IELTS Reading Practice: Ebola

Develop your skills for matching paragraph information for IELTS reading. Skim read the passage to get the gist of the article. Then spend time reading the questions before you try and locate the answers. The more time you spend analysing the meaning and vocabulary in the questions, the easier it will be.

The questions are listed at the end of the passage. However, because this is a long passage, I have also put the questions at various points in the passage as well ( Q’s).

About Ebola

A) The Ebola virus causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal if untreated. Ebola virus disease (EVD) first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks, one in Nzara, Sudan, and the other in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter occurred in a village near the Ebola River, from which the disease takes its name.

B) The current outbreak in west Africa, (first cases notified in March 2014), is the largest and most complex Ebola outbreak since the Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976. There have been more cases and deaths in this outbreak than all others combined. It has also spread between countries starting in Guinea then spreading across land borders to Sierra Leone and Liberia, by air (1 traveller only) to Nigeria, and by land (1 traveller) to Senegal. The most severely affected countries, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia have very weak health systems, lacking human and infrastructural resources, having only recently emerged from long periods of conflict and instability. On August 8, the WHO Director-General declared this outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Qs

  1. Information about possible medicine.
  2. How medical staff can contract the disease through interaction with infected people.
  3. How it came to be called Ebola.
  4. Information about precautionary procedures.
  5. The way Ebola crossed the species barrier.
  6. A description of Ebola.

C) It is thought that fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are natural Ebola virus hosts. Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest. Ebola then spreads through human-to-human transmission via direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and with surfaces and materials (e.g. bedding, clothing) contaminated with these fluids. Health-care workers have frequently been infected while treating patients with suspected or confirmed EVD. This has occurred through close contact with patients when infection control precautions are not strictly practiced.

D) Supportive care-rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids- and treatment of specific symptoms, improves survival. There is as yet no proven treatment available for EVD. However, a range of potential treatments including blood products, immune therapies and drug therapies are currently being evaluated. No licensed vaccines are available yet, but 2 potential vaccines are undergoing human safety testing. Qs

  1. Information about possible medicine.
  2. How medical staff can contract the disease through interaction with infected people.
  3. How it came to be called Ebola.
  4. Information about precautionary procedures.
  5. The way Ebola crossed the species barrier.
  6. A description of Ebola.

E) Health-care workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus should apply extra infection control measures to prevent contact with the patient’s blood and body fluids and contaminated surfaces or materials such as clothing and bedding. When in close contact (within 1 metre) of patients with EBV, health-care workers should wear face protection (a face shield or a medical mask and goggles), a clean, non-sterile long-sleeved gown, and gloves (sterile gloves for some procedures).

Questions 1-6

Which paragraphs contain the following information?

  1. Information about possible medicine.
  2. How medical staff can contract the disease through interaction with infected people.
  3. How it came to be called Ebola.
  4. Information about precautionary procedures.
  5. The way Ebola crossed the species barrier.
  6. A description of Ebola.
Answers
  1. D
  2. C
  3. A
  4. E
  5. C
  6. A

Passage taken from WHO

 Vocabulary
  • acute = critical, serious
  • outbreaks = bursts, epidemics
  • emerged from periods of conflict = come out of a time war or instability
  • fruit bat
  • secretion = discharge, emission
  • contaminated = polluted
  • rehydration = the process of restoring lost water
  • proven = confirmed, sure, certain
  • sterile = germ-free, hygienic, sanitary

 

Recommended

Main IELTS Pages

Develop your IELTS skills with tips, model answers, lessons, free videos and more.

Get my free lessons by email

Subscribe for free to get my new IELTS lessons sent to your email inbox.

Sharing is caring...
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+Share on LinkedInEmail this to someonePin on Pinterest

Comments

  1. piyush kumar says:

    hello liz
    i ill be giving my second ielts exam inn sept
    and m aiming for 7.5 score
    i have been watching your videos and its has helped me alot
    you have all the information regarding every module,
    but there is only on video for reading .
    i would like to suggest you to make more videos on reading module
    thank you

  2. Muhammad Hassan Mumtaz says:

    Hey Liz,
    I randomly found your Videos on Youtube and i think i was lucky to find these.
    I am planning to take test on 5th August 2016. Since i am an accountant and do not have fox working hours i cannot got to school for IELTS coaching. So you are my last resort.
    all i need to ask is the stuff available on your website would be sufficient to prepare of IELTS. Are there any lessons that one needs to buy to have access to the full stuff.

    Regards,

    Muhammad Hassan Mumtaz

  3. Hi, Liz
    I am taking IELTS test on May 19.
    With fewer days in hand, I am learning a lot from your website as well as from Youtube channel.
    Thank you a lot,
    In this passage I answered 5 out of 6, in which I chose Paragraph E as the answer for Q.N 2, because both paragraph talks about medication, patients. etc

    • That question is not about medication, it’s about “medical staff”. And in paragraph C is states: “Health-care workers have frequently been infected while treating patients”. So medical staff = health care workers. You need to spend more time underline the key words in the question to match information correctly. Never try to find the answer until you have spent more time with the question and thinking about the language in the question.

  4. hey liz i got the 2nd and the 4th answers wrong i answered them as e and c respectively…can u just say me where i went wrong in understanding the passage ?

  5. Hello Liz!
    I hope you’re having a great break.
    I have been using your READING sample practice and I always finished at almost 10 minutes in one passage which only has 6 question, knowing that the READING task consist of 40 questions.. I’d like to know whether Im doing good? Or is it a good start?
    THANKS!!

  6. can u explain for me about heading of paragraph B, I thought the answer for the number 6 is B

  7. Hello, thx for info. See u latter.

  8. Hi Liz,

    we have got both answer A and C twice. Is it understood by default that we can get multiple information in one paragraph? or it would be mentioned clearly in question?
    Regards
    Akriti

    • Sometimes it will tell you that you can use one paragraph more than once. Sometimes it is obvious so they don’t mention it. For example, there are 5 paragraphs but 6 questions so one must be used twice.
      All the best
      Liz

  9. hello liz madam.. iam Albert from India..
    Thank you very much for you tips on IELTS .. i recently taken exam although i got
    low mark in Reading but i got 7 in speaking this can possible by watching your speaking tips
    on youtube,, especially part 0 in speaking section..

  10. Hi Liz, my answer in Q2 is E while the correct answer is c. I didn’t read the sentence carefully and get the meaning. I feel bad, I hope I will do better in my IELTS exam this coming Aug 29.

  11. Sharnjeet Singh Jaura says:

    Hello Liz,
    Is there any problem in answering the questions of listening or reading in numerical or alphabetic form if the meaning is the same? For instance, the answer of 5th questions is ” TWO” said in the listening or reading, and I also answered it ” TWO”, but in the answer key, it is ” 2 “. So , is there any problem with that? Means my answer would be wrong or right?

  12. Mam thank you soon much

  13. Well thank you soon much mam thanks you “your fluency was amazing” I got a comment by one of ielts examiner

  14. Hi Madam,
    I have done a mistake in my listing test of ielts when examiner asked me what I did last weekend? I told him that I prepared my ielts exam !!and when he asked me do you live in apartment or villa? I answered no I live in a flat! mamm I got nervous look what I have done …. 🙁

    • I think it was fine. Your answers were not a problem. Your score will reflect only your level of vocabulary, grammar, fluency and pronunciation. Wait until your results come.
      Liz

  15. Mandeeep says:

    hi liz.
    why third questions answer is not A?Its written there in last line.’ the disease takes its name’.which is similar.

  16. Dear Liz 🙂 , do we need to answer the questions in full sentences?
    like what is the colour of vegetables?
    ans: Green colour or the colour of vegetables is green?

    • There are word limits to answers to questions. The word limit will help you decide the length of the answer.
      All the best
      Liz

  17. Hi liz i have exam on 21st march can i have example of writing task 2 that have two diffrent view and we have to explain both views please.
    Can you also please explain the idea about how to generate ideas for essay to write body paragraph
    Thanks for your support
    Suhel

  18. Is a general or academic reading passage?

    • The level of this reading passage is similar to the academic paper not GT paper.
      All the best
      Liz

      • Hi Liz

        But do you consider that preparation on this kind of questions “Academic”, the person will be prepared much better to tackle the General Training reading Test?

        Thx

        • The question types are the same so all practice will help. But it is important to spend a lot of time focusing on the reading passages from GT IELTS. See official IELTS sites for practice tests.
          All the best
          Liz

  19. Dear Liz,
    Thank you so much for your useful subjects. I could answer to all of the question right, of course with your helpful advice.

  20. Description of Ebola is found in both paragraph 1 and 2. So I thought anser is B .But it is wrong. I am just confused. Please clearify me.

    • Hi Bob,

      Paragraph B contains information about Ebola and how it has travelled from country to country but it isn’t really a description of the illness. Paragraph A explains that it is “an acute, serious illness…”. If you are looking for a description, it always helps to look for adjectives.
      All the best
      Liz

  21. Hi Liz~
    Thank you for this reading passage.
    Umm..I still cannot understand the second question. Could you explain why the answer is “C”?
    2. how medical staff can contract the disease through interaction with infected people..

    • Hi,

      The information is not always contained in one sentence. It may be contained in two or even three sentences in that paragraph. Here is the information from paragraph C which relates to the answer “Ebola then spreads through human-to-human transmission via direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and with surfaces and materials (e.g. bedding, clothing) contaminated with these fluids. Health-care workers have frequently been infected while treating patients with suspected or confirmed EVD.” This shows how Ebola can be transmitted and that it has infected medical staff that way.
      All the best
      Liz

  22. Hi Liz,

    This is very helpful! Thanks for posting it. I actually got 5/6. My answer to number 5 is B.

    • Hi Sal,

      The key to number 5 is the species barrier. While paragraph B is about country borders, paragraph C is about how it spread from different species to humans – that’s crossing the species barrier. It’s a tricky question because both B and C contain information about crossing borders but only C has information about different species.
      All the best
      Liz

  23. you are really doing great work also share more and more reading and writing material as i got test on 14th of march. Thanks

  24. hi liz ! thanks for the post. i got 5/6 but the 5th answer which i chose to be C based on what i read in the passage seems to be wrong . please how do you explain the answer as B? because it seems not to be clear.

Speak Your Mind

*