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IELTS Reading True False Not Given: Essential Tips

Learn important IELTS True False Not Given Tips. Once you understand the IELTS TFNG questions, you will find them easier to answer. This page has a great video lesson to explain TFNG questions – see below.

Understanding IELTS Reading True False Not Given Questions

You will be given statements containing information. You must decide if the information in the statement is True, False or Not Given according to the information in the reading passage.

  1. True: You can find this information in the passage and it agrees with the statement.
  2. False: The passage and statement have different information. The passage shows that the statement is wrong.
  3. Not Given: This means you can’t find all the information in the passage.

TFNG Questions Practice

You need plenty of practice to understand the techniques for TFNG. You can find some practice TFNG exercises on this page: TFNG Reading Practice

Difficulties with True False & Not Given

  1. Paraphrasing. You must be prepared for the words in the statement to be paraphrased in the passage. This means you really need to know your vocabulary.
  2. You are looking for meaning. Many students just try to match words but you actually need to match meaning and check the content of the information given. Some times the same words are used but the meaning is not the same – this is one common difficulty with choosing the right answer.
  3. Not Given and False (No)
    1. Not Given means the entire statement is not given in the passage.  Maybe part of the statement is given but not the whole statement. Watch out for that!! Try to find the whole meaning in the passage.
    2. False means the passage contradicts the statement. Don’t forget you are not just looking for an opposite meaning, you are also looking for contradicting information.

IELTS Reading True False Not Given Tips

This video lesson explains how to answer IELTS TFNG questions in the reading test.  It explains the difference between the answers: True, False and Not Given. It also explains if answers come in order and if you can write T or True on your answer sheet. The TFNG homework answer is below the video. 

Homework: True, False Not Given

Decide if the following statement is true, false or not given according to the passage?

  • Passage: By the second half of the 17th century, coffee had found its way to Europe.
  • Statement: Coffee arrived in Europe after the 17th century.

Click below to reveal the answer to the TFNG homework question:


The answer is false. “second half of the 17th century” means from the middle of the 17th century to the end of the 17th century – so this is still in the 17th century. That means it contradicts the statement which says coffee arrived after the 17th century.  We can say, “the passage says that coffee did not arrive in the 17th century or before the 17th century, it arrived after the 17th century.”


TFNG Reading Practice Exercises

You can find reading practice for TFNG questions:

Summary of IELTS Reading True False Not Given Tips

Below is a list of the main Tips for IELTS True False Not Given Reading Questions. However, you should watch the video to understand them clearly for maximum benefit.

  1. Spend time analysing the statement in the question before you try to find the answer
  2. Many words will be paraphrased so watch out for that (for example, work = employment / changing = altering)
  3. Don’t match just key words, you are aiming to match meaning. Some of the key words might be the same in the passage but it doesn’t mean the answer is true or yes.
  4. The meaning of false or no is that the statement contradicts the claims or information in the passage. This means the statement gives one meaning but the passage gives another meaning – therefore the statement is FALSE.
  5. Not Given means that the whole meaning of the statement is not in the passage. Some key words might be found but not the full meaning of the statement.
  6. You can write T instead of True on your answer sheet but make sure your handwriting is clear.
  7. The answers follow the order of information in the passage for these questions. Other types of reading questions might not have answers that come in order.
  8. Learn common challenges or problems that you have in reading. Make a list of paraphrases you have struggled with.

TFNG Reading Practice Exercises

You can find reading practice for TFNG quetions in IELTS reading:

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  1. http://Neelam says

    Hi Liz,

    Can you please explain the below statement and answer.

    The answer given is no; I’m confused about it.

    Preparation of a business plan is the first and most important task for the business starter.

    Statement: Creation of a business plan is only necessary for a new business.
    Answer: No

    • http://Liz says

      Where does the passage show that a business plan is necessary for new businesses and not for any other type of business? Is the statement telling the truth?

  2. Hi Liz,
    Request you to please answer the TFNG question.. Please I have gone mad behind this:(
    (anyone else is also welcome to answer this question with a reason for your choice)

    Statement – Just park your car and buy your bus ticket from the bus driver, with the correct money if possible.

    Question- Bus drivers do not give change so you must have the correct money for a ticket.

    Eagerly awaiting for your reply….
    Thank you.


    • http://Liz says

      If the drive does not give change, you must give him the exact amount of money. The passage says “…with the correct money if possible.”. This means it is not actually required to give the right amount.
      It is important that you understand the meaning instead of matching words.

      • http://PS says

        Hi Liz,
        Sorry could not understand your answer. so the answer is False or NG ?
        Coz as per your video on TFNG – if the information is half given or missing that means it is NG.
        So there is no mention of bus driver refusing change or giving change. The passage just informs the reader to have change if possible.

        Would really appreciate if you could elaborate a bit on this, as i am facing tough time in TFNG and Matching Headlines to paragraph in reading and have my exam on this Saturday – 23rd March 2019

        Please help…

        Thank you.


        • http://Liz says

          If you ask me – Do I need to give 50 cents for the bus? Will the driver give me change? Can I give him $1 or do I need to give him exactly 50 cents.
          If I reply, you can give exact money if possible – this means it is also possible not to give exact money. This means you can give him $1 instead.
          So do you think that in this case the driver will keep the change? Or do you think the drive will give you change if you pay $1 for a 50 cents ride?
          If the passage said “you must give exact money” – then it is not possible to give $1. The passage shows there is a possibility not to give exact money – which means you will get change.
          This is about understanding the meaning of English. In English, we say this to mean – the driver can give you change.
          It is about meaning – do not match words.
          The meaning is very very clear.

          • http://PS says

            Hi Liz,
            Understood completely with the explanation, Thank you soo very much for your prompt reply. Again appreciate your time and efforts for replying.

            Thank you 🙂

  3. http://Balkan says

    Hi Liz,

    Thanks for the videos. Have one question. In the text, the answer to the given question is: “All Clear signal”. When I copy these 3 words to my answer sheet, do I write A and C in capital letters or I can simply write them in lower case? Hope it was clear.

    Thank you Liz.

    • http://Liz says

      I usually recommend people to use ALL CAPITAL LETTERS FOR READING AND LISTENING ANSWERS, (unless the recording specifically asks for lower case).

  4. http://Monica says

    Hi Liz,

    thank you for all these wonderful tips, my exam is coming soon and I’m still having difficulties with the reading part, I read a lot but the IELTS is all about reading very fast. I really liked your tip about all answers being in order, that should help me. Other than that, what else could I do to improve my time? Thanks a lot! Monica

    • http://Liz says

      I’m glad the video was useful. However, please remember that my tip about answers coming in order is for TFNG and not for all question types in reading. Always review all question types. Also make sure you do full IELTS test at home before the real one.

  5. http://Vaishnavi says

    Dear Liz,

    Thank you for all the wonderful tips on IELTS !! I have a question regarding one of the T/F/NG scenarios. The passage and question are mentioned below.

    I think the answer is ‘Not Given’ as there is no information about the students’ compulsory film making. Can you please clarify my doubt ?

    P: Term Three: Technical classes continue with additional focus on audition technique, workshops and masterclasses. This term includes a public performance of a play outdoors in the grounds of Blenheim Palace, and the chance to act a short film recorded on location by a professional crew.

    Q: Students are required to make a film on their own in the last term of their course.


    • They do not make it on their own. They have a professional crew who record it for them.

    • http://Rockstar says

      Hello Vaishnavi, I wrote this sample test and did the same mistake as you. But the answer to this question as per the Cambridge book is FALSE. The passage includes the word “includes” means they have listed everything that is term three. So anything that is not mentioned there is not included. Hope that makes sense.

  6. http://Amar says

    Hi Liz,
    If we are able to find half of the information in the passage not fully as menationed in question .So will it be NG or false

    • http://Liz says

      It depends whether the information given shows that the statement is incorrect or if there isn’t enough information to say if it is right or wrong.

  7. http://Budhdhimali says

    Hi Liz

    Thank you for your wonderful guidance. Can I have a clarification please. It is regarding your homework question.
    Passage: By the second half of the 17th century, coffee had found its way to Europe.
    Question: Coffee arrived in Europe after the 17th century.

    Opposite of the after the 17th century means, before the 17th century.But, according to the passage, coffee was on its way to Europe in the second half of the 17th century. Which means it may had arrived in the Europe after the 17th century or not. Therefore I feel that the answer can be “Not given”.

    Could you please explain this.

    Many thanks

    • http://Liz says

      The question is “Coffee arrived in Europe after the 17th century”. You need to see if the coffee arrived after the 17th century or not. Did it arrive after? Did it arrive during? Did it arrive before? If it arrive during or before, the answer is FALSE. FALSE means the answer is opposite or wrong. In this case, it shows the statement is incorrect/wrong/false.

  8. http://Bryan says

    Hello Liz,

    Could you please advise the following questions? These questions are from Cambridge GT 13.

    Term One: Technical classes in acting, voice, movement, applied movement and characterisation, music, singing, film, radio and professional development. The term finishes with an internal production given for tutors and students.
    Term Two: All technical classes in continue from term one. There is an internal performance of a one-act play, the recording of an audio showreel at professional studio and the Showcase Drama in front of an invited audience including casting directors and agents.
    Term Three: Technical classes continue with additional focus on audition technique, workshops and masterclasses. This term includes a public performance of a play outdoors in the grounds of Blenheim Palace, and the chance to act a short film recorded on location by a professional crew.
    Students will act in a performance in front of their classmates at the end of the first term. (the answer is TRUE, however, from my understanding, the answer is FALSE because it happen in term two )


    Student are required to make a film on their own in the last term of the course.
    (The answer is FALSE, but my answer is NG because from the passage it does not say anything about ‘required’)

    • http://Liz says

      Question 1: the keywords are: internal production. This means that the people participating in the course will perform in front of tutors and students. So, the answer is “true” students will perform in front of other students.
      Question 2: The answer is “false” the passage shows that this information is not correct: students are not required to make a film instead they are given a chance to act in a film. False = the information is incorrect – there is a mistake in it.

      • http://Mark says

        Hi Liz, are we allowed to make deductive reasonings?
        Yes the passage says “internal production for students and tutors” but a lot of groups make up the internal production of a school, can we not reason that it is the tutors that performed for their fellow tutors and the students? Or perhaps the non-academic staff on behalf of the school. Since it was not specified in the passage as students I would have concluded it is NG instead of assuming or making deductive reasoning.

        • http://Liz says

          “internal production” relates to the students on the course or in the university. If it did not involve students, it would say “internal production by staff” to differentiate.

          • http://Agboola says

            Hello, the question emphasis was focus “at the end of first time”, and in the passage that statement appeared in the “term Two”.

            • http://Liz says

              The passage stated that in TERM ONE “the term finishes with an internal production …”. Term two also had an internal production. Both terms did.

  9. http://Olawale%20Olaleye says

    Hello Liz,

    Please can you help me in answering this question?

    Although the taipan is the deadliest Australian snake, few snakes can match the sinister reputation of the eastern tiger snake (notechis scutatis). However, recent observations indicate that their ferocity and aggressiveness are not as bad as once thought and that actually they are fairly timid.

    Question: Tiger snakes got their name from their supposed aggressiveness.
    T/F/NG ?

  10. http://Israel says

    Hey Liz,
    I have seen one of your videos on theses writing on Task 2. My question is do I still need to write a conclusion after writing Theses immediately after my introduction.

  11. http://Deep says

    Hi liz,
    Can we write down the T instead of True in final Exam??

  12. http://Morteza says

    It is really helping me out. AWSOME lessons.

  13. http://Zehen says

    Hello Liz,

    First of all, I would like to thank you for all the helpful tips and advice you have been providing on this website. It is of great use. I appeared for the academic test in 2012 and had a band score of 6.5. This was without any guidance. I’m hopeful for a better score this time with your help. So thanks so much

    Now I am preparing for the general test and feel really lucky to find you here:).
    I request you for your time reading this and help clear my doubt, please. I am a bit confused on a reading section question that is in the practice material booklet provided by the British Council. I am sharing few lines here that formed the base for the question:

    Thank you for volunteering to work one on one with some of the students at our school who need extra help.

    True, False, Not Given question :
    As a volunteer, you will be helping students individually.

    I answered False as the passage suggests “with some students who need extra help”
    while the question doesn’t say “all”, could the answer be true instead? the answer key in the book shows true.
    I will be really grateful to you for helping me with this.

    Thank you once again!

    Best Regards

    • http://Liz says

      You are trying to match words instead of meaning. You also haven’t fully prepared the answers for T, F and NG. See below:
      True – when you work as a volunteer you will help students one on one.
      False – when you work as a volunteer you will NOT be helping students one on one.
      NG – it is not stated if you will help students one on one or not
      This means the answer is TRUE. It is true that you will be helping students one on one. The statement in the question does not quantify how many, so it is true. If the statement in the question had stated: you will help ALL students one on one – it would be false. But the statement does not say this at all.

  14. http://4tona says

    Dear Liza,
    Thank you for sharing your knowledge.
    I’ve followed you’r advice, but it takes time to read and find the statement in the passage then analyse and paraphrase them.
    How can I increase my speed as the time of IELTS exam is limited.

    Thank you a lot

    • http://Liz says

      Each question will have a keyword or keywords. They will either be exactly the same or they will be paraphrased – this is really testing your ability to locate paraphrases. You should be building a list of paraphrases used for each and every question that you practise. Build your awareness of techniques and knowledge of language.

  15. http://manoj says

    Hi Liz,

    In your video, the example of charity raising money for schooling…

    What if the passage reads as: “The charity spends most money on schooling and daily needs of poor people” and the

    Question is : The charity spends more of the money on schooling than daily needs of poor people”.

    What should be the answer?

  16. How much of true false and not given answers contains true answers

  17. http://SUJITH says

    Dear Liz,

    Am new to IELTS and if you don’t mind would you please send me some links about reading test, which will help me a lot to practice.


  18. http://Anastasia says

    I have been speaking English for 18 years from age 13 as my first language, my mother tongue is very basic and only spoken to my children. I have finished high school and gained Bachelor of teaching. However, I found this test super hard((( why? I failed miserably academic level. timed test are the worst(

    • http://Liz says

      Having good English does not mean you have exam skills. This is an specific test, with specific requirements which are tested by an examiner. Unless you take time to understand the test FULLY, you won’t get the score that you need. You need to focus on learning about IELTS and developing the right skills.

  19. http://Aditya%20Bisht says

    Hi Liz,
    One quick question, Can we write our Reading Answers in CAPITALS, just like you have suggested for the listening part?


  20. http://Helen says

    Hi Liz,

    I did a reading test from the British Council and had a question.
    passage three:
    the text: the Helium can be used as a coolant for superconducting magnets in hospital MRI scanners.

    the question (33): Helium is a very cold substance.

    The answer is NG. BUT I think it can be True.
    Could you explain it to me? Many thanks.

    • http://Liz says

      It does not say if it is a cold or hot substance. The words “used as a coolant” indicate how it is used – they do not indicate the temperature of the substance. So, in this case, it is a problem with your understanding of the English language used.

  21. http://SICILIA says

    Hi Liz,
    I am new to the particularities of IELTS. I would be quite grateful if you could clear my doubts regarding a TFNG question I recently encountered in class.The question is…..
    -to be eligible to take part in the special Olympics,the athlete has to be not only less than intellectually capable,but must also be lacking in a number of other functions.

    The paragraph corresponding to the question goes on like this…
    Special olympics was created and developed to give individuals with an intellectual disability the opportunity to train and compete in sport activities. No person shall,on the grounds of gender,race,religion,colour,national origin or financial constraint be excluded from participation in,or be denied the benefits of,or otherwise be subjected to discrimination under any programme or activity of special Olympics. Flexibility is left to the Local,Region/Zone,Chapter and National special Olympics organisations for determining the eligibility of the participants because of the variety of situations and needs that exist in the many localities where Special Olympics programmes have been and will be instituted.Inclusion is preferred to exclusion when eligibility is in question. Individuals who have both an intellectual disability and multiple disabilities may participate in Special Olympics programmes and competitions.

    I marked it as a false statement but the answer was the true. Iwould have agreed if not for the first sentence which says that Special Olympics was created for individuals with intellectual disability.Although the last sentence does confirm the statement in question,would it be ok to think that the Special Olympics which as per the passage was specially made to encourage individuals with intellectual disability in sport activities,will not let them participate as they have no other disability? Thank you in advance for your reply.

    • http://Liz says

      The passage shows that the Special Olympics was created for people with intellectual disability, but the criteria for participation MUST include another disability as well – being only intellectually disabled is NOT enough to take part. The first sentence shows who it was aimed at, the last paragraph shows the criteria for taking part. Your question is about taking part.

  22. http://Ami says

    Hi, Liz. Thank you so much for your such a wonderful help. I have some confusion. May I write Roman numbers I, II, III, IV,V, X just like this only in capital. Or do I need to line on and under the numbers? In Outweigh essay, in my class taught me to just conclude, but as per your advice i must be write opinion. I am worried about the IELTS examination center and assessment from where I want to take my IELTS, can they assess wrong as examiners are local and their understanding for outweigh essay is just to give conclusion?

    • http://Liz says

      You don’t need to write a line under them. The instructions are asking for your opinion – are the advs more than the disadv OR vice versa – you need to decide – you need to present your answer. All my advice is based on my IELTS examiner training – all examiners are trained in the exactly the same way with the same marking criteria.

  23. http://Prasanna says

    Thank you for your great service in sharing IELTS tips.
    Quick question please? In the homework below:
    Passage: By the second half of 17th century, coffee had found its way to Europe”
    Statement: Coffee arrived in Europe after the 17th century.

    Passage suggest its ‘way to Europe’ but not talking anything about ‘arrived’ in Europe. Should the answer be ‘not given’ ?? Please explain the difference of ‘way to Europe’ and ‘arrived in Europe’. Thanks again.

    • http://Liz says

      It does not say “way to Europe”. It says “it FOUND it’s way to Europe” and this means it arrived.

  24. http://Mehdi says

    Thank you.

  25. http://Adel says

    Thanks a lot.

  26. http://Nadia says

    Hi Liz,
    Thank you so much for your support. TFNG questions were one of the main obstacles in my reading part. Now, I feel very confident to take the exam and get good score.

  27. http://Yasir%20Imam says

    You are a real teacher… keep it up (y)
    thanks a lot

  28. http://Sindhu%20BM says

    I am very happy – going through the tips for True/False/Not Given, you have explained very nicely . If we apply same logic ,It’s very easy to crack the answer. I have solved your 3 examples almost 95% correctly answered. I have to spend more time on vocabulary.

    Thank you

  29. http://Sameera says

    Hi Liz,

    I got a question from one of the general reading tests.

    Text in the passage: “Just park you car and buy your ticket from the bus driver, with the correct money if possible.”

    Question: Bus drivers do not give change so you must have the correct money for a ticket.

    My answer was NOT GIVEN as the statement does not say that “Bus drivers do to give change”. However, the correct answer was FALSE. Could you explain me this?

    • http://Liz says

      The passage shows that you need to use the correct money if possible. The meaning is that you should use the correct money, but if you don’t have it, you can use the incorrect money (and this means you will get change). Look at the meaning – not the words.

  30. Hi Liz,

    I am an Chinese IELTS candidate, planning to take IELTS ACADEMIC on 3 March in Hunan Province, China. I was wondering for Reading Part, if they say write TRUE/ FALSE/ NOT GIVEN or write YES/ NO/ NOT GIVEN, and I wrote my answers as abbreviations in the form of T/F/NG in my answer sheet for both of these aforementioned question types, will they still score fully without penalty?

    Xue Yuan

  31. http://Imran says

    Hi Liz,
    Thanks for wonderful lectures, i ranked them # 1 among all available on internet. No doubt in it at all.
    i had a question in reading mentioning “the restaurant opens daily 9am and closes at 5pm, however it also opens on saturday for cleaning” then the question was
    Restaurant is opened during weekdays?
    is it true or false?
    i think statement is correct but i can see they are opening on weekend as well. what would you say here?

  32. http://Ghada%20Abdullah says

    I just want to extend my sincere gratitude to you because I scored overall 7.5 in academic ielts by watching your videos and reading your blogs.

  33. http://Rhoda says

    You are a great woman!

  34. http://Francisca%20Castro says

    Hi Liz, thanks for your tips.

    When should I check my answers??? After finishing each question, after each passage or after completing all passages?

    Thank you!!!

    • http://Liz says

      You have one hour to read, decide answers and write them on your answer sheet. You decide the techniques and timing that works best for you. Do at least 6 full reading tests at home with the answer sheets and under the correct timing. You will soon realise what works and doesn’t work.

  35. http://Engr.%20Meshaic%20Ekphemi%20Okhumeode says

    Hi Liz, Thanks for all the useful tips.

  36. http://Himanshu says

    Hi Liz,
    I am really engrossed in the content provided by you. I started to see your website just a week before my IELTS test. I wish I could have given more time to this.

    Here, my question is, if in a question (or a sentence) we have 5 aspects like time frame, no. of people, objects, etc. and if, out of 5, we have a match for 4 but the info about the 5th one is not present in the paragraph, then shall we consider it as T/F or NG?

    • http://Liz says

      True = all the information is confirmed in the passage
      False = the passage shows that the statement is incorrect – the statement is wrong
      NG = we don’t know if the statement is correct or not because there isn’t enough information about it

  37. Hi Liz
    Hope you are doing good.
    I am having difficulty in one true,false,not given question.
    The question says :-Most people can read sign language written on the calendar board.
    Text is:-Sign language is written on calendar board.
    Is it not given?
    Because people are not mentioned in the paragraph.
    Thank you😄

    • You need to look beyond just one sentence. When you locate the area of the passage, read at least 5 sentences and take into consideration the context. I can’t comment without seeing the full paragraph.

  38. http://Aish says

    Hello Liz!
    I need help with a question and its a TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN. Here is the text:

    ‘Champion supporters’
    Iannucci co-wrote “I’m Alan Partridge”, wrote the movie “In the Loop” and created and wrote the hit “HBO” and “Sky Atlantic show Veep”. He delivered the 40th annual MacTaggart Lecture, which has previously been given by Oscar winner Kevin Spacey, former BBC director general Greg Dyke, Jeremy Paxman and Rupert Murdoch. Iannucci said: “Faced with a global audience, British television needs its champion supporters.”

    Now my question
    29. Iannucci delivered the 30th annual MacTaggart Lecture. (True/False/Not given)

    I answered “False” because lanucci delivered the 40TH annual MacTaggart Lecture not the 30Th howerver the anwer stated that its Not Given.

    Can you please explain why this is?
    Thank you for the advices and exersices!

    • http://Liz says

      With this example, I agree with you.

      • http://Arjun%20Thakur says

        but where is it writen that he given the 30th lecture or not so the answer must be not given as it is not mentioned anywhere ….
        please revert

        • http://Liz says

          The answer FALSE means that the statement is wrong. This means the passage can correct it. He gave the 30th, not the 40th – the statement is wrong – false.

          • http://Sandeep says

            Hi Liz,

            I don’t have enough words to express my gratitude for the work you put in to help us.

            TFNGs are killing me. 🙁
            From above,
            a. The statement given is no where contradicted in the passage.
            I am clearly going with your rule of making the statement negative and checking if the passage states it or not.
            b. The passage doesn’t state if it is his first lecture so he could have given any number of lectures before 40th which can include 30th, 35th etc.
            I second Arjun here that the answer should be NOT GIVEN.
            Kindly explain why my deduction is wrong.

  39. http://Richa says

    Hi Liz,

    Once again thanks for the so useful lessons. I am not able to understand one of the questions from Cambridge 8 , Test 4 :
    Text : But, if you speak another language to your children in New Zealand, there are some people who think that you are not helping them to become a member of society

    Question : Most New Zealanders believe it is good to teach children a second language.

    My Answer –> TRUE
    Reason –> Only some people think it is not a good idea, hence most people think it is good.

    Can you please help

    • Do not confuse some and most. They are not opposites. A contradictory statement would be “All people ….” and “some people …” OR “All people ….” and “most people ….”. These are contradictory because one statement says 100% and the other is not clear about how many but it does show that it is NOT ALL. The words some and most both meaning NOT ALL. They do not contradict. So, this answer should be FALSE. Both words “some / many” do not have clear percentages and for this reason are not contradictory. Only ALL and NO have clear percentages = 100% / 0%.

  40. http://Shindo says

    Hi Liz,
    I cannot subscribe to your blog, can you share the link to subscribe.

  41. http://Ferhat says

    Hello Lİz,

    Can you led me about this question?
    Text content is: One of the key features of the Advice Service is that the Adviser can be seen during the evenings until about 8 pm, Monday to Thursday.
    Question is: You must make an appointment to see Students Adviser.
    İs this FALSE or NOT GİVEN ?
    Thank you very much.

    • If this is the only information (don’t forget that I haven’t seen any other sentences in this paragraph), the answer would be NG.

  42. http://Yahya says

    Liz, you are absolutely amazing! You really know how to teach and I learned so much!
    Thank you so sooooo much!
    May you always stay happy and keep smiling 🙂

  43. http://Allwyn%20Joseph says

    Hi Liz,
    Regarding TFNG practice test Passage 3 Question 6.
    In 1804, only weeks after Napolean proclaimed himself Emperor, Beethoven debuted his Symphony no. 3 in Napolean’s honor. It was his most grandest and most original work to date – so unlike anything heard before that through weeks of rehearsal, the musicians could not figure out how to play it.
    Question: Contemporary musicians struggled to perform Symphony No. 3 on the opening night.
    My Answer: TRUE
    Given Answer: FALSE
    My Explanation:
    Key indicators in the question:
    Contemporary Musicians –> Musicians of the same era or of the same time.
    Opening Night –> Debuted.
    Struggled –> could not figure out.
    by matching all information with the passage I answered TRUE.

    Please let me know what information I misinterpreted.

    Is it because the passage says Beethoven Debuted and no one else; there were no musicians.
    And does it mean In general musicians finds Symphony 3 difficult.
    what does the hyphen “-” between the sentence in above passage mean.

    Thanks and regards.

    • You have missed the most important part: is it on the opening night? No, it was not. It was through weeks of rehearsals (that means before opening night).

  44. http://Eveline says

    Hi Liz,

    The content in passage:

    The main point of concern now is weather or not a ground water source can deliver a sustainable yield.This relies on proper management of recharge and discharge rates. Discharge occurs through human extraction as well as through vegetation and evaporation into atmosphere.

    Here management clearly implies the ability to influence.

    Humans cannot alter the recharge rate of ground water.

    According to me this statement is false. However the answer is NG. Can you please help me understand where exactly I am going wrong.


    • For the answer to be false, you need to information information that shows humans can alter the recharge rate or that something else alters the recharge rate. However, the passage does not give information about what alters the recharge rate.

  45. http://Khawaja%20Yawar says


    Faren, the King of England has spent much time outside England fighting wars in the France and the Middle-East. Faren was considered a good king by the people. In the year 1299, Faren died and his brother Peter became king. Peter continues to fight wars in the Middle-East and France but he kept losing the battles. He was in need of more money, so, his government in England ruthlessly demanded more taxes. Peter exploited the loyalty of the Barons who became very unhappy. They rebelled and took over London.

    Faren did not live in England while he was the King. FALSE
    The people used to pay a lot of tax to Faren. FALSE
    Peter was a better king than Faren. NOT GIVEN
    Peter was not successful at war. TRUE

    ( Could you please tell me how to tackle number 1, it is a guess i tool. Should I look at the passage or statement first.

    • You look at the statement first. The statement said that he NEVER lived in England. The passage says differently. The passage says he spent much of his time outside English. You need to review language “much of his time” means a lot – it doesn’t mean all. This means he spent a little bit of his time in England. So, the statement is wrong = false.

  46. http://Khawaja%20Yawar says

    I wanted to know how many times does TRUE, FALSE Come in general ielts reading

  47. http://Khawaja%20Yawar says

    this is from a practice reading test.

    After which date can students not join classes?

    Course dates* From January 7, 2017 to March 11, 2017
    (*Students cannot join the course once it begins)

    How do i write the date if it says write no more than 3 words and/or number.

    I wrote is as Seventh of January 2017
    can we write is as
    January Seventh 2017
    January 7th ( does the year need to be included)

    • Are you sure the instructions say “no more than 3 words and/or a number” or do the instructions say “no more than 3 words and/or numbers“. Write the number as a number and check the instructions.

      • http://Khawaja%20Yawar says

        The instructions say

        Choose No more than three words and/or a number.

        the paragraph says
        Course dates are From January 7,2017 till March 11,2017 (students can not join the course once it begins)

        the question is after which date students can not join classes ?

        How should i write the date?

        I wrote it as Seventh of January 2017. (has 3 words and a number)

        Does the year need to be included and is it counted as a number ? If yes then could we also write it as January Seventh 2017

        • You can write Jan 7 or JANUARY 7 or 7 January. The year doesn’t need to be included because they are both in the same year and also because you can only have one number – so you must choose.

  48. http://Aziza says

    I have one question. Do ielts reading questions always come in order?

    • No. They come in order for TFNG and some types of questions. But not for matching headings or matching paragraph information.

  49. http://onsy says

    Hi Liz, thank you for all your efforts.
    about true and false, I looked up the word some in the dictionary and it said that it can mean a large amount of something so when can I consider the word some in that meaning?
    Another thing, you mentioned in one of the videos that we can write the words on the answer sheet in upper case or lower case so would it be a problem if I write the first letter only in upper case?
    Thank you

    • http://Liz says

      The meaning of the words in a dictionary are not related to how IELTS use these words. IELTS have chosen those words and have given their own meaning of the words. You can write the first letter only but if it is unclear, you will get a lower score.

  50. http://Ravi%20shah says

    Hi Liz.
    Thank you for wonderful advice throughout.
    I have a question regarding a eecent IELTS I appeared on 14 October.
    In Reading part, I answered true, false not given as capitals TRUE,FALSE,NOT GIVEN while rest of the answers are small letters. Will it make difference in marking ? Thank you kindly.

  51. http://Ola says

    hi Liz,

    How do we differentiate the general test training for reading from academics module.
    Thank you for your precious time.

    • http://Farhin says

      Thank you so much Liz ……..u change my mind towards true false not given….. thankyou so much

      • http://Khawaja%20Muhammad%20Yawar says

        Could you please tell me why the following answers are correct.

        Statement- The bike foundry sells only-second bicycles. (TRUE)
        Passage- The bike foundry aims to promote cycling and to make an environmental-friendly means of transport and leisure available to as many people as we can. All our bikes are hand-restored by our team and come with a 3 months guarantee.

        Statement- the Bike basics course is aimed at new cyclists (NOT GIVEN)
        Passage- this is a 3 hour course which will teach you everything you need to know to keep on top of simple maintiaince issues like looking after brakes and gares and how to repair a puncture. By the end of the course you will know how to take good care of your bike.

        Statement- snacks are provided for participants on the maintainence training courses (FALSE)

        Passage- courses are run regularly for groups of up to 4 trainees. we use professional mechanics tool and employ experienced staff. Most importantly, we have tea and coffee making facilities and a fridge where partcipants can keep their sandwiches. unfortunately our training room is up a flight of stairs.

        • 1. “hand-restored” means that bikes have been used before and have been repair by hand. This means the information is given in the passage but you can’t see a direct paraphrase.
          2. The passage does not give any information about who the course is aimed at. It stated what people will learn – not which people will go on the course.
          3. snacks = food. The passages shoes that the course provides drinks – it does not provide food. It provides a fridge where you can put your own sandwiches (this means sandwiches which you have brought from home).

  52. http://PRAJWAL says

    Hello Liz, can you please refer to reading test 3 from Cambridge English 11 with the title “City Park and Ride” on page no 65. in true / false / not given for
    Question no 9:-
    There is a special section of the car park for heavy goods vehicles
    Answer By Cambridge: “FALSE”. However, there is no info over availability of parking for heavy vehicles could you please suggest what could be the answer

    Question no 10.
    Bus drivers do not give change so you must have correct money for a ticker
    Answer by Cambridge :- “FALSE”. However, there is no narration whether driver will return you change or not

    for above both answers I wrote NOT GIVEN

    • http://Liz says

      You need to type in the passage with the full question because I don’t have access to my Cambridge test book at the moment.

  53. http://Kshitij says

    Hi Liz,

    Thanks a lot for all the useful material on IELTS.

    I have a question for you. This appeared in my General Test on 9-Sep. The candidate needs to answer – True or False or Not Given

    Passage was about “New Garbage Bins”. There was just one sentence regarding the “timing” of garbage collection – “Residents shall keep their bins outside by 7 AM or they might miss the service”

    Question was – “Garbage Collection takes place after 7 AM”.

    Kindly provide your thoughts on this.

    • Answer: true. What answer did you give?

      • http://Kshitij says

        Hi Liz, Thanks! At this point, I am not very sure if the question said “after” or “before” but my first instinct was false. So the question might have said “before” in that case.

        I finally wrote Not Given because the collection time is definitely not given anywhere in the passage whether it takes place before 7 AM or after it. 🙁

        • The information stated that you would miss the collection if you put your bins out after 7am. This means collection is from 7am onwards. Always remember that your aim is meaning, not words.

          • http://Kshitij says

            Yes, 7 AM “onwards”, but there is no time limit – till when?. Can a resident who keeps his bin out at 8:30 AM or 5 PM have a chance at garbage collection? What do you think?

            • This not about time limits. It is about collection being after 7am. If the collection started at 6.30am, the instructions would say put your bins out before 6am.

      • http://Pradeep%20thapa says

        Today i just appeared my ielts exam and instead of true,false,notgiven, i wrote T,F,NG. Is it correct or do i lose marks for that?

  54. http://Nipun says

    Hi Liz
    From book 10,
    Question: Tourism contributes over six per cent of the Australian gross national product.
    Passage: This industry (previous line mentioned the travel and tourism industry) is the world’s leading industrial contributor, producing over 6 per cent of the world’s gross national product…..
    My answer was F….but written as NG. I thought like this way, not Australian but world’s; contradicts information.
    Could you please explain.

    • I can’t see the full passage but from what you have written, I actually agree with you. It shows a contradiction. My advice is to let that pass and continue with your studies. knowing that you are using the right techniques.

      • http://Olan says

        Hi Nipun, the answer should be NOT GIVEN. The question says: Tourism contribute >6% of Australia GNP. while the Passage says Travel & Tourism >6% of world GNP. Hence, this isn’t contradictory as the subject matter is different.

  55. http://Neena%20Kamran says

    Hi Liz,
    Thanks for your great efforts.
    Regarding true,false, NG, the video link showed in the end of your video ,lecturer mentioned that questions may not be in order. For instance , Q15 answer we can find below 16 or 17. But you mentioned in your lesson that Q and A will be in order. Please clarify.

  56. Thank you so much, Liz, for the tips. There were 2 parts of this type of questions (at least 5 questions each) in my test and I did exactly as you suggested. While I have not received the results yet, I know I did not waste precious time looking for the answers in that super long reading passages, because of you.

  57. http://PANKAJ says


  58. http://Harpreet%20singh says

    Thanks liz your ideas are very helpful

  59. hi Liz , in my exam i wrote trye false not given instead of yes no not given, will it deduct my score or examiner will understand ???

    • http://Liz says

      I have heard from student who contacted IELTS that they will accept this. But it isn’t something I advise doing.

  60. http://Benjamin says

    Thanks Mrs Liz fr all your videos and write-ups, I’m very grateful.

  61. http://Sam says

    Hi Liz,

    Thanks for creating such helpful content. I wrote IELTS general recently and I wrote T F NG on my answer sheet instead of True False and Not Given. Will I lose marks because of this??? I am really concerned.

    Thanks i advance

  62. http://Ragad says

    hi Liz, should i read the whole passage before i start answering the question?

  63. http://Joan says

    Hi Liz, thank you for your lesson, it helps a lot. I have a question on the third example, if the question changed to ‘Just over … the land IS USED for agriculture…’. which ‘is being used’is changed to ‘is used’. What will the answer be?
    Also, if ‘At the present’ is removed from the question, is the answer still ‘True’?
    Thank you

  64. http://Sarah%20Riley says

    Good Afternoon dear Liz,

    First of all, i wanted to thank you for this amazing page, it helped a lot. I wanted to ask you about a doubt that the exam left me with.
    In the last part of the reading test, i had a True/False/Not Given questions.
    The doubt that i have is with the term family, does it mean parents or a married couple.
    I don’t exactly remember the passage, but the question was Harris’s parents have taken care of orphaned cubs.
    And in the passage, they mentioned: The Harris’s family have taken care of orphaned cubs in the past, but i don’t know it that meant that his parents did it or that him and his wife have done it before.
    Could you pleasde clarify it? Thank you very much and have a great day.

    • http://Liz says

      The word “family” means one or two parents with one or more children. I would need to see the full reading passage to be able to offer you more information regarding your specific concern. If Harris was a child, then his family means himself and his parents. If he is married with children, then it might mean himself, his wife and his children. It really depends on the context and the passage.

  65. http://aarathi says

    hi liz
    i would like to know the difference between T/F/NG and Y/N/NG. I hope you could help me..

    thank you in advance

    • http://Liz says

      TFNG is about information in the passage and YNNG is about the writer’s claims. Both types of questions use exactly the same techniques.

  66. http://khushi says

    is it right to write true false notgiven like this instead of TRUE FALSE NOTGIVEN
    plz reply me

  67. http://Babatunde says

    HI Liz,This is a question I saw in the roadto ieslts practice test

    NOTICE OF TERMINATION-2 weeks notice of termination (3 weeks if the employee is more than 55 years old and has at least 2 years of continious service)

    Question- Any worker over 55 years in entitled to 3 weeks’ notice of termination
    the answer give is False,but i chose NG, going by the advice you gave us that, if all the statement cannot be found in the text,then it should be NG

    What do you think

    • http://Liz says

      False means the statement is wrong. The passage shows that NOT ALL people aged 55 years old are entitled to 3 weeks notice. The people who are entitled to 3 weeks notice are those that are 55 AND have worked for 2 years straight. This means the statement is incorrect – it is wrong – it is FALSE. Don’t try to match words – look for meaning.

  68. http://Mona%20bangarh says

    Thank you so much liz..it means a lot ..i prepare my ielts test with help of your videos…thnks 😊

  69. http://manish%20maharjan says

    i am worried if i write t f and NG instead of true false NOT GIVEN what will happen ?

  70. http://ahmed%20naeem says

    Hi Liz

    I have doubts on some answers given in the books ielts cambridge book 11. following are the questions and answers along with their respective passage .

    if your child has to miss school it is vital that you let the school know why, preferably on the first morning of absence.
    Q: If your child is absent from school, you must send a letter to school explain wh.
    A: Not Given

    If you know or think that your child is having difficulties attending school you should contact the school.
    Q: Staff who think a child is having difficulties at school will contact the parents.
    A: Not Given

    I would really appreciate if you could explain the reasoning behind these answers.


    • http://Liz says

      Question 1. This question states that you must send a letter. The passage does not give information about how to contact the school. It might be by phone, it might be by email, it might be by letter – we don’t know because the information is not given in the passage.
      Question 2. This states that staff will contact the parents if they think the child has problems. The passage does say what will happen if a child has problems. The passage only mentioned what happens if the child has problems attending school. Problems attending school and problems in school are not the same thing at all. Therefore the information isn’t given in the passage.
      From this you can see that question 1 is about knowing technique. But question 2 is about you understanding the difference in language: problems attending school and difficulties at school.

      • http://ahmed%20naeem says

        Thanks a lot for your prompt response and the way you explained.

      • http://ahmed%20naeem says

        Hi liz

        Hope you are doing fine. Would you please explain the reasoning behind the following answer?

        Buy your bus ticket from the bus driver, with correct money if possible.
        Q: Bus driver do not give change so you must have a correct money for a ticket.
        A: False

        There is no information given about giving change to customers, then why the answer is False?

        • http://Liz says

          It says “correct money if possible” this means it is also possible not to give correct money.

    • http://Tibby says

      ..Does NG means that none of the information is in the passage?

      • It means that the full meaning of the statement is not there. It means we don’t know if the statement is right or wrong because there isn’t enough information to judge. But some of the words will be there – just not the full meaning.

  71. http://Jimmy says

    Gotta say , you’re doing a great job ….. Thanks a ton

  72. http://salmanul%20shameem says

    thank u

  73. http://Ehab%20Ahmed says

    Hi Liz,
    This is Ehab from Egypt , I was preparing for GT exam and I couldn’t know how to answer T-F-NG in the reading task until I found your website suddenly . I took the exam dated 29 April and I got the score which I need. I really want to thank you so much. :))))))

    • http://Liz says

      I’m really pleased to hear your news!! Well done!! 🙂 The TFNG questions are ok once you understand how to answer them. I’m so pleased my lessons helped you – thanks for letting me know 🙂

  74. http://Manvir says

    Hi Liz,
    This is Manvir, I am preparing for GT ielts. Your lessons are amazing. I want to enquire about your practice lessons for reading skills. Are those specific to academic or GT?

    • http://Liz says

      My lessons are for all students to practise their skills. Some reading passages are more difficult than others. So, for GT students, aim for the easier passages. Also make sure you review the authentic tests by IELTS in their IELTS Cambridge test books.

  75. http://ramya says

    Hi Liz,
    I need your help in getting the right answer for the below scenario:

    Peaceful healing treatment is used to rehabilitate farmers,hunters and exhausted travellers. Raw pima cotton poultices are filled with steaming desert herbs to produce luxurious aromas that bring mind to state of rest.

    The peaceful healing treatment uses local ingredients in a massage used to treat agricultural workers

    Could you clarify me on what could be the answer Liz? True or False?
    I have a doubt with the given answer key. Pl advise.

    • http://Liz says

      I would need to see not only the full paragraph but also the article. The word “local” depends on what the passage is about and if any places are mentioned. Answers do not always refer to just one sentence in the passage.

      • http://ramya says

        Thanks for your reply Liz. but that’s the only paragraph with that heading and also relevant to the question. I too had a same doubt when I answered to that question. I have considered the ‘desert herbs’ as not something could get locally. I interpreted in that way.
        Would be helpful if any image attachment option is available in the comment box, so that we could be able to snapshot the page (in a book) and upload it for your reference. A kind suggestion, which could be helpful more effectively in the forthcoming days to everyone who are in need of your guidance,like me. thank you!

    • http://Ahmed says

      “Local Ingredients” can’t be known as a fact from the paragraph. It’s also possible it could be imported ingredients. No information given so the answer is Not Given

  76. http://Shreyas%20Thakekar says

    Hi Liz.
    Your videos are much helpful and I’m following you for my preparation.
    I want to know that which grammer book should i prefer to improve my grammer and sentence construction?
    Please suggest me a proper and easy book name.

    • http://Liz says

      There is a book called Grammar for IELTS. However, if you have problems constructing sentences, you should enrol on an English language course or get an English language book. IELTS books are basically skills books for the test. Grammar relates to the English language.

  77. http://KHAN says


  78. this video is very helpful thanks

  79. http://sudip%20shrestha says

    can i write T,F and NG instead of True,False and Not Given???

  80. http://Hassan%20Mansour says

    in the test if they asking in the question to indicate whether True or false or not given and by mistake I wrote yes or no or not given is my answer considered to be wrong .

    • http://Liz says

      Your answer would be wrong.

      • http://Mitul%20Ruparelia says

        Hi Liz,

        I contacted Cambridge English directly regarding this.

        They said they confirm that candidates can write “Yes/No/Not given” for questions where it is specified that the answer should be in the format “True/False/Not given” and vice versa. Candidates will not be penalized for this.


        • http://Liz says

          That’s good to know. I know a lot of students make this mistake.

        • http://ravinder says

          Hi Mitul,

          even i have done the same mistake, are u talking about ielts british council?
          and after seeing your results, were u satisfied? di you get what was expected by you?

          Ravinder Pal Singh.

        • http://jafar says

          Hi Ravinder

          i took IELTS yesterday and did this mistake. are you sure that my answers would not be wrong?

    • http://dhruvin says

      That is indeed a very important question. The answer would be incorrect and you would not be provided with any marks for the same.
      I was just practicing my writing , I hope I also gave the answer appropriately to your query.
      However your question also made me laugh! Thanks for the same.

  81. http://Patricia says


    You stated in your video that “majority” means that “not all” which made the question statement False because it says “all”.
    However, I am confused at the question 1. on the reading regarding “Origins of Bread” because the question statement says “all countries” however, in the passage it says “most widely”. Doesn’t that mean that not all countries consume bread?

    • http://Liz says

      There is a difference between “all countries eat bread” and “bread is widely eaten”. One is explaining that all counties eat bread and the other doesn’t say anything about how many countries eat bread. “widely eaten” does not refer to countries – it just refers to people.

  82. http://Meggy%20Uzondu says

    I can only say thank you for all your help! Please keep up the good work👍

  83. http://Jenine%20Oriemo says

    Hello Liz, i am jenine from the Philippines. Your lectures and tips are very useful, it helped me alot to improve my skills especially in reading and hopefully in writing also.. can i send you some of my writing essays so i would know what to enhance more so i could get my desired bandscore? Thank you in advance 🙂

  84. Hi,

    I have a question. Recently, I encountered this question and I was confused about the answer.

    So the information from the passage is: “The foundations for the prize were laid in 1895 when Alfred Nobel wrote his last will, leaving much of his wealth to the establishment of the Nobel Prize.”

    The statement in the question is: “The first Nobel Prize was awarded in 1895.”

    As I couldn’t find out any information about this question in the rest of the passage (the first Nobel Prize), I assumed the answer would be Not Given. However, to my surprise, the right answer was “False”. I assume it is because something else happened in the same year (1895), therefore, the information was wrong. I am still confused: Can I understand in a way that I can’t find any information about when the first Nobel Prize was awarded, therefore, it is a Not Given information.

    I got a 8 in Reading 2 years ago, and I’m retaking IELTS test next week, trying to get a higher mark. TFNG seems to be the most challenging type of question for me. Looking forward to your answer! Thank you!

    • What further information was given in the rest of the paragraph. Sometimes the answer is spread in more than one sentence. Can you write down the two sentences before and the two sentence after? Or let me know if any other dates were given in the passage at all? Also let me know which books it came from.

      • Hi, there wasn’t any other information that was related to this. This sentence came from a passage consisting of 2 sentences only and the first one was a general statement about Nobel Prize. The next paragraph was about his early life.

        This passage is named “Alfred Nobel”. It is Passage 1 in Test 5, from a book called “IELTS Reading Recent Actual Test Volume 2”. You can search for the passage from the Internet using the keyword “Alfred Nobel IETLS Reading”, I found it online as well, but couldn’t copy-paste in this site.

        Thank you in advance!

        • Do you think this is a real IELTS reading passage with real IELTS questions? It is not. Be very careful who you get IELTS materials from. I suggest you buy the authentic IELTS tests which are published by IELTS, not by a website. See this page: http://ieltsliz.com/recommended-books-for-ielts/. Always make sure you know the author or the teacher before you follow tips or get materials.

  85. http://Fatima%20M%20B says

    Thank you Liz , this is very useful 🙂 😀

  86. http://Clark%20Minoza says

    Hello Liz,

    Good day.

    I took the exam yesterday and i am anxious as I wrote Not Given in some of my answers. Is “Not Given” acceptable? Regards.


    • I do not understand your question at all. If your question was True, False or Not Given then of course Not Given is a possible answer which is explained in the video lesson above. Did you mean something else?

      • http://Clark says

        Sorry, my point was not clear. Not Given or NOT GIVEN or Not given, please note of the caps and small letter, and again I am sorry for my question. My answers were (Not Given), is that ok? Please reply so my stress can be relieved. Thanks.

        • http://Liz says

          Capital letters are not important in this case.

          • http://Clark says

            Oh thanks. I am sure my answers were correct (at least on these items – 4 of it if my memory serves me well) but this really troubled me. Thanks for replying promptly.

  87. http://Khaled says

    Passage: By the second half of the 17th century, coffee had found its way to Europe.

    Question: Coffee arrived in Europe during the 17th century.

    What be the correct answer true or not given?!
    Kindly reply me asap ,thank you

  88. http://Muhammad%20Zain%20Siddiqi says

    Hi Liza,
    I would to know.about yes no and not given statements as I think I have written true and false in place of yes or.no…could.you tell would.examiner.deduct my marks on this ??
    I am really tense about it.

    Muhammad zain

  89. http://Sherry says

    O M G I am soo worried since I wrote T F NG instead of True false not given and I didnt wrote Yes and No in capital letters on my answer sheet in today’s test!!! Will I get my mark deducted????? I am really worried!!! Please reply soon!

  90. http://JAN%20KHAN says

    Can the answer of the following question be “NOT GIVEN”.
    Because the question says “After” while the opposite of it is “Before” but second half does not mean before it rather means “DURING”.

    Passage: By the second half of 17th Century coffee had found its way to Europe.
    Question: Coffee arrived in Europe after 17th Century.
    Please guide me.
    You are one of my best teachers and i have a greater respect for you.

  91. http://Mohannad%20Abusarah says

    Can “Not Given” comes 2 times afterceach other ?

  92. http://Robi says

    Is it T/F/NG? (Please answer with explanation).
    Passage: Smoking, it is believed, is responsible for 30 percent of all deaths from cancer and clearly represents the most important preventable cause of cancer in countries like the United States today.
    Question: Thirty percent of deaths in the United States are caused by smoking-related diseases.

  93. http://Joanne%20A. says

    Hi Liz,

    Your site is really helpful. I have understood IELTS better.

  94. http://Rabab%20Alkhathami says

    Hi, Liz
    thankful for your help .
    l have one question: If I am writing in the reading section answer in a small letter, should I write also the TRUE/ FALSE/NOT GIVEN the whole word in small letters also OR in Capital ?

  95. Hi Elizabeth,

    The way you teach expresses your sincerity to teaching profession, where many of the tutors’ objective is to only make money these days.

    Society is in a dire need of people like you.

  96. hi mam iam sayisfied with reading but i want more information about writing task2

  97. http://Carman says

    Thanks, Liz. It helps me a lot to improve my analysis towards the TFNG and YNNG!!

  98. http://Neeru says

    hello mam,
    Its me Neeru from Nepal,thank u so much for all the valuable informations..I am learning through yours site from last few days and found it amazing.Thank you so much.

  99. http://lijo says

    thank you so much for your valuable tips

  100. http://Tanveer says


    Thanks for the content.

    But the thing is in this video, it is easier to say whether the statment is T/F/NG or Y/N/NG since there’s only one sentence to look for if I want to search for the information.

    On the other hand, during the test, there will be passages which are at least over 1.5 pages. Could you please tell me what should be done in such cases?

    • http://Liz says

      Each question is tackled in the same way. You prepare paraphrases and spend time understanding the questions. Then you use a key word from the question to locate the information in the passage. Once you have located it, you follow the same techniques shown in the video to decide your answer.

  101. http://amreen says

    For the question 1 for Richard, the lionheart why the answer is false and not true

    • http://Liz says

      “he spent much of his reign outside England” – this means a he was in a foreign country for a lot of time but not all the time so it can’t be True.

  102. http://nirasha%20perera says

    Hi Liz
    I’m Madu. From sri lanka. I am faced the exam today. Speaking part two I cannot find the key word and I’m talking about different topic. To illustrate that topic is outdoor places I’m talking about meusium .
    Is this reason cut off my Mark’s. Please kindly advise.

  103. Its very informative blog for ieltsx

  104. http://Ruchi%20Upadhyay says

    Hii Liz…
    This is Ruchi from India…just want to say…u r awesome!!!!!i just started preparing for ielts…and ur video lectures r so helpful….thank u so much….u r a great teacher too…!!

  105. http://mohammed%20lougsami says

    you are simply clear and helful i love you

  106. http://Misbah says

    You are simply amazing!! God gifted teaching abilities and I understand your given concepts clearly. Thanks dear for all the support

  107. http://DINESH says

    I found your videos very very very useful for understanding TFNG and YNNG.I used to confuse every time in between FALSE and NG.But your session clears a lot of.


  108. http://swastika%20karki says

    I always get problem while solving the yes no and not given type of question.. can you give me some suggestion

  109. http://Abdo says

    Thank you a lot 🙂

  110. http://dinal says

    thank you for your tips

  111. http://Habib says

    Dear Liz
    Thank you for the useful tips in the video. As you mentioned time is very crucial in the reading section. normally I read the passage completely and try to understand it fully by taking notes or highlighting the text, however, sometimes I have to read some part of passage over and over again. Since the question are in the sequence do you recommend to read the passage accordingly instead of reading the whole passage and then searching for the answers?

  112. http://Mohon says

    It is awesome lesson of confusing question Liz

  113. http://Rohin%20Chakraborty says

    thank you for the tips

  114. http://Janak says

    I want to write my answer on capital letters ao reading. but I have a doubt that in heading matching type question options are given in small letters as ii iv . should I change into capital as II ? or write as they are?

  115. http://Nancy says

    Dear Liz,
    You are amazing! You pointed out exactly where I made mistakes. This is truly helpful, especially with the tip number 6: answers come in order.
    I will practice more and hopefully I can improve my IELTS band. I am now band 7 and the university asking for a minimum of band 7.5.

    Thank you!

  116. http://Raj says

    Hey Liz,

    Thanks a lot for the help and guidance. You are a true blessing for all those who are taking IELTS exam. Finally i like a teacher after my kindergarten days 🙂 . I am not really consistent with T/F/NG questions and it is really bothering me. Wanted to check the answer for following question :

    Historic Royal Palaces:
    Treat yourself to a royal experience by visiting the 4 famous palaces of London. Hampton court Palace, The Tower of London, Kensington Palace and the Banqueting Hall are all yours to enjoy.

    State whether T/F/NG –
    The Historic Royal Palaces attraction also includes access to the British Museum.

    I choose answer as NG. Reason being it neither states that visit to museums is included nor denies it. It also does not mention that visit includes only Palaces.
    Please suggest.

    • http://Liz says

      From the information you have given it is NG. But without seeing the full paragraph and surround information in the passage (the context must be taken into consideration), I can’t say for sure.

  117. http://Hannah%20Nguyen says

    I’m a little bit confused to point out whether a statement is false or not given.
    For example: If they said “The pig is fat”
    And the question is: “The cow is fat”
    Then the answer is false or not given?
    Could you please expain further the differences between these two types of answer for me?
    Thank you so much!!

    • http://Liz says

      It is all explained in the video lesson above.

      • http://Mah_Del says

        in this situaition the answer is NG.
        when the question about something and the text about something else the answer is NG.
        for example.
        text say that: an accident has 10 died people.
        questin say that: an accident has 10 injuried people.

        • http://Liz says

          Always take time with the question. If the question is “an accident has injured 10 people” then you need to find that “10 people were not injured” to be false.

          • http://Jess says

            Dear liz,

            Thanks so much for sharing the amazing video and tips.
            Actually, I have got the similar confusion as the case of “NG or No”
            In Cambridge ILETS 4 Test4 Reading2 “The Nature and Aims of Archaeology”
            Conventional historical sources begin only with the introduction of written records around 3,000 BC in western Asia, and much later in most other parts of the world. (Page 93 )

            Question 19 : The history of Europe has been documented since 3,000BC (Page94)

            The official answer is No. which I assume it should be NG because the passage does not specify that Europe has Not been documented since 3,000BC. “Most other parts” may not include Europe.

            I really appreciate your help!

            • http://Liz says

              It does specify that. It states that other parts of the world that don’t include Asia (that means all parts of the world outside Asia = Europe and all other parts) were much later than 3,000BC. Remember you are not matching words, you are looking for conflicting, missing or confirming information.

  118. Dear Liz,

    I would like to thank you so much for your amazing way and methodology of explaining IELTS lessons . Really , your a unique teacher who deserve all my respect .

    Yours Sincerely

  119. http://MAJID says

    i will definetly foolow theses tips
    THANKS Elizabeth

  120. http://Ljubinka says

    Amazing and very useful! I didn’t find any better explanation or approach than this one! I shared it with some people and they all have same opinion as i do!

  121. http://Aruldoss says

    Hi Liz,

    This is the first time am refering for IELTS. I think i had the best tips and guidance from my genius..!!!Thanks for all..Now am interesting to face my Reading session..

    Like same will deliver all other modules like speaking and writing as well as Listening modules that would be great for a beginners like me..!!

  122. http://fareeha%20khan says

    what is the answer of your homework question in the video.
    According to me the answer is False. Kindly tell me

  123. http://Nazanin says

    Hi , I was wondering about T/F/NG questions which stand for true/false/ not given . or Y/N/NG which they stand for yes/no/not given . In my recent exam I used T/N/NG instead of T/F/NG is it going to make problem for me?actually I am scared to death about what I did

  124. http://Abby says

    Hi Liz.. first of all a heartfelt thank you for all the tips 🙂
    I am facing a lot of trouble with the true/false/not given questions. My answers mostly turn out wrong for the false/not given questions. Please help me with this.

    • http://Liz says

      Please watch the video above which contains tips.

      • http://abby says

        Hi I have a problem with this passage and its question please help.

        Passage: Tortoises therefore represent a double return. In common with all mammals, reptiles and birds, their remote ancestors were marine fish and before that various more or less worm-like creatures stretching back, still in the sea, to the primeval bacteria. Later ancestors lived on land and stayed there for a very large number of generations. Later ancestors still evolved back into the water and became sea turtles. And finally they returned yet again to the land as tortoises, some of which now live in the driest of desserts.

        Question : Choose the correct letter A, B, C or D
        According to the writer, the most significant thing about tortoises is that
        A > they are able to adapt to life in extremely dry environments.
        B > their original life form was kind of primeval bacteria
        C > they have so much in common with sea turtles.
        D > they have made the transition from sea to land more than once.

        The answer given is “D” but i feel according to me the answer should be “B”. Please explain how D is the actual answer.

        • http://Liz says

          The answer can be found in the first sentence which introduces the main point and the final sentence which concludes it. The first sentence shows the significant point about tortoises which is the “double return”. This is explained in the paragraph as the tortoise went from the sea to land, then back to the sea. They then returned to the land again (to the dessert) in the final sentence. So, the whole paragraph is highlighting this double return (transition to the land more than once).

          Of course the paragraph does mention that their original life form was a kind of primeval bacteria, but that is not highlighted as the main point in the paragraph. It is just an extra fact. So, this question is all about being able to spot the main point and aim of a paragraph (the most significant thing). I hope that helps.

          By the way, where did you get this reading passage from?

          • http://abby says

            Liz Mam, Thank you so much for clearing my doubt. Now I am able to understand it much clearly. Mam I got this reading passage from Cambridge 9.

            Mam is it true that in matching the headings (where we match the headings with the passage) the answers can be found just by reading the 1st and last sentences of the paragraphs??? I tried it but was not able to get right answers.

            please give some tips for the match the headings


  125. http://Jahanzeb says

    Please help me out for the following passage,

    Passage: The lighting of fires are strictly prohibited

    Question: You are not allowed to cook food on open fire

    Is it True, False or Not given?

    Madam, your suggestion / reply will be highly appreciated, but as we already know that madam is on leave so help from anyone would be appreciated.

    • http://Liz says

      This should be true because if you can’t light a fire, you can’t cook outside.

      • http://Jahanzeb says

        Dear Madam,

        Thanks a lot for your reply, just a small query, in PASSAGE the word food is not mentioned at all and in QUESTION it asks about the food, isn’t it should be NOT GIVEN ?

  126. http://Ruwani%20Fernando says

    Thank you for help us to pass ielts, i followed one ielts course but i count undestand way she was touch to me , if you can plz help me to pass reading thing , i already done the exam last month and i got 4.5 for reading , i need to get 6.5 , but its very difficult to me , now i can do yes ,no questions, plz kindly help for me to other type questions , multiple choices ,headline , filling the blank and paragraph matching questions

  127. http://Yusuf says

    Hi Babe

    In addition your being spontaneously smiling you are so beautiful.

  128. http://Been says

    Dear Madam,
    Small Doubt,
    Is it correct if write T for True, F-for False and NG for Not Given,
    as did this on my last exam.


  129. http://Vu says

    Hi Liz,
    Thank you very much for helping us on IELTS, for free 🙂
    I took the test today. There was a question of T-F-NG:
    Text: “… XYZ is the national recognized certificate in UK for training…”
    Question: “A trainer certified with XYZ can conduct training aboard”
    So what would be the right answer?
    Many thanks!

    • http://Liz says

      The answer should be NG because the passage does not say whether a trainer with XZY can train abroad. Sorry for the delay in replying to you 🙂

  130. http://KALEEMULLAH says

    Thanks LIZ. I found this website very useful. I had a problem with speaking test and TRUE.FALSE and NOT GIVEN but now I can tackle it easily . My test is on 02 April.

  131. http://meenakshi says

    hi liz pls tell me if we should read the questions first or the passage for true/false types of questions.

  132. Dear Liz,
    Thanks a lot for all your tips . Your website is the best .
    I took the test yesterday Feb 20th , and I hope I did good, I followed all your advices and tips in all parts of the test, which really helped me a lot.
    I just want to confirm something please, I answered the questions of true false not given by writing the letters Y/N/NG .. because I read in your website that it is acceptable. I told my friends about this tip but I wish if I can find this in the IELTS official website , do you have a link for that please. So I can confirm that info with my friends.

    Again thanks a lot for your amazing website and for your huge effort.



      • Yes, that’s right. You can write the letter instead of the word as long as the word doesn’t change.
        All the best

    • It is possible to write letters instead of words: T = True or F = False. You can write a letter instead of a word but you can’t change the word. The word True does not mean Yes. See my video regarding TFNG questions: http://ieltsliz.com/ielts-true-false-not-given-essential-tips/
      All the best

  133. http://waseem says

    hi ,iam waseem
    i want to practice speaking
    can u provide me any assistance

  134. hi,
    I’m from India, i seriously love you,the way you explain is awesome
    As in india we have so many coaching but they are not sharing any tips or relevant information which can help so you are really doing a good job,love you alot

  135. http://andrada says

    Liz you are great.Yout tips are very usefull.Thank you for all.

  136. http://anitha says

    hi liz,
    i found that the info was useful could you please help out in in writing part and speaking part and ways to improve them

  137. http://sandeep says

    im so weak in reading section ..so can u plz help me? how to get band 7.main problem is all about headings nly n yes or no

  138. http://father%20of%20all says

    i want to score 9 band in each so plz help me and when ever i m practicing i get 4 bands in each hahahahaha lolzzz

  139. http://greeshma says

    hai liz ,
    i need ur help my exam is in march 5 i need 7 , but reading and writing still low score ………

  140. http://greeshma says

    hai liz
    i need ur help .my exam is in march 5 ..in reading and writing ,i need 7 each modules … still i got low score for both modules..

  141. http://Nisha says

    Hi Liz
    my exam is in Feb 2016, I need 8 in each module
    please let me know that how I can improve. I am practicing but 1-2 days I scored good and sometimes it is very low.

  142. http://hardik%20kadiya says

    I have only 10 days to go for my exam .in my test I get 6.5 bands .please help me how to get 7.5 in each module ……

  143. http://Nikunj says

    Hello Liz
    I have just 20 days left to my exam. How can I get socre 6 band or more.
    Please give me suggestion for preparation .

  144. http://vijay says

    thank you so much for your tips

  145. http://salomi says

    I love your guides very much, it is very useful. I’m planning to test Ielts but I feel very confused because I decided to test Ielts instead of Toefl although I learned Toefl for a time, the forms of Ielts exam is very different to Toefl. I am very nervous so I am trying to practise each skills everyday. However, I lost concentration in answering all of questions because of the great differences between 2 types of exams. Most advise that I should learn to skim and scan passages but I have not practised this method yet. Please, give me an advice to improve reading skill. Thank you so much

  146. http://M.Sobhy says

    thanks for you
    w.r.t the passage of the origin of bread T/F/NG

    i think that the first one is False why the answer is NG

  147. http://Divya says

    They asked me to write yes,no or not given.. I dint see the question,I wrote true false and not given..
    Is it okay? Or should we write yes,no only.

  148. http://Shokhrukh%20Erkinov says

    Hello Liz. Your lessons are being useful for me. I am capable of finding the right answer, but I am not good at time management. What I have to do to do in time? Thank you for your potential answer in advance.

  149. http://Vaibhavi says

    Hi Liz!
    I am very happy to find you on social networking sites. Frankly saying that i am very nervous because of i am not getting correct answer of this question type(TFNG) and my exam date is very near. After i watch your teaching video about this type of question , i got my confidence again.
    Thank you so much for tips.

  150. http://Shani says

    HI dear Liz,
    Is it possible to write i the answer sheet,
    T for True
    F for false
    NG for not given
    Y for yes
    N for no
    as this saves a little time on academic reading I would like to practice this but still bit afraid that I wont get marks.
    Please advice.
    God Bless you!

  151. http://Navdeep says

    Hi Liz,
    Thanks for the wonderful tips.
    I have some queries on the video tutorial. While going through the 400 million acre question, I see that the question is about allocation and the text is about being used. The allocation could 1000 acres but even then it is possible that the land used is only 400 acres.
    So allocation and being used would have different meanings and i believe the answer to be Not Given.
    Could you please help me on this as I am not able to understand how the answer is true.
    Please let me know if a I am missing something.

    • http://Liz says

      I explained in the video lesson that no paraphrase will be prefect but in this context it matches, it doesn’t contradict nor if the information absent.
      All the best

  152. http://Pavel says

    Hello Liz,
    This is Pavel from Dhaka, Bangladesh. I am happy for getting these useful information. It is very much helpful for me to get a good score in IELTS. Thank you very much for this. I expect you will provide us more information on GT IELTS. I wish your good luck.

    Best regards

  153. http://Erin says

    Hi, Liz,
    Thanks a lot for your wonderful tips for the TFNG questions! Today I’m doing a test and found the answer to one question is not quite right. Could you help me when you are free sometime?

    The question is : Chinese farmers realized that price of pesticides became expensive. The passage is: Those who abandoned ants in favor of chemicals quickly became disillusioned. As costs soared and pests began to develop resistance to the chemicals, growers began to revive the old ant patrols. The answer of my book says Not Given, while I think it is True. Who do you think we are right? Thank you very very much!!

    • http://Liz says

      The key is the difference between “Chinese farmers” and “growers”. Without seeing the other sentences I can’t say. But these two sentences don’t show that this refers to Chinese farmers which means it would be NG.
      All the best

  154. thanks Liz, you are an amazing teacher. keep up the good work!

  155. http://Vinay%20Sewani says

    Hello mam!
    In reeading section, if it is written that- you may use one heading more than once … In matching heading with paragraph so they have written just for confusion…..

    • When you match paragraph information, you might use more than one letter (sometimes). For matching headings, there is only ever one. See the list of reading question types to learn more.

  156. http://Silver says

    Hi Liz,
    are the answers here Not Given or false?
    the passage is “…producing over 6% of the world’s gross national product… Thus, tourism has a profound impact both on world economy, and because of the educative effect of travel and effects on employment, on society itself.”

    the questions are: 1. Tourism contributes over 6% of the Australian gross national product.

    2: Tourism has a social impact because it promotes recreation.

    This really confuses me. 🙁

    • Sorry, I didn’t manage to get to your question before. Question 1 should be NG because we are not given information about the gross national product of Australia. Question 2 should be F because it clearly states that tourism has had a social impact because of travel and employment which means it can’t be because of recreation.

  157. http://Masud says

    Hello Ma’am,
    Is it ok if I write (on real ielts answer sheet) true/false/not given or yes/no/not given in small latter while on the question they always mention to write capital latter.
    Please reply.

  158. http://Blissy says

    Hi Liz,

    I have a doubt about my answer in True false, not given section. The given paragraph says, “Ramped way is made for wheelchairs to reach food bar, which is available at the entrance located on the side of theatre.”

    question was, “wheelchair users can readily reach the food bar.”

    I wrote False.
    Could you please tell me if i am right.

    • http://Liz says

      The answer should be True “Ramped way is made for wheelchairs to reach food bar” means that access has been made for wheelchairs so they can easily reach the food bar.

      • http://nico%20rodriguez says

        Hi Liz! I would just like to ask, How come the answer to this is True? where in fact the “Ramped way” wasn’t given in the question? I thought the correct for it is NG.
        Hoping for your reply! Thanks and More Power!

        • You can not matching words. You are matching meaning. If someone puts “ramped ways” into a place, it is to make access easier. The meaning is the same. The words are not going to be repeated. They will be paraphrased. Without ramped ways, wheelchairs can’t have access – the meaning is very clear.

  159. http://huong says

    I have a question about the homework of T-F-NG:
    I did not think that the word “after” in the Question part means opposite to the phrase ” the second half of the 17tth century”. I thought the answer was NG. Can you explain more about this situation! Thank you!

    • http://Liz says

      Don’t try to matching individual words, you need to match meaning. “after the 17th century” means in the 18th century (now you can understand the answer). Spend time thinking of the meaning before you try to match the answers.
      All the best

      • Hi,
        This is the first reply from me to u,
        I was so much impressed to found your blog.
        Your post is so helpful to me, thanks a lot!!
        Now I have a question about the second practice question in yr video-
        If it would be ” Just over 400 million acrs of land has been used for agriculture in America”
        Then what is the answer?

      • http://Ahraz says

        the opposite sense will be created if it was written in passage ‘the coffee came to europe in 16th century’ but it didn’t .So i think answer should be NG because the answer would be false if the question coffee came to europe before 17th century i.e 16th century or less than 16th century

        • http://Liz says

          You must first understand the meaning of “after the 17th century”. It means in the 18th century or after. Now you can find the opposite. Most students fail with these questions because they don’t spend enough time considering the information in the question.

  160. http://Umar%20Zeb says

    so useful information u give us with a better techniques. Thanks u madam. you are my true teacher and alot of likes form me to you

    • http://Umar%20Zeb says

      Madam! I have done my master in 2011 and planning for work Visa in developed country but you know that for work visa it requires above 7 bands in Australia to meet point score. Hope this time i will get these marks so request to pray for me.


  161. http://Dr.Saqib%20Ali says

    hello liz!
    I am preparing for IELTS.I am having a problem with reading section that contains TFNG.
    I have watched your video twice yet unable to overcome this weakness.While practising cambridge series i usually get 35 36 in listening but only 32 33 in reading.I have prepared at home using your lessons,tips and videos.My exam is on 29 Aug.I would love to have some more tips.

    • http://Liz says

      I can only suggest that you pay closer attention to 1) paraphrases – not all synonyms have the exact same meaning 2) the subject of the sentence – if it alters, it might affect the answer 3) check for changes in grammar tense. You need to make detailed notes of examples of answer you get wrong so you can learn from them. By studying hard and making notes, you should realistically have more tips than I do.
      All the best

      • http://Dr.Saqib%20Ali says

        thanks alot!
        stay blessed!

      • http://Moumita says

        Madam@ The main problem of mine is confusing. At first when I put my answer is say true after analyzing and reading the passage. But after watching the answer, I see it is false, then I come back to my question alongside answer and at last I clearly understand that my prior perception was wrong. How to get rid of this odd situation.

        • http://Liz says

          Spend more time analysing the question before you look for the answer. Don’t read it and then look for the information. Think about the question, translate the words, think of paraphrases – thinking more deeply. After you have done that, locate the information.

  162. http://Dr.Lavvanya%20Priya says

    Dear Liz,

    Your tutorials are very useful. I am gaining confidence with my reading section by following your tips… Hats off to you..

  163. http://Huyen%20Tran says

    Hi Liz. First of all, I would like to say thank you for your great viideos and lessons. I have just found your blog for few days. I am reading each of your lesson carefully beacause they are really useful for me. I finally found the right way to study IELTS.
    I have one question for you about True False Not Given. What should I do when I don’t understand the meaning of the statement? When I don’t understand, I really confuse. Please, help me. Thanks a million!

  164. http://mirza%20ehteshamulla%20baig says


    While i am practising T/F/NG some times it is coming good score and some times poor score.What is the reason and how should i work on this situation?Plz advice


    • http://Liz says

      My tips are provided in this video. I’m not really sure I can explain better in writing.
      All the best

  165. Hello dear Liz on 25th of july i had ielts and i got 5.5 overall i want to thank you s much coz this is what i needed i watch all your videos and i really got benefits from them and i prepared about month selfstudy i really appreciate your doing that

    • http://Liz says

      Well done !! 🙂

    • http://Raymund says

      Hi teacher Liz, Good day.

      I would like to ask some help from my mistakes in my practice T F NG questions. Without these mistakes, I am able to get my target score band 7. I practiced today a 40 item test two times, both test I got 6.5 only. The result is very frustrating and discouraging for me. I hope you can help me out if you’re free. ^__^

      Passage: The glow-worm belongs to a family of beetles known as the Lampyridae or fireflies. The fireflies are a huge group containing over 2000 species, with new ones being discovered all the time.

      Question: Scientists have only recently been able to list the exact number of glow-worms species. NOT GIVEN (my answer is false) I think over 2000 species here means it is not exact, but the phrase new ones being discovered all the time does it mean new species that come one by one they will have the exact count? ^__^?

      Passage: In some countries the numbers of glow-worms have been falling. Evidence suggest that there has been a steady decrease in the British glow-worm population since the 1950s and possibly before that.

      Question: Glow-worms populations are decreasing faster in some countries than in others. NOT GIVEN (my answers is true) I think I got trapped here in the comparison statement 🙁

      Passage: A lot more research will be needed, however, before the causes of the glow-worm’s gradual decline “are clear”.

      Question: The exact reason why glow-worm numbers are decreasing is unknown. TRUE (my answer is false) Because the passage said it is clear, now I am wondering because I think the opposite of unknown is clear but I don’t know why it’s not correct. 🙁

      • http://Liz says

        In your first example “The fireflies are a huge group containing over 2000 species, with new ones being discovered all the time.” the information you refer to is for fireflies not glow-worms. Although glow-worms are part of the firefly species, it gives no information about listing or discovering the number of glow-worms, it only mentions fireflies.

        In your second example, you have been trapped by the comparison trick – well spotted! It mentions the fall in numbers in some countries and the decline in numbers in Britain, but not which is faster (no comparison).

        In the third example, if it says that more research is needed before the cause is known, it actually means that the cause is not presently known but with more research it might be. So, the answer is true – the reason is unknown (present). Spend time paraphrasing which doesn’t just mean thinking of synonyms but writing the sentence again in a completely different way – rephrase it. Then you will get to the real meaning.

        Anyway, I would like to say well done!! You are obviously working really hard and you are becoming aware of the usual traps used by IELTS and the importance of rephrasing the question. Keep going – you’ll be fine 🙂
        All the best

        • http://Raymund says

          Thank you teacher Liz, I will push through. I am really aware how difficult the test it may be because I feel bizarre after straight answering an 80 item reading practice test. However, I may not give up and feel relax until I feel the confidence that I am ready to take the test. As long as I still have enough time to prepare. Because I know this test will define my future career and will open new opportunities for the next chapter of my life. Thanks for being there.

          More power,

        • http://Diana says


  166. http://Ola says

    Thank you for that amazing video

  167. http://Rajani%20Kripa says

    Hello. Thanx it really helped me. I feel Reading is the most toughest among all other module. Within an hour solving 40 questions that all to be precise is very challenging for me. Can u help me whether to start with passage3 or from passage1. As last passage is always hard to go through

    • http://Liz says

      For the academic test, the passages are the same difficulty. It is only the GT reading test in which passage 3 is more difficult. So, if you are doing the Academic test, just start with passage 1 but make sure you never spend more than 20 mins on each passage. Take control of your time.

      • http://Raymund says

        Hi, ma’am I really have difficulty answering true, false, not given questions. Perhaps, here are some questions I had made a common mistake because of the phrase “may be”, I hope you could help me clear this thought.

        passage says: Sick days may not be used as extra vacation days.

        question: employees may use some of their sick days in order to take a longer vacation.

        I answered “not given” but the correct answer is stated “false”.
        Here is one more.

        passage says: Sick days are to be used in the case of illness or for doctor’s appointments only. They may not be used as extra vacation days. Permission is not required to use these days, but department heads should be notified as soon as possible about unexpected absences due to illness. Supervisors should also be informed in a timely manner when employees need to be absent to attend doctor’s appointments. Supervisors may request written confirmation of appointments from the doctor’s office if they desire.

        question: employees must have confirmation from a doctor in order to use a sick day.

        I answered “not given” but the stated answer is “false”. The word “may” in the passage really confuses me.

        One more thing ma’am, do you have any links where I can practice more reading passages about completing the labels of a diagram? Because it is also confusing for me especially when the point where the questions are misinterpreted by my visualization.

        Hoping for your propensity to aid my concerns.
        Sincerely and respectfully yours,

        • http://Liz says

          You need to look at meaning, not just at one word. In the first example, “sick days may not be …”. the actual meaning is “sick days can’t be used …”. The verb “may” has different meanings depending on the context and this question is checking if you know that. So, the answer is false. The second example is the same. The problem is that you are not aware of the meanings of the verb “may”. It has two clear meanings 1) to express possibility (this is the meaning you understand) 2) to give permission (this is the meaning you are missing). Take time to learn more about English vocabulary.
          All the best

          • http://Raymund says

            Thank you very much. You really made it clear for me to understand. I will follow your advice. More power.

  168. http://Linh says

    I feel really luckily when finding your website. Thank a lot!

    • http://Liz says

      I’m glad it’s useful 🙂

      • http://Raymund says

        ma’am liz, I cannot accept to myself right now that the answer in the homework is false.
        Because I see the opposite of “after the 17th century” is “before the 17th century” which is not in th passage that’s why my answer is not given. Please let help my clouded and confused idea. Thank you

        • http://Liz says

          If it is not “after the 17th century” then it is in the 17th century or before.
          All the best

          • http://Raymund says

            Thank you ma’am, I had read other comments with the same questions I have and your answers to their questions. Thank you very much for your answers because it is as accurate as it could be and now the question is clear to understand.

            Ma’am I would also like to ask one more question if it is allowed to write in all CAPS in the whole general training IELTS exam even when it comes to the writing test? Because I’ve seen in some of your videos that all CAPS is allowed in the reading and listening exam as long as it is consistent. But in the writing exam, I’m afraid it is not allowed. I asked the British council KSA in their facebook page for more clarification and they answered all CAPS is still allowed in the writing test as long as it is still consistent. I just want to make sure ma’am for the answers I am about to write in the exam. Because this exam is very important to me at this moment. It is to decide for my future and for the future of my family who is far away from me right now. I hope you could understand even though I am taking too much of your time. I know you are a very busy person and a lot of students counting on you for your generous support and effort. But I hope you also know how much thankful we are, in behalf of all the students listening to you all across the globe. For you being a part of our struggle in this examination, is such kindness not all teachers can give. Because I know most of the people taking this exam, is that their career is at stake and most probably alongside is the financial burden to pursue a career for a dream for their family.. Sorry if I made my question too long to read, I just want to express how thankful I am IELTS LIZ exist and care.

            • http://Raymund says

              Thank you, I am greatly motivated in your response. Because I am really more used to write in all caps than writing with small letters. Many thanks for looking onto my questions and worries. I really appreciate that you are still able to listen to our questions and give clear instructions as well. Even how much busy you are. Thank you very much. Godbless.

  169. http://Farhad says

    thanks alot Liz iam going to take ielts on 25th July i hope your strategy will help me

  170. http://Anantha says

    Hi Liz,
    Thanks for your exemplary service of teaching us the techniques of learning English. Without the your lessons, I am afraid that i wouldn’t have scored overall band score of 7. But i need to re-take the test because i have scored little less in reading band (6.5).
    I have a query related to the passage in the video “Just over 400 Million acres….”in the question it is given as “”allocated, my understanding was “allocated”not necessarily means “being used”so i thought the answer would be “false”. Can you please explain.

    • http://Liz says

      No synonym has 100% the same meaning. There are differences but in this context “allocated” and “used for” have almost the same meaning although not 100% the same.
      All the best

  171. http://Nata says

    Hi Liz! Is it ok, if I write No instead of False in my answer sheet?

    • http://Liz says

      This was explained on the video. It is wrong to do that. You will lose a point for that.
      All the best

  172. http://ashraf%20saafan says


    • http://Liz says

      By the second half of the 17th century means that it had already arrived in the middle of the 17th century – so it definitely wasn’t after. That means the answer is false because it did not arrived after the 17th century.
      All the best

  173. http://talat says

    Hello Teacher,
    I’m………….lost i checked online but its not upto my standard,but atleat i got experience what is the acctuality of the exam,and what are my week points,which i’ve to improve.
    I’ll go again but this time i’ll take little time to next exam.over all 4.5 this is the result.
    I wont give up.

    • http://Liz says

      Keep trying but make sure you develop your English significantly before your next test. This means working though a lot of grammar until you can produce clear sentence structures.
      All the best

      • http://talat says

        Yes sure!Teacher this time no mistake.
        I know i’ve to work hard.
        I know my capability but i don’t know what happend i hadn’t expected this kind of result.anyway its ok parctice makes a man perfect.

        • http://Liz says

          As I mentioned to you earlier, your level of English is around band score 5. That means you will get possibly under 5 ( which means 4.5) or just over 5 (which means 5.5) but to get band 6 or more, you must have a higher level of English. It takes time to do that and a lot of concentrated grammar study.

          • http://talat says

            Right Teacher
            I’ll improve where im bit weak certainly,in spelings and grammar.
            Thanks for your guied line.
            I’m really grateful to you.

  174. http://clary%20campbell says

    Hi. I’m a bit confused in here. my answer is not given because i thought the only opposite of after is before. but then it say it is in the middle of 17th century. How did it become the opposite of after? please enlighten me.

    • http://Liz says

      Not given means that we don’t know if the coffee arrived after the 17th century. So, we can’t have not given because the passage does give information about when coffee arrived. The question statement said “after the 17th century” but the passage says it already arrived BY the 17th century which means it arrived just before the start of the 17th century. This means the statement is false. Does that help?
      All the best

      • http://Rakib says

        Hi Liz,
        Firstly, I would like to give you a special thanks for your valuable tips at ture/false/NG and Yes/Not/NG question.

        Secondly, I need some tips for List of Heading questions; as I am also weak of that types of questions.

        Finally, would you mind to help me that how can I improve IELTS writing score. Every time I sat on IELTS exam I got score 5.5, never 6.0 or above. I need your support; will be appreciate your cooperation.

        Many thanks,


      • http://Raymund says

        Hi ma’am Liz, I have read the comments and questions that are same as mine, thank you I am enlightened.

  175. http://Dongwoo says

    I have found this website through Youtube videos you posted. I think your online lectures are quite helpful in preparation for an exam. Thank you for sharing your knowhows.

    • http://Liz says

      You’re welcome. I’m glad the lessons are useful. You’ll find a lot more exercises and tips on my blog.

  176. http://Prashant%20Thanki says

    Really important information, thank you for sharing such wonderful tips which helps us in solving question.

  177. http://khaled says

    Can I ask more question
    when I answered the General Module reading questions that asked me to type two or three words form the reading paragraph ….I responded with the proper word but not in capital letter because it was written in small letter in the paragraph however I answered some other questions with capital letters because they were written in capital
    what do you think the situation would be ??
    many thanks for your fast response

    • http://Liz says

      You copy the word exactly unless it is a sentence completion question, summary completion question or any question that requires you to consider grammar to finish a sentence.
      All the best

  178. http://khaled says

    please I need some help
    I have done the IELTS exam but unfortunately , I typed (T) instead of (true) and (F) instead of (false) and (NG) instead of (NOT GIVEN ) …I need to Know do they account as true answers or not …please reply as soon as possible

    • http://Liz says

      You can write either T or true – both are accepted.

      • http://khaled says

        many many thanks Liz
        I really was gonna be made because I realized that ,, I have done that big mistake
        and my performance in the exam was quite good ,,I thought that I will re-do the test again
        thanks again for your time and consideration

      • http://Robin says

        Dear Liz,
        Is this all right if I write (on the answer sheet) true, false, not given/ yes,no, not given, in small letters?
        please reply.

  179. http://fatema says

    Excellent Video for Ielts, I ever seen….. That was great…

  180. http://talat says

    Good afternoon…!
    Teacher,in true fals not given,answers alway’s comes in order…?or it is not necessary,if frist answer in 2nd pragraph than second answer in third paragraph,but, in my practice: i noticed one thing some time the first answer find in pragraph 4th is’nt it?so it’s mean we’ve to read thoroughly?
    Hope for the reply.



    • http://Liz says

      It means the first answer comes before the second answer. It does not indicate paragraphs.
      All the best

      • http://talat says

        Yes teacher cirrect.i got it,wehther it would be in pragraph one,two or so on.

        Thank you.

  181. http://Tom says

    Thanks Liz for this very useful lesson. Love it!

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