IELTS Writing Task 2 Model

In some parts of the world it is becoming popular to research the history of one’s own family. Why might people want to do this? Is it a positive or negative development?

Exploring one’s family background and history is becoming increasingly popular in numerous countries around the world. In my opinion, through research and knowing more about one’s family, people can see common trends passed through generations which can only be seen as beneficial for people’s future.

Firstly, some people look into their family history in order to discover any common trends with family members of a previous generation. This can be especially so with people who have particular skills, gifts or interests in uncommon fields. In other words, as some gifts and skills are hereditary, it can be interesting for people to learn how many others in their family shared these talents from previous generations.

Another reason for the popularity of finding out about one’s family history is often due to general curiosity of one’s geographical origins. That is to say, some families moved abroad, away from their own country, generations ago which resulted in them losing their original culture and adopting the culture of the country they moved to. Therefore, through research, people can learn more about their country of origin and understand more about the culture that their family originally came from.

Finally, the trend of researching family history is certainly beneficial and can help people find their place in the world. Some people feel a lack of direction in life or are dislocated from others but by learning more about their past family history, it can help them relate to the world and feel more comfortable about who they are. Take, for example, a person who feels nervous about making a certain choice in life, they may feel comforted by knowing that others in their family made the same choice many generations ago.

In conclusion, it can be advantageous for people to learn more about the family’s background and origins. It would be useful for children to learn about their own family history, if this was incorporated into the school curriculum.


There are two questions to this essay. Make sure you answer each question clearly and explain your ideas sufficiently if you want to get band score 6 or above.

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  1. Hi Liz.

    What if I don’t know much about the given topic? If I answer “wrongly” or “incorrectly”, will the examiner give me low band score even though I have my writing well organised, has good grammar, etc.

    TLDR: Do my ideas that I write in the paper matter to the examiner and will affect my score?

  2. Dear Liz,

    Thank you for all the materials and lessons, they’re really helpful.

    I’m not very clear about this type of question that involves why and positive or negative. What’s the proportion of the words should be allocated in explaining the explaining the reason?

    I purchased the advanced lessons for writing task 2. They’re really helpful. Could you please make some more advanced lessons for all the other types of essay in either task 1 or task 2?

    Kind Regards,

    • If you have two questions, you will have two body paragraphs: BP1 = why / BP2 = positive or negative (you choose).

  3. Hi Liz,

    How are you?

    I have doubts regarding the essay structure of this Direct Question for IELTS essay. Kindly provide inputs.

    News plays an important part of the most people’s lives. Why is news so important to people? Why is so much news dedicated to bad news? Should the news focus on the good news instead?

    May I know if I need to have 3 BPs, (each paragraph dedicated to each question,) or 2BPs with main points and supporting points answering all 3 questions in both paragraphs?

    Thank you Liz!

    • On the whole, the examiner is looking for a logical order of information when they check your paragraphs. So, having one body paragraph for each question is logical and correct. However, for this essay it is also possible to put the two last questions together as they both cover good/bad news. The best way to decide is to brainstorm your answers for each question and then plan your body paragraphs so that they are logical.

  4. Hello Liz,
    Can I use the term “genealogy” in this essay ?

  5. hi
    in conclousin could i write (from what we has been discussed above might we can draw the conclousion )

  6. Dear mam,
    thank you for providing the great knowledge related IELTS
    I have a doubt to clear that in the case of task 2 positive or negative development essay,1st person and second person(I and we) can be used?

  7. Hi,

    First of all, thanks for providing this excellent guide. I am sure many people are gaining a lot of benefit from your website and, keep on, in the future.

    The essay seems nice, but I think history include more than just origin. It can encompass many concerns like medical history and personality traits (aggressive, sad, stubborn etc). Knowing these elements of one’s ancestors can also help in avoiding any potential disease or personality disorder.

    What is your opinion?


    • Yes, you’ve got a good point. Personality disorders can’t be avoided but can be treated and illness, such as cancer, can be monitored if there is a family history. Well done!

  8. Good afternoon Liz! Thank you very much for your help!
    I have a question. In IELTS book 7, in the third test, in writing task 2 (direct questions essay) where prompt asks “How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers?”, do they ask for our opinion?
    Thank you in advance!

    • Yes, it’s your opinion. Do you think job satisfaction is realistic or do you think it is unrealistic? Always try to rephrase the essay question so that you answer it fully.

  9. Abdul Jalil says:

    Miss, are we allowed to add extra words to the introduction, while paraphrasing it, so to get the our introduction more precise for example; adding (People think or people believe etc ) ” when it’s not available in the question itself ?

  10. Hey Liz,
    Can we write ‘Secondly’ for adding next opinion even if we haven’t wrote ‘Firstly’ for the 1st idea?

  11. Mushfka Ahmed says:

    hello Liz,
    This is the first time i m writing to u. You r my only IELTS teacher as I m not admitted to any other IELTS couching. I have a question to ask.
    Often I don’t get time to write 5 para in task 2 as above mentioned.Is this important to write 5 para (including “Finally”) for getting above 7?
    and how much I need to write for getting band score 7 to 8?

  12. Hi Liz

    I am gratitude to thank for your posts ,
    I have seen several videos in the blog and task 2 essay written samples
    One of the video you are suggested to avoid to use this kind of words ” Firstly” &” Finally”, but i noticed that the same word used in the name of essay “The history of one’s own family” is that correct way to wrote academic language.

    • Usually we avoid “Firstly, Secondly, Finally” being used together to start paragraphs in one essay because they don’t show flexibility. But you can certainly use one or two of them – just not all three together.

  13. Thank you for you effort
    Actually I want to ask can we answer question in conclusion as you told before conclusion must not has anew information
    I see above two question one of them is answered by in my opinion but another one is answered in conclusion that is a positive or negative thing
    I practice writing this essay but answered both question in introduction
    Is it true ?
    Thanks in advance

  14. Hiba Abdullah says:

    Hello Liz ,

    Thank you for your beneficial blog , I wonder if it is accepted not to give examples as in this essay and just explain the ideas clearly?


  15. hi liz,
    i have been following your website ,which is very useful. i am facing then real exam (GT) on coming Saturday. thanks a million teacher for the posts and i am obliged to get your blessing as a teacher before the exams as this practice my country’s tradition. thank you very much again and god bless you with long life.

    i would deeply appreciate , if you could look into the essay i wrote and advice. ” in some parts of the world it is becoming popular to research the history of one’s own family. why might people want to do this? is it a positive or negative development?

    Some countries are witnessing a growing tendency of people showing curiosity to find out their family lineage and history of their ancestors. In my opinion, this is mainly because some particular group of people have excess money and enjoy expensive hobbies. this is clearly a negative development because the amount of resources spent here can be used for other well rewarding leisure activities, rather than spending on activities that produce only a little pleasure.
    the prime reason for spending time and money in knowing your roots is an extravagant hobby of some rich people. so to speak, the pompous life style one might opt for gives a desire to know the legacies of his past generations and gives stock to showoff one’s vanity. For instance, Arabs used to add names of their forefathers to their names.

    this practice can lead people into more divisions among them and potentially dangerous to society. There are some people indulge themselves in telling stories and boast a a great deal of pride in family history, thus leads to make them feel superior over others. Eventually they either stop respecting fellow citizens or selectively respect only a few people who they think come from a good lineage. had it not for the family pride, every one would be treated equally, neither superior nor inferior to anyone. A classic example is in some part of India there a societies being infringed on their social rights on the grounds of caste system, namely Talits.

    in conclusion, researching on one’s family history is a fancy leisure activity which has little real benefits and unhealthy for a society. A person should be respected only for the content of his character and his benevolence.

  16. T A Sheikh says:

    Amazing stuff. One query though , wouldn’t it be better to write “This can be especially true with people … ” rather than ““This can be especially so with people … ” . Use of word ‘so’ seems unnatural to me. Please comment. Thanks

  17. Daniela Ribas says:

    Hi Liz.
    Thank you so much for this wonderful website.
    About this essay. I’m little confuse about the structure.
    Do I need to write five paragraph? Can I write introduction, second paragraph about the reason why people want to trace family three. Third paragraph about my opinion and conclusion?
    Or write introduction, 1 paragraph first reason, 2 paragraph second reason, and in conclusion give my opinion?
    Thank you so much, Daniela

    • You could have just two body paragraphs. One which answers each question. Never put new information in your conclusion – a conclusion summarises and restates, it does not introduce.

  18. I feel glad to read your easy model.. Your blog/tips/ideas are really helpful.
    I hope it will help me in my upcoming G test after 10 days

    My bad, I visited your site lately. Hence, I am keep reading comments etc now. Hope it will help me.


  19. How to plan your essay effectively before you start writing it ?
    In other words, how to choose your topic sentence (idea) in your body paragraph ?

    Thank you
    All best

  20. Hey Liz

    Are all the essays shown in the “Model essays” have 9 band score ? I estimated that it is but when I read this essay’s comment , I felt that it is not true ? I will be glad if you give information about this situation. Thank you.

  21. Hello Liz,

    From where I will get your Essays as PDF files, I am from india, Is there any online payment for that I need to pay for that?Waiting for your reply

  22. hi Liz!
    I would like to clarify regarding the “in my opinion”. This is a direct question so why did the introduction of the essay includes “in my opinion”?
    Do all models of essay have to incorporate “in my opinion” in the introduction although they are not an opinion essay?
    Thank you for your response.

    • When you are asked to choose something “positive or negative” it means this is your opinion. You must choose a side and present a supported view.

  23. Hello
    Thanks a lot for usefull information

    Sometimes it is difficult or hard to find some ideas about the topic in writting task 2, especially in uninteresting one , which leads to waste a lot of time during the exam
    Do you suggest any hepfull way or tip for this problem ?
    Thank you.

    • It is part of your preparation. You need to prepare a lot of ideas that cover the main topics. If you look at the 100 essay questions, it is useful to plan ideas rather than only writing full essays.

  24. Hi Liz,

    Hope you are well. Firstly thanks a bunch for your massive effort in making all these videos and model essays. I really appreciate your help.

    I was wondering if you could clarify me on something.

    Can I use ” To recapitulate, ………” instead of ” To conclude or To summarize ..”?

    If I can, can you please let me know the correct syntax for this.

  25. Hi, Liz!
    It seems to make no sense of the sentence “This can be especially so with people who have particular skills, gifts or interests in uncommon field”. I don’t understand the sentence. Does it lack an adjective before “with”? Beneficial? Valuable?
    Thank you!

    • The sentence is fine and doesn’t need altering. Don’t forget that “fields” is plural.
      All the best

  26. Is it ok , if we don’t write a conclusion for writing task 1 .

  27. Hiiii Liz,

    In direct question essay modules such as this:

    Nowadays the way many people interact with each other has changed because of technology.
    In what ways has technology affected the types of relationships people make?
    Has this become a positive of negative development?

    should we discuss about both the positive and negative affects of technological developments or take only one stand?

    • Firstly, you need to write the essay question correctly. The question is “has this become a positive or negative development”. The word “or” means you choose. It doesn’t say “discuss the positive and negative developments”. Just follow the instructions and you’ll be fine.

  28. Yeahia says:

    if i write the same sentence twice by paraphrasing it,will it be a problem?

    • It depends in what way. The linking device “In other words,…” is sometimes used to explain things again using different words. However, repetition should usually be avoided.

  29. Hello Liz, here is my another essay based on direct question module, Please pass your comment on the following points.
    *introduction and thesis statement.
    *idea development and sentence structure.
    * and organization.

    here is the essay statement:
    As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work, job satisfaction is an important element of individual wellbeing.
    what factors contribute to job satisfaction?
    How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers?

    here goes my essay:

    Being satisfied with a job is considered to be a prominent factor of ones welfare, therefore many people devote most of their adulthood to professional life. In my opinion, there are many ways to achieving job satisfaction. However, satisfaction is not realized by everyone.
    Firstly, in order to be happy with your job and organization, one has to look for a position with which his education, personality, interpersonal skills and experience match. Secondly, a person is satisfied when he feels that he is contributing toward the attainment of organization goals or he is doing something good for his society and people. Thirdly, receiving positive feedback from his supervisors for performing valuable tasks, and sense of appreciation from his colleagues and teammates. And finally, opportunities to growth and personal development such as trainings, and workshops also leads to job satisfaction.
    On the other hand, there are people who are dissatisfied and do not show any interest in their jobs. The reasons for not being happy with their jobs could be not working in a right position where their qualifications and personalities do not match the requirements of the job or the task they perform can be repetitive and boring. Further, a person may show dissatisfaction due to the diversified culture of organization which require great amount of flexibility and he can not adjust with or a culture where performance is not appreciated by top level managers.
    In conclusion, job satisfaction does play an immense role in the wellbeing of a person, satisfaction is achieved through having a desired job, appreciation from supervisors and through development opportunities in a organization. However, there are people who are not happy neither with their work nor with the organization.

  30. Hi Liz,

    For this kind of question, is it possible if I give both pros and cons points as my argument? Or I should only choose to be either supporting or opposing the statement?

    Thanks a lot =)

    • There are two questions to answer. You must first explain why people want to do that. Then you must decide if it is positive or negative. IELTS are asking what you think – so you must answer. This model shows how to answer those questions directly.
      All the best

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