Common English Tenses

Below is a list of common tenses that we use in English  as well as sentences in different tenses. Can you match the tenses with the sentences?

Tenses

  1. Present Simple
  2. Past Continuous
  3. Present Perfect
  4. Present Perfect Continuous
  5. Passive Voice
  6. First Conditional
  7. Second Conditional
  8. Third Conditional

Sentences

A.  If I had known there was going to be a storm, I would have stayed at home.

B.  The book was written by an unknown author.

C.  My favourite time of the year is summer.

D.  I’ve been learning English for over 10 years.

E.  If schools have more sports lessons, children will become healthier as a result of the exercise.

F.  The government has spent a lot of money on improving traffic safety.

G.  He was teaching a lesson on the language acquisition of children.

H.  If people ate a healthier diet, their health would improve as a result.

IELTS Tips

For a band score 6 and above, you should try to use at least 5 different tenses in both your IELTS speaking test and your IELTS writing test.

Answers (click below for answers)

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IELTS Graph Tutorial: Writing a Complex Sentence

Learn how to write a complex sentence for an IELTS line graph. It is common to be given a line graph to describe the main trends of the lines. This video tutorial shows you step by step how to write a complex sentence structure of over 25 words.

If you are aiming for band score 6 or above, you need to use complex sentences for your line graph description. This lesson will help you learn what information to put in your complex sentence. The complex sentence in this lesson is typical of a sentence used in a body paragraph. Transcript

Hello in this lesson, I’m gonna show you how to write complex sentence for a line graph. I’m gonna show you that it not so difficult you can easily write a long sentence with at least 25 words in it. Now this is the graph we’re going
to use this is typical for IELTS writing task 1. Next to the line graph you can see there is some writing. This writing is a description of the graph and IELTS will always give you this description. You need to read it carefully because it contains all the information you need to know about the graph. Lets have a look… the graph shows  To read more of the transcript, click here

Sentence Content

  • subject
  • verb
  • adverb
  • difference of amounts
  • numbers
  • dates

All sentences in the body paragraphs should be complex and must be supported by data. This means the sentences must have numbers and dates if you wish to get a high score.

IELTS Video: How to Write a Complex Sentence

How to form a complex sentence structure for IELTS writing task 1 line graph.

 

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IELTS Speaking Part 2 Topic: A Place to Learn

Here is a topic card for speaking part 2. What place would you choose to talk about? Remember to choose a place that you know well and can easily talk about for 2 minutes. Make sure that the place you choose matches all prompts on the card.

a place to learn 2
Answers: click below to see some ideas of places you could choose

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IELTS Reading: Matching Headings

Practise IELTS reading matching headings by understanding how paraphrasing will help you find the right answer. You will see there are two paragraphs but 6 possible headings. Read the headings first and then read the article to decide which heading is the right one for each paragraph. Don’t forget this is a practice lesson. In the real test, the passage will be much longer 🙂 But try to use your skills and techniques in this lesson.

Tips for Matching Headings

  • Spend time paraphrasing the possible headings
  • Read the paragraphs to find the main idea
  • Distinguish between main ideas and extra information in the paragraph
  • Match main ideas not vocabulary
  • Not all headings will be used
  • Your answer must be a numeral (for example, i or v1) not words.

Matching Headings Practice

Choose the correct heading for paragraphs A & B from the list of headings below.

i. Temperatures on earth

ii. What is a greenhouse

iii. How is earth a greenhouse

iv. Plants that grow in a greenhouse

v. Earth’s atmosphere

vi. Why people have greenhouses

The greenhouse effect

A.   A greenhouse is a house made of glass. It has glass walls and a glass roof. People grow tomatoes and flowers and other plants in them. A greenhouse stays warm inside, even during winter. Sunlight shines in and warms the plants and air inside. But the heat is trapped by the glass and cannot escape. So during the daylight hours, it gets warmer and warmer inside a greenhouse, and stays quite warm at night too.

B.   Earth’s atmosphere does the same thing as the greenhouse. Gases in the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide do what the roof of a greenhouse does. During the day, the Sun shines through the atmosphere. Earth’s surface warms up in the sunlight. At night, Earth’s surface cools, releasing the heat back into the air. But some of the heat is trapped by the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. That is what keeps our Earth a warm and comfortable 59 degrees Fahrenheit, on average.

Answers

Click below to reveal the answers.

Answers

Paragraph A = ii

Explanation: The passage is about the greenhouse effect so the first paragraph explains the meaning of the word greenhouse. This is shown in the topic sentence and explained in the following sentences. The first paragraph does give information about plants in a greenhouse (iv) but this is only an example of how a greenhouse is used and not the aim of the paragraph.

Paragraph B = iii

Explanation: The second paragraph explains that earth functions the same way as a greenhouse due to gases in the atmosphere. This is shown in the topic sentence. There is information about the temperatures on earth (i) but only to explain the greenhouse effect. Also there is information about earth’s atmosphere (v) but only as it relates to the greenhouse effect.

The above article was taken from wiki.

All reading exercises on ieltsliz.com have been written by myself to help you prepare for your IELTS test.   

Liz

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Answers to today’s lesson

The answers have already been posted in the lesson. Please take a look: Paraphrasing Practice

 

 

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IELTS Speaking Part 2: A Friend you are Proud of

IELTS speaking part 3 topic about a friend you are proud of. I was recently asked by a student how to deal with this difficult topic in IELTS speaking part 2:

Describe a time that you felt proud of a friend.

Possible Answers

Below are some possible ways to answer this part 2 topic.

1. a friend who did well in their studies (for example, they did well in a test or project)
2. a friend who did well in work and received an award or was congratulated by their boss
3. a friend who had a difficult situation but dealt with it very well (for example, they were seriously sick or a parent was seriously ill)
4. a friend who experienced an unexpected event but fixed the situation (for example, they went on holiday and had their money stolen)
5. a friend who got a job they always wanted (for example, they did well in the interview and had worked hard to get the job)
6. a friend who defended you in a difficult situation
7. a friend who raised money for charity or did some volunteer work that made you feel proud

IELTS Speaking Part 2 Tip

It is often easier to talk about a family member that you were proud of because you know them better. So, if you get stuck, the best thing is to say “Although I have plenty of friends, I wouldn’t say that they’ve done anything to make me really proud but my cousin has. So I will tell you about him and what he has done that caused me to be so proud of him.” It is possible to adapt (not change) the topic as long as it still follows the prompts on the cue card.

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