IELTS Reading: Choosing a title

A lesson on choosing a title for IELTS reading. Remember you need to think of the whole aim for the passage for this IELTS lesson. Useful for both GT and academic students – the level isn’t too hard.

Here are some tips to help you with how to choose the best title for the reading passage below.

Tips for Choosing a Title

  • This question type is usually the last question of the passage
  • By the time you come to this question, you will already have read skim read the passage
  • You should find the main aim of the passage
  • Analyse all the options for the title
  • Common trap – there will probably be information about all options in the passage – you need to find the main aim / message
  • Always look at the introduction sentence and concluding sentence to see if there is a similar message


Coffee is one of the most popular hot drinks in the world. Almost a third of the world’s population drinks coffee. People often meet at cafes or coffee shops for a coffee break during the middle of the morning or stop work in the afternoon to drink coffee.
About 7 million tons of coffee is produced every year. Brazil is, by far, the world’s largest coffee producer. About a third of the world’s production comes from this South American country. Other coffee producing countries include Vietnam, Indonesia and Colombia.
The United States is the biggest coffee consumer in the world. About 1.2 billion kilograms of coffee are consumed there every year. Drinking coffee is extremely popular in European countries, like Italy, France and Germany, as well as in Brazil.


Choose the correct letter A – C

Which is the best title for the passage below?

A.  Coffee – a popular hot drink
B.  Coffee – the main consumers
C.  Coffee – the main producers


Click below to reveal the answers.

A is the correct answer
The first sentence of the passage and the last sentence of the passage both give the same aim – popularity.
It is not B because information about consumers is only given in two sentences.
It is not C because only the middle paragraph gives information about producers. It is not mentioned in the opening paragraph or closing paragraph.

All reading exercises on have been written by myself to help you prepare for your IELTS test.   



Sharing is caring...
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+Share on LinkedInEmail this to someonePin on Pinterest


  1. divyarajsinh raulji says:

    thank you.madam your tips really helpful for all of us.

  2. Thank u so much, u re a brilliant teacher

  3. Camille Martinez says:

    Hi! Good day Ms. Liz!
    I am a little bit confused.. I just wan to ask if the MATCHING HEADINGS is same with CHOOSING A TITLE?

    Thank you!

  4. James Martin Kargbo says:

    I like this page. I just hope it will continue along with me. Thank you.

  5. @LIZ you are indeed a great gift from GOD for humanity without asking for any cause or reeard, you are the best stay blessed.

  6. You are indeed a gift of great value.

    Thank you

  7. Harish Kintali says:

    Dear Liz, I have been preparing for about a month now for IELTS and I started directly attempting the Cambridge practice tests which were giving me random scores.Then I started with your site and starting reading your tips and doing the practice tests given by you. My confidence is growing each hour I spend on your site.

    It is really so nice of you to take time and keep adding new info,tips everyday and answering people’s queries.I can’t say anything better, “You are a blessing” for all those IELTS aspirants.


  8. Thank you Liz
    This was really helpful


  9. Hi Liz,
    Thanks a lot for these helpful information that you share with us.

  10. Hi Liz,

    It’s Colombia, not Columbia

    Best regards

  11. Hi Liz,

    Thanks a lot for all your kind help.

    How do I assess if my English is up to the mark?can you suggest any website for that?

    Thanks in advance.

  12. Hi Liz

    i got band 5 in reading section, how i can increase the band to be 7 ?
    is there any list of academic synonyms that collected together ?

    Thanks in advance

    • You must improve your level of English, your understanding of vocabulary, your ability to paraphrase and also your understanding of the requirements of each type of question.

  13. Kasper Aung says:

    Dear Liz,

    Thank you so much for your kind contribution to all IELTS test-takers. I strongly believe in your way of conducting a lesson which is very clear and concise.
    However, I wonder if you do marking for written essay or letter writing.

    Hope to hear your suggestion.



  14. mirza ehteshamulla baig says:


    My answer is correct.I am happy


  15. Hello Teacher,
    I booked slots for GRE and IELTS, I finished GRE now I exactly have 1 week for IELTS can you please suggest me a study plan for the weak.

    • Please watch my video lesson about how to prepare for IELTS on my home page. Then you must decide on your time limit and weakness.

  16. Maribel Corona says:

    Hi Ms. Liz,

    I very happy I found your website, I’m planning to take General IELTS supposed to be this coming July 11 here in Abu Dhabi. I took a 20 hours course but I think it’s not enough and I feel I’m not ready. During my course I’m ashamed to tell you I’m the one who cannot follow in WRITING and SPEAKING and I think that is my weaknesses. When the task 1 was given I dont know how to start my letter, in the speaking test I become speechless maybe because I’m shy to talk with the audience, and I feel my ideas is not really broad. I hope you can help me to pass this exam, I decided to move my schedule of exam on July 23.

    • If you visit the main pages of my blog, you’ll find letter writing tips in the writing task 1 section and model answers for speaking in the speaking section. Also look at the vocabulary page because words lead to ideas. It is essential that you plan and prepare ideas (I don’t mean memorise answers just prepare ideas) for different topics so that you have plenty to say when the examiner asks a question. This will also help you with shyness if you already know what you want to say.
      Good luck

  17. Hello Teacher,
    it’s a bit confusing,according to the description in the answer.
    opening and closing sentences mater in this kind of question.
    plz,could you explain?

    hope for the answer.

    thank you.

    • The aim is to identify the purpose of the whole passage rather than match specific information.
      All the best

  18. Arvind Joshi says:

    Hi Madam Liz,

    I have been going through a number of IELTS course materials on the internet but yours is the best.Last year I appeared for the general IELTS exam without any preparation and scored 7-Writing,8.5-Listening,7.5-Speaking and 6.5- Reading. I was not expecting these bands but i think i did well even i was not well prepared for the exam. This time i am again appearing for the exam on 23rdMarch and planning to get at least band 7 in each of the section. I am bit nervous and demotivated even though i am dedicatedly preparing for the exam and putting tremendous efforts to get through the exam. I am more concern about my writing scores because last time i landed on the edge and scored Band 7. I am not sure how well i am going to do this time . Apart from this i am focussing on reading section as well, i think the less score in reading section (Band 6.5) was due to my lack of understanding about the True,False and Not Given questions. Please suggest and motivate.

    Arvind Joshi

    • Hi,

      You did very well before so that should give you confidence for this coming test. Even if you think it was luck, you obviously have some of the right skills and also a good level of English. Yes, you should prepare for this test. Have a focus for each day, one type of question or one topic that you will master each day. But don’t panic or over-think things too much. Keep focused and calm.

      Here’s a link to my video about TFNG questions in IELTS reading: It will show you have to approach the questions and how to spot the difference between the answers. Make a note of the examples and use similar techniques in your practice.

      Let me know if you get stuck on something and I’ll try my best to help.
      Good luck

      • Arvind Joshi says:

        Thanks a lot madam Liz.
        I will let you know about my result.

      • Arvind Joshi says:

        Hi Madam Liz,

        These are my score

        I could not able to score in writing section. However last time i scored band 7. I am depressed now. Should i appear once more??

        • You need to get your English writing assessed to find out what the problem is. You should approach an IELTS teacher, find out how many language errors you are making and find out if you are following the correct techniques. It might be possible to get a remark but you must seek advice about your writing first.
          All the best

    • Hi Joshi,

      I think you are doing very well. I am also appearing for the IELTS exam on 21 March in Brussel. I am also giving my best to it. Please can you suggest me too what should I do more to get best results.


      • Arvind Joshi says:

        Hi Annila,

        May be we can discuss this over a skype call. This way we can practice our speaking part as well.What do you think??

        Arvind Joshi

  19. Hi liz,
    i am Sandeep a post graduate student ,I recently completed my masters in IT-MBA .
    I need ielts 6 in each band i have written twice and i failed in reading and writing in both exams while taking general ielts test
    First time score Listening-6, Reading-5.5, Writing-5, Speaking -7
    Second time scoreListening-6, Reading-5.5, Writing-5.5, Speaking-7.5
    This time i have booked the test for academic, I know it is liitle bit tougher than general ielts test can u please advice me what to do to get 6 in each band especially reading and writing, So that i can apply for my temporary residence in Australia.

    • Hi,

      The academic test is a lot more difficult that the general training test. If you didn’t do well in the GT reading then you will probably struggle more in your academic reading. Please get the IELTS Cambridge Books 1-9 – they are real exam papers published by IELTS – try the reading tests and check your band score.

      To improve in your reading, you will need to understand and develop techniques for all types of questions. Here’s a link to get tips and information about them : You will also need to improve your vocabulary and ability to recognise paraphrases.

      To improve your writing, reduce your grammar and vocabulary mistakes. Also work on your task response for writing task 2 and your overview for writing task 1. To learn the difference between band score 5 and 6 band score 6, please follow these links and spend plenty of time trying to understand the information on these pages: (this explains the difference between band scores 5 to 8 in each marking criteria) (this is for task 2)

      All the best

  20. hi liz,
    i am gangesh a doctor from sri lanka.. i am willing to register with the gmc and do my post graduation in the u.k.. i need a minimum of 7.5 bands in ielts to do so.. i have written ielts twice and failed to get required bands in writing and reading both times.. i would like to weather u can guide me to do better??

    • Hi,

      You need to ask yourself – Do you fulfill the requirement of the band score you want regarding your level of English. To get band score 7.5 in speaking and writing, you must have no more than occasional errors. If you have some errors, you will get 6 for grammar and vocabulary criteria. If you have frequent errors, you will get band 5. I highly recommend that you get your level of English assessed to check that your English is at the right level. Too many students think that if they keep learning IELTS and develop skills, they will get their band score. Unfortunately, they forget that this is also an English language test. Your English must be at the level of the band score.
      Let me know if you have more concerns.
      All the best

Speak Your Mind