This multiple choice reading practice has lots of academic language similar to the academic paper in IELTS reading.
First Test to Predict Alzheimer’s
The world’s first blood test to predict Alzheimer’s disease before symptoms occur has been developed. The test identifies 10 chemicals in the blood associated with the disease two to three years before symptoms start, but it might be able to predict Alzheimer’s decades earlier.
Globally, 35 million people are living with Alzheimer’s. It is characterised by a toxic build up of amyloid and tau proteins in the brain, which destroys the neurons. Several blood tests can diagnose the disease, but until now, none has had the sensitivity to predict its onset.
But with no treatments available, would anyone want to take these tests? Mapstone says “In my experience, the majority of people are very interested to know whether they will get Alzheimer’s. They believe that knowledge is power – particularly when it comes to your own health. We may not have any therapy yet but there are things we can do – we can get our financial and legal affairs in order, plan for future care, and inform family members.”
Questions 1 – 3
Choose the correct letter A-C
- The test can predict Alzheimer’s…….
a) two or three years before the illness begin
b) two or three years from the start of the symptoms
c) a decade before
2. This test is the first blood test which can …….
a) cure Alzheimer’s
b) estimate the start of the disease
c) diagnose the disease
3. Mapstone believes that ….
a) this test will help people understand Alzheimer’s
b) people want to know about their health
c) people want powerAnswers
1 = a Before symptoms start = before the illness begins (2nd sentence)
2 = b Estimate the start = predict its onset (2nd paragraph, last sentence)
3 = b
- 2 or 3 years from the start of = 2 or 3 years after symptoms start
- predict = foresee / forecast / foretell
- occur = happen / came about
- associated with = connected to
- characterise = typify / exemplify
- symptoms = signs (of an illness)
- onset = start / inception
Passage from New Scientist, 09/03/14