sometimes with the help of beasts of burden, over smoothed roads. Some of the existing pathways were equipped with transverse wooden beams to lend support to the sled. A lubricant may have been poured upon the road to reduce friction.

Egyptians successfully completed the most massive building projects in all of history. There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieved their goals, as is commonly thought. By all indications, they retained their knowledge of construction throughout their history, but they were limited after the Fourth Dynasty not by the lack of technology but rather by the lack of the abundant resources that were previously available. More than two thousand years later, the Romans would move huge stones, some weighing nearly 1,000 tons, using similar techniques at Baalbek.

Notice: The above passage is from: You can view the full article here: How the pyramids were built

Questions 1-7

Decide if the statements below are True, False or Not Given according to the information in the passage.

  1. The wheel was invented during the Pyramid Age, even thought it was not used.
  2. Sleds were dragged by animals not humans.
  3. It is possible that Ancient Egyptians could have lubricated their roads to aid transportation.
  4. The building work of the Ancient Egyptians is unrivalled.
  5. Some people believed that magic may have been used by the Ancient Egyptians.
  6. Limited technology limited the construction of the Ancient Egyptians in the Fourth Dynasty.
  7. The Romans learned the techniques of moving huge stones from the Ancient Egyptians.



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Click below to reveal the answers:


I do not provide a question/answer service. Please read the comments boxes below for further tips. From IELTS Liz

  1. NG
  2. F
  3. T
  4. T
  5. T
  6. F
  7. NG

Here is a list of useful vocabulary and below that is an audio so you can listen to the pronunciation of the words.

  • hewn = cut / chopped
  • granite = a type of stone
  • to be of limited use = not very useful
  • dragged = pulled
  • manually = by hand
  • friction = resistance
  • ramp = slope / inclines
  • configuration = formation
  • conjecture = guesswork / estimation / surmise
  • retained = kept
  • abundant = plentiful / rich / ample


TFNG Reading: Exercise 3

Composer Ludwig van Beethoven was born on or near December 16, 1770, in Bonn, Germany. He is widely considered the greatest composer of all time. Sometime between the births of his two younger brothers, Beethoven’s father began teaching him music with an extraordinary rigour and brutality that affected him for the rest of his life. On a near daily basis, Beethoven was flogged, locked in the cellar and deprived of sleep for extra hours of practice. He studied the violin and clavier with his father as well as taking additional lessons from organists around town. Beethoven was a prodigiously talented musician from his earliest days and displayed flashes of the creative imagination that would eventually reach farther than any composer’s before or since.

In 1804, only weeks after Napoleon proclaimed himself Emperor, Beethoven debuted his Symphony No. 3 in Napoleon’s honor. It was his grandest and most original work to date — so unlike anything heard before that through weeks of rehearsal, the musicians could not figure out how to play it. At the same time as he was composing these great and immortal works, Beethoven was struggling to come to terms with a shocking and terrible fact, one that he tried desperately to conceal. He was going deaf. By the turn of the century, Beethoven struggled to make out the words spoken to him in conversation.

Despite his extraordinary output of beautiful music, Beethoven was frequently miserable throughout his adult life. Beethoven died on March 26, 1827, at the age of 56.

Notice: The passage above is from You can read the full article on this page: Ludwig Van Beethoven. There is also a great video to watch about this composer.

Questions 1 – 8

Are the following statements True, False or Not Given according to the information in the passage.

  1. It is not known exactly when Beethoven was born.
  2. Beethoven suffered cruelty at the hands of his father.
  3. Beethoven was denied hours of sleep as a punishment for poor performance.
  4. Beethoven’s father was also a talented musician.
  5. Beethoven’s  Symphony No. 3 was inspired by a famous man.
  6. In the early 1800’s Beethoven struggled to follow a conversation.


Click below to reveal the answers.


I do not provide a question/answer service. Please read the comments boxes below for further tips. From IELTS Liz

  1. True
  2. True
  3. False
  4. Not Given
  5. Not Given
  6. True


TFNG Reading Exercise 4

Passage: Spam Messaging 

SPAM, as every user of mobile phones in China is aware to their intense annoyance, is a roaring trade in China. Its delivery-men drive through residential neighbourhoods in “text-messaging cars”, with illegal but easy-to-buy gadgetry they use to hijack links between mobile-phone users and nearby communications masts. They then target the numbers they harvest, blasting them with spam text messages before driving away. Mobile-phone users usually see only the wearisome results: another sprinkling of spam messages offering deals on flats, investment advice and dodgy receipts for tax purposes.

Chinese mobile-users get more spam text messages than their counterparts anywhere else in the world. They received more than 300 billion of them in 2013, or close to one a day for each person using a mobile phone. Users in bigger markets like Beijing and Shanghai receive two a day, or more than 700 annually, accounting for perhaps one-fifth to one-third of all texts. Americans, by comparison, received an estimated 4.5 billion junk messages in 2011, or fewer than 20 per mobile-user for the year—out of a total of more than two trillion text messages sent.

(Notice: Passage from The economist, November 2014)

Questions 1-7

Decide if the following questions are true, false or not given.

  1. In China, SPAM text messaging is a successful business.
  2. People’s phone numbers are collected through the use of technology which cannot be readily bought.
  3. In no other country do people receive more Spam texts than in China.
  4. In 2013, the number of SPAM texts increased considerably to reach 300 billion.
  5. The majority of all texts received in Shanghai and Beijing are SPAM.
  6. In 2011, Americans sent more texts than anywhere else in the world.


Click below to reveal the answers.


I do not provide a question/answer service. Please read the comments boxes below for further tips. From IELTS Liz

  1. True (roaring trade)
  2. False (the gadgetry = technology / easy to buy = readily bought ). This is false because the passage shows it is easy to buy which contradicts the statement.
  3. True
  4. Not Given (there is no information if the number given had increased or decreased before hitting over 300 billion)
  5. False (only one third are SPAM at the most)
  6. Not Given
  • intense = strong / extreme
  • roaring business = successful business / booming business
  • residential = suburban
  • gadget = device
  • harvest information = collect / gather
  • sprinkling = smattering
  • counterparts = equals / colleagues
  • spam messages = junk messages
  • digits = numbers / numerals


IELTS Reading Practice & Tips

A free video lesson and list of tips for IELTS Reading TFNG: IELTS Reading TFNG Tips

All Reading Lessons and Tips: IELTS Reading main page on

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  1. Thank you for the lesson on TFNG and YNNG it made me easier to understand the lessons.

  2. Kuldeep Singh says:

    Hi Liz,

    I have one doubt to clarify on TFNG

    Given Passage : “Going Bananas”
    “The world’s favorite fruit could disappear forever in 10 years time. The banana is among the world’s oldest crops. Agricultural scientists believe that the first edible banana was discovered around 10 thousand years ago.”

    a) Banana is the oldest known fruit.

    Will the answer be T/F/NG? As per my knowledge in passage it mentioned as crop, but in question it mentioned fruit. So i marked as False . But actual answer is “Not Given”. Can you help my understanding on it please?

    • True = the banana is the oldest known fruit which means it is older than all other fruits.
      False = the banana is not the world oldest fruit because there is another fruit older.
      NG = we don’t know if it is the oldest fruit or not because the passage doesn’t say.
      Now find your answer. What answer will you choose now?

      • Kuldeep Singh says:

        Thanks Liz . That help me to conclude NG for the above question. Currently, as above in passage it’s mentioned,”the banana is among the world’s oldest crop” . But if we change this line under given passage to “the banana is the world oldest known crop” , then i believe the answer should be “True” for question “a. Banana is the oldest known fruit”?

        • That’s right. The key word is actually “among”, this means it is in a group with other crops (other types of fruit). So, we don’t know the ranking of which is oldest inside that group. If the passage didn’t use that word, then it would be as you have explained.

  3. Dr. Heera says:

    Thanks Liz
    It’s really helpful. You deserve really some extraordinary appreciation for your true love for high yield teaching.

  4. Amanpreet kaur says:

    Thnks it is really helpful for me .

  5. Aru Verma says:

    Hi Liz,

    Hope you doing good. Thanks for these practise passages. Could you please explain how the answer to Question 1 is true? As the question says all over the world? But, in the passage, it says people from far came to see the tunnel.
    Please explain, it will be a great help.


    • The question does NOT say “all over the world”. It says “from all over” – this is a different meaning which means “from many places”.

  6. This is amazing. After practicing these I’m reading scores starts improving. Thanks a lot.

  7. Thanks a ton. This gives me a good understanding of the T, F and NG section. You are a gem.

  8. Afolafosi says:

    Thank you Liz.You won’t believe how well the tips helped in increasing my scores in this aspect of the Reading Test. I will surely share the links with others to help them. Kudos!

  9. Hey Liz,

    Thank you so much for giving an opportunity to test our skills. We are expecting a lot more like this from your side.

  10. Hi Liz,
    Since many days i’m going through your given tips and techniques. Let me say a big thanks to you. I’m trying to do self learning and exam date is scheduled on March 10th 2018.
    In exercise number 3, question no. 6: it is written by 1800’s, but the sentence mentions ” by the turn of the century”, so how can the sentence be true.
    please do reply. thank you

    • i’m so sorry. I noticed the answer from previous comments. missed to go through before commenting.
      thank you Liz once again

  11. Priyanka Anto says:

    Hello mam! Can u please tell me the answer for your homework question of T , F or NG section. The question was related to coffee in Europe. My answer is NG. Is it correct mam?

  12. Hi Liz,
    Thanks a lot to provide us this services.
    I have one question about the exercise 4, question no 4, that “In 2013, the number of spam texts increased considerably to reach 300 billion”.

    My ans is F because in paragraph, it was written that more than 300 it increased than why it comes NG????????????

  13. Nishanth Rao says:

    Please clarify the 4 question in last passage.It says the number of text messages received is more than 300.

  14. you are amazing

  15. Quite insightful Liz.

    I went through the video tutorial and tried the practice test and had 7/7 in two of the test. Had 4/6 in two others. I guess I need to work harder.

  16. Hi Liz,
    I have a question.I have got 6.5 in Ielts reading twice ,but every time i practiced at home i always scored 34 or 33 at least[my practice material was from past papers n Ielts Cambridge books].
    I really don’t know what could be the problem with me in the exam.I would really appreciate if you could help me how i can sort out this matter.

  17. Igwe Emmanuel says:

    Hello Aunty,

    Thank you for the tips and guides you provide, you are a special gift to all.

  18. Hi Liz,
    In the Excersise 4, American sent more texts in 2011. Answer Is Not Given. Could you please explain how? Because the passage states Americans “received” texts which is opposite so should have been False! Please correct me. And your tips and tricks are very much helpful. Thanka for this website truly.

  19. Madhumitha says:

    Hi Liz,
    Can u pls explain me the 7th ques in reading 3..
    The passage says “at the turn of the century” which means end of that century whereas the question says “at the start of 1800s”
    So i thought the ans is F but the ans is given as T

  20. Good Morning Ms Elizabeth,

    I have some queries regarding Reading Passage 2(Egyptians):

    Question 1
    The passage says “The Egyptians did not use the wheel during the Pyramid Age, an invention that would have been of limited use………………..”
    My answer is F because I went to focus on the grammar, “an invention that WOULD HAVE BEEN”–> meaning that if the invention was to be HYPOTHETICALLY (“would”) present, then it would still be of limited use. So isn’t it true that the wheel was not invented then? Thus the answer to the question should be F? Why is the answer NG?

    Question 4
    My answer is NG. But which part of the passage mentioned that the building work of Egyptians was unrivalled? Where are the clues?

    Thank you.

    P.S. Love your teaching materials and resources btw!!!!!!! 🙂 🙂 🙂

  21. Dear Liz
    In exercise 2, I cannot find the information relevant to question4. Is the sentence ” Egptians successfully completed the most massive building projects in all of history” related with this statement? Besides, I am confused with question 5. I found the sentence “There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieved their goals, as is commonly thought”. I think it means that most people assume their goals are achieved without magical or supernatural power, but some people hold the opposite view.

  22. bhagyashree.t says:

    hi liz,

    In Passage 4, Q4, the passage clearly states that spam messages received in 2013 were more than 300 billion of them, that means it is an increase because of the word “more than” and so the answer should be false because its more than 300 billion.

    please explain how is it not given. i am still unable to understand after reading all the explainations

    • The words “more than” actually mean “over”. Do not confuse comparisons, such as “there were more people than …” This means “above / over”. Quite a different meaning.

    • Hi liz,

      I have the same concern with bhagyashree. Passage says “more than 300 billion” while statement says “increased considerably to REACH 300 billion”.

      “More than/over 300B” contradicts the limiting phrase “to reach 300 billion”, right? Or am i just getting the wrong interpretation of passage-statement connection.

      Other than that, your practice tests are quite helpful.

      Thanks, liz.

      • Question: In 2013, the number of SPAM texts increased considerably to reach 300 billion.
        Passage: They received more than 300 billion of them in 2013,
        The question shows – the amount WENT UP. This means the year before the amount was LOWER. But the passage does not mention the amount before. The passage does not mention how much it changed by. The passage says there was over 300 billion in 2013 but not how much it increased by. The words “more than” do NOT refer to increase. They refer only that it was over 300 billion. This means it is NG.

        • Amro Salah says:

          I think the confusion is interpreting “to reach 300 Bn” & “more than 300 Bn”.

          With all my respect, I think, since the information 300 Bn is given and known in both the question and phrase, therefore, it makes more sense to consider it a false statement.
          Based on the fact given in the phrase that the spam is already known to be more than 300 bn, while as the question mentions that the number increased “to reach” 300 Bn, thus didn’t exceed it and therefore is not true.

          • Again there is a confusion with the meaning of “They received more than 300 billion”. This means they got over 300 billion, for example 3 billion 4 million or 3 billion 10 million. The word “more than” refer to an amount “over. It does not refer to a change or an increase. There is 100% NO information about increase or decrease in the passage. There is only a fixed number “over 3 billion” in 2013 in the passage.

          • Ashish Shrestha says:

            Allow me to answer ma’am (a little bit technically) 😀

            As u stated, in passage its says more than 300bn, let’s say 350bn but in question it says increased to 300bn, let’s say from 250bn to 300bn.
            So, technically ur saying the final number in passage is not equal to final increased number in question i.e, 350bn =! 300bn
            which is FALSE only if ur judging on the basis of fact.

            But But But!!!
            As Liz taught us, in order to be any question FALSE, a fact on the passage must contradict it; that means the question should sound something like “the number of SPAM texts didn’t increase to reach 300bn.” if you’ll find something this then it is FALSE. But certainly, there is no any concern of INCREMENT thus it’s NOT GIVEN.
            [Just to clarify, even if the question was something like “the number of SPAM texts increased to reach 350bn.”
            i.e, 350bn=350bn now the question looks TRUE but it is still NOT GIVEN.]

            Sorry for long explanation. Correct me if I am wrong ma’am.
            Peace \/

    • I thought the same, but after reading Liz’s answer, I agree with her. It is true that the number is over 300, but we do not know whether this level was reached after an increase or a decrease.

  23. Hey Liz,

    Superb work and an excellent website for IELTS aspirants.

    Moving on, honestly, the T/F/NF questions are the only ones that continue to annoy me consistently. I went through your lesson on it, but to no avail.

    Let’s look at it a bit more in depth.

    For example:

    Passage Content: If you know or think that your child is having difficulties attending school, you should contact the school.

    Statement: Staff who think a child is having difficulties at school will contact the parents.

    Correct Answer: Not Given

    What I am trying to figure out is how to pick out a NG over an F. F is usually contradictory, like you have pointed out, but am confused.

    Another one that confounded me.

    Passage Content: The law says that parents must ensure that their child regularly attends the school where he/she is registered.

    Statement: Children must go to the school where they are registered.

    Correct Answer: True.

    Confusing yet again. Is the law aimed at parents ensuring their children go to school regularly or is the law stating that children must mandatorily attend the school where they are enrolled?

    • Question: Staff who think a child is having difficulties at school will contact the parents.
      False = staff will not contact parents … / other people will contact parents about problems with lessons … / children not struggling with lessons and not having problems in school …
      The statement shows it is about the school contacting parents about children’s problems at school. The passage shows that it is about attending school. Do you know the difference between “having difficulties at school” and “attending school”? They are not the same at all – they are not related at all. One is about struggling to understand lessons and the other is about how many days the child goes to school. So, the passage is about how many days a children goes to school and the statement is about problems with lessons. The passage says parents must tell the school if children can’t go to school. The statement is about the school contacting parents about problems in lessons. Therefore, the statement information is not given AT ALL (not in any way) in the passage.
      Now you need to think —- why did you get this wrong? Is it because you didn’t know the meaning of the words? Or is it because you didn’t analyse the meaning of the words enough? Did you read the statement quickly and not pay attention to each individual word as well as the whole meaning. You need to understand the complete meaning.
      I hope this helps.

  24. Hi! I have an inquiry…

    Question: “Auguest Ceasar brought bananas from Greece to Rome via Africa.”

    Text: “Antonius Musa, the personal physician of Augustus Ceasar, imported the first banana trees, ‘Musaaccuminata’, to Rome from Africa in 63 BC.”

    My answer is not given, but the answer key states that it’s false.

    My reason for choosing not given: Ceasar is not discussed in the passage but his physician. Moreover, there’s no mention that the bananas were sent from Greece because it said in the text that it was from Africa…

    Thank you!!

    • The passage shows that the person who brought bananas into Rome was not Ceasar. This means the statement is wrong, which means it is false.

  25. Hi Liz! I’m quite confused about this question. I hope you have the time to help me. 🙁

    Question: “The banana genome project aims at changing the genetic code of bananas.”

    Text: “Finding a way of introducing a little spice– and therefore genetic variety– into the reproductive life of the banana and its cousin the plantain is therefore a pressing problem. That is a project to do that has now begun. Announced recently, it involves scientists from 11 countries forming a consortium to decode the banana’s information will reveal much about the genes that make a banana what it is, and more importantly what it might be with a little extra help. This information– and any resulting advances in genetic modification– will be of profound importance, not just to banana boffins, but to a large proportion of humanity.

    My answer is false… but the correct answer is true. Please help me! Thank you!

    • It clearly shows that the aim of the project is genetic modification. This is shown in the first sentence and the last. So, this means it’s true.

  26. Thanks Liz for the invaluable information on the Reading passages. This helped me a lot. I received a 8.5 band on Reading.

  27. My last one:
    Text: You have to be over 18 years old by November in the academic year in which you apply for the programme.
    Statement: There is an upper age limit for applications
    My answer was False, because in the text there is a lower age limit, however the answer I have shows that it must be Not Given, please help 🙂

    • For the answer to be false, you would need to find:
      1. that there is no upper age limit
      2. that people aged 60 or 80 or any age can continue to apply.
      The passage does not show this. The passage gives no information about upper age limits.

  28. Emmanuel F. says:

    Hi Liz,
    Q5, Exercise 3. I think the answer to be false. The passage specifically states that this was his most original work which led me to think there was no influence it was his own creation. Would like your comment, please!

  29. Dear Liz mam
    I like your classes.Its relly an inspiration .now I am very confident in the T/F/NG section.Thank you very much

  30. Nitish Goel says:

    Hi Liz,
    Thank you for your valuable lessons! Only going through with your videos and lessons, I was able to achieve a band score of 8.0 with 9.0 in reading.

  31. No, it means at the start of the century.

  32. Hi Liz u said that False means if the statement is opposite to the passage but you said Reading ex.1 the second statement is false. I think 1 million is not opposite to 1.5 million. Please explain

  33. Can I answer in behalf of Liz? I think you missed reading that Beethoven was born on 1770 and died at 1827. ” By the turn of century” means the transition between 1700 and 1800. That means early 1800’s. At the start of 1900 he was long gone.

  34. Sughandit Raina says:

    Hi Liz,

    Thanks for wonderful job, which you are doing by clearing all ambiguity of users.
    In para-2 question 5 the answer should be False but its True,need your advice.

    • Do you mean this question? “Some people believed that magic may have been used by the Ancient Egyptians.”.
      The answer is TRUE. The answer is found “There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieved their goals, as is commonly thought. “. This sentence means “there is nothing magical, as many people think = many people think it is magical but in fact it isn’t magical”. So, you need to understand that “as is commonly thought” is the key.

      • Hi Liz!

        I have the same question, it seems a little bit tricky)

        commonly thought: there is no magical= some people believed there is magical ( my paraphrasing)..Shouldn’ t be the answer Not Given? Because there is no information about these “some people belief’s” in the text.

        • as is commonly thought – this means some people think (the common opinion by some people). So the meaning of the sentence is:
          It is a complex sentence and the meaning is not easy to see. The author says no magic – some people do not agree. This means some people think magic, but the author does not.

  35. Hi Liz,
    your tips are very useful.
    i wanted to understand in passage 3, Q5 – answer is not given , i feel it should be false because although it does not mentions inspired by famous man but it states the symphony 3 was his original work. so it actually contradicts what the Question asked.

    please share some light


    • It states that the symphony was played in Napoleons honour, but the passage does not given any information about the inspiration of the symphony. We don’t know if the symphony was inspired by Napoleon or it was inspired by someone else. So, it is NG. To have a FALSE answer we must see that it was not inspired by Napoleon.

  36. Hi Liz,
    I have a question with regard to exercise 2 about Pyramids.
    Question number 6 mentioned ‘IN the Fourth Dynasty’ but in the passage it mentioned ” AFTER the Fourth Dynasty”.
    Because of this I thought it is NG but the correct answer is F. Could you explain why?

    • The answer false means it is opposite or it is wrong. In this case, the statement is wrong.

      • How do you know if it is wrong? There’s nothing mentioned in the text on what limited Ancient Egyptians during the Fourth Dynasty. Correct answer is NG.

        • See the last paragraph “…but they were limited after the Fourth Dynasty not by the lack of technology but rather by the lack of the abundant resources that were previously available.”

  37. Hi Liz,
    I read the history about the Thames Tunnel and enjoyed a lot.
    Thank you for sharing the main page


  39. Good day!
    I would like to ask why is it the answer in exercise 2 question 2 is false? I thought beasts are animals.
    thank you

    • You need to read the meaning, not match the words. The sentence starts “The sleds were dragged manually”. The word manually means that humans pulled the sleds and animals sometimes helped. So, the answer is FALSE. Humans did pulled the sleds.

  40. Hello Liz,
    I’ve some confusion regarding Exercise 2 (question 5)
    In Passage: There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieve their goals, as is commonly thought.
    Question 5: some people think magic may have been used by the Ancient Egypitions.
    How its TRUE?

  41. Hi Liz,

    Can you please share the explanation on FALSE answer for statement 6 in the exercise 3 mentioned in the above page. Thanks!

    • Never mind! Got the explanation somewhere in the below comments.

    • The passage shows that they struggled to play it during rehearsals – this means before opening night. “through weeks of rehearsal, the musicians could not figure out how to play it. “. So, the answer is FALSE – the statement is not correct.

      • Thanks Liz! Really appreciate your response!

      • Hi Liz,
        One thing is clear “they struggled during rehearsals”. but there is no information about, whether they had also struggled while performing in opening night or not.
        So, I think the answer for this is “not given”

        • The passage shows that the struggle was during rehearsals and for this reason, the information in the passage contradicts the statement. It is rare that the passage will state: struggles were during rehearsal and not on opening night. Passages will rarely contain information like that. But it will contain enough information to contradict.

  42. Hi Liz,
    First of all I want to thank you for your great job, because this website is incredibly helpful for IELTS preparation.
    Reading is the most challenging part for me, so I am exercising a lot!
    I will be really thankful if you can clarify me this answer:
    (READING 3) questions 1: “it is known exactly” is TRUE but the passage says that Beethoven was born “on or near December 16”. If I find the expression “on or near” should I consider the date exact or approximate?

  43. Dear madam,
    Thank you very much for your support and dedication.

  44. Hello Liz,

    I did receive a similar question in this September IELTS, general reading. I really need your feedback on this. I posted my question here and on your you tube channel earlier. Here is the scenario again:

    People enroll for XYZ university as they need to upgrade their knowledge almost every 2 years.

    Question: XYZ uni regulary updates its course.

  45. Hello Liz,
    I think you made a mistake in the 4th passage vocabulary lesson.
    Sprinkling = smattering
    I think it’s scattering not smattering

  46. Rizwan Khan says:

    In TFNG Reading Exercise # 4

    Q: It is possible that Beethoven early suffering lead to his creative genius.

    Ans: Correct answer is “Not Given.”

    (My answer = False, Reason: In the passage it is given that “Beethoven was prodigiously talented musician from his earliest days and displayed flashes of creative imagination….”
    Now this is clearly contradictory to the question statement. His creative genius was there with him since childhood and not because of his early sufferings. So how could it be “Not Given” and not “False”? It clearly looks “False.”

    Where am I wrong? I’d love to understand this. Thanks

    • You have failed to spot the connection between two pieces of information. The statement says that “the suffer lead to his genius”. This means if he didn’t suffer, he wouldn’t have been a genius. The statement is providing a cause behind his genius. The passage gives no reason for his genius.

  47. “People were drawn from all over to see Thames Tunnel”. In my understanding this sentence is false because word “drawn” indicate that people were forced to see Thames Tunnel. Whereas in the main text it is stated that ” People came from far and wide to see the first Thames Tunnel.

    • “drawn” does not mean forced to. It means they came out of interest. For example, many people are drawn towards Spain for their holidays. This means they go to Spain because they like it.

      • Malik Usman says:

        Hi Liz,
        First of all thank you so much for all the good work you are doing for us..:)
        OKAY now in Ex#02, Q#1 it is said that “People were drawn from ‘all over’…” whereas in the passage it is given that “People came from ‘far and wide’….
        both phrases are differing from each other. ALL OVER means that ‘from everywhere’ whereas FAR AND WIDE means ‘over a large area / from distant places’ so, accordingly the answer shouldn’t be True???? Please throw me a quick reply..

        • to come from “all over” does NOT mean each country in the world. It is an expression, not a statement of fact.

  48. Hi Liz,

    Thanks for sharing tricks and helping us to clear IELTS exam.

    I have a question in Test 1 Q 1

    People came from far and wide to see the first tunnel under a river
    Q1. People were drawn from all over to see the thames tunnel

    My Query here is: People Came has different meaning then people drawn , hence I marked answer as False but actual answer says is True. Please add notes how they consider it as True

    • Stop trying to match words and look at the meaning in context. If people were drawn from France to English, it actual means they came from France to England. Look at the general meaning of the sentence instead of matching words.

  49. Hi Liz,

    I just want to say that you are an amazing teacher. You inspire me! Thank you so much for the free lessons! This will greatly help!

  50. Chandrahas says:

    Hi Liz,
    Thank you for sharing valuable tips and techniques and helping to prepare for IELTS.

    I have few TFNG questions from practice test book that I received from British Council.
    Could you please help me to understand answers?

    Passage: Casual employees are employed on an hourly or daily basis.
    Q. Casual workers may be hired by the hour or by the day.
    Correct answer for this question is True but I answered it False as question says “may be” and passage has “are”. How are they equivalent in this context?

    Passage: Parental leave – up to 12 months’ unpaid leave for maternity, paternity and adoption related leave to full-time employees.
    Q. A full-timer who takes a year off to have a baby can return to the same employer.
    Correct answer is True, and I answered Not Given as passage says nothing about return to employer. Why is it true?

    Entitlements (full-time employees):
    Sick leave – more than 4 continuous days require a medical certificate.
    Q. A full-time worker needs a doctor’s note if he is sick for 4 days in a row.
    Correct answer is False and I answered True, thinking that doctor’s note is same as medical certificate.


    • I think the problem here is that you are not paying enough attention to meaning and you are focusing only on words.
      1) may – This word has two meanings. Most people use this word to mean “might”. It may rain = it might rain. But it also means “can” when used relating to rules. Casual workers can be hired by the hour or by the day. This means it is true.
      2) Of course it is the same employer. If a company tells you, you can take 1 year off, of course you will come back to that employer. One year off means that you come back to the same job. That is the meaning in English.
      3) the statement says “4 days in a row” – this means 4 days. The passage says MORE THAN 4 days. So, the answer is false.
      Don’t try to match words. Start matching meaning.

  51. hi Liz,
    in exercise no 2 – Qno- 3, sleds were carried by humans not animal
    i dint understand why the answer is true . passage says sleds were dragged manually sometimes with beasts of burden

    • The question is: “Sleds were dragged by animals not humans.” The passage says that says that the sleds were dragged manually (this means by hand – by people) and also by beasts of burden” (animals).”. So, the passage clearly shows that sleds were pulled by both humans and animals. The statement is incorrect and the answer is wrong.

  52. hi Liz,
    Thnks for providing such valuable guidance to perform better in ielts .
    i have one query with exercise no 3 – Q no. 7 – In the early 1800 s Beethoven struggled to follow conversation . whereas passage says by the turn of century. doesnt it mean answer shoul be false . plz clear my confusion

  53. Hi Liz, quick question.

    It says Beethoven’s Symphony No. 3 was inspired by a famous man and the answer is “NG”.
    I initially thought it is “T” but looking at the passage again it says “honor” which is not a paraphrase for “inspire” so it should be false right? The passage clearly says “honour”.

    • The word “in honor of” is not the same as “inspired by”. These are two completely different things. To be inspired by is about where the idea came from. you can be inspired by a beautiful river or the sound of water. But when something is done in someone’s honor, it means that the music was played for him – it does not mention where the idea of the music came from.
      This question really tests your understanding of vocabulary.

  54. Hi!
    I have a couple of questions:
    1. “so unlike anything heard before that through weeks of rehearsal, the musicians could not figure out how to play it.” Qustion 6 in passage 3. Why is the correct answer – false? Where does the sentence clearly contradict the statement in the question?
    2. Isn’t there a grammatical error in this sentence: “The Egyptians did not use the wheel during the Pyramid Age, an invention that would have been of limited used on softer ground under heavy loads”? May be it would be better to say “of limited use”?

    • The question was “Contemporary musicians struggled to perform the Symphony No.3 on the opening night.”. The passage shows that the struggle to perform the Symphony was actually in the weeks of rehearsals. This means that the statement given is wrong.
      Yes, it’s a typo. Thanks 🙂

  55. Hello Liz,

    Could you please help me? In the exercise 2, question 5, I chose ‘NG’ but the right answer is ‘True’. Could you explain me why?
    In the text, there is this line: “There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means…” but by reading this we can’t be sure that people used to think that Ancient Egyptians used to use magic. Is doesn’t assure that, it just says that what they did was no magil or supernatural.

    Thank you.

    • You need to read the full sentence. Don’t try to match words. You locate the information in the passage and then read the sentences around it. The passage states “There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieved their goals, as is commonly thought.” This sentence means: Some people thought it was magic but that is not the case. Paraphrase the full sentence and then you can find your answer.

  56. Nnamdi N. says:

    Good evening Ma,
    Please, I need clarification on this.
    You stated in you lecture on understanding T/F/NG that, NG statement means the entire statement is not given in the passage. That maybe part of the statement is given but not the whole statement.
    Please, kindly help… I’m confused on this.

    Thank you

    • True = the statement is correct
      False = the statement is wrong. The passage proves it is incorrect.
      NG = there is not enough information to say true or false

  57. Thank you so much liz , I fall in love with you ^_^

  58. Thank you very much Liz, visit sri lanka.

  59. Hi Liz,
    Thanks for the wonderful work on your website. I really admire your work as I am improving a lot, i believe. 🙂 I have a question for you from TFNG exercise-2

    Passage: The Egyptians did not use the wheel during the pyramid age, an invention that would have been of limited used on softer ground under heavy loads.

    Question: The wheel was invented during the pyramid age, even though it was not used?

    I believe answer to this question should be “False” rather than NG (as you said above) , because “an invention” is mentioned in the passage. Moreover it is mentioned that its use is limited under certain conditions. So most of us would understand that its use were limited during Egyptian and pyramid age. Kindly if you can explain this example a bit please. The way I understand it, is that main idea can be discussed later in the passage. Kindly advice. Thanks.

    • False = the information is incorrect. It means the passage shows it is not true.
      NG = some of the information is given, but not all of it.
      In the example above, we do not know when the wheel was invented – there is no information about it. We know that it wasn’t used in that period, but we don’t know when it was invented. So, it’s NG. We can’t confirm or dispute when it was invented.

  60. Hi Liz,

    Could you please explain why FALSE is the answer on this passage.

    In most developing countries pollution seems to be getting worse, not better. Most big cities in Latin America, for example, are suffering rising levels of aur pollution. Populations in ooor countries are growing so fast that improvements in water supply have failed to keep up with the number of extra people. Worldwide, about a billion people still have no access to clean water, and water contaminated by sewage is estimated to kill some 2m children every year. Throughout Latin America, Asia and Africa, forests are disappearing, causing not just long-term concern about climate change but also immediate economic damage.


    “Two million children die every year from water pollution in Latin America.”

    I answered “Not Given”

    By the way, i purchased your advanced writing lesson…it’s worth it i believe.


    • Because 2 million children die from water pollution worldwide, not in only Latin America. This means the information in the passage shows that the statement is wrong = FALSE.
      “water contaminated by sewage” = water pollution

  61. Lailatul says:

    hi Liz, i am still confused between true and not given and sometimes false and not given. Can you please help me

    • True – the full meaning is found in the passage = the statement is correct.
      False – the meaning is incorrect = the passage shows that the statement is wrong / faulty.
      NG – the passage does not show if the full meaning is correct or incorrect because there is not enough information given.

  62. Hey Liz,

    Thanks a lo for the tips and guidance. It was of real help. I always get confused in the false and not given type of questions.
    However, please help in understanding this answer I got wrong.
    Ex 2, question 1. I wrote answer as T whereas it says NG. Does that mean the wheel was not invented at Egyptian age?


    • We know that the wheel was not used but there is no information at all about when it was invented. Therefore it is NG.

  63. Hi Liz, Thanks a lot for your efforts. Its very very helpful.
    I couldn’t understand the answer for 6th statement in para 3.
    when did musicians perform – ‘opening night’ is not given in the para. I marked the answer as NG.
    Can u explain why is it false.

    • Your aim is not to match words. It is to match meaning. Did the musicians struggle to play the piece on opening night? Answer: No, they struggled to play it in the weeks before – in the weeks of rehearsals. This means FALSE. If the statement is incorrect – it is false.

  64. Babatunde says:

    In my opinion,I think it is quite clear,the passage says “smoking is responsible for 30% of all DEATHS FROM CANCER”,but the statement says 30% of ALL DEATHS,so clearly all deaths are not the same as all deaths caused by cancer


  65. Vandana says:

    Hi Liz,

    Thanks a lot for your useful exercises. Could you please help me with Q6 in exercise 3.

    Thanks and Regards

  66. Nesrine Amri says:

    why isn’t answer below false instead of Not given?
    In 2013, the number of spam texts increased considerably to reach 33 billions. However in the
    it is mentioned that thy received more * than 300 billions in 2013( it’s more thant 300 billions not equal to 300 billions so it should be false ??? )
    thanks in advance

    P.s Your website is the best thanks for all the effort 🙂

    • Don’t get distracted by the numbers. Pay attention to the meaning of the question statement. The words ” increased considerably to reach” mean that the number changed. The number went up. But the passage does not mention anything about change at all. We don’t know if the 300 billion was an increase or a decrease from previous data. It’s NG.

  67. Dennis Bright says:

    According to your Tips, you said:
    Not Given means the entire statement is not given in the passage. In a situation where part of the statement from the question is given in the passage but not the whole statement. Do I consider the part statement from the question NG or F

    • As I explained, it means that the entire meaning is not present in the passage. Some parts might be present or some words might be used. But the full meaning is not there. That is the meaning of NG.
      The meaning of False is that the sentence is incorrect. This means the information in the passage doesn’t agree with the statement. There is a mistake with the sentence and the passage explains what the mistake is.

  68. Okafor Uzoamaka says:

    So i doing all your practice tests and i have one challenge. Exercise 3 No 5. The passage said the Symphony No 3 was created in honor of Napoleon. But when i chose True, the correct answer turns out to be Not Given which got me really confused.

    Can you please help clarify this for a better understanding to avoid further mistakes in the future.

    • To be performed in his honour and to be inspired by him are not the same thing at all. Check your online dictionary: in someone’s honour / inspired by someone

  69. Thanks Liz,
    I am really improving with the True, False and Not Given Questions.

  70. Hi Liz,

    For passage-1, question number-3, how come the answer is true? There is no mention of sea or land in the passage? Could you please explain?

    • This question definitely tests your English vocabulary: “In the age of sail and horse-drawn coaches,” – this means in the age of sea travel and travelling over land in a coach pulled by horses.

  71. Hi Liz

    Thank you so much for these tips… Its really very helpful…

  72. Hi Liz,

    I cannot understand why answer to Q.4 of beethoven’s is not False.

    The passage says “He was a prodigy and displayed creative imagination”
    and the question says “It is possible that beethoven’s early sufferings lead to his creative genius”

    Here, Doesn’t it clearly contradict that he is not a genius because of suffering but he’s a prodigy.

    Could you please explain ?

    • The passage doesn’t actually mention if his sufferings affected his genius or not. There is no mention. Remember it is not what you infer, it is what is actually written that is important.

  73. shatabdi says:

    I m confused with the reading passage 4’s 7 no question. I answered F. But answer is Not given.plz explain me why it is not false?

    • The question is “In 2011, Americans sent more texts than anywhere else in the world”. The passage does not say if the Americans sent more or fewer texts that other countries in 2011. The passage gives no information about texts sent in other countries in that year or any other year.

  74. Chukwunonso Agogbua says:

    Thank you Liz for these tips

  75. Hi Liz !

    Does the IELTS band table for Reading change with every test ?
    I mean, the number of correct answers you need to have in order to get some particular band is different from test to test ?

    Thank You in advance !

  76. Omar Camacho says:

    Could you explain to me why the correct answers to questions 5 and 6 in the Beethoven exercise?
    In the question 5, the correct answer is NG, I put T because he showed it in honor to Napoleon
    In the question 6, The correct Answer is F, I put NG because the paragraph talks about it was difficult for musicians but not about the night.

    Thans for your help.

    • Question 5 does not say what inspired him. There is a difference to play something in someone’s honour and being inspired by someone. If I play some music in my mother’s honour, it is because I respect her. But the inspiration for the music might have come from listening to water or listening to birds singing – these are two completed different things.
      Question 6 shows that the musicians had problems playing the music in the weeks before, not on the night. If the passage shows that the information is wrong, it is FALSE.

      • I understand the fact that they struggled to play it on the rehearsals but that does not mean that they didn’t have issues in playing the symphony on the opening night (they might have had or might have not had issues, the text is not explicit), that was my rational for choosing NOT GIVEN as answer. Dear Liz, would you please explain to me? Because for me writing false would be like a deduction, is not quite the opposite to what’s in the text.
        Thanks for your help 🙂

        • The answer FALSE means that the statement is wrong – there is a mistake with the statement. The passage shows they struggled prior to opening night – this means there is a mistake with the question statement.

  77. Explain ques 4 in pyramid building
    I marked it as not given
    Please explain

    • It comes from this “the most massive building projects in all of history” which means none better – unrivalled.

  78. Hlo mam
    Can you plss explain Q 5 of pyramid building paragraph
    I marked its answer as false but your answer is true
    Plsss explain it
    Because my exam is too near
    Pls clarify my confusion

    • The answer is found in this sentence: “There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieved their goals, as is commonly thought.”. the words “as is commonly thought” means “as some people think”.

      • Shumraiz says:

        Thank you Liz for all your efforts. Really appreciated.
        Liz, as you wrote: As is commonly thought::some people think; but in the passage it is written that there is NOTHING magical.
        How can this be true then ??

        • You need to make sure you read the entire sentence: There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieved their goals, as is commonly thought.. So, this sentence means … some people think it is magical or supernatural but it isn’t true.

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