IELTS Reading: Summary Exercise

This IELTS reading practice lesson focuses on completing a summary. It is a common question type in IELTS reading. First, read the passage below and then fill in the summary.

The Importance of Sleep

Sleep plays a vital role in good health and well-being throughout your life. Getting enough quality sleep at the right times can help protect your mental health, physical health, quality of life, and safety.
The way you feel while you’re awake depends in part on what happens while you’re sleeping. During sleep, your body is working to support healthy brain function and maintain your physical health. In children and teens, sleep also helps support growth and development.
The damage from sleep deficiency can occur in an instant (such as a car crash), or it can harm you over time. For example, ongoing sleep deficiency can raise your risk for some chronic health problems. It also can affect how well you think, react, work, learn, and get along with others.

Questions 1-4
Complete the summary below.
Choose no more than two words from the passage for each answer.

Why sleep is important

Physical and mental health is at risk without enough 1. ……………………….. sleep. Furthermore, for adolescents, sleep promotes 2. ………………………….. and 3. ……………………….. Lack of sleep can be the cause of 4. ………………. health problems which can also have an impact on important aspects of our lives.

Click to see: Answers and vocabulary

Passage taken and adapted from here.

Recommended Lessons

IELTS Reading Practice: Multiple Choice
IELTS Reading Practice: Sentence Completion
IELTS Reading Practice: Matching Paragraph Information

IELTS Writing Answer Sheet: Video Tutorial

Practice using the official IELTS writing answer sheet before your test. Learn how the examiner uses the paper to record your band score and what extra information is contained on it. This lesson also explains how to fill in the answer sheet and how to use it effectively to estimated your word count.

Below is a link to download the answer sheet so you can practice writing on it before your test. Any student taking the IELTS test for the first time, should watch this lesson. The following writing answer sheets are from ielts.org. Click link to download: Task 1 Paper &  Task 2 Paper

 

Recommended Lessons

Writing Task 2 Video Lesson: How to write an introduction

Transcript

hello in this lesson we’re
going to look

at the official writing paper

that you will use to write your

writing task one report and

your writing task 2 essay in the IELTS

test this is the official

IELTS paper here and I will explain to you

in this lesson why you need to practice

writing with this this paper

and how you need to fill it in when you
have your test

so let’s have a look at why it’s
important

to practice writing using the
official

answer sheet the main reason

to practice writing using this
writing paper

is mainly because of the word count: now

in the test for writing task 1 you need
to write

150 words or above you shouldn’t

write under a 150 words

now the examiner is I going to check

how many what you’ve written and in the
test

you don’t have time to sit

and count how many what you have written

but what you can do is you can

download this paper I will give you a
link

at the end of the lesson you can
download the official writing paper

and you can practice writing on this
paper

and when you practice writing you’ll
see how

big the paper is and more or less how
many words

you will write for your writing on
each line

you can also start checking

how many lines and how much space

you usually take to write 150 words

and that will save you a lot of time and
lot of worry

when you’re in the exam and of course another
reason

that you may need to practice

with this paper and practice your
handwriting

a lot of students are typing on a
computer

rather than handwriting but in the test

you need to use a pen and paper so

what you need to do is practice make
sure

that you do not go over the lines

keep your handwriting clear

and easy to read if the examiner cannot
read

what you write you can’t get a very good
band score

and of course just avoid any surprises

now let’s have a look at how to fill

in this writing paper at the top

of the answer sheet you’ve got some

information that you need to fill in at
the start of your test

and the information is your candidate
name

your candidate number the center
number

now this information you will be given

when you go to your IELTS test center you
also have to fill in

the date so don’t forget that but a very
important part

is this and this is just above

the beginning of the writing paper
we’ve got

two boxes and we’ve got academic or
general

and that means which IELTS test

are you taking there are two IELTS test

for writing there’s the academic writing
paper

and the general writing paper and you
need to

tick and choose which one you’re doing

so for example be academic

after that you’ve got the writing the
lines

down here that we have an area

where the examiner can write some
comments down there

and information over the back we’ve got
more lines

and at the bottom here this is where
the

examiner is going to write in your
band score

the examiner has 4 criteria

now we’ve got task one task two

these are the four criteria we’ve got

task achievement or task response
coherence and cohesion

lexical resource and grammar

this is your information and you ideas
your answer

this is your structure and your
organization

your vocabulary and your grammar and the
examiner will write

a band score for each one

after that you will get a complete band
score

for your whole writing test

and at the side here there is some
more information

that the examiner it going to write down

and you can see this is the information
that the examiner

is going to check the first one is

under length so that means a number words
the examiner will check how many words
you’ve got

if you are under the word count:

so you’ve written less than a hundred
and fifty for task one

or less than 250 for task two

and also he will make note if

you are going to have a penalty a
punishment

for having too few words

also the examiner will check if your
writing is

off topic and that mean it

is irrelevant and not following the
topic

also if you have any memorized

answers in your writing any memorised
language

now I know there are some teachers that
tell you

to memorized a piece of writing for
example a paragraph

don’t do it the examiner will check

to see if there is something memorized

in you’re writing and of course the
examiner will

also check if your handwriting can be
read

if your handwriting isn’t clear that’s a
problem

and maybe a reason for a very low band
score

so I think it’s really worth you

downloading this writing paper

and practicing and just having a
look at the information that on there

so here it is a link so that you can
download

this answer sheet and if you would like

anymore IELTS lessons then please

just follow this link here and you will
be able to get some more

writing task 1 and writing task 2 lessons

well that’s all for this lesson I’ll
see you

in another IELTS lesson

MORE FREE IELTS WRITING TASK 2 LESSONS:

IELTS Speaking Part 3: What makes a good painting?

Ideas and Vocab

  • the composition of all the parts
  • the painter has a good eye (to know when something is good)
  • perspective and symmetry (sizing and balance of all parts)
  • using a particular style or an unusual technique (skill)
  • the subject (person / landscape / animal etc)
  • the balance of colours and contrasts
  • to bring about an emotional response – it touches people
  • to evoke a memory or idea
  • impact – something you can’t take your eye off
  • historical background or relevance

Model Answer

From my perspective, I suppose a good painting is one you can’t take your eye’s off. For me, it’s either due to the colours and images or because of the emotional reaction I might have to the painting. But I know that for other people, they think a good painting is usually because of the skill involved in painting it or because of the unique creativity of the artist. I guess that a good painting means something different to everybody.

Video Watch

This video shows an art dealer talking about what makes a good painting. It is not a video made for language learners so the English is advanced but hopefully you can still learn a lot from it.

 

IELTS Video: Listening practice with numbers

It is common in IELTS to be asked to listen for a number. The most common numbers that IELTS use are the numbers 15 / 50. Many students have a problem with hearing the difference between these numbers.

Watch this lesson to test yourself on listening for these difficult numbers and also review the pronunciation.

 

IELTS Listening: List Selection

IELTS listening practice for list selection which is a type of multiple choice.

A Museum Visit

Question 1
Choose three letters, A-G.

What three things are not allowed in the museum?

A. camera
B. bags
C. food and drink
D. phone
E. pens
F. notebooks
G. coats

 

Answers

Click below to reveal answers:

Answers

A, C, D (any order). You must have all 3 correct for one point.

A = ‘… won’t be able to take your camera into the museum…’
D = ‘…that goes for phones too’. This means that the same rule for cameras also applies to phones, both are forbidden.
C = ‘If you’re in need of refreshments, you’ll have to make your way to our cafe as you can’t bring your own inside’. Refreshments = food and drink (paraphrase)

The answer can’t be B because you are able to choose if you want to leave your bag in the locker room or not. This means it is not forbidden.

Transcript
There are a few things which you will need to know before you come to the museum. You won’t be able to take your camera into the museum as photos are forbidden which means that that goes for phones too. If you want pictures of the exhibitions can you’ll have to buy the museum guide book which has information as well as pictures of most of our famous exhibits. If you have a bag and you don’t want to carry it round with you, then you can store it in the locker room on the ground floor near the entrance. You’re welcome to walk around with your notebooks to sketch or make notes on our displays. If you’re in need of refreshments, you’ll have to make your way to our cafe as you can’t bring your own inside. Well, that’s the list of does and don’ts. Hope you enjoy your visit.

 

IELTS Multiple Choice Tips

This video offers more listening practice and tips for this type of listening in IELTS.

 

Main IELTS Pages

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IELTS Writing Task 2 Model

In some parts of the world it is becoming popular to research the history of one’s own family. Why might people want to do this? Is it a positive or negative development?

Exploring one’s family background and history is becoming increasingly popular in numerous countries around the world. In my opinion, through research and knowing more about one’s family, people can see common trends passed through generations which can only be seen as beneficial for people’s future.

Firstly, some people look into their family history in order to discover any common trends with family members of a previous generation. This can be especially so with people who have particular skills, gifts or interests in uncommon fields. In other words, as some gifts and skills are hereditary, it can be interesting for people to learn how many others in their family shared these talents from previous generations.

Another reason for the popularity of finding out about one’s family history is often due to general curiosity of one’s geographical origins. That is to say, some families moved abroad, away from their own country, generations ago which resulted in them losing their original culture and adopting the culture of the country they moved to. Therefore, through research, people can learn more about their country of origin and understand more about the culture that their family originally came from.

Finally, the trend of researching family history is certainly beneficial and can help people find their place in the world. Some people feel a lack of direction in life or are dislocated from others but by learning more about their past family history, it can help them relate to the world and feel more comfortable about who they are. Take, for example, a person who feels nervous about making a certain choice in life, they may feel comforted by knowing that others in their family made the same choice many generations ago.

In conclusion, it can be advantageous for people to learn more about the family’s background and origins. It would be useful for children to learn about their own family history, if this was incorporated into the school curriculum.

Comments

There are two questions to this essay. Make sure you answer each question clearly and explain your ideas sufficiently if you want to get band score 6 or above.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Video Lesson: Only 5 mins left – Help!

Learn what to do with the last 5 minutes if you haven’t finished your essay.

The last 5 minutes are essential to use well. It could be the difference between a band score 5 and a band score 6 or 7.  Watch this lesson to learn how to use your last 5 minutes effectively.

Transcript

hello what should you do

if you only have a few minutes left

in your IELTS writing test but

you haven’t finished writing your essay
well

there is a very clear answer for that and I will
explain

now the time management is yours

you decide how long to spend writing

each part of your essay and you should continue
to check the clock

to make sure you don’t run out of time
but

if you only have a few minutes left and
you haven’t

finished then please go and write your
conclusion

now the examiner is going to test you

on 4 different criteria

of the IELTS writing and that is your
answers

that’s task response this one here

your organization and linkers vocabulary
and grammar

each of those is quarter of your marks

25% now for task response

for your ideas the examiner is looking

for a conclusion and if

your essay has no conclusion you

will get band score 5 for

this criteria of your writing so 25%
of your marks

will only be band score 5 so

your conclusion is essential the
examiner

is looking for it you must give it if
you want to get

band score 6 or 7 or

above so in the last few minutes

quickly start a new paragraph and write

in conclusion at the beginning and then

right 1 or 2 sentences that contain

the main points of your essay and

that is enough to have a conclusion

and get more than band score 5

for task response now if you want some
more

IELTS tips I post them regularly on my
facebook

so please come and find me on Facebook
I’ll think you

and another IELTS lesson

Answers for Sentence Completion

Answers to yesterday’s reading lessons. Here’s some vocabulary to develop your academic reading:

  • resemble = look like, similar to
  • distinct = clear, well-defined
  • belly (bellies) = stomach
  • hide = conceal
  • predators = killers (in this reading passage it refers to sharks and seals etc
  • tapering = narrowing

Answers

1. flightless
‘flightless’ is the only adjective that can possibly fit into the sentence from the first paragraph
2. distinct colouring