Reading Skills for IELTS: Paraphrasing Exercise 2

This lesson is to help you develop the reading skill of paraphrasing which is an essential skill in IELTS reading. This is not a IELTS reading test. This is a lesson for spotting paraphrases – identifying synonyms (words with similar meaning).

Passage 

More than 200 canary birds are being phased out of Britain’s mining pits, according to new plans by the government. Modern technology is being favoured over the long-serving yellow feathered friend of the miner in detecting harmful gases which may be present underground.

New electronic detectors will replace the bird because they are said to be cheaper in the long run and more effective in indicating the presence of pollutants in the air otherwise unnoticed by miners. The gas detectors will be hand-held and carry a digital reading which appears on a screen alerting miners to the extent of the gases.

Notice: This passage comes from news.bbc.co.uk. You can read the full article on this page: BBC On the day: Coal Mines

Spot the paraphrases:

Choose a word or words from the passage above which are synonyms for the words below. Answers do not come in order.

  1. preferred
  2. gradually stop using
  3. substitute
  4. employed since way back
  5. existence
  6. portable
  7. bird (canary)
  8. ultimately

Remember that a synonym is a word that has exactly OR nearly the same meaning. This means a synonym may not be 100% the same – it may be only very similar in meaning.

Answers

The answers can be viewed on this link. Click to open: Answers for paraphrasing exercise 2

 

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Comments

  1. Really paraphrasing very helpful liz

  2. Saeed Aziz says:

    preferred = favored
    gradually stop using = phased out
    subsitute= replace
    employed since way back = long-serving
    existence = presence
    bid (canary) = yellow feathered friend
    portable = hand-held
    ultimately= more effective

  3. 1. favoured over
    2. being phased out
    3. replace
    4. long-serving
    5. presence
    6. hand-held
    7. yellow feathered friend
    8. modern

  4. ABUTHAGIR says:

    Hi Liz,

    In my reading practice test, I got the below passage and question and I wrote answer as “CHARACTER” but the answer key says Character interaction. I didn’t see any word as interaction in the passage. Can you please explain me why they mentioned like this?

    Below are the passage and question details
    Paragraph from the Passage: The third-Person shot – in which a third of the frame consists of a rear view of a person’s upper torso and head – can be effectively utilised here. This shot encourages us to actually slip into the persona of that character, and vicariously live through their experience.

    Questions 34-37
    Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer

    Question 37 : What does a third-person shot place importance on?
    Answer from the answer key: Character Interaction

    In my understanding, we need to write the exact words as mentioned in the passage for answering the reading question if the condition says NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage. Please correct me if my understanding is wrong.

    Thanks,
    Abuthagir

  5. ALEX PINHERO says:

    1, Favoured
    2,Phased out
    3,Replace
    4, Long service
    5, Presence
    6,Hand -held
    7,Yellow Feathered Friend
    8, ” i do not know ” 🙁

  6. ebincharles says:

    1. Preferred – Favored
    2. Gradually stop using – Phased out
    3. Substitute – Replace
    4. Employed since way back – Long serving
    5. Existence – Presence
    6. Portable – Hand-held
    7. Bird (Canary) – Yellow Feathered Friend
    8. Ultimately – in the long run.

  7. Favoured
    Phased out
    New Plans
    Long Serving
    Present
    Carry
    Yellow Feathered Friend
    Alter

  8. Favoured
    Phased out
    Replace
    Long serving
    Preserence
    Hand held
    Yellow feathered friends
    Long run

  9. Favoured
    Phased out
    Replace
    Long- serving
    Presence
    Hand held
    Yellow Feather Friend
    Long run.

  10. Ropa Mhizha says:

    1.Favoured
    2. Being phased out
    3. Replace
    4. long -serving
    5. Present
    6. Hand held
    7. Yellow feathered friend
    8. Otherwise

  11. Aarti Kochhar says:

    1. Preferred- Favoured
    2. Gradually stop using- Phased out
    3. Substitute – Replace
    4. Employed Since way back- long serving
    5. Existence- Presence
    6. Portable- hand-held
    7. Bird(Canary)- yellow feathered
    8. Ultimately- to the extent of

  12. Ijeoma Eche-Nwosu says:

    1. Favoured over
    2. Phased out
    3. Replace
    4. Long-Serving
    5. Presence of
    6. Hand-Held
    7. Yellow Feathered Friend
    8. More

  13. Prefered = Favoured
    Substitute – replace
    Employed since way back- long serving
    existence- presence
    portable -hand-held
    bird = yellow feather friend
    ultimately- long run
    gradually stop using-phase out

  14. 1.favoured
    2.phrased out
    3.replace
    4. Long serving
    5.presence
    6.hand held
    7.
    8.long run
    Hi liz
    This is my second participating exercise. Thanks for your support. Pls could you reply me back.

  15. MURUGAVEL RAJENDRAN says:

    MURUGAVEL.R
    1.Preferred – Favored
    2.Gradually stop using – Phased out
    3.Substitute – replace
    4.Employed since way back – Long serving
    5.Existence – presence
    6.Portable – Hand-held
    7.Bird (canary) – Feathered friends
    8.Ultimately – Long-run

  16. Avani Pansheria says:

    1. Preferred : Favoured
    2. Gradually stop using: Phased out
    3. Substitute: Replace
    4. Employed since way back: Long-serving
    5. Existence: Present
    6. Portable: Hand-held
    7. Bird(canary): Yellow feathered bird
    8. Ultimately:

  17. Favoured
    Phased out
    Replace
    Long-serving
    Present
    Hand-held
    Yellow feathery friend
    In the long run

  18. MURUGAVEL RAJENDRAN says:

    MURUGAVEL.R
    1. Preferred – Favored
    2.Gradually stop using it – Phased-out
    3.Substitute – replace
    4.employed since way back – long-serving
    5.existence – presence
    6.portable – hand-held
    7.bird (canary) – feather-friends
    8.ultimately – long-run

  19. Mojisola Nwankpa says:

    1 favoured
    2 phase out
    3 replace
    4 Dating back
    5long serving yellow feather bird
    6hand held
    7the birds
    8gradually

  20. Hi
    Favoured
    Phased out
    Replace
    long-serving
    presence
    hand-held
    Yellow Feathered Friend
    to the extent

  21. Siddharth Upadhyay says:

    1 favoured
    2. Phased out
    3. Replace
    4. Long serving
    5. Presence
    6. Hand held
    7. Yellow feathered friends
    8. Long run

  22. 1. Favoured
    2. phased out
    3. Replace
    4. Long serving
    5. Presence
    6. Hand held
    7. Yellow feathered
    8. Extent

  23. Naz Yuzbasheva says:

    Preferred- Favoured
    Gradually stop using – phased out
    Substitute- Replace
    Employed since way back- Long serving
    Existence- Presence
    Portable- Hand-held
    Bird (Canary)- Yellow feathered friend
    Ultimately- Long run

  24. Tshering Yangzom says:

    1.preferred- favoured
    2.
    3.Replace
    4.Long serving
    5.present
    6.hand held
    7.animals
    8.long run

  25. 1. Preferred=favoured
    2. gradually stop using = phased out
    3. substitute = replace
    4. employed since way back = long-serving
    5. Existence = present
    6. Portable = hand-held
    7. Bird (canary)= yellow feathered
    8. Ultimately = in long run

  26. favoured
    phased out
    replace
    log run
    present
    hand held
    yellow feathered
    ?

  27. Preferred- Favoured
    Gradually- phased out
    Substitute- Replace
    Employed since way back- Long serving
    Existence- presence
    Portable- hand held
    Bird-Yellow feathered friend
    Ultimately- Otherwise

  28. Aaisha Haque says:

    Preferred- favored
    gradually stop using – phase out
    substitute – replace
    employed since way back- long-serving
    existence-presence
    portable- handheld
    bird- yellow feathered friend
    ultimately – none

  29. Richard Orimolade says:

    1. Preferred = favoured
    2. gradually stop using = phased out
    3. substitute= replace
    4. employed since way back= over the long serving
    5. existence = presence
    6. portable- hand-held
    7. bird (carnary) = yellow feathered
    8. ultimately = more effectively

  30. 1.Favoured
    2.Being phased out
    3.replace
    4.over the long serving
    5.presence
    6.hand held
    7.
    8.long run

  31. Ramandeep Kaur Hanjra says:

    1. Favoured
    2. Phased out
    3. Replace
    4. Over the longserving
    5. Presence
    6. Hand held
    7. Yellow feathered friend
    8. Otherwise

  32. Favoured
    Phased out
    Replace
    Long serving
    Presence
    Hand held
    Yellow feathered friend
    Extent

  33. 1. Favoured
    2. phased out
    3 replace
    4 long-serving
    5 presence
    6 hand held
    7 feathered friend
    8 more effective

  34. favoured over
    phased out
    replace
    long-serving
    presence
    handheld
    feathered friend
    according to new plans

    Thank you so much Liz for sharing

  35. 1-favoured
    2-phased out
    3-replace
    4-long serving
    5-presence
    6-handheld
    7-yellow feathered
    8-in the long run

  36. 1. Being favoured
    2. Phase out
    3. Will replaced
    4. Long serving
    5.present
    6.hand held
    7.
    8.more apparent

  37. HINA AFROZ says:

    Preferred: favoured
    Gradually stop using: phased out
    Substitute: replace
    Employed since Way back: over the long serving
    Existence: presence
    Portable: hand-held
    Bird: yellow-feathered
    Ultimately: long run

  38. 1-favoured
    2-being phased out
    3- replace
    4- over the long serving
    5- present
    6- hand-held
    7- yellow feathered friend
    8- long run

  39. Favoured
    Phased out
    Replace
    In the long run
    Presence
    Hand held
    Yellow featherd
    Othrwise

  40. mahmadtaufiq says:

    1=favoured
    2=being phase out
    3=replace
    4=long serving
    5=presence
    6=hand-held
    7=yellow feathered friend
    8=because

  41. 1)favoured
    2) phase out
    3)replace
    4) long-serving
    5)presence
    6)hand-held
    7)yellow feathered friend
    8)in the long run

  42. It’s very challenging to have such exercises.
    Gradually stop using phased out
    Preferred favoured
    Employed since way back longs serving
    Bird yellow feathered Fri
    Replace substitute
    Ultimately in long run
    Hand held portable
    Existence presence

  43. maheswari says:

    1.favoured
    1.phase out
    3.replace
    4.long run serving
    5.presence
    6.hand held
    7.yellow featured friends
    8.effective

  44. Dianne Gansatao says:

    1. Preferred – favoured
    2. gradually stop using – phased out
    3. substitute – replace
    4. employed since way back – long-serving
    5. existence – presence
    6. prtable – hand-held
    7. bird – yellow feathered friend
    8. ultimately – long run

  45. Dr Rajasri says:

    The paragraph was very touching ,scientific and illuminating, knowledgewise.Carbon monoxide kills many manhole cleaners in the Indian cities every year.

  46. Osunsanmi opeyemi says:

    1 favoured
    2 phased out
    3 replace
    4 long serving
    5 presence
    6 hand held
    7 yellow feathered friend
    8 long run

  47. 1. Preferred : favoured
    2. gradually stop using : Phase out
    3. Substitute : replace
    4. employed since way back : long serving
    5. existence : presence
    6. portable : hand held
    7. bird : yellow feathered friend
    8. ultimately : long run

  48. Nahida Akther says:

    Portable – carry

  49. Nahida Akther says:

    Preferred – favoured
    Portable – handheld
    Existence -presence
    Ultimately- long run
    Bird-yellow feathered friend
    Substitute -replace
    Gradually stop using – phase out
    Employed since back- long serving

  50. Imran Khan says:

    1~ favoured
    2~ phase out
    3~ replace
    4~ long serving
    5~ presence
    6~ yellow feathered
    7~ in long run

  51. Israel Iyamu says:

    Israel
    1. Favoured
    2. Being phased out
    3. Will replace
    4. Long-serving
    5. Present
    6. Hand-held
    7. Yellow feathered friend
    8. In the long run.

  52. 1. favoured
    2. phased out
    3. replace
    4.long-serving
    5.presence
    6.carry
    7. yellow feathered
    8. in the long

  53. Preferred- Favoured
    Gradually- Being phased out
    Substitute- Replace
    Employed since way back- Long serving
    Existence- presence
    Portable- hand held
    Bird-Yellow feathered friend
    Ultimately- otherwise

  54. 1. Preferred – Favoured
    2. Gradually stop using- Phased out
    3.

  55. Favoured
    Phased out
    Replace
    Presence
    Hand held
    Yellow feathered friends
    Extent

  56. 1. being favoured over
    2.being phased out
    3.replace
    4.the long-serving
    5.presence
    6.hand-held
    7.yellow feathered friend of the miner
    8.in the long run

  57. 1- favoured
    2-being phased out
    3- replace
    4- long serving
    5- presence
    6-..
    7-yellow feathered
    8-..

  58. 1.Preferred- favoured
    2.gradually stop using – phased out
    3. Substitute – replace
    4. Employed since way back – long serving
    5. Existence – presence
    6. Portable – handheld
    7. Bird(canary)- yellow feathered friend of mine
    8.ultimately – In the long run

  59. Samer Abisen says:

    1. Preferred : favoured
    2. gradually stop using : being phased out
    3.substitute : replace
    4.employed since way back : the long-serving
    5. existence : presence
    6.portable : hand-held
    7.bird : ?
    8. ultimately : long run

  60. Preferred -favoured
    Gradually stop using-being phased out
    Substitute -replace
    Employed since way back-long serving
    Existence- presence
    Portable-hand held
    Bird-yellow feathered friend
    Ultimately –

  61. Preferred – favoured
    Gradually stop using – being phased out
    Sustitute- replace
    Employed since way back- long-serving
    Existence – extend
    Portable – hand-held
    Bird – yellow feathered friend
    Ultimately – alerting (?)

  62. Simi fredy says:

    1.favoured over
    2.being phased out
    3.replace
    4.long serving
    5.presence
    6.hand-held
    7.feathered
    8.in the long run

  63. 1. favoured
    2. being phased out
    3. replace
    4. over long-serving
    5. presence
    6. hand-held
    7. friend of the miner
    8. the long run and more effective

  64. 1. preferred (favoured)
    2. gradually stop using (phase out)
    3. substitute (replace)
    4. employed since way back (long-serving)
    5. existence (presence)
    6. portable (hand-held)
    7. bird (yellow feathered friend)
    8. ultimately (in the long run)

  65. Amani Flaifl says:

    Hi Liz
    I hope you are doing fine, this is my first participation I hope that I got the right answers
    Preferred: favoured
    Gradually stop using: phased out
    Substitute : replace
    Employed since way back : long serving
    Existence : present
    Portable : Digital
    Bird (Canary) : Yellow feather friend
    Ultimately: effective

  66. 1.favoured
    2.phased out
    3.replace
    4.long run
    5.presence
    6.carry
    7.miners
    8.effective

  67. Jasvinder Kaur says:

    favoured
    phased out
    replace
    modern technology
    long run
    hand handled
    yellow feathered
    effective

  68. 1.favoured
    2.phased out
    3.replace
    4.long run
    5.Presence
    6.carry
    7.miners

  69. 1. favoured
    2. phased out
    3. replace
    4. long-serving
    5. extent of
    6. hand-held
    7. yellow feathered
    8. in the long run

  70. 1.Favoured
    2.Phased out
    3.replace
    4.in the long run
    5.presence
    6.hand held
    7. Yellow feather bird
    8. according to the new plans

  71. Avijit Das says:

    1. Favoured.
    2.phased out
    3. Replace
    4. Long serving
    5. Presence
    6. Hand-held
    7. New electric detector
    8. Appears

  72. Preferred= favoured
    Gradually stop using= phased out
    substitute= replace
    employed since way back= long serving
    existence= presence
    portable= hand-held
    bird= yellow feathered friend
    ultimately= extent

  73. 1. is being favoured.
    2. are being phased out.
    3. replace.
    4. ?
    5. presence.
    6. hand-held.
    7. yellow feathered.
    8. long run.

  74. 1. Being favoured
    2. Phase out
    3. Will reolaced
    4.long serving
    5. Present
    6. Hand held
    7.
    8.more apparent

  75. pardeep kaur says:

    1. favoured
    2. unnoticed
    3.Replace
    4.long serving
    5.presence
    6.hand-held
    7.canary
    8.more effective

  76. 1. Favoured
    2. Phased out
    3. Replace
    4. Long-serving
    5. Present
    6. Hand held
    7. Yellow feathered friend
    8. In the long run

  77. 1) preferred – favoured
    2) gradually stop using – being phased out
    3) substitute – replace
    4) employed since way back – long serving
    5) existence – presence
    6) portable – hand held
    7) bird – yellow feathered
    8) ultimately – extent

  78. 1) Preferred- Favoured (5th line, 1st paragraph).
    2) Gradually stop using – Being phased out (2nd lime, 1st paragraph).
    3) Substitute- Replace (2nd line, 2nd paragraph).
    4) Employed since way back- Long serving (5th and 6th lines, 1st paragraph).
    5) Existence- Presence (5th line, 2nd paragraph).
    6) Portable- Hand-held (7th line, 2nd paragraph).
    7) Bird (Canary)- Yellow feathered friend (6th line, 1st paragraph).
    8) Ultimately- Long run (3rd line, 2md paragraph).

    I hope I get them all right.

  79. 1> Favoured
    2> Phased out
    3> Replace
    4> Long-serving
    5> presence
    6> Hand-held
    7> Yellow feathered
    8> Extent

  80. mohammad nasser says:

    I think the word “ultimately” has no paraphrase in this passage.

  81. Suma Narasimhamurthy says:

    preferred – favoured
    gradually stop using – phased out
    substitute – replace
    employed since way back – long serving
    existence – present
    portable – carry
    bird (canary) – yellow feathered friend
    ultimately – long run

  82. mohammad nasser says:

    1. favoured
    2. phased out
    3. replace
    4. long serving
    5. presence
    6. hand-held
    7. yellow feathered friend
    8. extent

  83. gagandeep says:

    1. Favoured
    2.phased out
    3. Replace
    4. long serving
    5. Presence
    6. Hand held
    7. Yellow feathered friend
    8. In long run

  84. KULWANT SINGH says:

    1. FAVOURED
    2. BEING PHASED OUT
    3. REPLACE
    4. LONG-SERVING
    5. PRESENCE
    6. HAND-HELD
    7. YELLOW FEATHERED FRIEND
    8. OTHERWISE

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