True False Not Given: IELTS Reading Practice Lesson

Practice reading for IELTS True False Not Given questions. IELTS reading TFNG questions come in both the Academic reading test and the General Training reading test.

Below are 4 practice lessons for TFNG questions. They are not IELTS tests. They are practice lessons for IELTS students. If you would like IELTS TFNG Tips, see my TFNG Video & TIPS page.

TFNG Reading: Exercise 1

Passage: The Thames Tunnel

When it opened in 1843 the Thames Tunnel was described as the Eighth Wonder of the World. People came from far and wide to see the first tunnel under a river. On the first day, fifty thousand people descended the staircase and paid a penny to walk through the tunnel. By the end of the first three months there were a million people, or half the population of London. This was the most successful visitor attraction in the world. In the age of sail and horse-drawn coaches, people came long distances and bought souvenirs and listened to the entertainment in the cross-tunnel arches. The idea, of course, was not entertainment but to move cargo and turn a profit.

Notice: This passage is from You can read the full article here: The Thames Tunnel

Questions 1-5

Are the following statements true, false or not given according to the information in the passage?

  • True = the statement matches the information in the passage
  • False = the statement contradicts the information in the passage
  • Not Given = the information is not found in the passage
  1. People were drawn from all over to see the Thames Tunnel.
  2. There were 1.5 million people living in London at the time.
  3. People were able to travel by sea or land in those days.
  4. Statues of the tunnel could be purchased as souvenirs.
  5. The aim of building the tunnel was make money as a tourist attraction.


Click below to reveal the answers.

  1. T
  2. F (the passage says that 1 million is the equivalent to half the population of London, which makes the population of London 2 million)
  3. T
  4. NG (no information is given about the types of souvenirs sold)
  5. F (the aim was to make money through moving cargo)


TFNG Reading: Exercise 2

Passage: Pyramid Building

The pyramid blocks were hewn from quarries using stone and copper tools. The blocks were transported to the pyramid site from remote quarries using barges, and from local quarries using wooden sleds. The Egyptians did not use the wheel during the Pyramid Age, an invention that would have been of limited use on softer ground under heavy loads. The sleds were dragged manually, sometimes with the help of beasts of burden, over smoothed roads. Some of the existing pathways were equipped with transverse wooden beams to lend support to the sled. A lubricant may have been poured upon the road to reduce friction.

Egyptians successfully completed the most massive building projects in all of history. There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieved their goals, as is commonly thought. By all indications, they retained their knowledge of construction throughout their history, but they were limited after the Fourth Dynasty not by the lack of technology but rather by the lack of the abundant resources that were previously available. More than two thousand years later, the Romans would move huge stones, some weighing nearly 1,000 tons, using similar techniques at Baalbek.

Notice: The above passage is from: You can view the full article here: How the pyramids were built

Questions 1-7

Decide if the statements below are True, False or Not Given according to the information in the passage.

  1. The wheel was invented during the Pyramid Age, even thought it was not used.
  2. Sleds were dragged by animals not humans.
  3. It is possible that Ancient Egyptians could have lubricated their roads to aid transportation.
  4. The building work of the Ancient Egyptians is unrivalled.
  5. Some people believed that magic may have been used by the Ancient Egyptians.
  6. Limited technology limited the construction of the Ancient Egyptians in the Fourth Dynasty.
  7. The Romans learned the techniques of moving huge stones from the Ancient Egyptians.


Click below to reveal the answers:

  1. NG
  2. F
  3. T
  4. T
  5. T
  6. F
  7. NG

Here is a list of useful vocabulary and below that is an audio so you can listen to the pronunciation of the words.

  • hewn = cut / chopped
  • granite = a type of stone
  • to be of limited use = not very useful
  • dragged = pulled
  • manually = by hand
  • friction = resistance
  • ramp = slope / inclines
  • configuration = formation
  • conjecture = guesswork / estimation / surmise
  • retained = kept
  • abundant = plentiful / rich / ample


TFNG Reading: Exercise 3

Composer Ludwig van Beethoven was born on or near December 16, 1770, in Bonn, Germany. He is widely considered the greatest composer of all time. Sometime between the births of his two younger brothers, Beethoven’s father began teaching him music with an extraordinary rigour and brutality that affected him for the rest of his life. On a near daily basis, Beethoven was flogged, locked in the cellar and deprived of sleep for extra hours of practice. He studied the violin and clavier with his father as well as taking additional lessons from organists around town. Beethoven was a prodigiously talented musician from his earliest days and displayed flashes of the creative imagination that would eventually reach farther than any composer’s before or since.

In 1804, only weeks after Napoleon proclaimed himself Emperor, Beethoven debuted his Symphony No. 3 in Napoleon’s honor. It was his grandest and most original work to date — so unlike anything heard before that through weeks of rehearsal, the musicians could not figure out how to play it. At the same time as he was composing these great and immortal works, Beethoven was struggling to come to terms with a shocking and terrible fact, one that he tried desperately to conceal. He was going deaf. By the turn of the century, Beethoven struggled to make out the words spoken to him in conversation.

Despite his extraordinary output of beautiful music, Beethoven was frequently miserable throughout his adult life. Beethoven died on March 26, 1827, at the age of 56.

Notice: The passage above is from You can read the full article on this page: Ludwig Van Beethoven. There is also a great video to watch about this composer.

Questions 1 – 8

Are the following statements True, False or Not Given according to the information in the passage.

  1. It is not known exactly when Beethoven was born.
  2. Beethoven suffered cruelty at the hands of his father.
  3. Beethoven’s father was also a talented musician.
  4. It is possible that Beethoven’s early sufferings lead to his creative genius.
  5. Beethoven’s  Symphony No. 3 was inspired by a famous man.
  6. Contemporary musicians struggled to perform the Symphony No.3 on the opening night.
  7. In the early 1800’s Beethoven struggled to follow a conversation.


Click below to reveal the answers.

  1. True
  2. True
  3. Not Given
  4. Not Given
  5. Not Given
  6. False
  7. True


TFNG Reading Exercise 4

Passage: Spam Messaging 

SPAM, as every user of mobile phones in China is aware to their intense annoyance, is a roaring trade in China. Its delivery-men drive through residential neighbourhoods in “text-messaging cars”, with illegal but easy-to-buy gadgetry they use to hijack links between mobile-phone users and nearby communications masts. They then target the numbers they harvest, blasting them with spam text messages before driving away. Mobile-phone users usually see only the wearisome results: another sprinkling of spam messages offering deals on flats, investment advice and dodgy receipts for tax purposes.

Chinese mobile-users get more spam text messages than their counterparts anywhere else in the world. They received more than 300 billion of them in 2013, or close to one a day for each person using a mobile phone. Users in bigger markets like Beijing and Shanghai receive two a day, or more than 700 annually, accounting for perhaps one-fifth to one-third of all texts. Americans, by comparison, received an estimated 4.5 billion junk messages in 2011, or fewer than 20 per mobile-user for the year—out of a total of more than two trillion text messages sent.

(Notice: Passage from The economist, November 2014)

Questions 1-7

Decide if the following questions are true, false or not given.

  1. In China, SPAM text messaging is a successful business.
  2. People’s phone numbers are collected through the use of technology which cannot be readily bought.
  3. In no other country do people receive more Spam texts than in China.
  4. In 2013, the number of SPAM texts increased considerably to reach 300 billion.
  5. The majority of all texts received in Shanghai and Beijing are SPAM.
  6. In 2011, Americans sent more texts than anywhere else in the world.


Click below to reveal the answers.

  1. True (roaring trade)
  2. False (the gadgetry = technology / easy to buy = readily bought ). This is false because the passage shows it is easy to buy which contradicts the statement.
  3. True
  4. Not Given (there is no information if the number given had increased or decreased before hitting 300 billion)
  5. False (only one third are SPAM at the most)
  6. Not Given
  • intense = strong / extreme
  • roaring business = successful business / booming business
  • residential = suburban
  • gadget = device
  • harvest information = collect / gather
  • sprinkling = smattering
  • counterparts = equals / colleagues
  • spam messages = junk messages
  • digits = numbers / numerals


IELTS Reading Practice & Tips

A free video lesson and list of tips for IELTS Reading TFNG: IELTS Reading TFNG Tips

All Reading Lessons and Tips: IELTS Reading main page on

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  1. Hi! I have an inquiry…

    Question: “Auguest Ceasar brought bananas from Greece to Rome via Africa.”

    Text: “Antonius Musa, the personal physician of Augustus Ceasar, imported the first banana trees, ‘Musaaccuminata’, to Rome from Africa in 63 BC.”

    My answer is not given, but the answer key states that it’s false.

    My reason for choosing not given: Ceasar is not discussed in the passage but his physician. Moreover, there’s no mention that the bananas were sent from Greece because it said in the text that it was from Africa…

    Thank you!!

    • The passage shows that the person who brought bananas into Rome was not Ceasar. This means the statement is wrong, which means it is false.

  2. Hi Liz! I’m quite confused about this question. I hope you have the time to help me. 🙁

    Question: “The banana genome project aims at changing the genetic code of bananas.”

    Text: “Finding a way of introducing a little spice– and therefore genetic variety– into the reproductive life of the banana and its cousin the plantain is therefore a pressing problem. That is a project to do that has now begun. Announced recently, it involves scientists from 11 countries forming a consortium to decode the banana’s information will reveal much about the genes that make a banana what it is, and more importantly what it might be with a little extra help. This information– and any resulting advances in genetic modification– will be of profound importance, not just to banana boffins, but to a large proportion of humanity.

    My answer is false… but the correct answer is true. Please help me! Thank you!

    • It clearly shows that the aim of the project is genetic modification. This is shown in the first sentence and the last. So, this means it’s true.

  3. Deepika Sivakumar says:

    Hi Liz, Can you please clarify the following for me,
    In the 2nd exercise about the Pyramids,
    Q 5. Some people believed that magic…….
    Para : There is nothing magical……….as is commonly thought.
    Here, doesnt “commonly” mean “many/ majority of people” ?
    So, shouldnt the answer be FALSE, since, “some” is the opposite of “many”.

  4. Thanks Liz for the invaluable information on the Reading passages. This helped me a lot. I received a 8.5 band on Reading.

  5. My last one:
    Text: You have to be over 18 years old by November in the academic year in which you apply for the programme.
    Statement: There is an upper age limit for applications
    My answer was False, because in the text there is a lower age limit, however the answer I have shows that it must be Not Given, please help 🙂

    • For the answer to be false, you would need to find:
      1. that there is no upper age limit
      2. that people aged 60 or 80 or any age can continue to apply.
      The passage does not show this. The passage gives no information about upper age limits.

  6. Hi Umid,
    Could you please share with us how to receive 8,5 in the Reading and Listening sections?

    Thanks a lot!

    Best wishes,


  7. Today I have recieved my results. Here they are :
    Readind 8.5
    Listening 8.5
    Writing 6.5
    speaking 7
    Can you give a piece if advice to imrove my speaking and writing ? are there any books for students aiming to get 8-9 in IELTS?

    • Getting band 8 or 9 is about having excellent English with almost no errors. All my tips and techniques are for bands 7 to 9 – the difference in your score is how well you use the techniques and your level of English.

    • Are you from Baku Umid?

  8. Emmanuel F. says:

    Hi Liz,
    Q5, Exercise 3. I think the answer to be false. The passage specifically states that this was his most original work which led me to think there was no influence it was his own creation. Would like your comment, please!

  9. May I ask why the answer in exercise 3 number 7 (Beethoven) is true?
    From the passage, it says “By the turn of the century” so the year when Beethoven will struggle following conversation be in 1900?

    • The turn of the century is early 1800’s – unless you think that Beethoven was well over 100 years old as he was born in 1770. You really need to think more about the meaning.

  10. Dear Liz mam
    I like your classes.Its relly an inspiration .now I am very confident in the T/F/NG section.Thank you very much

  11. Nitish Goel says:

    Hi Liz,
    Thank you for your valuable lessons! Only going through with your videos and lessons, I was able to achieve a band score of 8.0 with 9.0 in reading.

  12. Omme_hashmi says:

    Why answer 6 of exercise 3 is False ??????

  13. Hi Liz u said that False means if the statement is opposite to the passage but you said Reading ex.1 the second statement is false. I think 1 million is not opposite to 1.5 million. Please explain

  14. In exercise 3, it is mentioned by the turn of century, that means next century?

  15. Sughandit Raina says:

    Hi Liz,

    Thanks for wonderful job, which you are doing by clearing all ambiguity of users.
    In para-2 question 5 the answer should be False but its True,need your advice.

    • Do you mean this question? “Some people believed that magic may have been used by the Ancient Egyptians.”.
      The answer is TRUE. The answer is found “There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieved their goals, as is commonly thought. “. This sentence means “there is nothing magical, as many people think = many people think it is magical but in fact it isn’t magical”. So, you need to understand that “as is commonly thought” is the key.

  16. Hi Liz,
    your tips are very useful.
    i wanted to understand in passage 3, Q5 – answer is not given , i feel it should be false because although it does not mentions inspired by famous man but it states the symphony 3 was his original work. so it actually contradicts what the Question asked.

    please share some light


    • It states that the symphony was played in Napoleons honour, but the passage does not given any information about the inspiration of the symphony. We don’t know if the symphony was inspired by Napoleon or it was inspired by someone else. So, it is NG. To have a FALSE answer we must see that it was not inspired by Napoleon.

  17. Hi Liz,
    I have a question with regard to exercise 2 about Pyramids.
    Question number 6 mentioned ‘IN the Fourth Dynasty’ but in the passage it mentioned ” AFTER the Fourth Dynasty”.
    Because of this I thought it is NG but the correct answer is F. Could you explain why?

  18. Hi Liz,
    I read the history about the Thames Tunnel and enjoyed a lot.
    Thank you for sharing the main page

  19. Hi liz mam I confused when I try to writing task 2 for which connector I used

  20. Adeel H Malick says:

    Dear Liz,
    In pyramid paragraph, It was written ” It is commonly thought” but in question it was written “some people believe”. Some people means a small group of people but commonly thought means majority of people. Then how can the answer be True?

  21. Hi Liz,

    As I keep practising the Cambridge series GT reading (1-3)I have noticed that my score was going down to 7-7.5 mainly due to the true /false/NG ,Yes/No/NG whereas for reading sections from books (5-12) it was around (8-9). I have noticed that these type of questions in the 1-4 books of the series are much more difficult than in 5-12.

    Does this have anything to do with the fact that the pattern, level of difficulty has changed over the years?

    Will the section 3 true/false,yes/no questions be as they are in the initial series or will they be quite similar to the latest books(5-12). I am particularly looking forward to the answer for this query 🙂

    Thank you for your patience in answering all sorts of queries.

    • IELTS say that the level of the IELTS test hasn’t changed. Some students disagree. I suggest you base your preparation on the most recent books from 7 to 12.


  23. Good day!
    I would like to ask why is it the answer in exercise 2 question 2 is false? I thought beasts are animals.
    thank you

    • You need to read the meaning, not match the words. The sentence starts “The sleds were dragged manually”. The word manually means that humans pulled the sleds and animals sometimes helped. So, the answer is FALSE. Humans did pulled the sleds.

  24. Hello Liz,
    I’ve some confusion regarding Exercise 2 (question 5)
    In Passage: There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieve their goals, as is commonly thought.
    Question 5: some people think magic may have been used by the Ancient Egypitions.
    How its TRUE?

  25. Hi Liz,

    Can you please share the explanation on FALSE answer for statement 6 in the exercise 3 mentioned in the above page. Thanks!

    • Never mind! Got the explanation somewhere in the below comments.

    • The passage shows that they struggled to play it during rehearsals – this means before opening night. “through weeks of rehearsal, the musicians could not figure out how to play it. “. So, the answer is FALSE – the statement is not correct.

      • Thanks Liz! Really appreciate your response!

      • Hi Liz,
        One thing is clear “they struggled during rehearsals”. but there is no information about, whether they had also struggled while performing in opening night or not.
        So, I think the answer for this is “not given”

        • The passage shows that the struggle was during rehearsals and for this reason, the information in the passage contradicts the statement. It is rare that the passage will state: struggles were during rehearsal and not on opening night. Passages will rarely contain information like that. But it will contain enough information to contradict.

  26. Hi Liz,
    First of all I want to thank you for your great job, because this website is incredibly helpful for IELTS preparation.
    Reading is the most challenging part for me, so I am exercising a lot!
    I will be really thankful if you can clarify me this answer:
    (READING 3) questions 1: “it is known exactly” is TRUE but the passage says that Beethoven was born “on or near December 16”. If I find the expression “on or near” should I consider the date exact or approximate?

  27. Dear madam,
    Thank you very much for your support and dedication.

  28. Dear Liz,
    You are so amazing! Your tips and techniques are wonderful.

    It really helps me to understand the T/F/NG questions. But recently while I was trying to solve Cambridge 7 – Test 2 – Reading Passage 1 (Y/N/NG) questions, I was a bit confused with the following:

    Q1: Only two Japanese pagodas have collapsed in 1400 years.

    Passage Text: Records show that, only two have collapsed during the past 1400 years.

    The answer is Y but I selected it NG. Could you please clarify the meaning of “in 1400 years” and during the past 1400 years”.

  29. Hi Liz,

    Can you please explain the “By turning the Century” in the question 7 ?


    • See this page: Start getting used to using online dictionaries.

      • Thanks for your response on this Liz,

        I am confused regarding the statement given as the question with respect to the para here. Para states in 1804 only he created a Symphony 3 and another sentence in the para says by the turn of the century he was getting deaf. Here the timelines are creating confusion here for me.

        If possible for you, can you please help me out in understanding this ?

        Thanks you,

        • Don’t look for your answer in one sentence. You have seen the dates 1804 and read one line. Read the whole paragraph:
          In 1804, only weeks after Napoleon proclaimed himself Emperor, Beethoven debuted his Symphony No. 3 in Napoleon’s honor. It was his grandest and most original work to date — so unlike anything heard before that through weeks of rehearsal, the musicians could not figure out how to play it. At the same time as he was composing these great and immortal works, Beethoven was struggling to come to terms with a shocking and terrible fact, one that he tried desperately to conceal. He was going deaf.
          Can you see above that going deaf was in early 1804 which is the turn of the century.

          • Hello Liz,

            I understood this phrase -‘At the turn of the century’ as the next century, that is the end of 1800 and start of 1900.

            I found it a bit confusing too.

            Thank you,

            • Can I answer in behalf of Liz? I think you missed reading that Beethoven was born on 1770 and died at 1827. ” By the turn of century” means the transition between 1700 and 1800. That means early 1800’s. At the start of 1900 he was long gone.

  30. Navneet Bhattad says:

    Hello Liz,
    In the passage of spam messaging, on this page, pls let me know how is the answer “not given” for the 4th question : “spam messaging is an international problem”.I thought the answer is True as its present it in China and America.

    • It is inferred but not stated. However, I think it is ambiguous so I’ve removed that question.

      • Hello Liz,

        I did receive a similar question in this September IELTS, general reading. I really need your feedback on this. I posted my question here and on your you tube channel earlier. Here is the scenario again:

        People enroll for XYZ university as they need to upgrade their knowledge almost every 2 years.

        Question: XYZ uni regulary updates its course.

  31. Dear Liz Mam
    Hi. You are a wonderful IELTS mentors that I ever known. Your given website really very useful for me and its very encouraging for IELTS test. I have a question to you please give to me a clear concept about false and not given ans. in reading section of IELTS. Sometimes I am confused about that. “False” is that the statement which mentioned wrongly in question and NG is where the information not fully presented in the passage…am I right.
    Special thanks to you again

  32. Hello Liz,
    I think you made a mistake in the 4th passage vocabulary lesson.
    Sprinkling = smattering
    I think it’s scattering not smattering

  33. Dear Liz,
    I printed a lesson about Pyramids, few months ago and that lesson includes 11 questions which are different from the questions here. May I ask to send me a link where I can find results, because I can’t locate them now?
    The questions are:
    1. The wheel, although not invested at that time, would have aided the pyramid builders.
    2. It is possible that Ancient Egyptians could have lubricated their roads to aid transportation.
    3. The buildings of roads dates back to the pre-dynastic period of Ancient Egypt.
    4. The method of construction used for pyramid building has stil not been confirmed completely.
    5. Ramps made from earth are belived to have been used at the outset of building.
    6. Egyptiologists agree that ramps were built straight similar to a staircase.
    7. The building work of the Ancient Egyptians is unrivalled.
    8. The knowledge of large pyramid building died out by the fourth dynasty.
    9. Some reliefs show how the pyramids were constructed.
    10. The Ancient Egyptians had various theories to use for the construction of the pyramids.
    11. There is an open debate as to whether the pyramids were built by the Ancient Egyptians.

    Thank you in advance 🙂

  34. Hi Liz,

    “There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieved their goals, as is commonly thought.”

    This sentence says, most of the people with paraphrase “commonly”.
    But question is “Some people think magic may have been used by Ancient Egyptians”

    Does “Some people” not contradicting to “commonly thought”? Please clarify.

  35. Rizwan Khan says:

    In TFNG Reading Exercise # 4

    Q: It is possible that Beethoven early suffering lead to his creative genius.

    Ans: Correct answer is “Not Given.”

    (My answer = False, Reason: In the passage it is given that “Beethoven was prodigiously talented musician from his earliest days and displayed flashes of creative imagination….”
    Now this is clearly contradictory to the question statement. His creative genius was there with him since childhood and not because of his early sufferings. So how could it be “Not Given” and not “False”? It clearly looks “False.”

    Where am I wrong? I’d love to understand this. Thanks

    • You have failed to spot the connection between two pieces of information. The statement says that “the suffer lead to his genius”. This means if he didn’t suffer, he wouldn’t have been a genius. The statement is providing a cause behind his genius. The passage gives no reason for his genius.

  36. “People were drawn from all over to see Thames Tunnel”. In my understanding this sentence is false because word “drawn” indicate that people were forced to see Thames Tunnel. Whereas in the main text it is stated that ” People came from far and wide to see the first Thames Tunnel.

    • “drawn” does not mean forced to. It means they came out of interest. For example, many people are drawn towards Spain for their holidays. This means they go to Spain because they like it.

  37. Hi Mam, You are an amazing teacher. Earlier I thought to take some coaching for IELTS exam but after watching your videos and going through your blogs I think I don’t need any more coaching. Your tips are magical.
    But I had one question, that how can we get our writing skills tested by you? We can definitely practice writing tasks on our own but is there any way that we can share those with you and you can share your feedback and let us know how much we would have scored in that particular task.

    • Sorry I don’t offer that service at the moment.

      • Hi Liz,
        Under the topic sound pollution, one particular paragraph is :
        One hundred years ago environmental experts predicted that in the 21st century there would be a shortage of water and silence. They were correct.Silence is scarce. More and more silence is drowned out by sound.
        Q:Experts forecasted that water and noise pollution would be major future problems.
        Answer is True, False, or Not Given?

  38. Hi Liz,

    Thanks for sharing tricks and helping us to clear IELTS exam.

    I have a question in Test 1 Q 1

    People came from far and wide to see the first tunnel under a river
    Q1. People were drawn from all over to see the thames tunnel

    My Query here is: People Came has different meaning then people drawn , hence I marked answer as False but actual answer says is True. Please add notes how they consider it as True

    • Stop trying to match words and look at the meaning in context. If people were drawn from France to English, it actual means they came from France to England. Look at the general meaning of the sentence instead of matching words.

  39. Hi Liz,

    I just want to say that you are an amazing teacher. You inspire me! Thank you so much for the free lessons! This will greatly help!

    • You’re welcome 🙂

      • Gurpreet singh Grewal says:

        Hey mam. You are amazing . Seeing you first time on youtube was the best day of my entire life . I found a huge difference in myself after getting your guidance . Your efforts are priceless . Thank you so very much . God bless you mam .

  40. Chandrahas says:

    Hi Liz,
    Thank you for sharing valuable tips and techniques and helping to prepare for IELTS.

    I have few TFNG questions from practice test book that I received from British Council.
    Could you please help me to understand answers?

    Passage: Casual employees are employed on an hourly or daily basis.
    Q. Casual workers may be hired by the hour or by the day.
    Correct answer for this question is True but I answered it False as question says “may be” and passage has “are”. How are they equivalent in this context?

    Passage: Parental leave – up to 12 months’ unpaid leave for maternity, paternity and adoption related leave to full-time employees.
    Q. A full-timer who takes a year off to have a baby can return to the same employer.
    Correct answer is True, and I answered Not Given as passage says nothing about return to employer. Why is it true?

    Entitlements (full-time employees):
    Sick leave – more than 4 continuous days require a medical certificate.
    Q. A full-time worker needs a doctor’s note if he is sick for 4 days in a row.
    Correct answer is False and I answered True, thinking that doctor’s note is same as medical certificate.


    • I think the problem here is that you are not paying enough attention to meaning and you are focusing only on words.
      1) may – This word has two meanings. Most people use this word to mean “might”. It may rain = it might rain. But it also means “can” when used relating to rules. Casual workers can be hired by the hour or by the day. This means it is true.
      2) Of course it is the same employer. If a company tells you, you can take 1 year off, of course you will come back to that employer. One year off means that you come back to the same job. That is the meaning in English.
      3) the statement says “4 days in a row” – this means 4 days. The passage says MORE THAN 4 days. So, the answer is false.
      Don’t try to match words. Start matching meaning.

  41. hi Liz,
    in exercise no 2 – Qno- 3, sleds were carried by humans not animal
    i dint understand why the answer is true . passage says sleds were dragged manually sometimes with beasts of burden

    • The question is: “Sleds were dragged by animals not humans.” The passage says that says that the sleds were dragged manually (this means by hand – by people) and also by beasts of burden” (animals).”. So, the passage clearly shows that sleds were pulled by both humans and animals. The statement is incorrect and the answer is wrong.

  42. hi Liz,
    Thnks for providing such valuable guidance to perform better in ielts .
    i have one query with exercise no 3 – Q no. 7 – In the early 1800 s Beethoven struggled to follow conversation . whereas passage says by the turn of century. doesnt it mean answer shoul be false . plz clear my confusion

  43. Hi Liz, quick question.

    It says Beethoven’s Symphony No. 3 was inspired by a famous man and the answer is “NG”.
    I initially thought it is “T” but looking at the passage again it says “honor” which is not a paraphrase for “inspire” so it should be false right? The passage clearly says “honour”.

    • The word “in honor of” is not the same as “inspired by”. These are two completely different things. To be inspired by is about where the idea came from. you can be inspired by a beautiful river or the sound of water. But when something is done in someone’s honor, it means that the music was played for him – it does not mention where the idea of the music came from.
      This question really tests your understanding of vocabulary.

  44. thank you Liz

  45. Md. Rakibul Alam says:

    Hi Liz,
    Can I write Y, N, NG in case of Yes, No, Not Given respectively?

  46. Hi!
    I have a couple of questions:
    1. “so unlike anything heard before that through weeks of rehearsal, the musicians could not figure out how to play it.” Qustion 6 in passage 3. Why is the correct answer – false? Where does the sentence clearly contradict the statement in the question?
    2. Isn’t there a grammatical error in this sentence: “The Egyptians did not use the wheel during the Pyramid Age, an invention that would have been of limited used on softer ground under heavy loads”? May be it would be better to say “of limited use”?

    • The question was “Contemporary musicians struggled to perform the Symphony No.3 on the opening night.”. The passage shows that the struggle to perform the Symphony was actually in the weeks of rehearsals. This means that the statement given is wrong.
      Yes, it’s a typo. Thanks 🙂

  47. Hello Liz,

    First of all I would like to thank you so much for availing this wonderful source of learning! You website is like an guiding light for all of us who are preparing for IELTS from home.

    Recently, I came across two TFNG questions, in which I couldn’t figure out where did I made a mistake.

    London Dungeon
    Live actors, shows, rides are interactive special effects ensure that you face your fear in this unique experience. Everything that you see is based on real historical events from Jack the Ripper’s Murders to the plague and the Great Fire of London.

    Madame Tussaud’s Museum
    The museum features 12 exciting, interactive zones. It contains was figures of Hollywood celebrities, sport stars, political figures, royalty, musicians and UK stars in realistic settings.

    1. Madame Tussaud’s provides the opportunity to see replicas of famous actors.
    2. The London Dungeon is not a place to learn about famous crimes.

    My answer
    1. True
    2. True

    but both are fales.

    About first question, it is mentioned in the passage that there are wax figures of US and UK stars, then why the statement is false?
    Also, in second question, it is mentioned that London Dungeon is based on historical events, whereas questions says that ‘it is not a place to learn about famous crimes in the city’. Hence, the statement looked true to me. I don’t how I got these both wrong. Please advice.

  48. you are the best !thank you ! <3

  49. Hello Liz,

    Could you please help me? In the exercise 2, question 5, I chose ‘NG’ but the right answer is ‘True’. Could you explain me why?
    In the text, there is this line: “There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means…” but by reading this we can’t be sure that people used to think that Ancient Egyptians used to use magic. Is doesn’t assure that, it just says that what they did was no magil or supernatural.

    Thank you.

    • You need to read the full sentence. Don’t try to match words. You locate the information in the passage and then read the sentences around it. The passage states “There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieved their goals, as is commonly thought.” This sentence means: Some people thought it was magic but that is not the case. Paraphrase the full sentence and then you can find your answer.

      • Hi, Liz
        I have the same question as Mariana, and after read your reply, i still cannot get it…
        “there is nothing magic is commonly thought, “in my opinion , it means” it is widely thought it is nothing to do with magic”

        and I do not see the meaning of “some people thought it is magic”or ” it is not the case” in the passage.

        Please help~

  50. Thank you so much liz , I fall in love with you ^_^

  51. Thank you very much Liz, visit sri lanka.

  52. Hi Liz,

    I was solving one of the Cambridge Exams and in one of the Reading Tests this T/F/NG question came up:

    Question: Michael Owens was hired by a large US company to design a fully-automated bottle manufacturing machine for them.

    My Answer: Not Given

    Answer given by site: False

    Paragraph containing text: From 1887 onwards, glass making developed from traditional mouth-blowing to a semi-automatic process, after factory- owner HM Ashley introduced a machine capable of producing 200 bottles per hour in Castleford, Yorkshire, England – more than three times quicker than any previous production method. Then in 1907, the first fully automated machine was developed in the USA by Michael Owens – founder of the Owens Bottle Machine Company (later the major manufacturers Owens- Illinois) – and installed in its factory. Owens’ invention could produce an impressive 2,500 bottles per hour Other developments followed rapidly, but it | was not until the First World War when Britain became cut off from essential glass suppliers, that glass became part of the scientific sector. Previous to this, glass had been seen as a craft rather than a precise science.

    How can this be false please? Since we are told that the statement is only false when it is the reverse or opposite of what is given in the text. And in the text it did not tell us whether Michael Owens was hired by USA or not. Please can you explain this answer?

    • The statement is wrong. This means the answer is False. the passage shows that Michael Owens was not hired by company in the US to design the machine. He designed it himself whilst he was in the USA. “Then in 1907, the first fully automated machine was developed in the USA by Michael Owens – founder of the Owens Bottle Machine Company (later the major manufacturers Owens- Illinois) “.

      If the statement gives incorrect information, the answer is False. If the passage does not show when he invested it or where etc, then it is NG. But the passage does give this information and the statement is wrong.

      • Nnamdi N. says:

        Good evening Ma,
        Please, I need clarification on this.
        You stated in you lecture on understanding T/F/NG that, NG statement means the entire statement is not given in the passage. That maybe part of the statement is given but not the whole statement.
        Please, kindly help… I’m confused on this.

        Thank you

  53. Hi Liz,
    Thanks for the wonderful work on your website. I really admire your work as I am improving a lot, i believe. 🙂 I have a question for you from TFNG exercise-2

    Passage: The Egyptians did not use the wheel during the pyramid age, an invention that would have been of limited used on softer ground under heavy loads.

    Question: The wheel was invented during the pyramid age, even though it was not used?

    I believe answer to this question should be “False” rather than NG (as you said above) , because “an invention” is mentioned in the passage. Moreover it is mentioned that its use is limited under certain conditions. So most of us would understand that its use were limited during Egyptian and pyramid age. Kindly if you can explain this example a bit please. The way I understand it, is that main idea can be discussed later in the passage. Kindly advice. Thanks.

    • False = the information is incorrect. It means the passage shows it is not true.
      NG = some of the information is given, but not all of it.
      In the example above, we do not know when the wheel was invented – there is no information about it. We know that it wasn’t used in that period, but we don’t know when it was invented. So, it’s NG. We can’t confirm or dispute when it was invented.

  54. Hello Liz,

    Thanking you for those tips and the lessons you have delivered

  55. Do you guys normally post the queries straight away on your page or you filter it out first and then post it?Asking because, I just posted a query of mine like minutes ago, but I really`cannot spot it in the comments section!

  56. Hi Liz…
    Thank You so much for sharing this beautiful site and helping out students 🙂
    Your site has helped me alot specially in writing which was a lil hectic thing for me to do 🙂

  57. Hi Liz,

    Could you please explain why FALSE is the answer on this passage.

    In most developing countries pollution seems to be getting worse, not better. Most big cities in Latin America, for example, are suffering rising levels of aur pollution. Populations in ooor countries are growing so fast that improvements in water supply have failed to keep up with the number of extra people. Worldwide, about a billion people still have no access to clean water, and water contaminated by sewage is estimated to kill some 2m children every year. Throughout Latin America, Asia and Africa, forests are disappearing, causing not just long-term concern about climate change but also immediate economic damage.


    “Two million children die every year from water pollution in Latin America.”

    I answered “Not Given”

    By the way, i purchased your advanced writing lesson…it’s worth it i believe.


    • Because 2 million children die from water pollution worldwide, not in only Latin America. This means the information in the passage shows that the statement is wrong = FALSE.
      “water contaminated by sewage” = water pollution

  58. Lailatul says:

    hi Liz, i am still confused between true and not given and sometimes false and not given. Can you please help me

    • True – the full meaning is found in the passage = the statement is correct.
      False – the meaning is incorrect = the passage shows that the statement is wrong / faulty.
      NG – the passage does not show if the full meaning is correct or incorrect because there is not enough information given.

  59. Hey Liz,

    Thanks a lo for the tips and guidance. It was of real help. I always get confused in the false and not given type of questions.
    However, please help in understanding this answer I got wrong.
    Ex 2, question 1. I wrote answer as T whereas it says NG. Does that mean the wheel was not invented at Egyptian age?


    • We know that the wheel was not use but there is no information at all about when it was invented. Therefore it is NG.

  60. Abdullah Siddique says:

    Hey Liz, so I followed all your tips to solve the exercise of TFNG from this blog and guess what? I answered 3/5 in exercise 1, 5/7 in exercise 2 and exercise 3 and 7/7 in exercise 4. Really helped a lot. Will be sitting for IELTS in August 3rd, 2017. Thank you a lot. 😀

  61. Nishjith says:

    Thanks Liz….you are a great facilitator….the posts helps me a lot

  62. Truly fantastic !

    Where to get more of Reading Practice material with answers?

  63. Hi
    Teaching new words through mp3 is Very nice approach .

  64. Thanks a lot mam……your site is very usefull for many people and the best part of your site is that you always remain active to anwer the douts ……..

  65. Hi Liz, Thanks a lot for your efforts. Its very very helpful.
    I couldn’t understand the answer for 6th statement in para 3.
    when did musicians perform – ‘opening night’ is not given in the para. I marked the answer as NG.
    Can u explain why is it false.

    • Your aim is not to match words. It is to match meaning. Did the musicians struggle to play the piece on opening night? Answer: No, they struggled to play it in the weeks before – in the weeks of rehearsals. This means FALSE. If the statement is incorrect – it is false.

  66. SINI ABRAHAM says:

    Hi Liz,
    So happy the way you explaining,its really useful and I am sure I will be benefited out of this in my real exam.I lost marks in my reading on my exam,so was really searching for a solution.Thanks a lot for your efforts,God bless you.
    Sini Abraham

  67. Saurabh Sabale says:

    Hello Liz Mam,
    I was going through one Reading task and facing Y/N/NG. Here is that passage :-

    In addition to being responcible for than 85 percent of lung cancers, smoking is associated with cancers of, almost others, the mouth, stomach and kidneys, and is thought to cause about 14 percent of luekemia and cervical cancers. In 1990, smoking caused more than 84,000 deaths, mainly resulting from such problems as pneumonia, bromchitis and influenza, Smoking it is belived , is responcible for 30 per cent of all deaths from cancer and clearly represents the most important preventable cause of cancer in countries like United States today.

    Question for Y/N/NG is,
    Thirty per cent deaths in United States are caused by smoking related diseases.

    Their ans is NO.
    But I’m confused as they directly mention in last line, then why answer is NO.
    Please explain.


  68. Nesrine Amri says:

    why isn’t answer below false instead of Not given?
    In 2013, the number of spam texts increased considerably to reach 33 billions. However in the
    it is mentioned that thy received more * than 300 billions in 2013( it’s more thant 300 billions not equal to 300 billions so it should be false ??? )
    thanks in advance

    P.s Your website is the best thanks for all the effort 🙂

    • Don’t get distracted by the numbers. Pay attention to the meaning of the question statement. The words ” increased considerably to reach” mean that the number changed. The number went up. But the passage does not mention anything about change at all. We don’t know if the 300 billion was an increase or a decrease from previous data. It’s NG.

  69. Dennis Bright says:

    According to your Tips, you said:
    Not Given means the entire statement is not given in the passage. In a situation where part of the statement from the question is given in the passage but not the whole statement. Do I consider the part statement from the question NG or F

    • As I explained, it means that the entire meaning is not present in the passage. Some parts might be present or some words might be used. But the full meaning is not there. That is the meaning of NG.
      The meaning of False is that the sentence is incorrect. This means the information in the passage doesn’t agree with the statement. There is a mistake with the sentence and the passage explains what the mistake is.

  70. Okafor Uzoamaka says:

    So i doing all your practice tests and i have one challenge. Exercise 3 No 5. The passage said the Symphony No 3 was created in honor of Napoleon. But when i chose True, the correct answer turns out to be Not Given which got me really confused.

    Can you please help clarify this for a better understanding to avoid further mistakes in the future.

    • To be performed in his honour and to be inspired by him are not the same thing at all. Check your online dictionary: in someone’s honour / inspired by someone

      • the passage states, it was his grandest and most original work to date, which means he was not inspired by any one?

        • Something can be original and still be inspired by someone. The word “inspired” means to get inspiration from someone or something – we all get inspiration for an original work. So, the passage does not contain information to contradict the statement or to agree with it – it is NG.

          • That’s what I thought after posting the comment, thanks heaps for clarifying and your website is wonderful. I found it to be educational and examples are great.

            Thank you,

  71. Thanks Liz,
    I am really improving with the True, False and Not Given Questions.

  72. Abioye Keji says:

    Please I will like to know your stand point on the False or Not Given option:
    If a part of the statement question is given in the text passage, can I render the statement question, Not Given. Am I right?
    Looking forward to your response at

    • The question to ask is: Is the statement wrong or right? If not enough information is given to decide it is wrong or right, then it is NG.

  73. Reet uppal says:

    Hlo Liz mam,

    First a big thanks to you for providing such a variety For preparation of ielts.

    next please suggest me what should I do to strengthn my vocab because I am getting errors due to some not known words.
    Thanks 😊

    • This is relating to your level of English. IELTS is a language test after all. It takes time to improve vocabulary and develop your English. You should consider getting a teacher, reading and writing word lists (which include sentences using the new words).

  74. Hi Liz,

    For passage-1, question number-3, how come the answer is true? There is no mention of sea or land in the passage? Could you please explain?

    • This question definitely tests your English vocabulary: “In the age of sail and horse-drawn coaches,” – this means in the age of sea travel and travelling over land in a coach pulled by horses.

  75. Rosemarie Mendoza says:

    Hi Liz, Your tutorial for reading test concerning True, False, and Not given is really very helpful. Thank you very very much.

  76. Hi Liz,
    Thank you so much for this practice test.
    I loose my most of the marks in this section (TFNG).

    I scored 20 ,out of the total 26 questions. I have exam next week trying to hack this section. Do you have some more links on TFNG (similar to this) where I can solve more examples like this.
    Solving these examples i am gradually getting clearer on the questions asked.

    Thank you again.


  77. Hi Liz

    Thank you so much for these tips… Its really very helpful…

  78. Dear Liz,

    Thank you very much indeed. As the time I’ve started using your great IELTS knowledge base videos and lessons, I can understand how much my English improved.

    Thanks again and hope every success for you and all your beloved ones.

  79. Hi Liz,

    I cannot understand why answer to Q.4 of beethoven’s is not False.

    The passage says “He was a prodigy and displayed creative imagination”
    and the question says “It is possible that beethoven’s early sufferings lead to his creative genius”

    Here, Doesn’t it clearly contradict that he is not a genius because of suffering but he’s a prodigy.

    Could you please explain ?

    • The passage doesn’t actually mention if his sufferings affected his genius or not. There is no mention. Remember it is not what you infer, it is what is actually written that is important.

  80. Hello Liz,
    Thanks for the wonderful work you’ve done on these materials. Going by the tips, the questions look so simple. I only missed one in all the passages. Hoping to pass the exam with 8 band score in reading.

  81. shatabdi says:

    I m confused with the reading passage 4’s 7 no question. I answered F. But answer is Not given.plz explain me why it is not false?

    • The question is “In 2011, Americans sent more texts than anywhere else in the world”. The passage does not say if the Americans sent more or fewer texts that other countries in 2011. The passage gives no information about texts sent in other countries in that year or any other year.

  82. Chukwunonso Agogbua says:

    Thank you Liz for these tips

  83. Hi Liz,
    I found all your given examples are difficult. I scored 4/7 at maximum in each. Some of my mistakes happened because I did not get the words’ meanings. How I can increase my vocab. within weeks. Generally speaking, I am not bad in English but I do not know what to do in such questions.
    I appreciate your advice.

  84. Hi Liz !

    Does the IELTS band table for Reading change with every test ?
    I mean, the number of correct answers you need to have in order to get some particular band is different from test to test ?

    Thank You in advance !

  85. Omar Camacho says:

    Could you explain to me why the correct answers to questions 5 and 6 in the Beethoven exercise?
    In the question 5, the correct answer is NG, I put T because he showed it in honor to Napoleon
    In the question 6, The correct Answer is F, I put NG because the paragraph talks about it was difficult for musicians but not about the night.

    Thans for your help.

    • Question 5 does not say what inspired him. There is a difference to play something in someone’s honour and being inspired by someone. If I play some music in my mother’s honour, it is because I respect her. But the inspiration for the music might have come from listening to water or listening to birds singing – these are two completed different things.
      Question 6 shows that the musicians had problems playing the music in the weeks before, not on the night. If the passage shows that the information is wrong, it is FALSE.

      • The above question’s answer makes me confused, would you please elaborate the answer of question 6 of Beethoven exercise?

        • The answer is FALSE because the sentence is wrong. The musicians didn’t struggle to play it on opening night, they struggled to play it in the weeks of rehearsals (which means the weeks before opening night).

          • I understand the fact that they struggled to play it on the rehearsals but that does not mean that they didn’t have issues in playing the symphony on the opening night (they might have had or might have not had issues, the text is not explicit), that was my rational for choosing NOT GIVEN as answer. Dear Liz, would you please explain to me? Because for me writing false would be like a deduction, is not quite the opposite to what’s in the text.
            Thanks for your help 🙂

            • The answer FALSE means that the statement is wrong – there is a mistake with the statement. The passage shows they struggled prior to opening night – this means there is a mistake with the question statement.

  86. Explain ques 4 in pyramid building
    I marked it as not given
    Please explain

    • It comes from this “the most massive building projects in all of history” which means none better – unrivalled.

  87. Hlo mam
    Can you plss explain Q 5 of pyramid building paragraph
    I marked its answer as false but your answer is true
    Plsss explain it
    Because my exam is too near
    Pls clarify my confusion

    • The answer is found in this sentence: “There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieved their goals, as is commonly thought.”. the words “as is commonly thought” means “as some people think”.

      • Mam it means some people think that there is no magic but some other think that there could be use of magic….means answer is true due to others response.

        • It is about what is written in the passage not what you infer. Only go by what is written – not what you think.

          • Shumraiz says:

            Thank you Liz for all your efforts. Really appreciated.
            Liz, as you wrote: As is commonly thought::some people think; but in the passage it is written that there is NOTHING magical.
            How can this be true then ??

            • You need to make sure you read the entire sentence: There is nothing magical or supernatural in the means by which they achieved their goals, as is commonly thought.. So, this sentence means … some people think it is magical or supernatural but it isn’t true.

  88. for spam messaging question no 5 how is the answer not given??(please explain because i think it’s true)

    • Take a look at the answer key again – I’ve explained the answer there.

      • Emilio Duran says:

        Hi Liz,

        I’m practising your TFNG set of questions. I started out with the Thames Tunnel passage and I score 4 out of 5. According to your answers key the second question is False and I answered not given. Maybe, my reading skills still need improvement, but I reread twice and I still thinking the answer is not given.

        Could you please give me feedback?

        • In number 2, it says there were 1.5 million people living in London. The passage shows that this is false, there were 2 million people living in London. 1 million people visited the tunnel and this number was half of the population of London, which makes 2 million people living in London. The passage does give information about the number of people living in London.
          The false answer means that the statement and the passage have different information. Both show population numbers – the statement shows 1.5 million and the passage shows 2 million – therefore the statement is false. Does that help you understand?

          • Emilio Duran says:

            Dear Liz,

            Absolutely, thus seems I have to be more attentive on what I read.

            Many thanks.

    • the speaker gives no any fact on the rise in% in comparison to an existing data. it only says, “received more than 300 billion in 2013”.so, its obvious as the answer is, ‘not given’

  89. Manvir says:

    6/6 🙂 Your lessons are really helpful. Thank you!!

  90. Khalid Shaik says:

    hi madam Liz,

    I find the examples and practice are very much informative and it really very helpful for getting more than 7 band. I appreciate your efforts for this free education help. I pray for you “God bless you Liz”.

  91. Can we jump lines to show that we have started a new paragraph(sometimes jump sometimes not)?
    If no, how can we show that we are in new paragraph?(if the previous paragraph ends at end of the paper?
    pls answer me soon

    • Leave one line empty between each paragraph – it is easier for the examiner to see your paragraphs this way.

  92. Hello Liz, recently when I did some True False Not Given reading task I felt really confused. This is one example. In the task it sad: Rent in the area soared by 15% last year. and the question ask The rent price went up by 15% this year. So this is a False sentence or a not given? can you help me? thank you

    • The answer should be false because it didn’t go up this year, it went up last year. So, this information contradicts.

  93. Its first time that I got 6/6

  94. Tram Nguyen says:

    Hi Liz,
    I am doing a practice test on IELTS Cambridge 10. And I have trouble with this question: T/F/NG

    Paragraph: Tourism has a profound impact both on the world economy and, because of the educative effect of travel and the effects on employment, on society itself.
    Question: Tourism has a social impact because it promotes recreation.

    Would you please help me?

    • Always spend time with the question first. The question is about – tourism promoting leisure (recreation). There is no information in the passage about tourism promoting leisure at all. So, the answer is NG.

      • Tram Nguyen says:

        Hi Liz,
        Thanks so much for your response.

        When I did this question, I thought “Tourism has social impact because of its educative effect and employment effect”. The info about the cause for ‘Tourism’s social effects’ is not missing in the paragraph. There are only 2 reasons and they do not include “recreation”. That’s why I chose FALSE.

        So next time, if the info of the question is not included in the paragraph. It must be NG. Am I right?

        • If the information given in the question is not present in the passage, it is NG. In your case, tourism being related to recreation was not in the passage.

  95. how many passages would be there in the reading section?

  96. sujit kumar biswas says:

    Dear liz
    is this same hijack or hack?

  97. Shikha bhardwaj says:

    Thank u mam liz

  98. Mohannad Abusarah says:

    Hi liz,
    in Q3, it asks about only Shanghai and Beijing, but in the article it takes about big cities like Shanghai and Beijing not only shanghai and Beijing, why it is not False ?

    • If the example is for Beijing and Shanghai, then it matches. It doesn’t contradict so it can’t be False and it definitely gives the information so it can’t be NG.

  99. Respected Mam your lectures are informative and amazing.

  100. Hi…Your website is more useful…Plz clarify my below doubt.

    In the true or false reading test. If a passage contains ”Sam earn 700 $ per ‘month”

    Question is like..Sam earn more than 700 $ per month.

    ***This is true or false ?****

    • It is false. The passage does not say that Sam earns over $700.

      • According to your lectures on “true/false/not given” isn’t it “Not Given” ?
        In passage its mention “SAM earn 700$/month
        Question is: Sam earn more than 700$/month.
        If the statement is “false” there should be written in the passage that :SAM earn less than 700$/month…

        Please clarify

        • You are trying to find opposites in language instead of meaning. If someone does earn more than 700 usd. It means they earn 700usd or less. In this case they earn 700usd which means it isn’t more than that. The answer is FALSE. The information in the passage does not support the statement. Not Given means no information is presented relating to how much.

  101. Hi Liz,
    i used to watch your video about true,false,NG passages in youtube. but most of exercises i don’t find a link.why? you can help me, i need it to practice.

  102. Hi Liz,
    I am confused with question number 3. I think it’s a 700bilion as they have stated ‘Beijing and Shanghai’ were the biggest market of spasm text msgs. could you please explain it bit more?

    • In relation to those cities, both the passage and question refers to individual users. The “billion” number relates to a previous sentence about the entire country of china.

  103. I thought number 5 should be NG considering that the question says “over half of ALL reported junk text” and the paragraph says “55% of mobile spam reported by users” here it only says reported by users but does not specify whether its ALL users and therefor does not mean that its ALL reported junk text.

    Can I write down a counter argument like this during the test?

    • “reported junk texts” refers to all reported spam messages. This is a statement which does not refer to some or many but to all.
      All the best

  104. hello ma’am liz, answered question 6 not given because the statement says they sell special numbers. but there are no evidence that they earn enormous amount of money by selling. why is that wrong?by answering no means you are assuming, is in it?

  105. soha essam says:

    i don’t find the answers in this page , i can not find them , how can i look for them ?

  106. I only got one question wrong. I am improving in answering the questions

    • Muzaffar says:

      I am also making an imrovment in answering for this type of question! Thanks for everything… 🙂

  107. I can believe I got all the answers right and this happen to be my first practices after watching your Reading Test tips.
    I’m glad i got to realise that False is used when the question contradicts (opposite) what the passage implies. thanks a lot Liz, I see success ahead

  108. I thought the answer to question 6 was( not given )but i have read through the comments about the word ( the) used superlatively as explained by professor i have taken that correction. thanks Liz

  109. Sanone (from Saigon) says:

    Hello to you,
    Question number 6.
    How can the answer be true. “Largest” does not necessarily mean “big”, does it? How do you justify that answer? In my opinion it is NG as the article doesn’t say whether those 3 companies are the largest telecommunication companies in China. We know they are big but we don’t know whether they are the largest. Please explain. Thanks


  110. Hi Liz,
    the passage says “Americans, by comparison, received an estimated 4.5billion junk messages in 2011…..”

    The answer for Question 4. mentioned the year of 2001 – I answered False. Is it just because they did not mentioned the amount by comparison, the answer is NG??

    • because the year mentioned is wrong that is why i answered False.

      • False doesn’t mean that it is wrong. False means it is contrary / contradictory. NG means there is no mention of it or the information is not fully given.

        • Dear liz,
          As you said false does not mean wrong so the answer was given for Q4 is NG because the year of 2001 was not mention in the passage or because least amount was not mention in the passage? Clarify plz

    • Purna Bahadur Kumal says:

      The date is mentioned as it does not give any information about the least amount worldwide…Hence it must be not given…Hope that you will get my point…

  111. Hi Liz, How will you rate the passage and question? Easy/medium/tough. I have done all of them correctly. So, I am confused.

  112. Dear Liz,
    Is this all right if I write (on real ielts answer sheet) TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN or YES/NO/NOT GIVEN in small latter? Can I just write T/F/NG or Y/N/NG ? I want to know correct method.
    Please reply.

  113. 5/6

  114. Hi teacher,Liz
    You are a great IELTS teacher I have ever known. This website is really useful for me.
    I am lucky that I found your teaching website. Special thanks 🙂 🙂

  115. Thanks liz , All of your lessons are really helpful. Im always confused with “False and Not Given” , i mix it up these two options. I answered “NG” for answer 1. Can you please clarify for me the differences between them.

    • “bought readily” means bought easily. That is the key to the answer. For tips about TFNG questions, please see my free video lesson – you can find it in the reading section.

      • hello Liz, i found some wonderings from school
        the question says : Adam was built in the 1960s
        the passage says:The result was the Aswan Adam ,begun in 1960 and completed in 1968.
        Is it true false or not given.
        i chose False and teacher gave me wrong

        • The 1960’s means from 1960 to 1969 = all the years within the decade of the 60’s. So, the answer is true. You need to spend some time reviewing time periods in English.
          All the best

  116. Thank alot
    For question 6 its not clear estimate here mabe not afact that the answer is correct
    I thought its opinion.

  117. if I did not see the answer, I think number 4 was false.

    • There is no information given in the passage as to whether it was the least amount or most amount worldwide, so the answer is NG.

  118. Hello Liz
    I am a bit confused
    regarding the 6th question ,
    the spam message is not equal to junk message ..there is a difference between them
    spam is electronically generated message for some purpose like advertising
    However, Junk is message that might contain spams ,message from a person you do not want to receive from or a blocked company message
    Hence, my answer was FALSE regarding this …what will be the situation now ?

  119. Wonderful article

  120. Joharra says:

    I think I over analyzed question # 5. I thought the word “all” makes a big deal so I answered NG. I am holding back to write T because of this word. Thank you Liz.

    • Usually “all” is a word that means it could be NG. However, in this passage, it didn’t say “all people”, it said “half of all messages” which basically means 50% of the messages. It’s just an expression to write “all” in this situation, it would equally be possible to omit it.

  121. No 6 question is written In present tense but in the passage the information is in past tense, if I considered that it would be NG, but its true.pls clear by obligation. Thanks

  122. Q 6 says the three largest mobile operators make large amounts of money from junk text messaging.
    However the passage says: the broadcaster estimated that the big three carriers earned hundreds of millions of dollars a year….. . it does not say as these companies earned money.

    then how comes it as True.

    explain me please. Thank you in advance

    • Present simple is used to describe a general state. Incomes are calculated annually. Any company that earned 10 million in the previous year, earns (present tense) a lot of money.

  123. 6/6

  124. 6 out of 6

    thank you Teacher,
    i need work hard still know .

  125. 5/6 …I am so happy after getting this score.
    Thanks ma’am for giving the actionable pieces of advice .

  126. 5/6 question 2 was tricky,

  127. Hi,
    Thank you for this very useful website.
    Is there any kind of communication to review our answers to different types of ielts questions?
    Is there a possibility to take sample ilets exam online and to give us your comments about our answers?

    • Take a look at my Useful Website page which contains some practice test links (see the IELTS Extra Section). Also you should get the IELTS Cambridge books 1 to 9 to do more practice tests. I try to give a comment when students post some writing but it’s not always possible because of time constraints.
      All the best

  128. What is meant by ‘The answer come in order?’

    • This means that the questions follow the order of information in the passage. So the answer to question 1, will come before the answer for question 2. This will help you locate the answers easier. You don’t have to read through the whole passage for each answer. You know the first answer will be nearer the beginning of the passage and the last answer will be nearer the end.

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