IELTS Reading: Summary Exercise

This IELTS reading practice lesson focuses on completing a summary. It is a common question type in IELTS reading. First, read the passage below and then fill in the summary.

The Importance of Sleep

Sleep plays a vital role in good health and well-being throughout your life. Getting enough quality sleep at the right times can help protect your mental health, physical health, quality of life, and safety.
The way you feel while you’re awake depends in part on what happens while you’re sleeping. During sleep, your body is working to support healthy brain function and maintain your physical health. In children and teens, sleep also helps support growth and development.
The damage from sleep deficiency can occur in an instant (such as a car crash), or it can harm you over time. For example, ongoing sleep deficiency can raise your risk for some chronic health problems. It also can affect how well you think, react, work, learn, and get along with others.

Questions 1-4
Complete the summary below.
Choose no more than two words from the passage for each answer.

Why sleep is important

Physical and mental health is at risk without enough 1. ……………………….. sleep. Furthermore, for adolescents, sleep promotes 2. ………………………….. and 3. ……………………….. Lack of sleep can be the cause of 4. ………………. health problems which can also have an impact on important aspects of our lives.

Click to see: Answers and vocabulary

Passage taken and adapted from here.

Recommended Lessons

IELTS Reading Practice: Multiple Choice
IELTS Reading Practice: Sentence Completion
IELTS Reading Practice: Matching Paragraph Information

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  1. 2/2 in 2 minutes 🙂
    Thanks a lot Liz, your effort is really great!

  2. Thank you for this exercise.

  3. 4/4.

  4. This is so easy 4/4 whithin 8 minutes

  5. 3/4. question b was wrong.

  6. you are amaizing

  7. I would have like to find your blog a long time ago. I’m taking IELTS on November 21st and your site has helped me a lot in this short time that I have been practicing. Thanks for the material and everything.
    Hope you are having a good time.
    Fernando from Ecuador! 😀

  8. Lena Plank says:

    Hi, can I also say “cause of SOME chronic health problems”? Would that be wrong in the exam?

  9. 4/ 4 in two mint

  10. Madam, I have a question regarding essays, for all essays, it is ok to write opinion after paraphrase statement
    in the introduction. i.e. In my opinion, I consider that, –
    is it allowed or it is allowed only on opinion essays, only when asked for
    please reply whenever you have time
    thank you

    • Hi Sam,

      You should only give your opinion when the instructions ask for it and at no other time. So, if the instructions are “To what extent do you agree?”, then you must give your opinion clearly. If the instructions are “Discuss both sides and give your opinion”, then again you must give your opinion clearly. However, if the instructions are “What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?”, then you shouldn’t give your opinion in the introduction.
      All the best

  11. Thank you so much Liz I will keep it in mind.

  12. Hi Liz,
    by doing your reading sample papers i am able to get all answers correct but, during the exam we have to do three samples together and some of them are quite lengthy as well so, can you provide me some tips as how to answer questions during the actual exam.

    • Hi,
      The lessons I put up here are to practice your technique for each type of question and also to build awareness for skills and vocabulary. Having techniques to tackle each type of question and being familiar with each type is essential for IELTS reading success. Building vocabulary as well as learning to paraphrase is also key. Another important element is spotting common traps. My reading practices use the same kind of traps as in your IELTS test. However, this is still not enough for your exam preparation.

      You will also need to do the following preparation as well:
      1. Build speed and learn time management: you must learn to pace yourself though the questions for each passage and make sure you spend no longer than 20 mins in each passage. You must learn to keep checking the time and making decisions about how long to spend looking for answers.
      2. Scanning: this is the skill of searching through a passage for specific information. It’s easy to do that with my practice lessons because the articles are not long. However, for your test, you must learn to find words and information quickly from very lengthy articles.
      3. Doing full practice tests. You can use practice tests to measure your score by testing yourself under exam conditions. Or you can use them to practice and develop skills such as speed reading and scanning. So, before you do a practice test, decide that your aim is. Always use the IELTS Cambridge books 1-9 for your practice tests.
      4. Remember that although the passage in your reading test is very long, you don’t need to understand all of it. Your goal is to locate answers. Keep that in mind when you do your reading.
      All the best

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