IELTS Advantage Disadvantage Model Essay

Below is an IELTS advantage / disadvantage model essay about having one language in the world. The essay is estimated at band score 9.

The development of tourism contributed to English becoming the most prominent language in the world. Some people think this will lead to English becoming the only language to be spoken globally.

What are the advantages and disadvantages to having one language in the world?

IELTS Advantage Disadvantage Model Essay

It is thought by some people that English, which is now the most widely spoken language in the world, may one day predominate over all other languages and result in their eventual disappearance. Having one language would certainly aid understanding and economic growth but there will also be some drawbacks.

One evident benefit to having one global language is that it would enable greater understanding between countries. In other words, if everyone spoke one language, there would be complete understanding between not only countries but all people throughout the world which would promote learning, the flow of information and ideas. Another reason that one language would be advantageous is that it would help economic growth. With all people speaking the same language, there will be less barriers and therefore trade would flourish between countries, resulting in a healthier world economy.

On the other hand, there are obvious disadvantages to having only one global language. Firstly, it would mean that all other languages would eventually disappear and, along with them, their cultures. The diversity of cultures is one of the joys this world has to offer. Each culture is unique with its own way of life and own perspectives of the world which would all be lost if there were only one language.  Secondly, it would result in the collapse of tourism because there would be no reason to travel for pleasure and interest if all countries had the same language and similar cultures. This would devastate many countries economically that rely on tourism as a source of income.

In conclusion, while there are plus points to having one global language, too much would be lost as a result. Maintaining local languages and cultures should be prioritised to ensure a rich world heritage for future generations.

Comments: This sample answer addresses the task fully and provides relevant, well extended ideas. All aspects of cohesion is well managed. Vocabulary is flexible and there is a good range of complex sentence structures.

More IELTS Model Essays

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Solution Essay Model

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Comments

  1. sherif mahmoud says:

    Hi Liz , in this topic , you did not include any examples .is this ok ?
    i am sorry but i try to understand and define a certain forum to follow .
    thanks

    • You don’t need to give examples. There are many ways you can choose to illustrate your ideas. It doesn’t affect your score.

  2. Hi Liz
    In an advantage/ disadvantage essay, should I always say which is best in my conclusion?

  3. Hi Liz!
    I hope you will be fine. I wanna ask, we should use connectors like firstly, secondly, on the other hand etc. in start of the paragraph or use between the paragraphs in an essay.
    And we should make four or five paragraphs while writing an essay.

    • You use sequencers and linking words where necessary depending on your ideas and the content of the next paragraph. There is no fixed rule.

  4. Hello there Liz, I think this is a discussion essay so my question is, can I freely give my opinion on what side I am for as a conclusion even though it wasn’t asked? Thank you. =)

  5. Narendra Kumar says:

    Dear Liz,
    One writing task which misleads always is – 2 opinions discussion and your opinion. Kindly help with this. Following are the 2 examples of that
    1. Some people prefer to live in a house, while others feel that there are more advantages to living in an apartment.
    Are there more advantages than disadvantages of living in a house compared with living in an apartment?
    2. Some experts believe that it is better for children to begin learning a foreign language at primary school rather than secondary school.
    Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

    My question is the following
    1. Do I need to write advantages & disadvantages of living in house- 1 paragraph, advantages & disadvantages of living in apartment- 2 paragraph and my opinion- 3 paragraph?
    2. Do I need to write advantages & disadvantages of learning foreign language in primary school- 1 paragraph, advantages & disadvantages of learning foreign language in secondary school- 2 paragraph and my opinion- 3 paragraph.

    Both these examples have 2 opinions instead of 1, and each opinion has advantage and disadvantage and finally writers opinion. This is going to be a long essay, kindly advise on this.
    Does any of your advanced essay videos address this, I want to buy them.

  6. Dear Ms Liz,
    Thanks a lot for your lessons. my English has improved so much since i’ve got your page. However, i missed one of your essay, that is What are the advantages for a company of having uniform that you uploaded. Would you pls help me find this. Big thanks to you

  7. Dear Liz,
    I want to ask you about the body paragraph of advantage and disadvantage , agree or disagree .Do they have the same method ?

  8. Hi Liz,

    your page is deeply useful, thanks very much, really, thanks for all,

    i just would to ask why you wrote “In other words, if everyone spoke one language” (at the beginning of the second paragraph instead “In other words, if everyone speak one language”. As I said, thank you very much for all,

    Best!

  9. Hello madam,
    I really thank you very much from the bottom of my heart for making this site . It is very useful for my as I plan to take islets next month on February 19th and it is my first time hoping to get the score band I want .

    Actually I want ask if we can use in the phrase ( in a matter of fact ) in the begging of the introduction like you used ( it is thought by ) or it will not helping in score

    Thanks in advance

  10. sarosh fatima says:

    this is very useful website !!!!really

  11. Hi Liz,

    The topic is a discussion essay that does not require our opinion. However, the conclusion seems to be an opinion even though it does not use ‘I’ or ‘we’ – having one language has more disadvantages and that languages and culture should be protected.

    Is this acceptable or should the conclusion be more neutral?

  12. Good article. I am facing some of these issues as well..

  13. Dear Liz,

    I find your explanation very helpful, straight on point and easy to understand. I am very happy I came across your website. I have learned so much from the content you’ve posted here. I hope you keep up doing such great work continuously.

    Warm regards,

    AH

  14. Dr. Syed Iqtidar Ali Raza says:

    Dear Liz
    Just wanted to know if there is a ques in writing task 2
    How the disadvantages outweigh the advantages?
    Do we need to write both disadvantages and advantages at the same time and then writing in favour of disadvantages in the end or we just need to discuss the disadvantages?????
    Moreover, if you are slightly under words in task 2 like if you only write around 237/238 words, is that a problem?
    Kindly reply

  15. Varun Vikram says:

    Hi Mam i am Varun From India. Is it good to take stance in the introduction paragraph in both types of essays as you have done ( Arguement as well as Discussion essays )?
    What do you think would it be better to take stance in introduction paragraph in case of Arguement Essay and in conclusion paragraph in Discussion Essay?
    Please if possible then post some more model answers

  16. Hi Liz,
    So in this type of question (adv vs. dsadv), there should be no thesis statement but still with a conclusion at the end?
    Thanks,
    Joharra

  17. Dear Liz,
    I’m so thankful that I bumped to your very-useful blog.
    It’s nice to have an online tutor who is totally friendly and helpful.
    I would say that I want to share this blog to all of my friends in Indonesia who are struggling for IELTS as I am.

    I have an alternative for the introduction above,
    if you don’t mind, you can correct it for me..
    “Some people believe that because of the tourism grew up widely which influenced the usage of English to become the most spoken language, it will soon make it as the choice of language to be spoken internationally. Owing to this prediction, there would be some advantages in increasing mutual understanding and economic growth among nations. Otherwise, there also would be some disadvantages related to cultures.”

    64 words, i know this is too many 🙁
    Thank you so much for your response and consideration.

    Sincerely,
    Grace, Indonesia

  18. Hi Liz, I am still very confused with how to structure my essay if the question is outweighing advantages and disadvantages. Can you please enlighten me on this? Thank you Liz.

  19. Greetings from Minnesota! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to check
    out your website on my iphone during lunch
    break. I really like the knowledge you present here and can’t wait to take a look
    when I get home. I’m amazed at how fast your blog loaded on my
    cell phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G ..
    Anyhow, very good blog!

  20. Hi Liz
    Shouldn’t you have used “had” instead of “have” in the sentence in the third paragraph?

    “Secondly, it would result in he collapse of … if all countries “have” the same language…”

    Isn’t this supposed to be an unreal or imaginary condition?
    thanks

  21. Hello Mam,

    I just came to see one Discussion essay “Discuss the advantages of both methods and give your own opinion” . Can we follow the same structure of ” Discuss both views and give your own opinion ” in this case.

    • Yes, you would need to have one BP for the advantages of one method and then another body paragraph for the advantages of the other method. Your opinion would either be explained in a separate body paragraph if you agree with neither side or you can explain your opinion in the BP with the side you agree with.
      All the best
      Liz

  22. I have one doubt
    The development of tourism contributed to english… This is the first line in topic, But i am not able to understand where you have paraphrased this line in introduction ? You have only mention tourism section in last line of 3 paragraph .

    please explain because i think it is important to describe that section.

    Thank you

    • Because it is an extra piece of information that IELTS have added which is irrelevant to the topic. While native speakers are able to distinguish this, foreign language speakers might have a problem. Sorry if it confused you.
      Liz

      • I am not confused. I thought we have to give some detail regarding tourism contribution in making english a prominant language in world as first line of statement topic is important, But I am agree that it is not relevant to the main topic

        I have one more doubt about model answers given in official book provided by IDP when we book IELTS exam. The format and techniques provided by you and other internet sources are not same with the model answers in that book . Your information regarding ielts exam seem so relevant but model answer in that book cannot be wrong as they are giveb by Organization conducted ielts exam.
        For instance , they have written examples in thier first paragraph.

        ( this is my second attempt. i got 8 – reading , 6.5 – speaking and listening , 5.5 – writing. My exam date is 19 sept and i am still confused.
        please clear this doubt .

        With Regards
        Anish Kashyap

  23. Hi Liz,

    Can I use ‘benefit of having global language’ rather than ‘benefit to having’

    Many Thanks

  24. Hi Liz,

    In the second paragraph, is it okay to say ” there would be complete understanding not only between countries but all people throughout….” instead of “there would be complete understanding between not only countries but all people throughout….”

  25. Hello Liz ,As you mentioned “evident benefit TO havING “…so my question is, as I learned in grammar we do no use any forms with any verb after “to” …i mean no ing,no s or es,no second forms of verb…will you please elaborate ?if i write to have will it be wrong? Thank you:)

    • In this sentence, “to” is a preposition not part of the noun. Please google “advantages to having” and you will see more information about it.
      All the best
      Liz

  26. Can i say that the conclusion is paraphrasing to the introduction?

  27. Dear Liz,
    Thanks a lot for your invaluable tutoring. I learned so much from your video lessons and rich website.
    I wanted to ask a little question for clarification – if we are asked about the advantages and disadvantages (of English as a global language), why is the writer’s opinion expressed in the conclusion? (that the disadvantages outweigh the advantages)
    Many thanks in advance,
    Barak

  28. Hi Liz,
    Could you kindly read my following essay and give your feedback.If you could roughly give a band score i would be so greatful to u.
    Q.Some believe that watching tv is a waste of time.Others think that tv is a boon for all.State your view wirh examples.

    Ans:
    Some people think that spending time on watching tv is spoiling the quality of time.While opponents argue that television is a bliss for eveyone.However,in this essay i am going to explain my view on this topic with relevant examples.

    To begin with,watching tv for a long time is waste of time.It can create lots of health problems as well as mental issues.For instance,some people tend to watch tv while they eat food.Apparently they do not understand how much do they consume.Consequently they will end up with obesity.Some viewer’s give much preference for unimporant tv programmes such series and reality shows.Eventually they will isolate themselves and some psychological ilness develops among them .For example depression and stress.Furthermore,children who watch tv for a long time will be like clone.Some kids tend to behave ,act and talk like their super heroes.

    Television is a popular form of entertainment.It provides diffent kind of programmes such as,information,entertainment,education and more.Any age group can find their interested programme on tv.The news gives an uptodate kwoldege around the globe.Whereas tv shows ,music programmes and all help us to relax and reduce tension.Some educational programmes broaden the horizon of peoples knowledge.

    To put it in a nut shell,waching tv ease international tension and equip people with information and knowledge.In my point of view watching tv’s advantages outweigh its disadvantage.

  29. i want all essay of writing yask 2 … where i can find it ? give me the website .

  30. I am not sure where you’re getting your info, but great topic.

    I needs to spend some time studying much more or figuring out more.
    Thanks for fantastic info I used to be in search of this information for my mission.

  31. Dear Liz,
    I have confusions regarding “Advantages/Disadvantages” type of question.
    Like – do you think this trend has more advantages or disadvantages?
    Do the drawbacks outweigh the benefits?
    In these type of questions do we need to write both advantages and disadvantages even we agree on one side?

    • The question asks you if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages so you need to give your answer and show that the advantages are more important than the disadvantages – that means you need to give details of both sides in order to support your answer.
      All the best
      Liz

  32. iWasowsky says:

    Hi, Liz!
    I want to thank you for an excellent video course about opinion essey writing. I have never seen such a clear explanation. So my question is when should we expect for your new amazing video on advantages&disadvantages essey type?

  33. Hi Liz,

    I read about you comment about not writing “this essay will look at/discuss” but I don’t know how to remove it when writing an advantage and disadvantage and problem solution essay.

    I have examples below and I really appreciate if you could help me. Thanks!

    In the last decade, there has been a great increase in the number and variety of online courses available to adults. This has been welcomed as a great opportunity by many students, however, other students see these courses as less effective than classroom teaching.

    What are the advantages and disadvantages of studying an online course?

    In the last decade, there has been a great increase in the number and variety of online courses available to adults. This has been welcomed as a great opportunity by many students, however, other students see these courses as less effective than classroom teaching.

    What are the advantages and disadvantages of studying an online course?

    In the last decade, there has been a great increase in the number and variety of online courses available to adults. This has been welcomed as a great opportunity by many students, however, other students see these courses as less effective than classroom teaching.

    What are the advantages and disadvantages of studying an online course?

    In the last decade, there has been a great increase in the number and variety of online courses available to adults. This has been welcomed as a great opportunity by many students, however, other students see these courses as less effective than classroom teaching.

    What are the advantages and disadvantages of studying an online course?

    Intro:

    As more online courses are being offered to adults, different aspects of this learning medium have become apparent. Online courses offer students some advantages over studying in a classroom, however there are some definite drawbacks. This essay will discuss some of the advantages and disadvantages of online courses.

    example 2: Cars have become a convenient and economical form of transport and as a result, the use of cars has increased dramatically during the last century.

    Discuss the problems this increase has created, and offer some practical solutions.

    Most people now use cars as their main form of transport. An increase in this trend during the last centry has contributed to major traffic congestion in cities, and to a decline in the quality of our environment. This essay will look at how this is occuring and what can be done to address this problem.

  34. Hi Liz. Please take a look at my work and feel free to criticize.. Thank you for your help.

    Majority of countries nowadays use English as part of their languages as a result of the development in tourism. With English language dominating globally, some people have come to think that, eventually, it will be the only language used in this world. Though, it will bring advantages in communication as a whole, the national identity of a country is also threatened as a consequence.

  35. Hi Liz,

    I dont know how to deal with the following weird advantage and disadvantage type essay. Please help me how and from where to start i mean how to deal with the background and thesis statements.

    Compare the advantages and disadvantages of three of the following as media for communicating information. State which you consider to be the most effective.

    comics
    books
    radio
    television
    film
    theatre

    • You need to choose three (for example books, TV and radio). Then you put the advantages of each in one body paragraph and the disadvantages of each in the second body paragraph. Plan your advantages and disadvantages of each, choose the best ones to use (you might not be able to use all of them in the time limit provided) and write your body paragraphs carefully.
      Liz

  36. Dear Liz,
    Please I want some clarification on advantages and disadvantages question. For instance, if question states:”Do you think the advantages outweighs the disadvantages”. Will it be right to state the advantages in one body paragraph and the disadvantages in the other paragraph plus the opinion? What will the thesis statement look like?

    • Yes, you can have the advantages in one body paragraph and the disadvantages in the other but no opinion paragraph (the question does not say discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your opinion – so you shouldn’t have your opinion separate). However, the key to those question is the thesis statement. Here’s an essay question “Some people think that more young people should take a gap year before going to university. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?. Thesis statement: “In my opinion, there are minimal benefits of taking a year off and the disadvantages can have serious detrimental effects on a student’s later academic performance”, You can see that I show clearly that the disadvantages are more serious than the advantages. Now my essay will have two body paragraphs which explain the advantages and disadvantages. Or you can have three body paragraphs – one advantage, one disadvantage and another disadvantage – that is also a good structure which clearly supports your opinion.
      All the best
      Liz

  37. Hi Liz,

    I’m sorry if this is an unintelligent question. You r introduction is brilliantly constructed, however, as I understand , your rephrased version of the question in the introduction does not cover all facts stated in the question. Am I missing a point ?

    my introduction is as follows.

    English has become the most widely spoken language as a direct consequence of growing tourism. There is even a common belief that English will eventually become the only globally spoken language . Having one global language will influence economic growth and better communication. However there will be some drawbacks

    • Yes, I didn’t put tourism. Mainly because it is irrelevant to the essay. But it’s a good technique to include it all, particular if you are not clear about the main issue and an extraneous point.
      All the best
      Liz

  38. Smeralda says:

    Hi Liz!
    Preparing by myself the Ielts test, I have just discovered your page and I find it very useful. Thanks for the time you spend supporting students with your advises and your precious tips!

    I have tried to write the essay you proposed above. Please, could I ask if you can give me a feedback about it? Where can I write it, eventually?

    Thanks in advance.

  39. Madam,

    I have some concern regarding with what I learned from my teacher. It somewhat confused me compared to what i learned from your site and from other resources in the internet.. According to her, i have to follow the specific structure for every type of essay. Like the argumentative essay, for example, it should be written in 3 paragraphs only. First paragraph includes paraphrasing the question and my personal opinion about the topic.Ssecond paragraph should contain the reasons why i disagree or disagree and its supporting details. Lastly, template, paraphrased question, my opinion, and recommendation must be found in my last paragraph which is the third one.

    Is there really a possibility that the IELTS would give me a lower score due to my incorrect structure of paragraphs?
    PLEASE guide me.Thank you.

    • Hi,

      I’m currently on holiday but I will answer your question. IELTS have NOT written anywhere that there are specific paragraphs for specific types of essays for writing task 2. Please check the band score descriptors written by IELTS for confirmation or my summary of them in the writing task 2 section of this blog.

      You will get marked on your ability to organise your ideas into paragraphs and to extend those ideas. This means that in order to demonstrate your organisational skills and essay writing skills, you must have an introduction, a conclusion and body paragraphs (more than one is a must – only one body paragraph does not show your ability to organise main points into paragraphs so your score will be lower for coherence and cohesion).

      It is recommended that you should have either two or three body paragraphs. Four or more is risky because you won’t have time to develop your ideas sufficiently for a high score. So, in total you will have either 4 or 5 paragraphs for writing task 2. The number of paragraphs will depend on the main points you have. To learn about the number of paragraphs for writing task 1, please watch my free video about report structure for task 1.

      Please check my model essays to see how an essay is written following the requirements of IELTS: http://ieltsliz.com/tag/model-essay/
      All the best
      Liz

  40. Hi Liz,
    I don’t understand using WHICH in the following sentence: ” In other words, if every one spoke one language, there would be complete understanding between not only countries but all people throughout the world which would promote learning…

    I thought in the sentence, “which” support meaning for the whole clause placed before it, not giving information for the word “world”. Is it true and if i can use commas before which?
    Thank in advance!

    • Hi,

      Yes, you can put a comma before the word “which” if you want. We sometimes use commas to help the reader if the sentence is long – so in this case, yes it would work perfectly with the comma.
      All the best
      Liz

  41. Thanks Liz, i got it now.
    Regards.

    Nadis

  42. Excuse me, Ms Liz. I do not understand what you mean by “it would be mean that” in the third paragraph. The word “mean” ,in this case, is an adjective?

  43. Thank you very much for you valuable information mam… But i week in writing . can please suggest any book?

    • Hi,

      Unfortunately, I can’t recommend a book for writing. However, the best thing you can do for your writing is to work on your grammar and vocabulary. You need to be able to write accurate sentence structures and use vocabulary without errors. This is one of the keys to IELTS writing. Visit my resource page for useful links to learn grammar and vocabulary.

  44. Hi Liz,
    This is an introduction i did for the above essay
    “English language became the most common medium of communication in the universe because of developed tourist attraction.It is believed by some, that it will soon be the only language spoken in the world.Speaking the same language will aid communication and uniformity in our daily activity but then it will also present with some set back”
    How good is this ?

  45. Hi,
    In third paragraph, why did you write “to having”?

    • Hi,

      In this case, “to” is used as a preposition and “having” is an gerund, which is a verb+ing. It’s a great bit of grammar to use in your IELTS writing test – but only if you can produce it accurately.
      All the best
      Liz

  46. G VINAY REDDY says:

    madam,
    i am doing introduction part well in TASK 1
    But, had a confusion in body paragraphs can u explain it please…..
    THANK YOU

  47. Madam,
    I did my speaking test today, it went well, your model question of country side was asked, I did very well based on your teachings and input given by you, for which I am greatful to you. your teaching was so useful and its free. May God bless you for all the good work that are doing. LRW exam on Saturday and preparing for that based on all your teaching. Thank you once again. Regards, Samuel Raj

    • Well done! I’m glad you remembered the speaking tips. Yes, living in the countryside is a common question ins IELTS speaking. Good luck with your other skills on Saturday. “Fingers crossed!” as we say in England.

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