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Essay Ideas: Littering in Cities

Ideas for an opinion essay

Littering in cities is an increasing problem which needs to be dealt with. Some people think that steeper fines is the best way to deal with the problem.

To what extent do you agree?

When you analyse a statement for an opinion essay, it is useful to ask yourself different questions regarding the topic. Think about the questions below and then decide your answer.

Questions for Analysis

  1. What is littering? Answer
    Dropping waste on the ground or in the streets rather than disposing of it correctly by putting it in the bin.
  2. Why do people litter?Answer
    Some litter because they don’t care about the effects and some do it just for convenience.
  3. It is already an offence to throw litter in the streets so why do people continue to do it?Answer
    Most people know it is wrong but they do it because they know they will not be caught.
  4. Would having a bigger fine stop them?Answer
    It is possible that a heavy fine might deter them but only if it is likely they will be caught and the fine imposed.
  5. Is having a bigger fine the best way to stop littering? Answer
    It’s one way to stop people but not everyone agrees that it is the best way.
  6. Are there other ways to stop littering? Answer
    Yes, one way is to put more bins in the streets so that people will use them rather than throw their litter on the floor. Educating children from a young age to dispose of their litter correctly is another way. Some people think that having more police on the streets would be a good deterrent because people will be less likely to attempt to litter the streets.

Now use your ideas and form them into an essay format. That means you should have two or three main ideas which are divided into two or three body paragraphs. After you have your essay ideas planned, check the model  body paragraphs below. Can you write the introduction and conclusion for the model essay below?

Model Body Paragraphs

Body Paragraph A: Having bigger fines is certainly one way to tackle the issue of littering. Increasing the fines will make people take littering more seriously. At present, many people litter the streets because they do not consider this to be a serious offence and for the convenience but by imposing a considerable penalty, people will think twice before they litter.

Body Paragraph B: However, the best way to deal with the problem of littering would be a long-term solution involving educating the younger generation. Littering is common due to the fact that many people are not fully aware of the environmental and health impacts that it has. By raising awareness and building a habit of disposing of waste correctly, this problem can be eradicated in coming generations.

Body Paragraph C: Finally, another possible solution would be to have more litter bins available to the public. The reason being that the majority of people littering the streets do so because there are no bins available to put their waste in and they do not wish to carry their rubbish with them until they find a bin. By having more bins available, it would not only be more convenient for people to dispose of their waste properly but it would also act as a reminder for them to do so.



Collection of Essay Ideas


  1. Please provide a few examples of conditional statement for a clear idea of how to use them in an essay. According to some, it is just better to use these in an essay for grammatical range. Would you consider these important?

    • I am currently preparing a Grammar book for IELTS which will help you with this. The marking criteria for grammar is about both range and accuracy. That means you need to be flexible in the tenses and sentence structures as well as accurate to avoid errors.

  2. thank you ms. liz!

  3. I’m really scared of the possibility of not knowing the meaning of a word in IELTS writing tasks 1 and 2. I’m at level C1 in English however, I did not know the meaning of ‘littering’ 🙁

  4. is litter the same as trash, garbage ? are they considered formal words ?

  5. Infact littering is very bad .Now what the government need to do ,is to map up a strategies to eradicate these problem.1 intensive education on how people should dispose their litter,2 Imposing high fine,3 posters and stickers should be all over to create awareness ,4 every 200 metres there should be a dustbin ,5 more advert on both tv and radio to create awareness ,6 Involvment of non governmental organization can also help a lot, 7 Industries and big companies should indcate it on their products to create awareness, 8 health personnel involnment can also add up .I think that all these can help a lot.

  6. Hello Liz.

    I read somewhere that it is okay to put “fake research” in IELTS task 2, which means I can make up any data I want and write it down.

    Is it even allowed? or is it considered as cheating?

  7. hello liz, i want to ask something regarding speaking part..
    during my speaking exam ..in speaking part 2..i feel that my answer was little bit out of track…however my rest of the parts 1 and 3 were very good…so SP 2 will going to effect on my band score or my band score will be consider based on only speaking part 2….

    Thanking you

  8. Hi liz,pls check my intro and conclusion

    Dropping waste on the ground or in the streets rather than disposing it properly has been an increasing issue that calls for an immediate solution. It is considered by some that imposing bigger fines is the best method to handle the problem, however, I believe that littering is best managed by a long-term approach of discipline and education.

    In conclusion, high rate fines can help deter people from littering, however, education and disciplining the younger generation is the key for a long-term solution. If these are implemented early in schools, littering would not be a problem in the future.

  9. Hi Liz.I tried to write an introduction,can you please speak your mind for it. Leaving behind ruins has become growing issue today ,which needs to cope with.According to some putting high penalty is the best solution to deal with it. In my opinion,however excessive fines is the effective option,there are also other reasonable alternatives.

  10. Excuse me, even though rarely, it happens that i see words like litter and steeper fines, words i have never heard of. If it happens in an essay i am done ! Could you please give me a list of such rarely encountered probable words that may happen to pop in an essay topic. Thanks !

  11. Hi LIZ, Do you know that in India nobody follow the rules, in india farmers used to do too much sprays and use injections to grow thier vegetables and fruits faster to earn money quickly which results ailments like cancer and death for eaters even similar to non vegetarians.
    What is more the backward people in India spread littering all around in streets if the government will not issue beneficial policy to them.Recently in harayana ‘jatt ‘ mainly called a farmers caste people do rapes and breaking transport, firing innocent people to get job reservation from government. finally, government gave them and then they stop.in the end i would like to say that you should give thanks to God that you born in ENGLAND.I really hate my own country india. That’s why I wish to settle in abroad and pray to God.

  12. Hi Liz
    In the question he asks to what extent do you agree,which means we have to give reasons for our agreement or disagreement but not alternative solutions because he did not ask what are other solutions.
    Could you please clarify what we should answer with this type of essay .do we have to put reasons why we do not agree or other solutions?

  13. Dzung Tran says:

    Hi Liz,
    In model body paragraph A, two words “because” and “but” are put in the same last sentence. But to my knowledge, two conjunctions, as “because” (subordinating) and “but” (coordinating) in this case, cannot appear in the same sentence. Am I right ?

    • It’s fine to have them both in a sentence but it doesn’t work all the time. It depends on the information you wish to present.

  14. Nowadays littering one of the global issues for the humanity.Due to scientist from the many countries prognosis that if this process had been continued half surface of the earth would have been covered by litter.The litter is the artificial product which after using thrown away as useless and could not decay itself.After using plastic bottles, boxes , packets and other household things which are thrown away consider as litter.People continue litter because they think only about themselves not about surround environment they are selfish.Fortunately todays many countries have created many prohibition rules for littering which will reduce this issue.Simultaneously, many companies for instance in food industry produces special biodegredable packets for food which can easily decay itself as soon as they are thrown away.Moreover,litter is used to produce biogas and electricity by power plant.To conclude I hope that people will convert their opinion about environment and think deeply before littering

  15. Hi,
    Introduction :
    waste disposal on roads in cities is becoming a ubiquitous problem which should be controlled.Some people considered that high rated fines is an effective method to control this type of issues.In my opinion, steeper fines can reduces the littering problems, along with that measures such as installing bins should be taken to control this issue.

    conclusion :
    to conclude, these are some effective ways to eradicate the problems with littering on Streets.

  16. Hi Liz, can you please check my introduction:
    Thanks 🙂

    The waste disposal on the street is becoming a common problem in our society.
    It is consider by some people that the most effective way to deal with this issue is to apply high fines to those who litter. In my opinion, steeper fines and fiscalization are the keys to eliminate this problem.

  17. Sumit Kumar says:

    Hello I am Sumit,
    I am posting my Introduction for the above mentioned essay topic.

    We all are well aware of the ever increasing problem of littering in cities by our fellow citizens which can be solved by imposing heavy fines. But, in my opinion , imposing fines is one of the ways by which this problem can be solved and other measures like imparting civic education, community participation, health personnel involment, government participation etc can also have a huge impact over this problem.

    Thank you

    • Avoid using “we” and “our”. Avoid using “like” as a linking device because it is informal. Avoid using “but” at the start of a sentence because it is a conjunction and must be used between sentences only. Avoid using “etc” because it doesn’t showcase your language ability. Work on your technique for writing to get the best results.
      All the best

  18. Hello Liz, here is my answer in introduction, what do you think?

    These days, many people are throwing rubbish on the road even though they know that behavior is wrong but some people are still doing even they don’t have any conscience. Some people believe fines is the best way to prevent the problem. In my opinion, I totally agree with this view but not only way to avoid.

    • You have introduced the essay question clearly and you have presented an opinion. It could be improved if you work on your grammar – there are some errors. It would be better to remove this part : “but some people are still doing even they don’t have any conscience.” because it is unnecessary and contains too many errors. Your thesis statement could be improved by writing “In my opinion, while I totally agree with this view, I also believe that having more bins is another essential solution.”. That way you have introduced your idea.

  19. Throwing the waste material in the metropolitan avenue causes the negative aspects,that must be resolved.under this circumstances few population share their opinion panelized is the appropriate method to treat this mismanagement .
    In My Opinion,this is the one sided process to deal with this situation, rather than this metropolitan officials take part to utilized the both side a;population b;the metropolitan officials.
    In Conclusion :The metropolitan officials use the the educational technique,awareness among the community through adds use TV commercial and instal adequate quantity of the dustbin at appropriate places which is easy to access to everyone.

    • Don’t over paraphrase – it is very difficult to understand. “streets” should not be paraphrased as “metropolitan avenues”. “Control your paraphrasing and produce accurate language instead. As you know, I normally do not allow posts which are below band score 6, I will allow this one only so you can read this message. Work on your English before you post again.
      All the best

  20. Whether a fine is the most important solution in controlling the waste disposal on the streets by the people, holds a debatable position.Global warming is one of the issues related to this deterious activity.In my view,imposing fine is one way to limit the littering activity,while other factors like availability of more wastebins and more patrol on roads can also contribute in limiting this ongoing problem.

    • Conclusion :
      To conclude,I agree that steep fines can control the problem in a widespread manner;however, increased number of dustbins which poses convenience for the citizens,and police on streets to notice any notorious person littering,can be a contributing factor in the control of waste disposal on the streets.

    • The ideas are fine but your English is still a problem. “littering” is “littering” or “throwing litter on the streets”, it is not “waste disposal on the streets”. It is not “a debatable position” and it is not a “deterious activity”. Your language is not appropriate. You are trying to use high level words without understanding their limitations. Control your language to produce accurate language. There are too many errors. I will ask you to spend time working on your level of English before posting more writing, if you are aiming for over 6.5.
      All the best

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