When you describe a chart, for example a pie chart, in 25% of your marks is based on grammar. In the criteria of grammar, the examiner will check the range of sentence structures and also the accuracy of your grammar. The more mistakes you have, the lower your score will be.
There are a number of common errors which students make with their grammar. Here is a list:
- Articles (using a / an / the )
- Uncountable nouns
- Punctuation (commas and full stops)
- Noun verb agreement (remember that third person singular in the present tense has an ‘s’)
- Verb tense
- Prepositions (in / on / at etc)
How does grammar accuracy affect the band scores?
Band Score 5 = frequent errors and there may be mistakes in punctuation. Errors may cause difficulty for the reader.
Band Score 6 = some errors in grammar and punctuation but errors rarely cause communication problems.
Band Score 7 = has good control of grammar and punctuation. Few mistakes made.
Band Score 8 = the majority of sentences are free of errors.There are only occasional errors made.
Look at the following sentences and find the grammar mistakes. Each sentence may have one or more mistakes.
1. While the spending on housing was 72.2% in 2010 the spending was 22%.
2. The spending on food were 11.2% in 1950 and 34% in 2010.
3. The biggest spending in 1950 is 72.2% in 1950 while in 2010 the majority of money spent is on food.
4. Spending on other item was 4.4% in the first year and 19.2% in the second year.
5. The pie charts shows the typical expenditure of a household in 6 main categories.
6. There was an increase in spending in all area except with housing and education, which showed a downward trend over the period given.
7. The least amount spent in both years was in health care.
8. There was significant decrease in spending on housing from 72% to 22%.Answers
- There should be a comma after 72.2%. (punctuation)
- were = was (noun verb agreement)
- is = was (verb tense – this mistake is made twice)
- item = items (plurals)
- shows = show (noun verb agreement)
- area = areas (plurals)
- with = for (prepositions)
- in = on (prepositions)
- There was significant decrease… = There was a significant decrease…(articles)