Essay Ideas: Littering in Cities

Ideas for an opinion essay

Littering in cities is an increasing problem which needs to be dealt with. Some people think that steeper fines is the best way to deal with the problem.

To what extent do you agree?

When you analyse a statement for an opinion essay, it is useful to ask yourself different questions regarding the topic. Think about the questions below and then decide your answer.

Questions for Analysis

  1. What is littering? Answer
    Dropping waste on the ground or in the streets rather than disposing of it correctly by putting it in the bin.
  2. Why do people litter?Answer
    Some litter because they don’t care about the effects and some do it just for convenience.
  3. It is already an offence to throw litter in the streets so why do people continue to do it?Answer
    Most people know it is wrong but they do it because they know they will not be caught.
  4. Would having a bigger fine stop them?Answer
    It is possible that a heavy fine might deter them but only if it is likely they will be caught and the fine imposed.
  5. Is having a bigger fine the best way to stop littering? Answer
    It’s one way to stop people but not everyone agrees that it is the best way.
  6. Are there other ways to stop littering? Answer
    Yes, one way is to put more bins in the streets so that people will use them rather than throw their litter on the floor. Educating children from a young age to dispose of their litter correctly is another way. Some people think that having more police on the streets would be a good deterrent because people will be less likely to attempt to litter the streets.

Now use your ideas and form them into an essay format. That means you should have two or three main ideas which are divided into two or three body paragraphs. After you have your essay ideas planned, check the model  body paragraphs below. Can you write the introduction and conclusion for the model essay below?

Model Body Paragraphs

Body Paragraph A: Having bigger fines is certainly one way to tackle the issue of littering. Increasing the fines will make people take littering more seriously. At present, many people litter the streets because they do not consider this to be a serious offence and for the convenience but by imposing a considerable penalty, people will think twice before they litter.

Body Paragraph B: However, the best way to deal with the problem of littering would be a long-term solution involving educating the younger generation. Littering is common due to the fact that many people are not fully aware of the environmental and health impacts that it has. By raising awareness and building a habit of disposing of waste correctly, this problem can be eradicated in coming generations.

Body Paragraph C: Finally, another possible solution would be to have more litter bins available to the public. The reason being that the majority of people littering the streets do so because there are no bins available to put their waste in and they do not wish to carry their rubbish with them until they find a bin. By having more bins available, it would not only be more convenient for people to dispose of their waste properly but it would also act as a reminder for them to do so.



Collection of Essay Ideas

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  1. Infact littering is very bad .Now what the government need to do ,is to map up a strategies to eradicate these problem.1 intensive education on how people should dispose their litter,2 Imposing high fine,3 posters and stickers should be all over to create awareness ,4 every 200 metres there should be a dustbin ,5 more advert on both tv and radio to create awareness ,6 Involvment of non governmental organization can also help a lot, 7 Industries and big companies should indcate it on their products to create awareness, 8 health personnel involnment can also add up .I think that all these can help a lot.

  2. Hello Liz.

    I read somewhere that it is okay to put “fake research” in IELTS task 2, which means I can make up any data I want and write it down.

    Is it even allowed? or is it considered as cheating?

  3. hello liz, i want to ask something regarding speaking part..
    during my speaking exam speaking part 2..i feel that my answer was little bit out of track…however my rest of the parts 1 and 3 were very good…so SP 2 will going to effect on my band score or my band score will be consider based on only speaking part 2….

    Thanking you

  4. Hi liz,pls check my intro and conclusion

    Dropping waste on the ground or in the streets rather than disposing it properly has been an increasing issue that calls for an immediate solution. It is considered by some that imposing bigger fines is the best method to handle the problem, however, I believe that littering is best managed by a long-term approach of discipline and education.

    In conclusion, high rate fines can help deter people from littering, however, education and disciplining the younger generation is the key for a long-term solution. If these are implemented early in schools, littering would not be a problem in the future.

  5. Hi Liz.I tried to write an introduction,can you please speak your mind for it. Leaving behind ruins has become growing issue today ,which needs to cope with.According to some putting high penalty is the best solution to deal with it. In my opinion,however excessive fines is the effective option,there are also other reasonable alternatives.

  6. Excuse me, even though rarely, it happens that i see words like litter and steeper fines, words i have never heard of. If it happens in an essay i am done ! Could you please give me a list of such rarely encountered probable words that may happen to pop in an essay topic. Thanks !

  7. Hi LIZ, Do you know that in India nobody follow the rules, in india farmers used to do too much sprays and use injections to grow thier vegetables and fruits faster to earn money quickly which results ailments like cancer and death for eaters even similar to non vegetarians.
    What is more the backward people in India spread littering all around in streets if the government will not issue beneficial policy to them.Recently in harayana ‘jatt ‘ mainly called a farmers caste people do rapes and breaking transport, firing innocent people to get job reservation from government. finally, government gave them and then they the end i would like to say that you should give thanks to God that you born in ENGLAND.I really hate my own country india. That’s why I wish to settle in abroad and pray to God.

  8. Hi Liz
    In the question he asks to what extent do you agree,which means we have to give reasons for our agreement or disagreement but not alternative solutions because he did not ask what are other solutions.
    Could you please clarify what we should answer with this type of essay .do we have to put reasons why we do not agree or other solutions?

  9. Dzung Tran says:

    Hi Liz,
    In model body paragraph A, two words “because” and “but” are put in the same last sentence. But to my knowledge, two conjunctions, as “because” (subordinating) and “but” (coordinating) in this case, cannot appear in the same sentence. Am I right ?

    • It’s fine to have them both in a sentence but it doesn’t work all the time. It depends on the information you wish to present.

  10. Nowadays littering one of the global issues for the humanity.Due to scientist from the many countries prognosis that if this process had been continued half surface of the earth would have been covered by litter.The litter is the artificial product which after using thrown away as useless and could not decay itself.After using plastic bottles, boxes , packets and other household things which are thrown away consider as litter.People continue litter because they think only about themselves not about surround environment they are selfish.Fortunately todays many countries have created many prohibition rules for littering which will reduce this issue.Simultaneously, many companies for instance in food industry produces special biodegredable packets for food which can easily decay itself as soon as they are thrown away.Moreover,litter is used to produce biogas and electricity by power plant.To conclude I hope that people will convert their opinion about environment and think deeply before littering

  11. Hi,
    Introduction :
    waste disposal on roads in cities is becoming a ubiquitous problem which should be controlled.Some people considered that high rated fines is an effective method to control this type of issues.In my opinion, steeper fines can reduces the littering problems, along with that measures such as installing bins should be taken to control this issue.

    conclusion :
    to conclude, these are some effective ways to eradicate the problems with littering on Streets.

  12. Hi Liz, can you please check my introduction:
    Thanks 🙂

    The waste disposal on the street is becoming a common problem in our society.
    It is consider by some people that the most effective way to deal with this issue is to apply high fines to those who litter. In my opinion, steeper fines and fiscalization are the keys to eliminate this problem.

  13. Sumit Kumar says:

    Hello I am Sumit,
    I am posting my Introduction for the above mentioned essay topic.

    We all are well aware of the ever increasing problem of littering in cities by our fellow citizens which can be solved by imposing heavy fines. But, in my opinion , imposing fines is one of the ways by which this problem can be solved and other measures like imparting civic education, community participation, health personnel involment, government participation etc can also have a huge impact over this problem.

    Thank you

    • Avoid using “we” and “our”. Avoid using “like” as a linking device because it is informal. Avoid using “but” at the start of a sentence because it is a conjunction and must be used between sentences only. Avoid using “etc” because it doesn’t showcase your language ability. Work on your technique for writing to get the best results.
      All the best

  14. Hello Liz, here is my answer in introduction, what do you think?

    These days, many people are throwing rubbish on the road even though they know that behavior is wrong but some people are still doing even they don’t have any conscience. Some people believe fines is the best way to prevent the problem. In my opinion, I totally agree with this view but not only way to avoid.

    • You have introduced the essay question clearly and you have presented an opinion. It could be improved if you work on your grammar – there are some errors. It would be better to remove this part : “but some people are still doing even they don’t have any conscience.” because it is unnecessary and contains too many errors. Your thesis statement could be improved by writing “In my opinion, while I totally agree with this view, I also believe that having more bins is another essential solution.”. That way you have introduced your idea.

  15. Throwing the waste material in the metropolitan avenue causes the negative aspects,that must be resolved.under this circumstances few population share their opinion panelized is the appropriate method to treat this mismanagement .
    In My Opinion,this is the one sided process to deal with this situation, rather than this metropolitan officials take part to utilized the both side a;population b;the metropolitan officials.
    In Conclusion :The metropolitan officials use the the educational technique,awareness among the community through adds use TV commercial and instal adequate quantity of the dustbin at appropriate places which is easy to access to everyone.

    • Don’t over paraphrase – it is very difficult to understand. “streets” should not be paraphrased as “metropolitan avenues”. “Control your paraphrasing and produce accurate language instead. As you know, I normally do not allow posts which are below band score 6, I will allow this one only so you can read this message. Work on your English before you post again.
      All the best

  16. Whether a fine is the most important solution in controlling the waste disposal on the streets by the people, holds a debatable position.Global warming is one of the issues related to this deterious activity.In my view,imposing fine is one way to limit the littering activity,while other factors like availability of more wastebins and more patrol on roads can also contribute in limiting this ongoing problem.

    • Conclusion :
      To conclude,I agree that steep fines can control the problem in a widespread manner;however, increased number of dustbins which poses convenience for the citizens,and police on streets to notice any notorious person littering,can be a contributing factor in the control of waste disposal on the streets.

    • The ideas are fine but your English is still a problem. “littering” is “littering” or “throwing litter on the streets”, it is not “waste disposal on the streets”. It is not “a debatable position” and it is not a “deterious activity”. Your language is not appropriate. You are trying to use high level words without understanding their limitations. Control your language to produce accurate language. There are too many errors. I will ask you to spend time working on your level of English before posting more writing, if you are aiming for over 6.5.
      All the best

  17. Hi Liz,
    Using the Thesarus online i found other word for littering such as messing up,dirtying.Can this words be used to paraphrase litteringalthough i really does not fit into the context .

    • Hi,

      Unfortunately, they shouldn’t be used in this essay. “Messing up” is informal and the meaning includes being untidy which means having items scattered all over the place for example, maybe at work or in your home. The word “dirtying” can relate to actual dirt, such as a child dirtying their clothing when they are playing outside. This essay is directly about dropping litter in the streets so therefore the other words shouldn’t be used as synonyms for this essay.
      All the best

  18. Hi Liz, Thanks for sharing such a precious lesson! Could you evaluate my below essay. Thank you.

  19. Here’s my introduction and conclusion:

    Having heavier fines as a penalty for littering is thought by many to be the best solution to the growing problem of littering in many urban centers. In my opinion, while I agree this is certainly one way to tackle the issue, it would more effective to educate the coming generation and have more bins available to the public.

    In conclusion, a better way to approach the problem of littering would be to teach the younger generation the dangers of littering and aim for a long-term solution or at the very least to provide more bins for public use.

    • You are a very smart person. Thanks to you i can get a better grade in my work. The questions were great.
      Thank allot i apriciate it.
      Dont worry about the email it is correct.
      please believe me.
      Thanks again.

  20. Hi Liz,

    This is how i got my introduction and conclusion when i tried it.

    Disposal of waste in cities has become a matter of grave concern, as it has many ill effects on environment and government has come up with steps to deal with it. Though imposing high fines can hamper this practice to certain extend, there are other better ways by which it can be tackled. This debatable topic is discussed in detail below.

    To put in a nut shell, i tend to believe that measures like placing enough bins throughout the cities and health education for the public together with other taken steps can help us to eradicate this major problem. Hopefully, government will soon have the reins for this issue for a better tomorrow.

    Give your valuable comments for improving my skills.
    Many thanks

    • Hi,

      Your background statement is good. Just check your grammar “the environment” and “the government”. Your introduction must have YOUR opinion which means you need to use the word “I” or “my” to show your views. It’s best to start with “In my opinion…”. Your conclusion is great but be careful of the words you use to start it. Watch this video about the best linkers to use to start your conclusion:
      I’ll post my model introduction and conclusion today.
      All the best

  21. The habit of street littering has become a growing concern in most cities and effective control measures are necessary to tackle this. While others believe that a higher fine is the best option, I strongly disagree with this idea as there are other much more effective means to solve this problem.
    A strict financial penalty to those who drop litters everywhere along the street could not be feasible in most situations. This is because local government needs manpower and facility to detect an individual who throw his waste on the floor. In addition, this surveillance system would cost a lot of tax payers money too as CCTV cameras need to be fitted in every corner of our high streets. Another weakness of higher fines is that it could affect only to those who concern the value of money, particularly for working class, but not act as a deterrent to those who receive large amount of pocket money from parents, for example, teenagers coming from rich families.
    Having said that, there are other measures , which I am convinced that these can stop the habit of littering. The first and most effective means is to educate people with various health and environmental risks which are directly or indirectly caused by piles of litters. this could be done by putting big posters on the walls of supermarkets, shop doors and most importantly, near fast food stores. For instance, there are some signposts inside most Mc Donald shops highlighting where and how should people should dispose their food and packaging wastes, instead of throwing away. Another essential method is to nurture children either at home or school to be aware of a strict discipline of littering. By doing this, these children at a young age would acquire a good habit which could stop the litter problem in most cities.
    In conclusion, a considerable amount of fine has many pitfalls and I believe health education and discipline at familyand school settings play an important role to stop this.

    • Hello Liz, if you have time, kindly give me your feedback for me.
      I have learnt your model writing of partly agree the question. Thank you as I have no idea how to write like this opinion essay. I always sit on on side or another for simplicity.
      Regards, Moon

    • Hi Moon,

      I hope to give you some feedback in the next few days. Sorry for the delay.
      All the best

  22. Littering in cities is a significant problem which needs to be handled. It is tought by many that heavy fines is the best way to cope with the problem. In my opinion, although higher fines is an efficient way to deal with the problem, educating younger generation is the best way to overcome the problem.

    In conclusion, in my view, heavy fines is a short- term solution whereas educating younger generation is a long-term solution. Therefore, educating younger generation is the best way to cope with the problem.

  23. Asim Calik says:

    Hi Liz,

    We all know that in writing, task 2 has more value than task 1. How they calculate that? It is like %60 mark on task 2 and %40 on task 1? Thanks again for your great afford.



  24. Improper disposal of waste without consent in cities is a growing problem, which must be taken into control. It is considered by some people that heavy fines is the best way for controlling this difficulties. I agree that but in my opinion, educating new generation , raising public awareness about the importance of waste management and strictness of law enforcement are the other contributing factors in order to solve the problem of littering

  25. There is no doubt that living in cities have prons ans cons. It is a shame that after being more civilized to make our countries full of garbage . It is a fact that each problem has a solution. Most people agree that increasing fines can help. I do agree with this idea but in the same time i believe there are others ways.

    People believe that by raising fines the problem can be solved, I accept it partly. However, no one can deny the effect of teaching and raising our children from school to be freinds with nature and avoiding to destroy it by irresponsible behaviors.

    In my opinion, the fundamental issue is by giving the public different ideas or planes to follow about recycling the litter as much as we can. On the other hand, people are getting benefits from this by making the environment more healthier and saving their money as well. Moreover, classifying the bins according the type of the garbage is a good idea too.

    From one point of view it could be true that supplying the streets, gardenes and public places by bins can help people to keep their cities clean and tidy by reminding them about this issue.

    To sum up, I think it is more importent to encourage people to be creative in dealing with this issue. Undoubtedly, the new generation will be able to control and prevent the problem.

    this is my first essay feed me back please in details

    • Hi Sally,

      You write well and just need to adapt your writing to suit the requirements of IELTS. Your introduction should have two statements – a background and a thesis. For the background statement, just paraphrase the essay question. If the question is “Littering is an increasing problem which needs to be dealt with….” you can write “There is a growing concern with the amount of littering so ….” You can see it’s just a rephrase of the essay questions. Try to avoid sentences such as “It is a fact that each problem has a solution.” because it’s obvious and has no real value in your essay. Your thesis statement is your answer and you have written that well. Here’s a free video lesson so you can learn more about writing the introduction:

      Plan your body paragraphs more carefully. Each paragraph should contain part of your answer. Paragraph 1 must explain why you agree (you haven’t actually explained it), your second and third paragraphs can offer other solutions.

      For your conclusion, make sure your main points are summarised clearly and there are no new ideas given. So, avoid writing ” I think it is more important to encourage people to be creative in dealing with this issue.” because this wasn’t really one of your main points.
      All the best

  26. Hi Liz ! Thank you for your continuous support to all the IELTS candidates. Here is my introduction and conclusion.Please have a look :

    Intro: Throwing wastes on the streets has become a cause of concern in the recent years since this causes air pollution and serious health problems. It is argued by some people that,higher fines is the most effective way to control littering. Although, I do strongly agree with it, I believe that creating awareness among people and placing more bins on the streets can also be helpful.

    Conclusion : To conclude, I am inclined to believe that, higher fines is the most effective method to reduce littering. Besides, increasing the availability of waste bins on the streets of cities and creating public awareness will also help to address the problem.

    Waiting for your valuable comments.Thanks again.

    Best Regards,

    • Hi,

      Both the introduction and conclusion are very good. You have the right technique. However, are you sure that I think higher fines is the most effective method? I would recommend that you alter “I strongly agree” in the introduction – it’s true I agree but do I strongly agree it is the best way? In the conclusion I would change “higher fines is the most effective method”. Otherwise, it’s all good.

      • Hello Liz,

        Thanks for your suggestions. Yes, you are right, you didn’t actually strongly agree with the statement. I have corrected it:
        ‘I agree that this can be a very effective way to address the problem but at the same time I do believe that, placing more bins on the streets along with creating awareness among people will also be helpful’

        Hope it’s fine now. Thanks again.

        • Hi,

          Much better. I’ll post my introduction for this essay question either tomorrow or the next day and then you’ll be able to compare mine with yours.
          All the best

  27. currently, there is an increasing amount of litter found in cities which some people think fines will be a better way to curb the anomaly, while others think it is not the solution. in my opinion, i strongly believe in the use of fines as well as other measures such as provision of waste bin and education of the populace on the importance of a neat environment.

    will this be a good introductory paragraph to the essay following your answer template given on this topic?

    • Hi,

      It’s good. My main comment would be about whether we agree strongly with the statement given or if we think there are actually better ways. It’s all about the phrasing. But it’s still a good introduction.

  28. INTRODUCTION….It is argued in the statement that throwing waste on streets is growing in cities and it should be dealt properly. I strongly agree that people should be heavily penalized besides taking other measures to control littering.

    CONCLUSION…..To conclude, by adapting the above mentioned strategies and solutions, the problem of littering will be controlled accordingly for the better environment and society.

    i have one question LIZ….
    Ielts did not ask you about OTHER MEASURES TO CONTROL LITTERING….then why we had mentioned them?

    • Hi,

      We mention them because it’s an opinion essay and it’s part of my opinion. If someone asked you “Do you think beef is the best meat to eat?”. You can answer “Although I enjoy eating meat, I prefer chicken and other poultry”. The question is asking about the best way, we may agree that fines is a good way but we think there are other better ways.

      Your introduction is ok but doesn’t stress the opinion clearly enough as I have mentioned above. However, you would still get a good score for it. Your conclusion feels like a learned phrases “To conclude, by adapting the above mentioned strategies and solutions, the problem of…” – many students use phrases like that because they can be used in all solution essays – it’s better to use your own language.
      All the best

  29. Hello Liz! I think that this answer could work… what do you think?

    It is considered by many people that the most effective way to solve dropping waste on the ground is rising fines. In my opinion, I agree that one of the best policy is to increase fines. However, there are others ways to deal with the problem such as educating new generation.
    In conclusion, bigger fines can deal with littering in short term, while educating younger generation would be a better solution in a long term. If government implemented these solutions, littering would soon drop.


    • Hi,

      Very good. A good introduction and conclusion. My only comment would be in the introduction do you really think that the write feels fines is one of the best ways? Your conclusion is excellent in content, just check your grammar “in the short term” / “the long run” / “the government” / “would soon stop”.
      All the best

  30. hello liz. thanks for the update. can you please give us how a typical introductory paragraph of this kind of answer should be like, considering the fact you did not completely agree that paying steeper fines is the best way to solve the problem of littering.

    • Hi,

      I did agree but it’s all about the strength of feeling. Did I think it was the best way or did I think it was one possible way? Sure, I’ll put the models up in a day or so when other students have had a chance at writing their paragraphs 🙂

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