IELTS Writing Task 1 Diagram Structure & Organisation

You must organise your diagram into logical paragraphs for writing task 1. Most IELTS diagrams show a type of process which is divided into stages or given as a cycle.

Organisation and structure  is important for the criteria of coherence and cohesion which accounts for 25% of your marks. Look at the process below and then answer the questions.



  1. How many paragraphs would you have in your report?
  2. What information would you put in each paragraph?

1. There should be 4 paragraphs for this report.

2. You should put the following information in each paragraph:
Introduction: You need to introduce the content of the diagram (the process of the water cycle).
Overview: Put the key stages in this statement (a continual cycle of evaporation, cloud formation, rain and water returning to the sea).
For the body paragraphs, you need to describe each stage in detail using full sentences linked together. You should divide the stages into two paragraphs:
Body paragraph A: Water in the ocean, evaporation, condensing water vapour and cloud formation.
Body Paragraph B: Precipitation, rain or snow, lakes, surface run off, ground water, impervious layer and salt water intrusion. You also need to note that at the water cycle starts again as the water returns to the ocean.


Recommended Lessons

IELTS Diagram Introduction and Overview Model

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  1. I will be taking the IELTS exam next month and I’m using this website as my reference. Thank you for this wonderful blog, Liz! May God bless you always.

  2. Forough Gourakani says:

    your teaching way is really good

  3. Ismail Kamdar says:

    Hello Mam,
    I hope you have a good day!
    I am doing my preparation for coming IELTS. Your online lectures help me a lot especially in writing context. I have a question in writing task 1 that can i write “Overview” in last instead of writing it after introduction.

    Looking forward to hear from you.

    Kind regards,
    Ismail Kamdar Eusapzai

  4. Edgar Evangelista says:

    I wanted to learn more about writing. Do you have a book, in the form of electronic book (e-book), where all the lessons about writing are written? If you have it, how much does it cost? Please let me know and I’d like to buy if I can afford the price of the book. Thank you much ma’m and have a wonderful day.

  5. naveen nouman says:


    The website,you have posted in a comment for improving grammar and vocabulary is very useful for me. Can i improve my english skills?(if i practice a lot.) thanku for your help. god bless you with worthiness and riches.

    • Sure, you can improve your English language. Many people around the world study for free online. Just keep focused and have clear aims.

  6. The diagramme illustrates the cyclic process in which the water is cycled in most natural way.
    In general, it is seen that there includes five different stages in water clycling.
    The water from the ocean is being evaporated. This form of water accounts for around 80% of the atmospheric water vapour. The evaporated water is then condensed by the heat from the sun and followed by the clouds are being formed.
    As a result of precipitation, the a part of precipitated water transforms into either snow or are landed up in lakes. The snow is then subjected to surface ranoff and get into the impervious layer as ground water. Before the water logged into the ocean, the intrusion of salt water takesplace.
    As an overivew, it is clear that the steps are structured in a simplified manner.

  7. Alonica says:

    Hi Liz!
    I tried to write several tables, lines, bars, pies and diagram using your sample charts.
    At this time, could you please check one of my writing task one using diagram?
    Looking forward in your advice would be a great help for me as I take my exam this coming July 🙂

    The diagram illustrates the way in which the process of bricks manufacture and preparation for sale on the market.

    Overall, it is clear that there are seven stages involved in the process of making bricks. The process begins with the digging of clay in the land and ends at the delivery stage. Several arrows indicate the direction of the process how bricks are made.

    Looking at the production process of bricks in detail, clay must first dig in the land. These clays are then put into metal grid the rolled. After that, sand and water are mixed together with the clay, then cut into bricks before being put in a mould.

    At the sixth stage in the process, bricks are put to dry in oven within 24-48 period of hours. Next, these bricks are then heated moderately in 200°C-980°C in kiln, and passed once again in kiln under 870°C-1300°C and cooled into cooling chamber for about two to four days. Finally, these bricks are packed for delivery.

    Please Ma’am Liz….check my work and evaluate my band score for this particular task.

  8. Hi Liz. Please have time to read and comment on my work. It will be a big help.

    The diagram shows details on the process of water cycle from and back to its source.

    Overall, the cycle is mainly divided into three phases. Evaporation takes place with the help of the sun’s heat which is followed by water vapors condensing in the atmosphere as they form clouds on which will then precipitate as rain or snow.

    To start, water in the lakes and ocean starts to vaporize with the help of heat coming from the sun. All of these vaporized water rises and starts to condense until they become clouds in the atmosphere. Additional information shows that vaporized ocean water comprises approximately 80% of the total number of vaporized water in the air.

    Following the process, the amount of heat that hits the cloud determines whether precipitation will occur as rain or snow. Eventually, snow will melt and becomes water while rain is being poured everywhere. Both will then be absorbed underground until they reach the impervious part of the soil. These absorbed water will flow continuously until they are being intruded by salts just before hitting the ocean where the cycle repeats itself.

  9. mohamed says:

    This is mine. Please, give me your comment. Thank you.

    The diagram illustrates the life cycle of water which proceed in three main steps : evaporation, condensation and precipitation .

    Firstly, water evaporates from water surfaces like oceans, seas, bays, rivers, and lakes by the effect of sun heat. Oceans vapors represents the main part of the total water vapor, about 80 %. After that, the water vapor present in the air rises to more cooler surfaces in the atmosphere where condensation occur forming clouds. Cloud transmitted by winds and when it meets a special climate the rain and snow fall which that called precipitation.
    Water melts from snow and runoff from lakes and other sources leaks to deep surfaces of the ground making the ground water.
    Eventually, water reaches the impervious layer and return back to oceans intruding with it the salt. This process repeated continuously in the nature.

    Please, I hope that you can submit a model answer.
    Thank you

    • The main problem is that you’ve tried to combine the introduction and overview in the same sentence. It is possible to put them in the same paragraph but they must be separate statements. The overview is the most important statement in your task 1. If you improve the introduction and overview, you will have a good piece of writing. Here’s a link to all my model task 1 to learn more:

  10. Aisha jarrar says:

    Hi Liz
    I would like to thank you for a such helpful websit .
    Actually I wrote my own answer for this diagram and would like to get your touch on it , so please have a look through it and give me your comment and instruction .

    The following diagram gives information about all various stages of the water cycle in nature .
    Overall, a continual evaporation process of the water from (lakes and ocean ) caused from Suns heat resulted in condensation and cloud formation followed by precipitation process which comes into two forms (rain and snow ) then all water return to the ocean and lacks and the cycle start again . Most of water vapour comes from oceans source .

    To begin with , ocean water is heated by the Suns heat to start evaporation stage , in which water is converted to vapour in the air and transformed to high distance in the atmosphere before it is condensed . After that , a clouds is formed , and when these clouds become heavy in water , precipitation stage take place .

    Once the clouds start precipitate either rain or snow , some of water accumulate into a small lacks and as water runoff on the ground surface . While , the major quantity of water pass down throw the impervious layer as ground water , which is later intruded by a salt water from the ocean before its returning to the ocean and evaporated again .

    • It’s good but I’m worried about your overview. It’s very long – 60 words. Also be careful with your language in the introduction “The following diagram..” there is nothing “following” on your answer sheet.
      All the best

  11. Hi Liz

    Firstly, Iwould like to say Thank you for your website, your instructions and useful practice lessons.

    I try to use your advice in my writing task 1- diagram. It’s my first writing. Please show me my mistakes please

    The diagram explains how water moves through various stages to form complete cycle.

    Overall, there are five stages in the process of water cycle, begining with a continual cycle of evaporation and culminating in returning to the ocean

    To begin, water in the ocean is evaporated into condensing water vapour. Then water is changed from liquid state to gas in the condensing water vapour. Following this, gas is transformed into cloud formation, next, it (gas) is released back as precipitation through cloud formation.

    In the subsiquent stage, precipitation is changed to snowing or rainning. They are run off through surface, then, water is seeped into ground. Followed by, water is passed to impervious layer, then, it is intrusion into salt water. Finally, water returns to the ocean, and starts again cycle from that place.

    • Hi,

      Make sure you use all words giving in the diagram. Don’t miss any other them out. Also use the words accurately and aim to avoid mistakes (Then water is changed from liquid state to gas in the condensing water vapour – this sentence lose meaning completely because of the way you use the words. Write more clearly and simply to avoid errors). Check your grammar as there are some errors. Due to the number of errors your score will be limited.

      You have a clear order of information but don’t be mechanical, which means don’t always put the linking words at the start of each sentences – use linking more naturally. Otherwise, it’s a good attempt.
      All the best

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