IELTS True False Not Given: Essential Tips

This lesson provides important tips and techniques for IELTS true, false, not given and yes, no , not given questions. Learning how to answer these questions, what techniques to use, important tips and common traps are essential to success in T F NG questions.

True False Not Given: IELTS Video Tutorial

Homework: True, False Not Given

Decide if the following question is true, false or not given.

  • Passage: By the second half of the 17th century, coffee had found its way to Europe.
  • Question: Coffee arrived in Europe after the 17th century.

Click below to reveal the answer to the homework question:


The answer is false. “second half of the 17th century” means from the middle of the 17th century to the end of the 17th century – so this is still in the 17th century. That means it has an opposite meaning to the statement which says coffee arrived after the 17th century.


Summary of TFNG & YNNG Tips

Below is a list of the main tips. However, you should watch the video to understand them clearly for maximum benefit.

  1. Spend time analysing the statement in the question before you try to find the answer
  2. Many words will be paraphrased so watch out for that (for example, work = employment / changing = altering)
  3. Don’t match just key words, you are aiming to match meaning. Some of the key words might be the same in the passage but it doesn’t mean the answer is true or yes.
  4. The meaning of false or no is that the statement is opposite to the information or claims in the passage.
  5. Not Given means that the whole meaning of the statement is not in the passage. The key words might be found but not the full meaning of the statement.
  6. If the question is true false or not given, you can’t write yes or no on your answer sheet. Make sure you write the correct word.
  7. You can write T instead of True on your answer sheet but make sure your handwriting is clear.
  8. TFNG is about information in the passage / YNNG is about the claims of the writer in the passage.
  9. The answers follow the order of information in the passage.
  10. Learn common traps


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  1. Passage: By the second half of the 17th century, coffee had found its way to Europe.

    Question: Coffee arrived in Europe during the 17th century.

    What be the correct answer true or not given?!
    Kindly reply me asap ,thank you

  2. Muhammad Zain Siddiqi says:

    Hi Liza,
    I would to know.about yes no and not given statements as I think I have written true and false in place of yes… tell would.examiner.deduct my marks on this ??
    I am really tense about it.

    Muhammad zain

  3. O M G I am soo worried since I wrote T F NG instead of True false not given and I didnt wrote Yes and No in capital letters on my answer sheet in today’s test!!! Will I get my mark deducted????? I am really worried!!! Please reply soon!

  4. Can the answer of the following question be “NOT GIVEN”.
    Because the question says “After” while the opposite of it is “Before” but second half does not mean before it rather means “DURING”.

    Passage: By the second half of 17th Century coffee had found its way to Europe.
    Question: Coffee arrived in Europe after 17th Century.
    Please guide me.
    You are one of my best teachers and i have a greater respect for you.

  5. Mohannad Abusarah says:

    Can “Not Given” comes 2 times afterceach other ?

  6. Is it T/F/NG? (Please answer with explanation).
    Passage: Smoking, it is believed, is responsible for 30 percent of all deaths from cancer and clearly represents the most important preventable cause of cancer in countries like the United States today.
    Question: Thirty percent of deaths in the United States are caused by smoking-related diseases.

  7. Joanne A. says:

    Hi Liz,

    Your site is really helpful. I have understood IELTS better.

  8. Rabab Alkhathami says:

    Hi, Liz
    thankful for your help .
    l have one question: If I am writing in the reading section answer in a small letter, should I write also the TRUE/ FALSE/NOT GIVEN the whole word in small letters also OR in Capital ?

  9. Hi Elizabeth,

    The way you teach expresses your sincerity to teaching profession, where many of the tutors’ objective is to only make money these days.

    Society is in a dire need of people like you.

  10. hi mam iam sayisfied with reading but i want more information about writing task2

  11. Thanks, Liz. It helps me a lot to improve my analysis towards the TFNG and YNNG!!

  12. hello mam,
    Its me Neeru from Nepal,thank u so much for all the valuable informations..I am learning through yours site from last few days and found it amazing.Thank you so much.

  13. thank you so much for your valuable tips

  14. Hi,

    Thanks for the content.

    But the thing is in this video, it is easier to say whether the statment is T/F/NG or Y/N/NG since there’s only one sentence to look for if I want to search for the information.

    On the other hand, during the test, there will be passages which are at least over 1.5 pages. Could you please tell me what should be done in such cases?

    • Each question is tackled in the same way. You prepare paraphrases and spend time understanding the questions. Then you use a key word from the question to locate the information in the passage. Once you have located it, you follow the same techniques shown in the video to decide your answer.

  15. For the question 1 for Richard, the lionheart why the answer is false and not true

    • “he spent much of his reign outside England” – this means a he was in a foreign country for a lot of time but not all the time so it can’t be True.

  16. nirasha perera says:

    Hi Liz
    I’m Madu. From sri lanka. I am faced the exam today. Speaking part two I cannot find the key word and I’m talking about different topic. To illustrate that topic is outdoor places I’m talking about meusium .
    Is this reason cut off my Mark’s. Please kindly advise.

  17. Its very informative blog for ieltsx

  18. Ruchi Upadhyay says:

    Hii Liz…
    This is Ruchi from India…just want to say…u r awesome!!!!!i just started preparing for ielts…and ur video lectures r so helpful….thank u so much….u r a great teacher too…!!

  19. You are simply amazing!! God gifted teaching abilities and I understand your given concepts clearly. Thanks dear for all the support

  20. I found your videos very very very useful for understanding TFNG and YNNG.I used to confuse every time in between FALSE and NG.But your session clears a lot of.


  21. swastika karki says:

    I always get problem while solving the yes no and not given type of question.. can you give me some suggestion

  22. Thank you a lot πŸ™‚

  23. thank you for your tips

  24. Dear Liz
    Thank you for the useful tips in the video. As you mentioned time is very crucial in the reading section. normally I read the passage completely and try to understand it fully by taking notes or highlighting the text, however, sometimes I have to read some part of passage over and over again. Since the question are in the sequence do you recommend to read the passage accordingly instead of reading the whole passage and then searching for the answers?

  25. It is awesome lesson of confusing question Liz

  26. Rohin Chakraborty says:

    thank you for the tips

  27. I want to write my answer on capital letters ao reading. but I have a doubt that in heading matching type question options are given in small letters as ii iv . should I change into capital as II ? or write as they are?

  28. Dear Liz,
    You are amazing! You pointed out exactly where I made mistakes. This is truly helpful, especially with the tip number 6: answers come in order.
    I will practice more and hopefully I can improve my IELTS band. I am now band 7 and the university asking for a minimum of band 7.5.

    Thank you!

  29. Hey Liz,

    Thanks a lot for the help and guidance. You are a true blessing for all those who are taking IELTS exam. Finally i like a teacher after my kindergarten days πŸ™‚ . I am not really consistent with T/F/NG questions and it is really bothering me. Wanted to check the answer for following question :

    Historic Royal Palaces:
    Treat yourself to a royal experience by visiting the 4 famous palaces of London. Hampton court Palace, The Tower of London, Kensington Palace and the Banqueting Hall are all yours to enjoy.

    State whether T/F/NG –
    The Historic Royal Palaces attraction also includes access to the British Museum.

    I choose answer as NG. Reason being it neither states that visit to museums is included nor denies it. It also does not mention that visit includes only Palaces.
    Please suggest.

    • From the information you have given it is NG. But without seeing the full paragraph and surround information in the passage (the context must be taken into consideration), I can’t say for sure.

  30. Hannah Nguyen says:

    I’m a little bit confused to point out whether a statement is false or not given.
    For example: If they said “The pig is fat”
    And the question is: “The cow is fat”
    Then the answer is false or not given?
    Could you please expain further the differences between these two types of answer for me?
    Thank you so much!!

    • It is all explained in the video lesson above.

      • Mah_Del says:

        in this situaition the answer is NG.
        when the question about something and the text about something else the answer is NG.
        for example.
        text say that: an accident has 10 died people.
        questin say that: an accident has 10 injuried people.

        • Always take time with the question. If the question is “an accident has injured 10 people” then you need to find that “10 people were not injured” to be false.

          • Dear liz,

            Thanks so much for sharing the amazing video and tips.
            Actually, I have got the similar confusion as the case of “NG or No”
            In Cambridge ILETS 4 Test4 Reading2 “The Nature and Aims of Archaeology”
            Conventional historical sources begin only with the introduction of written records around 3,000 BC in western Asia, and much later in most other parts of the world. (Page 93 )

            Question 19 : The history of Europe has been documented since 3,000BC (Page94)

            The official answer is No. which I assume it should be NG because the passage does not specify that Europe has Not been documented since 3,000BC. “Most other parts” may not include Europe.

            I really appreciate your help!

            • It does specify that. It states that other parts of the world that don’t include Asia (that means all parts of the world outside Asia = Europe and all other parts) were much later than 3,000BC. Remember you are not matching words, you are looking for conflicting, missing or confirming information.

  31. Dear Liz,

    I would like to thank you so much for your amazing way and methodology of explaining IELTS lessons . Really , your a unique teacher who deserve all my respect .

    Yours Sincerely

    i will definetly foolow theses tips
    THANKS Elizabeth

  33. Ljubinka says:

    Amazing and very useful! I didn’t find any better explanation or approach than this one! I shared it with some people and they all have same opinion as i do!

  34. Aruldoss says:

    Hi Liz,

    This is the first time am refering for IELTS. I think i had the best tips and guidance from my genius..!!!Thanks for all..Now am interesting to face my Reading session..

    Like same will deliver all other modules like speaking and writing as well as Listening modules that would be great for a beginners like me..!!

  35. fareeha khan says:

    what is the answer of your homework question in the video.
    According to me the answer is False. Kindly tell me

  36. Hi , I was wondering about T/F/NG questions which stand for true/false/ not given . or Y/N/NG which they stand for yes/no/not given . In my recent exam I used T/N/NG instead of T/F/NG is it going to make problem for me?actually I am scared to death about what I did

  37. Hi Liz.. first of all a heartfelt thank you for all the tips πŸ™‚
    I am facing a lot of trouble with the true/false/not given questions. My answers mostly turn out wrong for the false/not given questions. Please help me with this.

    • Please watch the video above which contains tips.

      • Hi I have a problem with this passage and its question please help.

        Passage: Tortoises therefore represent a double return. In common with all mammals, reptiles and birds, their remote ancestors were marine fish and before that various more or less worm-like creatures stretching back, still in the sea, to the primeval bacteria. Later ancestors lived on land and stayed there for a very large number of generations. Later ancestors still evolved back into the water and became sea turtles. And finally they returned yet again to the land as tortoises, some of which now live in the driest of desserts.

        Question : Choose the correct letter A, B, C or D
        According to the writer, the most significant thing about tortoises is that
        A > they are able to adapt to life in extremely dry environments.
        B > their original life form was kind of primeval bacteria
        C > they have so much in common with sea turtles.
        D > they have made the transition from sea to land more than once.

        The answer given is “D” but i feel according to me the answer should be “B”. Please explain how D is the actual answer.

        • The answer can be found in the first sentence which introduces the main point and the final sentence which concludes it. The first sentence shows the significant point about tortoises which is the “double return”. This is explained in the paragraph as the tortoise went from the sea to land, then back to the sea. They then returned to the land again (to the dessert) in the final sentence. So, the whole paragraph is highlighting this double return (transition to the land more than once).

          Of course the paragraph does mention that their original life form was a kind of primeval bacteria, but that is not highlighted as the main point in the paragraph. It is just an extra fact. So, this question is all about being able to spot the main point and aim of a paragraph (the most significant thing). I hope that helps.

          By the way, where did you get this reading passage from?

          • Liz Mam, Thank you so much for clearing my doubt. Now I am able to understand it much clearly. Mam I got this reading passage from Cambridge 9.

            Mam is it true that in matching the headings (where we match the headings with the passage) the answers can be found just by reading the 1st and last sentences of the paragraphs??? I tried it but was not able to get right answers.

            please give some tips for the match the headings


  38. Please help me out for the following passage,

    Passage: The lighting of fires are strictly prohibited

    Question: You are not allowed to cook food on open fire

    Is it True, False or Not given?

    Madam, your suggestion / reply will be highly appreciated, but as we already know that madam is on leave so help from anyone would be appreciated.

    • This should be true because if you can’t light a fire, you can’t cook outside.

      • Jahanzeb says:

        Dear Madam,

        Thanks a lot for your reply, just a small query, in PASSAGE the word food is not mentioned at all and in QUESTION it asks about the food, isn’t it should be NOT GIVEN ?

  39. Ruwani Fernando says:

    Thank you for help us to pass ielts, i followed one ielts course but i count undestand way she was touch to me , if you can plz help me to pass reading thing , i already done the exam last month and i got 4.5 for reading , i need to get 6.5 , but its very difficult to me , now i can do yes ,no questions, plz kindly help for me to other type questions , multiple choices ,headline , filling the blank and paragraph matching questions

  40. Hi Babe

    In addition your being spontaneously smiling you are so beautiful.

  41. Dear Madam,
    Small Doubt,
    Is it correct if write T for True, F-for False and NG for Not Given,
    as did this on my last exam.


  42. Hi Liz,
    Thank you very much for helping us on IELTS, for free πŸ™‚
    I took the test today. There was a question of T-F-NG:
    Text: “… XYZ is the national recognized certificate in UK for training…”
    Question: “A trainer certified with XYZ can conduct training aboard”
    So what would be the right answer?
    Many thanks!

    • The answer should be NG because the passage does not say whether a trainer with XZY can train abroad. Sorry for the delay in replying to you πŸ™‚

  43. KALEEMULLAH says:

    Thanks LIZ. I found this website very useful. I had a problem with speaking test and TRUE.FALSE and NOT GIVEN but now I can tackle it easily . My test is on 02 April.

  44. hi liz pls tell me if we should read the questions first or the passage for true/false types of questions.

  45. Dear Liz,
    Thanks a lot for all your tips . Your website is the best .
    I took the test yesterday Feb 20th , and I hope I did good, I followed all your advices and tips in all parts of the test, which really helped me a lot.
    I just want to confirm something please, I answered the questions of true false not given by writing the letters Y/N/NG .. because I read in your website that it is acceptable. I told my friends about this tip but I wish if I can find this in the IELTS official website , do you have a link for that please. So I can confirm that info with my friends.

    Again thanks a lot for your amazing website and for your huge effort.



      • Yes, that’s right. You can write the letter instead of the word as long as the word doesn’t change.
        All the best

    • It is possible to write letters instead of words: T = True or F = False. You can write a letter instead of a word but you can’t change the word. The word True does not mean Yes. See my video regarding TFNG questions:
      All the best

  46. hi ,iam waseem
    i want to practice speaking
    can u provide me any assistance

  47. hi,
    I’m from India, i seriously love you,the way you explain is awesome
    As in india we have so many coaching but they are not sharing any tips or relevant information which can help so you are really doing a good job,love you alot

  48. Liz you are great.Yout tips are very usefull.Thank you for all.

  49. hi liz,
    i found that the info was useful could you please help out in in writing part and speaking part and ways to improve them

  50. im so weak in reading section can u plz help me? how to get band 7.main problem is all about headings nly n yes or no

  51. father of all says:

    i want to score 9 band in each so plz help me and when ever i m practicing i get 4 bands in each hahahahaha lolzzz

  52. hai liz ,
    i need ur help my exam is in march 5 i need 7 , but reading and writing still low score ………

  53. hai liz
    i need ur help .my exam is in march 5 reading and writing ,i need 7 each modules … still i got low score for both modules..

  54. Hi Liz
    my exam is in Feb 2016, I need 8 in each module
    please let me know that how I can improve. I am practicing but 1-2 days I scored good and sometimes it is very low.

  55. hardik kadiya says:

    I have only 10 days to go for my exam .in my test I get 6.5 bands .please help me how to get 7.5 in each module ……

  56. Hello Liz
    I have just 20 days left to my exam. How can I get socre 6 band or more.
    Please give me suggestion for preparation .

  57. thank you so much for your tips

  58. I love your guides very much, it is very useful. I’m planning to test Ielts but I feel very confused because I decided to test Ielts instead of Toefl although I learned Toefl for a time, the forms of Ielts exam is very different to Toefl. I am very nervous so I am trying to practise each skills everyday. However, I lost concentration in answering all of questions because of the great differences between 2 types of exams. Most advise that I should learn to skim and scan passages but I have not practised this method yet. Please, give me an advice to improve reading skill. Thank you so much

  59. thanks for you
    w.r.t the passage of the origin of bread T/F/NG

    i think that the first one is False why the answer is NG

  60. Hello..
    They asked me to write yes,no or not given.. I dint see the question,I wrote true false and not given..
    Is it okay? Or should we write yes,no only.

  61. Shokhrukh Erkinov says:

    Hello Liz. Your lessons are being useful for me. I am capable of finding the right answer, but I am not good at time management. What I have to do to do in time? Thank you for your potential answer in advance.

  62. Hi Liz!
    I am very happy to find you on social networking sites. Frankly saying that i am very nervous because of i am not getting correct answer of this question type(TFNG) and my exam date is very near. After i watch your teaching video about this type of question , i got my confidence again.
    Thank you so much for tips.

  63. HI dear Liz,
    Is it possible to write i the answer sheet,
    T for True
    F for false
    NG for not given
    Y for yes
    N for no
    as this saves a little time on academic reading I would like to practice this but still bit afraid that I wont get marks.
    Please advice.
    God Bless you!

  64. Hi Liz,
    Thanks for the wonderful tips.
    I have some queries on the video tutorial. While going through the 400 million acre question, I see that the question is about allocation and the text is about being used. The allocation could 1000 acres but even then it is possible that the land used is only 400 acres.
    So allocation and being used would have different meanings and i believe the answer to be Not Given.
    Could you please help me on this as I am not able to understand how the answer is true.
    Please let me know if a I am missing something.

    • I explained in the video lesson that no paraphrase will be prefect but in this context it matches, it doesn’t contradict nor if the information absent.
      All the best

  65. Hi, Liz,
    Thanks a lot for your wonderful tips for the TFNG questions! Today I’m doing a test and found the answer to one question is not quite right. Could you help me when you are free sometime?

    The question is : Chinese farmers realized that price of pesticides became expensive. The passage is: Those who abandoned ants in favor of chemicals quickly became disillusioned. As costs soared and pests began to develop resistance to the chemicals, growers began to revive the old ant patrols. The answer of my book says Not Given, while I think it is True. Who do you think we are right? Thank you very very much!!

    • The key is the difference between “Chinese farmers” and “growers”. Without seeing the other sentences I can’t say. But these two sentences don’t show that this refers to Chinese farmers which means it would be NG.
      All the best

  66. thanks Liz, you are an amazing teacher. keep up the good work!

  67. Vinay Sewani says:

    Hello mam!
    In reeading section, if it is written that- you may use one heading more than once … In matching heading with paragraph so they have written just for confusion…..

    • When you match paragraph information, you might use more than one letter (sometimes). For matching headings, there is only ever one. See the list of reading question types to learn more.

  68. Hi Liz,
    are the answers here Not Given or false?
    the passage is “…producing over 6% of the world’s gross national product… Thus, tourism has a profound impact both on world economy, and because of the educative effect of travel and effects on employment, on society itself.”

    the questions are: 1. Tourism contributes over 6% of the Australian gross national product.

    2: Tourism has a social impact because it promotes recreation.

    This really confuses me. πŸ™

    • Sorry, I didn’t manage to get to your question before. Question 1 should be NG because we are not given information about the gross national product of Australia. Question 2 should be F because it clearly states that tourism has had a social impact because of travel and employment which means it can’t be because of recreation.

  69. Hello Ma’am,
    Is it ok if I write (on real ielts answer sheet) true/false/not given or yes/no/not given in small latter while on the question they always mention to write capital latter.
    Please reply.

  70. Hi Liz,

    I have a doubt about my answer in True false, not given section. The given paragraph says, “Ramped way is made for wheelchairs to reach food bar, which is available at the entrance located on the side of theatre.”

    question was, “wheelchair users can readily reach the food bar.”

    I wrote False.
    Could you please tell me if i am right.

    • The answer should be True “Ramped way is made for wheelchairs to reach food bar” means that access has been made for wheelchairs so they can easily reach the food bar.

      • nico rodriguez says:

        Hi Liz! I would just like to ask, How come the answer to this is True? where in fact the “Ramped way” wasn’t given in the question? I thought the correct for it is NG.
        Hoping for your reply! Thanks and More Power!

        • You can not matching words. You are matching meaning. If someone puts “ramped ways” into a place, it is to make access easier. The meaning is the same. The words are not going to be repeated. They will be paraphrased. Without ramped ways, wheelchairs can’t have access – the meaning is very clear.

  71. Hi,
    I have a question about the homework of T-F-NG:
    I did not think that the word “after” in the Question part means opposite to the phrase ” the second half of the 17tth century”. I thought the answer was NG. Can you explain more about this situation! Thank you!

    • Don’t try to matching individual words, you need to match meaning. “after the 17th century” means in the 18th century (now you can understand the answer). Spend time thinking of the meaning before you try to match the answers.
      All the best

      • Hi,
        This is the first reply from me to u,
        I was so much impressed to found your blog.
        Your post is so helpful to me, thanks a lot!!
        Now I have a question about the second practice question in yr video-
        If it would be ” Just over 400 million acrs of land has been used for agriculture in America”
        Then what is the answer?

      • the opposite sense will be created if it was written in passage ‘the coffee came to europe in 16th century’ but it didn’t .So i think answer should be NG because the answer would be false if the question coffee came to europe before 17th century i.e 16th century or less than 16th century

        • You must first understand the meaning of “after the 17th century”. It means in the 18th century or after. Now you can find the opposite. Most students fail with these questions because they don’t spend enough time considering the information in the question.

  72. so useful information u give us with a better techniques. Thanks u madam. you are my true teacher and alot of likes form me to you

    • Madam! I have done my master in 2011 and planning for work Visa in developed country but you know that for work visa it requires above 7 bands in Australia to meet point score. Hope this time i will get these marks so request to pray for me.


  73. Dr.Saqib Ali says:

    hello liz!
    I am preparing for IELTS.I am having a problem with reading section that contains TFNG.
    I have watched your video twice yet unable to overcome this weakness.While practising cambridge series i usually get 35 36 in listening but only 32 33 in reading.I have prepared at home using your lessons,tips and videos.My exam is on 29 Aug.I would love to have some more tips.

    • I can only suggest that you pay closer attention to 1) paraphrases – not all synonyms have the exact same meaning 2) the subject of the sentence – if it alters, it might affect the answer 3) check for changes in grammar tense. You need to make detailed notes of examples of answer you get wrong so you can learn from them. By studying hard and making notes, you should realistically have more tips than I do.
      All the best

      • Dr.Saqib Ali says:

        thanks alot!
        stay blessed!

      • Madam@ The main problem of mine is confusing. At first when I put my answer is say true after analyzing and reading the passage. But after watching the answer, I see it is false, then I come back to my question alongside answer and at last I clearly understand that my prior perception was wrong. How to get rid of this odd situation.

        • Spend more time analysing the question before you look for the answer. Don’t read it and then look for the information. Think about the question, translate the words, think of paraphrases – thinking more deeply. After you have done that, locate the information.

  74. Dr.Lavvanya Priya says:

    Dear Liz,

    Your tutorials are very useful. I am gaining confidence with my reading section by following your tips… Hats off to you..

  75. Huyen Tran says:

    Hi Liz. First of all, I would like to say thank you for your great viideos and lessons. I have just found your blog for few days. I am reading each of your lesson carefully beacause they are really useful for me. I finally found the right way to study IELTS.
    I have one question for you about True False Not Given. What should I do when I don’t understand the meaning of the statement? When I don’t understand, I really confuse. Please, help me. Thanks a million!

  76. mirza ehteshamulla baig says:


    While i am practising T/F/NG some times it is coming good score and some times poor score.What is the reason and how should i work on this situation?Plz advice


  77. Hello dear Liz on 25th of july i had ielts and i got 5.5 overall i want to thank you s much coz this is what i needed i watch all your videos and i really got benefits from them and i prepared about month selfstudy i really appreciate your doing that

    • Well done !! πŸ™‚

    • Hi teacher Liz, Good day.

      I would like to ask some help from my mistakes in my practice T F NG questions. Without these mistakes, I am able to get my target score band 7. I practiced today a 40 item test two times, both test I got 6.5 only. The result is very frustrating and discouraging for me. I hope you can help me out if you’re free. ^__^

      Passage: The glow-worm belongs to a family of beetles known as the Lampyridae or fireflies. The fireflies are a huge group containing over 2000 species, with new ones being discovered all the time.

      Question: Scientists have only recently been able to list the exact number of glow-worms species. NOT GIVEN (my answer is false) I think over 2000 species here means it is not exact, but the phrase new ones being discovered all the time does it mean new species that come one by one they will have the exact count? ^__^?

      Passage: In some countries the numbers of glow-worms have been falling. Evidence suggest that there has been a steady decrease in the British glow-worm population since the 1950s and possibly before that.

      Question: Glow-worms populations are decreasing faster in some countries than in others. NOT GIVEN (my answers is true) I think I got trapped here in the comparison statement πŸ™

      Passage: A lot more research will be needed, however, before the causes of the glow-worm’s gradual decline “are clear”.

      Question: The exact reason why glow-worm numbers are decreasing is unknown. TRUE (my answer is false) Because the passage said it is clear, now I am wondering because I think the opposite of unknown is clear but I don’t know why it’s not correct. πŸ™

      • In your first example “The fireflies are a huge group containing over 2000 species, with new ones being discovered all the time.” the information you refer to is for fireflies not glow-worms. Although glow-worms are part of the firefly species, it gives no information about listing or discovering the number of glow-worms, it only mentions fireflies.

        In your second example, you have been trapped by the comparison trick – well spotted! It mentions the fall in numbers in some countries and the decline in numbers in Britain, but not which is faster (no comparison).

        In the third example, if it says that more research is needed before the cause is known, it actually means that the cause is not presently known but with more research it might be. So, the answer is true – the reason is unknown (present). Spend time paraphrasing which doesn’t just mean thinking of synonyms but writing the sentence again in a completely different way – rephrase it. Then you will get to the real meaning.

        Anyway, I would like to say well done!! You are obviously working really hard and you are becoming aware of the usual traps used by IELTS and the importance of rephrasing the question. Keep going – you’ll be fine πŸ™‚
        All the best

        • Thank you teacher Liz, I will push through. I am really aware how difficult the test it may be because I feel bizarre after straight answering an 80 item reading practice test. However, I may not give up and feel relax until I feel the confidence that I am ready to take the test. As long as I still have enough time to prepare. Because I know this test will define my future career and will open new opportunities for the next chapter of my life. Thanks for being there.

          More power,


  78. Thank you for that amazing video

  79. Rajani Kripa says:

    Hello. Thanx it really helped me. I feel Reading is the most toughest among all other module. Within an hour solving 40 questions that all to be precise is very challenging for me. Can u help me whether to start with passage3 or from passage1. As last passage is always hard to go through

    • For the academic test, the passages are the same difficulty. It is only the GT reading test in which passage 3 is more difficult. So, if you are doing the Academic test, just start with passage 1 but make sure you never spend more than 20 mins on each passage. Take control of your time.

      • Hi, ma’am I really have difficulty answering true, false, not given questions. Perhaps, here are some questions I had made a common mistake because of the phrase “may be”, I hope you could help me clear this thought.

        passage says: Sick days may not be used as extra vacation days.

        question: employees may use some of their sick days in order to take a longer vacation.

        I answered “not given” but the correct answer is stated “false”.
        Here is one more.

        passage says: Sick days are to be used in the case of illness or for doctor’s appointments only. They may not be used as extra vacation days. Permission is not required to use these days, but department heads should be notified as soon as possible about unexpected absences due to illness. Supervisors should also be informed in a timely manner when employees need to be absent to attend doctor’s appointments. Supervisors may request written confirmation of appointments from the doctor’s office if they desire.

        question: employees must have confirmation from a doctor in order to use a sick day.

        I answered “not given” but the stated answer is “false”. The word “may” in the passage really confuses me.

        One more thing ma’am, do you have any links where I can practice more reading passages about completing the labels of a diagram? Because it is also confusing for me especially when the point where the questions are misinterpreted by my visualization.

        Hoping for your propensity to aid my concerns.
        Sincerely and respectfully yours,

        • You need to look at meaning, not just at one word. In the first example, “sick days may not be …”. the actual meaning is “sick days can’t be used …”. The verb “may” has different meanings depending on the context and this question is checking if you know that. So, the answer is false. The second example is the same. The problem is that you are not aware of the meanings of the verb “may”. It has two clear meanings 1) to express possibility (this is the meaning you understand) 2) to give permission (this is the meaning you are missing). Take time to learn more about English vocabulary.
          All the best

          • Thank you very much. You really made it clear for me to understand. I will follow your advice. More power.

  80. I feel really luckily when finding your website. Thank a lot!

    • I’m glad it’s useful πŸ™‚

      • ma’am liz, I cannot accept to myself right now that the answer in the homework is false.
        Because I see the opposite of “after the 17th century” is “before the 17th century” which is not in th passage that’s why my answer is not given. Please let help my clouded and confused idea. Thank you

        • If it is not “after the 17th century” then it is in the 17th century or before.
          All the best

          • Thank you ma’am, I had read other comments with the same questions I have and your answers to their questions. Thank you very much for your answers because it is as accurate as it could be and now the question is clear to understand.

            Ma’am I would also like to ask one more question if it is allowed to write in all CAPS in the whole general training IELTS exam even when it comes to the writing test? Because I’ve seen in some of your videos that all CAPS is allowed in the reading and listening exam as long as it is consistent. But in the writing exam, I’m afraid it is not allowed. I asked the British council KSA in their facebook page for more clarification and they answered all CAPS is still allowed in the writing test as long as it is still consistent. I just want to make sure ma’am for the answers I am about to write in the exam. Because this exam is very important to me at this moment. It is to decide for my future and for the future of my family who is far away from me right now. I hope you could understand even though I am taking too much of your time. I know you are a very busy person and a lot of students counting on you for your generous support and effort. But I hope you also know how much thankful we are, in behalf of all the students listening to you all across the globe. For you being a part of our struggle in this examination, is such kindness not all teachers can give. Because I know most of the people taking this exam, is that their career is at stake and most probably alongside is the financial burden to pursue a career for a dream for their family.. Sorry if I made my question too long to read, I just want to express how thankful I am IELTS LIZ exist and care.

            • Yes, you can write in all capital letters for your writing test. Here’s the official link: However, speed is essential for writing so make sure you are able to write quickly using all capitals. You will still need to remember punctuation (commas, full stops).

              • Thank you, I am greatly motivated in your response. Because I am really more used to write in all caps than writing with small letters. Many thanks for looking onto my questions and worries. I really appreciate that you are still able to listen to our questions and give clear instructions as well. Even how much busy you are. Thank you very much. Godbless.

  81. thanks alot Liz iam going to take ielts on 25th July i hope your strategy will help me

  82. Anantha says:

    Hi Liz,
    Thanks for your exemplary service of teaching us the techniques of learning English. Without the your lessons, I am afraid that i wouldn’t have scored overall band score of 7. But i need to re-take the test because i have scored little less in reading band (6.5).
    I have a query related to the passage in the video “Just over 400 Million acres….”in the question it is given as “”allocated, my understanding was “allocated”not necessarily means “being used”so i thought the answer would be “false”. Can you please explain.

    • No synonym has 100% the same meaning. There are differences but in this context “allocated” and “used for” have almost the same meaning although not 100% the same.
      All the best

  83. Hi Liz! Is it ok, if I write No instead of False in my answer sheet?

  84. ashraf saafan says:


    • By the second half of the 17th century means that it had already arrived in the middle of the 17th century – so it definitely wasn’t after. That means the answer is false because it did not arrived after the 17th century.
      All the best

  85. Hello Teacher,
    I’m………….lost i checked online but its not upto my standard,but atleat i got experience what is the acctuality of the exam,and what are my week points,which i’ve to improve.
    I’ll go again but this time i’ll take little time to next exam.over all 4.5 this is the result.
    I wont give up.

    • Keep trying but make sure you develop your English significantly before your next test. This means working though a lot of grammar until you can produce clear sentence structures.
      All the best

      • Yes sure!Teacher this time no mistake.
        I know i’ve to work hard.
        I know my capability but i don’t know what happend i hadn’t expected this kind of result.anyway its ok parctice makes a man perfect.

        • As I mentioned to you earlier, your level of English is around band score 5. That means you will get possibly under 5 ( which means 4.5) or just over 5 (which means 5.5) but to get band 6 or more, you must have a higher level of English. It takes time to do that and a lot of concentrated grammar study.

          • Right Teacher
            I’ll improve where im bit weak certainly,in spelings and grammar.
            Thanks for your guied line.
            I’m really grateful to you.

  86. clary campbell says:

    Hi. I’m a bit confused in here. my answer is not given because i thought the only opposite of after is before. but then it say it is in the middle of 17th century. How did it become the opposite of after? please enlighten me.

    • Not given means that we don’t know if the coffee arrived after the 17th century. So, we can’t have not given because the passage does give information about when coffee arrived. The question statement said “after the 17th century” but the passage says it already arrived BY the 17th century which means it arrived just before the start of the 17th century. This means the statement is false. Does that help?
      All the best

      • Hi Liz,
        Firstly, I would like to give you a special thanks for your valuable tips at ture/false/NG and Yes/Not/NG question.

        Secondly, I need some tips for List of Heading questions; as I am also weak of that types of questions.

        Finally, would you mind to help me that how can I improve IELTS writing score. Every time I sat on IELTS exam I got score 5.5, never 6.0 or above. I need your support; will be appreciate your cooperation.

        Many thanks,


      • Hi ma’am Liz, I have read the comments and questions that are same as mine, thank you I am enlightened.

  87. Dongwoo says:

    I have found this website through Youtube videos you posted. I think your online lectures are quite helpful in preparation for an exam. Thank you for sharing your knowhows.

    • You’re welcome. I’m glad the lessons are useful. You’ll find a lot more exercises and tips on my blog.

  88. Prashant Thanki says:

    Really important information, thank you for sharing such wonderful tips which helps us in solving question.

  89. Can I ask more question
    when I answered the General Module reading questions that asked me to type two or three words form the reading paragraph ….I responded with the proper word but not in capital letter because it was written in small letter in the paragraph however I answered some other questions with capital letters because they were written in capital
    what do you think the situation would be ??
    many thanks for your fast response

    • You copy the word exactly unless it is a sentence completion question, summary completion question or any question that requires you to consider grammar to finish a sentence.
      All the best

  90. please I need some help
    I have done the IELTS exam but unfortunately , I typed (T) instead of (true) and (F) instead of (false) and (NG) instead of (NOT GIVEN ) …I need to Know do they account as true answers or not …please reply as soon as possible

    • You can write either T or true – both are accepted.

      • many many thanks Liz
        I really was gonna be made because I realized that ,, I have done that big mistake
        and my performance in the exam was quite good ,,I thought that I will re-do the test again
        thanks again for your time and consideration

      • Dear Liz,
        Is this all right if I write (on the answer sheet) true, false, not given/ yes,no, not given, in small letters?
        please reply.

  91. Excellent Video for Ielts, I ever seen….. That was great…

  92. Good afternoon…!
    Teacher,in true fals not given,answers alway’s comes in order…?or it is not necessary,if frist answer in 2nd pragraph than second answer in third paragraph,but, in my practice: i noticed one thing some time the first answer find in pragraph 4th is’nt it?so it’s mean we’ve to read thoroughly?
    Hope for the reply.



    • It means the first answer comes before the second answer. It does not indicate paragraphs.
      All the best

      • Yes teacher cirrect.i got it,wehther it would be in pragraph one,two or so on.

        Thank you.

  93. Thanks Liz for this very useful lesson. Love it!

  94. thanks for your useful lesson!!!

  95. Thanks a lot … i got it right the answer. Felt little confident!

  96. Vaishali says:

    Thank you so much it really helpful to me for my exam.

  97. Thanks a Lot,Really you are a good teacher.

  98. Foziljon says:

    Hello Liz.
    Thank you for your helps and suppports. This lesson absolutely helped me to improve my reading skills…

  99. Hi Liz,

    Thank you for the wonderful tips and tricks to crack the reading. The lessons are very much useful and your artifacts gave abstract idea of True,false and NG.

    On that note, I would like to ask a questions regarding the strategy for reading. For a long passages(like for 4,5 paras), would you recommend to complete the first para and go through the questions and once get them answered to proceed with the rest of para with corresponding questions…

  100. Hello Liz,

    Your website is very helpful. Thank you for all the tips.

  101. Helo Mam
    its first time is opened ur website and i watched this lesson..i was surprised and asking myself why i did`t find this website ..lessons and tips are just amazing.
    But i want to ask about the reading passages that are philosophical like about the different views of the various writer are given with very tough vocab. i am not able to do the true false and not given in that passages..Any tips for that ….
    very thankful if u reply

  102. Hi! liz , I am farha, I found u r lessons are very useful.The way to teach its really awesome:-). I’m practicing u r lesson . And I am writing my ielts test in march plz if do have some more additional tips forward to me i am very thankful to you.

  103. Ms.Liz, Really helpful & supportive in finding out the right answer on Reading part. Wish you all the best to continue further and throw lights to the IELTS aspirants.

  104. Hello, Liz
    I find that your tips are so useful~!
    I am always confusing with T/F/ NG…especially with False and Not Given.
    Thanks a lot for your brilliant lessons~!

  105. Thank you so much Lis. You are excellent teacher, I enjoy watching youre lessons, it very helpful.

  106. Tran Phuong Loan says:

    thanks Liz. i’m really enjoy your all lessons. i hope you will give us some tips for scanning and skimming skills, please!

  107. thankyou ms Liz, it is very helpful

  108. kokamonks says:

    Thank you Ma’am Liz for this lesson it helps me in my reading practice.

    • Hi,

      I’m glad it was useful.

      • Hello Liz,
        This is Pavel from Dhaka, Bangladesh. I am happy for getting these useful information. It is very much helpful for me to get a good score in IELTS. Thank you very much for this. I expect you will provide us more information on GT IELTS. I wish your good luck.

        Best regards

  109. Thanks a lot for your efforts

  110. thanks liz for the pieces of information.

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