IELTS Writing Task 1 Diagram Structure & Organisation

You must organise your diagram into logical paragraphs for writing task 1. Most IELTS diagrams show a type of process which is divided into stages or given as a cycle.

Organisation and structure  is important for the criteria of coherence and cohesion which accounts for 25% of your marks. Look at the process below and then answer the questions.



  1. How many paragraphs would you have in your report?
  2. What information would you put in each paragraph?

1. There should be 4 paragraphs for this report.

2. You should put the following information in each paragraph:
Introduction: You need to introduce the content of the diagram (the process of the water cycle).
Overview: Put the key stages in this statement (a continual cycle of evaporation, cloud formation, rain and water returning to the sea).
For the body paragraphs, you need to describe each stage in detail using full sentences linked together. You should divide the stages into two paragraphs:
Body paragraph A: Water in the ocean, evaporation, condensing water vapour and cloud formation.
Body Paragraph B: Precipitation, rain or snow, lakes, surface run off, ground water, impervious layer and salt water intrusion. You also need to note that at the water cycle starts again as the water returns to the ocean.


Recommended Lessons

IELTS Diagram Introduction and Overview Model


  1. Hi Liz,

    Can we use the terms being used in the diagrams, such as, ‘saltwater intrusion’, ‘condensation’, ‘impervious layer’ or even sentences like ‘ocean contributes about 80% water vapor in air’? Or do we need to paraphrase these as well? in body paragraphs or overview.

    Also, do we need to explain each term eg; salt water intrusion or condensation or precipitation etc?

    • You should use the words given, but make sure that you use them in a grammatically correct sentence. Make sure you use articles etc.

      • Thank you for your response!
        1- do we need to explain these terms? Salt water intrusion etc?
        2- can we use the sentence given in the diagram “ocean contributes about 80% water vapour in air”

  2. Aarpita says:

    Hello Liz.
    I hope you’re doing well.
    Your tips and model answers really helped me a lot. I got an overall band 7.

  3. I will be taking the IELTS exam next month and I’m using this website as my reference. Thank you for this wonderful blog, Liz! May God bless you always.

  4. Forough Gourakani says:

    your teaching way is really good

  5. Ismail Kamdar says:

    Hello Mam,
    I hope you have a good day!
    I am doing my preparation for coming IELTS. Your online lectures help me a lot especially in writing context. I have a question in writing task 1 that can i write “Overview” in last instead of writing it after introduction.

    Looking forward to hear from you.

    Kind regards,
    Ismail Kamdar Eusapzai

  6. Edgar Evangelista says:

    I wanted to learn more about writing. Do you have a book, in the form of electronic book (e-book), where all the lessons about writing are written? If you have it, how much does it cost? Please let me know and I’d like to buy if I can afford the price of the book. Thank you much ma’m and have a wonderful day.

  7. naveen nouman says:


    The website,you have posted in a comment for improving grammar and vocabulary is very useful for me. Can i improve my english skills?(if i practice a lot.) thanku for your help. god bless you with worthiness and riches.

    • Sure, you can improve your English language. Many people around the world study for free online. Just keep focused and have clear aims.

  8. The diagramme illustrates the cyclic process in which the water is cycled in most natural way.
    In general, it is seen that there includes five different stages in water clycling.
    The water from the ocean is being evaporated. This form of water accounts for around 80% of the atmospheric water vapour. The evaporated water is then condensed by the heat from the sun and followed by the clouds are being formed.
    As a result of precipitation, the a part of precipitated water transforms into either snow or are landed up in lakes. The snow is then subjected to surface ranoff and get into the impervious layer as ground water. Before the water logged into the ocean, the intrusion of salt water takesplace.
    As an overivew, it is clear that the steps are structured in a simplified manner.

  9. Alonica says:

    Hi Liz!
    I tried to write several tables, lines, bars, pies and diagram using your sample charts.
    At this time, could you please check one of my writing task one using diagram?
    Looking forward in your advice would be a great help for me as I take my exam this coming July 🙂

    The diagram illustrates the way in which the process of bricks manufacture and preparation for sale on the market.

    Overall, it is clear that there are seven stages involved in the process of making bricks. The process begins with the digging of clay in the land and ends at the delivery stage. Several arrows indicate the direction of the process how bricks are made.

    Looking at the production process of bricks in detail, clay must first dig in the land. These clays are then put into metal grid the rolled. After that, sand and water are mixed together with the clay, then cut into bricks before being put in a mould.

    At the sixth stage in the process, bricks are put to dry in oven within 24-48 period of hours. Next, these bricks are then heated moderately in 200°C-980°C in kiln, and passed once again in kiln under 870°C-1300°C and cooled into cooling chamber for about two to four days. Finally, these bricks are packed for delivery.

    Please Ma’am Liz….check my work and evaluate my band score for this particular task.

  10. Hi Liz. Please have time to read and comment on my work. It will be a big help.

    The diagram shows details on the process of water cycle from and back to its source.

    Overall, the cycle is mainly divided into three phases. Evaporation takes place with the help of the sun’s heat which is followed by water vapors condensing in the atmosphere as they form clouds on which will then precipitate as rain or snow.

    To start, water in the lakes and ocean starts to vaporize with the help of heat coming from the sun. All of these vaporized water rises and starts to condense until they become clouds in the atmosphere. Additional information shows that vaporized ocean water comprises approximately 80% of the total number of vaporized water in the air.

    Following the process, the amount of heat that hits the cloud determines whether precipitation will occur as rain or snow. Eventually, snow will melt and becomes water while rain is being poured everywhere. Both will then be absorbed underground until they reach the impervious part of the soil. These absorbed water will flow continuously until they are being intruded by salts just before hitting the ocean where the cycle repeats itself.

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