Origins of Bread: IELTS T F NG Reading Practice

A reading practice for the IELTS T F NGย  (true / false / not given) question type. Here is a quick review of what each one means:

True = the statement matches the information in the passage

False = the statement contradicts the information in the passage

Not Given = the information is not found in the passage

Origins of Bread

Bread is the most widely consumed food in the world. Not only is it an important source of carbohydrates, itโ€™s also small and easy to carry, which helps to explain why it has been part of our diet for thousands of years. In fact, recent scholarship suggests humans started baking bread at least 30,000 years ago.

Prehistoric man had already been making gruel from water and grains, so it was a small jump to starting cooking this mixture into a solid bread form by frying it on stones. A 2010 study by the National Academy of Sciences discovered traces of starch (likely from the roots of cattails and ferns) in prehistoric mortar and pestle-like rocks. The roots would have been peeled and dried before they were ground into flour and mixed with water. Finally, the paste would be cooked on heated rocks.

Question 1-4

Which of the following statements are true, false or not given?

  1. Bread is eaten in all countries in the world.
  2. Bread contains carbohydrates.
  3. The first bread was made about 30,000 years ago.
  4. Bread was first made from gruel cooked in clay pots.
  1. Not Given (It states in the text that bread is widely eaten in the world but we are not given information that shows it is eaten in all countries.)
  2. True (This is a direct paraphrase of the statement in the passage)
  3. True (This is a direct paraphrase of the statement in the passage)
  4. False (The passage says that bread was made from gruel and fried on stones)
Vocab Builder
  • consume food = eat food
  • carbohydrates = foods with sugars and starch (potatoes, bread, pasta etc)
  • gruel = porridge
  • traces = small amounts
  • peeled = had their skins removed
  • ground = crushed / pounded


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  1. Dear Liz,

    Q3 How it is True while the passage mentioned (Suggest) and the question came in firm way statement?

    • A false answer means that the passage contradicts – it does not. A NG answer means that no information is given – this is not so. You are looking at meaning rather than words.

  2. In the video about True/False, the first example you give with “majority of people” and “all people” you said it is opposite and therefore, the answer is False. Why now the question 1, is not the same way. I reply “false” because all countries is opposite of “widely”? This confuses me.

    • “widely eaten” refers to the number of people = a lot of people. It doesn’t mention the countries. It might mean there are a lot of people but they are from just a few countries – we don’t know. Remember you are not matching words – look at the meaning. It is about countries or people? It is not the same thing. This is a typical trap used in IELTS.

  3. Dr.Angel Mery Cherian says:

    It was my first experience..i only got 2//4..hope i can improve.

  4. thank you very much for these useful exercises….

  5. Anubhuti Nirmohi says:

    Dear Liz,

    I am usually reluctant to give my feedback on websites but I couldn’t resist this time. You not only have a great command on the subject but you pass on the knowledge in eloquent manner which is fantastic !
    I am now able to crack 95% of answers correct for TFNG and YNNG. Thanks a lot ๐Ÿ™‚

  6. sujit kumar biswas says:

    I got 3/4 but i am happy. thank you again

  7. thanks to your free lessons, i can study at home without west of my valuable time spent on traveling about 50 KM away form a place where i lived. Thank you once again.

  8. thanks liz! you’re such a wonderful teacher! keep up the good work! many people are benefitting from your work! God bless!

  9. Mohammed Abdulmoneim Mohammed says:

    I wanna thank you a lot for your free lessonsI was struggling to find a source to study from to answer well in the IELTS.You are an excellent teacher.

  10. Vedant Patel says:

    My answer to third question was false because
    Q- the first bread was made about 30,000 years ago.
    Passage gives- human started making bread atleast 30,000 years ago.

    I was confused between “about” & “at-least”.
    As “about” indicate exact figure while “at-least” indicates minimum value, also it can be more than that. So according to me it contradicts but your answer contradicts to me.

    • “about” does not indicate an exact figure. In fact, it means the opposite of exact. “about” means that we don’t know the exact figure – it could be above or below.

  11. waqas haider says:

    the first bread was made about 30000 years ago.
    i do not understand . the first bread means one bread
    do you enlighten me ? please

  12. hi liz,
    can u provide me exact link that contains at least 10 or 20 examle of true or false ng questions..pls.
    im just doing a self review for i need more examples ..

  13. Bhumika Adajania says:

    Thanks a lot Liz ๐Ÿ™‚ It really helped me a lot in practicing in reading. Making my confidence more firm. Looking forward for more practice material.

  14. Hi Liz,
    In Q #1, how come it is not (False) since it contradicts the meaning. It has already been mentioned it is the most consumed food, which clearly indicates the majority/most of countries consume it but not by ALL countries.
    Most vs All
    Please can you explain more!
    NG is very confusing to me because some answers rely on the common sense, while some others it is just Not Giving!

    I need you help

  15. Hi Liz

    It’s just a few days before my IELTS test that I’ve found your website and useful information. I might not be able to keep in mind all of them; still, you are a great help for me. Thank you ๐Ÿ™‚

  16. Number 3. In the text, it is said that someone suggests that humans started making bread a t l e a s t 30,000 years ago.
    So it’s vague whether the first bread was made about 30,000 years ago or much earlier – people have found just some proofs that date back 30,000 years. I would say the information is not given in the text.

  17. i also got the 4th question on the origins of bread wrong.I felt it should be the exact opposite of the word in the passage.this means for instance if a passage says a man moved up ,and the question says the moved sideways,the answer will be false because the man did not move sideways.i thought it should be false when the question says the man moved down since down is the opposite of up.ok i now get it.thanks

    • It does not need to be an opposite word. The statement needs to contradict which is not exactly the same as opposite. Up and down are opposites. But brea cooked on stones contradicts a statement which says that bread was cooked in a claypot. True = it matches the meaning. False = there is a different meaning or information given. NG = the information is not fully given or not given at all.
      All the best

  18. Dear MRs.Liz:
    can you help me with this :
    the passage says : migratory beekeeping is nothing new, the ancient Egyptian moved clay hives, probably on rafts down the Nile to follow the bloom and nectar as it moves toward Cairo.

    the questions says : The Egyptians keep bees on the banks on the Nile.
    The answer states “NG” , can you kindly elaborate this ? is it because the question uses the present time “keep” instead of past “kept” which would represent Egyptians in the present time? because I thought that I should answer with “False”

    Many thanks in advance for your help, ๐Ÿ™‚

    • The passage explains how the Ancient Egyptians moved bees by using the river. It does not explain where the bees were kept.

      • thanks a lot for your reply, but : the passage says migratory beekeeping is nothing new, so I thought that moving bees in Nile = beekeeping in the river in a migratory way.. what do you think? shall I skip the 1st sentence?
        ๐Ÿ™ can you explain further ?

        • No, it is only about moving bees from one location to the next location. We don’t know where they lived. “Migratory bee keeping” means keeping bees but not in one place. It is about people who own bees and move them from place to place. This passage doesn’t mention which places they keep the bees, only the method of transportation.
          All the best

  19. Hi Liz,
    The passage says ” most widely consumed food in the world”
    I thought when it mentioned world, I thought it would be all counties in the world.
    However, because it says “all”, not majority of the countries in the world, I answered False instead of NOT GIVEN.
    Is it just because of the word “countries in the world ” instead of ” the world”?

  20. Hi Liz,
    You are an amazing teacher, I have learned a lot from you and am really thankful. I have a question regarding your reading ” Origins of Bread” . Don’t you think the last question (number 4) is NG and not F because the sentence says:
    Prehistoric man had already been making gruel from water and grains, so it was a small jump to starting cooking this mixture into a solid bread form by frying it on stones.
    The word “already” I think shows that it was before they fried on stone.
    I really appreciate your answer. Best Regards.

    • The question is “Bread was first made from gruel cooked in clay pots.” True means that bread was made from gruel cooked in clay pots. False means that bread was made from gruel but not in clay pots”. As you can see, bread was made from gruel cooked on stones not on clay pots. This is contrary information – it contradicts. So the answer is False. The word “already” refers to making gruel not making bread.
      All the best

  21. In question number 4, it is confusing that the answer is false because stone is not an opposite of clay pots. I think not given should be the answer? Please enlighten me. ๐Ÿ™‚

    • The answer for FALSE is opposite. If the statement says that stone is used. The opposite of that is that stone is not used. Turn the statement into the negative. As you can see stone is not used, clay pots are used so the answer is FALSE.

  22. jagmeet singh says:

    i hav gotten 3/4………….

    • jagmeet singh says:

      mam ……
      i need more & more reading TF reading paper as i feel myself quite weak in this module, but here i could not get any recommend option for another reading paper . shall i get more or not?? please reply as soon as possible

  23. Hi Liz,

    Hope you are doing good!, i am facing more difficulty in Reading Module.. advise or provide some tips how to overcome and give my best shot in IELTS. everytime i practice out of 7or 8 questions i can crack only 3 to 4 answers rest all are wrong.


  24. Hi, Liz.

    I, wish the best the best ever health for whole your life, Actually I,am convinced my self
    you always have been and always will be more than English Teacher to the Student who
    want study in English Universities.


  25. Thanks a lot Liz.
    By far the best explanation one can find to crack the T/F/NG mystery!
    Infact, I read a lot of books and watched several videos to get the logic on how to answer these questions correctly , none of them come anywhere close to your excellent explanation of cracking these type of questions.
    Can’t thank you enough

  26. Yumiko says:

    Dea Liz,
    at question 1, u gave the answer “NG” becuz as u have explained the diference between the meanings of “all” and “widely”. but in a video clip about “true-false and yes-no-not given”, u also gave a similar example which
    mentioned about “all graduated students could not find a job”. however, the answer u gave was “false” becux of the opposite between “all” and “most”. can u please explain to me why they have different answers though their meanings quite the same? thank you very much

    • Keep your eye on the information. This article refers to “all countries” – there is no information in the passage about which or how many countries eat bread. “widely eaten” refers to the number of people not the number of countries.
      All the best

      • priyanka says:

        Even I was confused with this. These close meaning words really need a keen eye and clear understanding. Thanks

  27. hi liz,
    there is a thin line between FALSE and NOT GIVEN! when am i going to get it right?
    qn 1 and 4 are exact opposite,i got them wrong.
    my exam is fast approaching,what am i going to do?
    .worried Miss.P

    • Please visit the IELTS reading section of this blog. There is a video lesson about how to do true false not given. The lesson explains each answer clearly. There is a significant difference between false and not given.
      All the best

  28. Hi Liz,
    I was confused with No. 3 too but after going through the above comments my doubt is clear.

    Thank You ๐Ÿ™‚

  29. hey mam liz im new here can u please give me links of other question of reading part im finding so much difficulty in them too : u r truly the best ielts teacher

    • Please go through my lessons in the reading section of this blog. Otherwise, check my useful website page in the IELTS Extra section for free practice tests online. The other source of reading materials is in the Cambridge IELTS books 1 to 10 which I’m sure you can find online.
      All the best

  30. Hi liz
    I find ans. to q1 is false because
    Q says eaten in all countries in the world but passage says widely consumed in the world, world means obviously countries.
    please explain me I’m confused.

    • Hi,

      “widely consumed” does not mean all countries. It means is it eaten in many countries but we don’t know how many (it might be all or it might not be all). True means we can find information which states that all countries eat bread. False means we can find information to show that not all countries eat bread. Not Given means we don’t know if all countries eat bread because that precise information isn’t given.
      All the best

  31. Christine Aguirre says:

    Hi Liz,

    Your tutorials are the best! I regret that I only came across to your website just last night when I was browsing some Youtube videos. I just hope I can finish all your lectures and answer your Free Practice Lessons as I only have 2 more weeks to prepare for the test.

    Once again, thank you Liz! =)

    • Hi,

      Better late than never. You can do quite a lot of work in two weeks. Let me know if you have any problems or questions.
      All the best

  32. Thameen Ahmad says:

    Dear Liz,
    I really appreciate your efforts. Even though I tried so many activities about T/F/NG , still I make fewer mistakes than before.
    I practiced many reading passages and many listening , but unfortunately I didn’t get band 8.
    My band ranges from 6.5 to 7 in reading and 7 to 8 in listening.
    I doing my best to reach band 8 in the four skills.
    Daily I watch your videos in order to improve my skill specially in writing and reading.
    So what I need to get band 8, please advise me.
    Many thanks to you.

    • Hi,

      Getting a band score 8 is not just a out technique. It is also about having a very large vocabulary and excellent understanding of the English language. When you do a practice test, you need to go through each answer and find out why you got it wrong. Did you get it wrong due to language or technique? You must discover the reason why your score is 6.5 or 7. If the problem lies with your level of English, then it might take some time to improve it to a level which matches band score 8.
      All the best,

  33. How I can take 7.5 in the Ielts I need you to tell me because I lost hope I try 5 times I can’t take high result it just 5 I need a higher result then I can study my Master’s degree please I need you to help me.

    • Hi, there are two reasons why students can’t get the results they want. Firstly, they don’t understand the requirements of IELTS and haven’t built up their exam skills. Secondly, their level of English is not high enough for the level they want and they must improve their English.

      Band score 7 requires you to have a very good level of English with few errors in grammar and vocabulary. If you have only adequate English with more than a few errors, you will not get band score 7. Judging from your message to me, I would say you must work on your English. Build your vocabulary – this doesn’t mean learning lots of words, it means learning to use words correctly and understand their exact meaning. Make sure your complex grammar is accurate. Work on your listening and reading ability. Remember, to get band score 7, you must have band score 7 English. Here’s a link to useful websites for helping you develop both your IELTS and English language:

  34. Firas Baqir says:

    I think the answer of third question is No because baking is started at least 30000 years so at least mean it is 30000 or more. If we said about , we mean more or less than 30000.

    Your opinion
    Many thanks

    • Hi,

      The key here is to understand the meaning of “yes” and the meaning of “no” for the statement: “The first bread was made about 30,000 years ago.”. Remember, “true” means that the information matches and “false” means it is the opposite information.
      True = bread was made very close to 30,000 years ago (possibly a little before or a little after).
      False = bread was not made close to 30,000 years ago, it was made either a lot before that date or a lot after that date.
      From this see that the answer is “true”. So, the key is to remember that “false” means it is opposite to the information in the passage.
      I hope that helps. I’m glad that you are thinking about this and trying to analyse the answers – very important for IELTS.
      All the best

      • Pradeep Raja says:

        Hi Liz,

        My answer to the question 3 was Not Given, the reason is because in the paragraph i see there is information about the time period of invention of bread, but it dose not say anything about the ‘First Bread’ that was made instead it says ‘human started baking bread’. I dont understand. Why the answer has to be True, whynot Not Given? I agree that the statement is sort of True but the term ‘First Bread’ confuses me.


        • Hi,

          When it talks about the first bread, it means the first time a person made bread. For that reason it is True.
          All the best

  35. Kibria Kamal says:

    I cannot understand the 1st ans.because in the passage it has been said”Bread is the most widely consumed food in the world” but q. said “all countries”.So,it should be “no”.

    • Hi,

      The passage states that bread is widely eaten. The statement is that bread is eaten in all countries.

      Yes means that there is information in the passage than bread is eaten in all countries
      No means that there is information in the passage that bread is not eaten in all countries (it is contrasting information)
      NG means that we don’t know if bread is eaten in all countries or not because it doesn’t give information about which countries.

      The passage gives no information about which countries or how many countries it is eaten in. It could be widely eat in all countries or widely eat in most countries – no information is given regarding that. Also, you need to remember that the answer “no” means that the opposite or contrary information is given in the passage. There is no contrary information given in the passage to show that not all countries eat bread.

      I hope that helps.

      • Dear Liz,

        I also answered 1 as False.

        In your analysis, under No, when you say “bread is not eaten in all countries” doesn’t it imply that bread is eaten in some countries ?
        This thought led me to answer the question as false.
        shouldn’t we rather check if the passage informs if “bread is not eaten in any country” ?

        • False means that there is information in the passage which clearly shows bread is not eaten in all countries. That information is not given. No information is given about all countries or not all countries. You need to remember that false must show the opposite meaning to true.

          • i am so confused with question 3. i got it at false because i thought prehistoric men made the first bread(form of bread). can you please explain?

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