Tourism and The Local Community

Below are some ideas for the advantages and disadvantages which tourism brings to a community. These ideas can be used both for speaking part 3 and also writing task 2 in IELTS.

Essay Question

Over the last few decades, there has been an increase in international tourism. Some people think that tourism is beneficial for local communities and should be encouraged.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Speaking Part 3 Questions

  1. Do you think tourism is a good thing?
  2. Why do you think some people  believe tourism to be bad for local communities?
  3. Do you think local communities change as an effect of tourism?
  4. Do you think there are more advantages than disadvantages of tourism for local communities?

Don’t forget we are looking at the effects of tourism as an industry rather than a tourist as a person. Don’t confuse the two.

Advantages of Tourism

  1. Tourism brings money and boosts the economy.
  2. It offers employment to local people.
  3. It offers fresh perspectives on life and culture.
  4. Locals usually need to learn English to talk to tourists which can have beneficial long term effects.
  5. To boost tourism, local communities often invest money on improving the infrastructure which has lasting positive effects.

Disadvantages of Tourism

  1. Tourism can create a economic dependency which can be detrimental to the community if it is not sustainable.
  2. Tourism can have a negative impact on the local environment in terms of pollution.
    1. noise pollution from tourist entertainment
    2. air pollution from increased transportation
  3. Tourism can cause friction between locals and tourists, if local culture is not respected.
  4. The bulk of the money brought in by tourism rarely finds its way into local hands and instead lines the pockets of the middle man (the tour operator).



  1. Hello Liz,

    Thank you for all the videos and supporting/important points for all the modules of ILETS.
    However I’d like to know whether its appropriate to use bullet points as a part of one or the othe paragrahps written.?
    Is writting a set of lines in bullet points considered to be a part of coherrance/cohesion?


    • It is not possible to use bullet points at all in your essay. All sentences must be written fully as this is part of the your score for Grammar which is 25% of your marks.

  2. Jas sandhu says

    I am really confused with writing task 2. I want to make sure that is the parts of speech like is, am, the, there, that, etc counted in exam of acedimic ielts in world limit?
    Plz answer hurry i hav my exam on 23 june.

  3. Ajith Krrish says

    Hello Liz Madam,
    On 27th I did my speaking test.The Question was
    “Which tourist place you need to visit.
    1.what preparation you need to take
    2.what you have done there.

    And sub-questions related to this topic was
    >what types of preparation you need to take?
    >when will you start your preparation?
    >what types of preparation you will take?
    >where will you visit and what is the specialty?
    >whom with you will visit at there?
    >which sort of people like to travel.{youngesters or elder}?

    This is not in order but almost 75 percent of questions I share with you.Kindly be prepare to whom for the IELTS Speaking test.It cannot predict the types of questions that you will get.

    \\\\ALL THE BEST////

  4. Thank you so much for helping us pass the ielts exam. I had 7.5 in writing and an overall band score of 8. Lots of love all the way from Nigeria.

    • Very well done, Laura!! Band 8 is a great score 🙂

    • Hello Laura, congratulations on your result. Can you please share some questions you were asked if you remember any? My exam is coming up this month in Nigeria as well.

      • Hey Debbie. I ll be glad to share some question’s. In writing task 2 youths are taking up more leadership positions is it a positive or negative thing…
        Speaking. … what you do…..
        Tell me about good news that happened to someone you know very well. Who the person is what the good news is and how I felt about the news.
        Lastly few questions about media and technology..
        I hope it helps

        • Thanks Laura. I sincerely appreciate your response. I hope to share my result with you soon.
          Thanks once again.

    • Amara Ibeawuchi says

      Hi Laura, I just read about your high IELTS total band score of 8! Congrats! That was great! How did you do it, so well? And pls tell me how long you studied to make such an impressive score. I’ve been practicing, but I find the time given too short, especially for reading! What do I do?
      Congrats again!

  5. Dear Liz
    I am very happy if you come to our country. Because you are good IELTS teacher people want to learn from you


  6. i need speaking partner…please tell me about this soon….as my ielts exam will be on 6 may……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….request..!

  7. Asmaa haggag says

    I need speaking partner this week my exam next Friday my phone number is 01096880404, Egypt

  8. Really, I wanna thank you for every thing because I achieve my target and got my score after I follow your instruction.

  9. hi liz my name is Amanpreet Singh i am from punjab moga city india, exam is on 19th may i love your website and i hope to get good result.thank you for this are nice liz…….

  10. Hi Liz,

    My GT exam was on 8th October at New Delhi.

    Writing task 2:

    Interview is common method to hire people.

    Write some other available methodes and explain which methode you think is best for recruitment?

    Task 1:

    write letter to invite your friend in you country.

    Explain an public event?
    Invite him.
    Explain what else you can do with him?


    What kind of house you dream in future ?
    Explain your current one ?
    And how it is different from past?

    Q-card on :

    Painting or photograph in house?

    Third section :

    Do paintings need to be compulsory module in schools?

    Should elder people learn how to paint?

    Images with camera are good ….or paintings are good ….?

    Please guide me with below:

    I got 7 bands (R-7.5, L-8 , S-6.5, W-6) last time in IELTS academic 4 years ago and it was 6.5 in speaking that time.

    But this time my examiner interrupted me in every question she asked, therefore I did not answer any question completely.

    And other thing when she provided q-card, I haven’t prepared for 1 minute and started speaking even she asked me are you sure you don’t want to prepare? (Is that will give her impression of crammed answer? )

    But I completed 2 minutes.

    And I think overall she spent just 7-8 minutes interviewing me, please let me know how I can take this kind of behaviour. I am really worried about my speaking module.


    • Thanks for sharing 🙂 It is normal that the examiner can interrupt your answer. This is because of timing and the examiner wanting to test various aspects of language using different questions. The examiner might have been worried that your answer was memorised if you needed no time to prepare. However, if you spoke naturally and followed the topic, I’m sure it will not affect your score. I always advise students to use the full minute to prepare. If you feel that your English language was strong and flexible, you will still get a good score. Let’s wait for your results.
      All the best

  11. Rajkumar Narayanasamy says

    Hi Liz,
    Thank you 100% for your videos and information which guide me to Prepare well for my exam…
    I suggest your videos to my friends for some effective preparation.

  12. Hi Liz,

    Is there any section in website which provides sample answers or key ideas related to these essay topics:

    I need to develop my writing skills and ideas for different topics, please suggest 🙂


  13. Hi Liz, please help me to correct my introduction on “Tourism and The Local Community”
    here is my introduction.

    International tourism has shown a steady rise in number since many preceding decades. Some people think that tourism should give benefits to local people and be promoted. In my opinion, although i agree tourism brings positive impact, it is also leads to several backwards for local communities.

    thank for for your help and attention.

  14. HI LIZ,
    I have chosen to write essay on tourism topic posted on your blog.

    It is certainly true that the global tourism has flourished over the past few decades, and many contemplate this as a positive development for native communities. To a certain extent, I agree with this point of view.
    on the one hand , I believe tourism is advantageous for local people. Firstly, it prospers hospitality industry, meaning that new accommodation, transport and other infrastructures would be developed. This creates employment opportunity for local people as well as generates revenue through selling products to the visitors and thus, improve the standard of life. Secondly, tourism broadens our horizon of understanding. This is because we get know new people and their way of life. Furthermore, we can learn new languages, which is always an beneficial skill to have.
    On the other hand, I also believe that there are several drawbacks of tourism. one of them is that it could impact on local environment negatively. For example, during the construction of new infrastructures, the habitat of wild animals could get destroyed. In addition, tourism increases pollution and waste output as well as put pressure on local resources such as drinking water. Another is that the centuries old local traditions and practices may get overwhelmed by the non-native cultures. For instance, Pokhara, which is one the most beautiful cities in Nepal, has many chinese restaurants that have put shade on the traditional restaurants.
    In conclusion, in my view, tourism improves local economy tremendously, however, its detrimental effects on local environment and cultures should be controlled.

    • From your background statement, I have no idea which essay title you have chosen. Also your thesis statement gives no clear ideas of what your opinion is. What do you agree with? What do you disagree with? What do you think? You obviously are trying to write a balanced view but you present no opinion in your thesis statement.

      Background statement = paraphrase the exact essay question. I should be able to know which essay question it is from your background statement.
      Thesis statement – introduce your view. Don’t use a learned phrase “To a certain extent, I agree with this point of view”. If you have a balanced view it does NOT mean you agree with both sides. It does NOT mean you sit on the fence. It means you have a specific opinion which you write in your thesis statement.

      Can you write this again and post it. Also post the essay question so I can see more clearly which essay you are answering.

  15. Hi,

    Could you please anyone provide comments on this essay to improve?.
    Thanks in advance.


    It is considered by many people that global tourism brings more money and benefits to the local communities which will boost the country’s economy. Despite its positive outcomes, I believe that tourism brings many negative impacts to the community which will be argued in the below paragraphs.

    Terrorism, Anti-social and Racism activities will be increased due to the international tourism. First of all, global terrorists would target the local historical places where usually
    large numbers of people gather. On top of it, some people will involve in anti-social
    activities such as crime, robbery. Finally, there are possibilities people dominate and discriminate others which leads to harassment and racism . Hence, these illegal activities cannot be prevented, if we encourage tourism.

    Tourism can have negative impacts on the local environment in terms of pollution.
    The most significant negative impact is noise pollution from tourist entertainment.
    For example, every year, huge number of people gathers for vivid festival in Sydney
    and crowd tend to make heavy noise by dancing and playing music. It is constantly complained by the media reporters. Another negative impact is air Pollution from increased transportations. For example, tourists prefer to use private vehicles such as cars and bikes which are harm to the local environment. Thus, tourism is not encouraged by many.

    In conclusion, after analysing the above valid points, I believe that tourism will not bring
    any benefits to the society because of international terrorism and constant increase of anti-social activities. Therefore, I suggest people not to encourage tourism in their local communities.


    • Your technique and ideas are reasonable. You have a presented a clear position which is good. However, your English language will limit your score due to the number of errors, mostly in grammar.
      All the best

  16. Owing to an increase in international tourism,it is believed that tourism can act as a factor for benefiting the local fraternities.local authorities as well and it must be promoted.In my opinion,i think that tourism is favourable not only for economy but also for culture as well.

    Firstly,it is true that tourism can play a vital role to boost the economy of a state.A recent study says that significant proportion of GDP comes from tourism sector which aids the financial state of a country. Indigenous people will have oppurtunities to get involve in work which certainly reduce the number of unemployment people as well as expanding the local business.Due to improving the business locals could build up fine infrastructures which have positive effects.

    Secondly,meeting with different people and cultures can open a new possibility for local communities.Sharing knowledge,attitudes or views make people to broad their outlook as well as thinking capability and surely it will help to spread the culture all over the world.Locals usually need to learn English to communicate with tourists which has beneficial long term effects.Furthermore,peace and brotherhood will be established between visitors and locals

    In conclusion,i am convinced that international tourism,a beneficial business,should be considered as an effective factor to improve economy,enrich culture as well.

    • It’s a good essay. You have answered the question and organised your ideas well. However, your grammar is not strong. If you are aiming for band score 7 and above, it might be a problem. My recommendation, if you want a high score, is to work on your grammar and attend a grammar class.
      All the best

      • Thanks mam,thanks a lot.
        i’ll practice,can you please mention the the grammar topics that i should focus on.

        • You will need to review all aspects of English grammar to find which areas you need to focus on. There’s a lot online to help you.

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