Answers: Phrasal Verbs & Proper Verbs

Below you can see the options available for changing phrasal verbs into formal verbs:

  1. The business was set up / established / founded in the 1980’s.
  2. People often prefer to hang out/ socialise with other people who share similar perspectives on life.
  3. Students must hand in / submit their applications before March 15th.
  4. Putting off / To delay / To Postpone visiting the doctor can result in symptoms becoming worse.
  5. Fires need to be put out / extinguished immediately before they spread.

Comments:

The phrasal verb “set up” is fine to use in IELTS writing task 2 and speaking.

“hang out” is a phrasal verb that can be used for IELTS speaking but not IELTS writing. The verb “meet” is not the same.

The verb “hand in” can be used for both speaking and writing. The verb “join in ” is not a paraphrase because it means “to participate”.

The verbs for question 4 can all be used in both writing and speaking.

Both verbs for question 5 cab be used in writing and speaking. The verb “quench” is mainly used for quenching thirst by having a drink and is not a suitable paraphrase. Also the verb “stop” means to prevent which is not a paraphrase for put out. Also the verb “terminate” is not suitable.

Sharing is caring...
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+Share on LinkedInEmail this to someonePin on Pinterest

Phrasal Verbs and Proper Verbs

As you know, many phrasal verbs are not suitable for IELTS writing task 2.

Phrasal Verb Paraphrasing

Below you will find some sentences which contain phrasal verbs. You need to replace replace the phrasal verbs with proper verbs suitable for a formal essay. In some cases, more that one verb is possible as a paraphrase.

  1. The business was set up in the 1980’s.
  2. People often prefer to hang out with other people who share similar perspectives on life.
  3. Students must hand in their applications before March 15th.
  4. Putting off visiting the doctor can result in symptoms becoming worse.
  5. Fires need to be put out immediately before they spread.

Answers

Click here: Answers to this lesson

 

Sharing is caring...
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+Share on LinkedInEmail this to someonePin on Pinterest

Answers for Bitcoin listening

See the answers below for the listening exercise about Bitcoin. If you didn’t complete the lesson, please check here: Bitcoin listening before checking the answers and transcript below.

Transcript

Bitcoin is an experimental, decentralized digital currency that enables instant payments to anyone, anywhere in the world. Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority: managing transactions and issuing money are carried out collectively by the network.

Bitcoin is one of the first successful implementations of a distributed crypto-currency, described in part in 1998 by Wei Dai on the cypherpunks mailing list. It is built upon the notion that money is any object, or any sort of record, accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a given country or socio-economic context. Bitcoin is designed around the idea of using cryptography to control the creation and transfer of money, rather than relying on central authorities.

There are many advantages to bitcoins, for example they are sent easily through the Internet, without needing to trust any third party and also transactions are fast. However, unfortunately, transactions are also irreversible.

Information from wiki.

Answers

  1. instant
  2. central authority
  3. record
  4. fast
  5. irreversible

More Listening Lessons for IELTS

You can find all my listening exercises and tips on this page: IELTS Listening

 

Sharing is caring...
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+Share on LinkedInEmail this to someonePin on Pinterest

Answers to yesterdays TFNG exercise 2

This page contains answers, as well as the passage and questions to exercise 2 reading practice for TFNG.

Passage: Impact of Hunting

Humans have long hunted wild game from forests, but over the past 50 years commercialisation of killing has triggered a rapid increase in wildlife depletion. Hunting and poaching cause damage to the rain forest ecosystem by removing species key to the system’s functioning. The loss of a certain single species can mean extinction for many others. Hunting of seed dispersers and pollinators can influence the structure of a forest.

This passage is from rainforests.mongabay.com. You can view the full article on this page: Impact of hunting & poaching

Questions for TFNG practice.

Are the sentences below True, False or Not Given according to the information in the passage above.

  1. Commercialised hunting is mainly focused in forests.
  2. The falling numbers in wildlife have been brought about by the commercialisation of hunting.
  3. Hunting negatively impacts the world’s ecosystem.
  4. One species in decline can adversely affect other species.
  5. The structure of forests can be altered by the hunting of seeds.

Answers

  1. Not Given
    1. The passage does not mention where commercialised hunting is focused. We don’t know if it is only in forests or if it is also in other places.
  2. True
    1. ” commercialisation of killing has triggered a rapid increase in wildlife depletion.”
  3. False
    1. “Hunting negatively impacts the forest’s ecosystem.”
    2. The passage shows that it is not the world’s ecosystem which is affected, it is the forest’s ecosystem that is affected.
    3. This means the answer is FALSE – the statement in the question is wrong.
  4. True
    1. “The loss of a certain single species can mean extinction for many others. “
  5. False
    1. “Hunting of seed dispersers and pollinators can influence the structure of a forest.”
    2. Only high level students will get this one right. So, don’t worry it you got it wrong.
    3. The passage does not talk about the hunting of seeds. The passage talks about the hunting of seed dispersers and pollinators. Let me explain those words:
      1. Examples of “seed dispersers” = elephants. They eat vegetation which contains seeds. They move through the forest and the seeds come out in their faeces (poo). This means they disperse the seeds through the forests by eating them and pooing them. Birds are also well known seed dispersers.
      2. Examples of pollinators = bees, butterflies etc.
    4. The passage shows that it is not “the hunting of seeds” that is the problem. The passage shows that is it the hunting of “seed dispersers and pollinators” that causes the problem.
    5. This means that the question statement is incorrect. So, the answer is FALSE

Comments

  1. As I said, if you got question 5 wrong, don’t worry about it. Only people aiming for band 8 or 9 should get this right.
  2. Don’t forget that the answer FALSE has two meanings: 1) the passage shows opposite information 2) the passage shows the statement is wrong. Remember those two meanings and you will be fine.

 

I hope you found the lesson useful 🙂

All the best

Liz

Sharing is caring...
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+Share on LinkedInEmail this to someonePin on Pinterest

Answers: Up or Down

Below you can find the answers to the phrasal verb lesson using Up and Down.

Questions

Complete the sentences by choosing the right particle for the phrasal verb.

You can choose:

  • A = up
  • B = down
  • C = no word
  1. When he gets upset, it takes ages to calm him ……….
  2. If you can’t find a hotel for the night just come round to my place and I’ll put you ……………
  3. The number of sales fell ………… significantly from 10,000 to only 500 by the end of the period.
  4. He’s a useful member of the team because he often comes ……… with interesting ideas.
  5. My son is very creative, he’s always making ………. exciting stories.
  6. I can’t stand people who put others ……………..

Answers

  1. B = down
    1. to calm someone down = this means to tranquillise someone or pacify someone using music or a soft voice
  2. A = up
    1. to put someone up for the night = to offer someone accommodation at your home (informal)
  3. C = no word
    1. fell down = this is used for people who fall to the ground
    2. the numbers fell = the numbers dropped
    3. the numbers fell down = this is incorrect English and shows a vocabulary error. This is one of the most common errors made by students describing a line graph in IELTS writing task 1.
  4. A = up
    1. to come up with an idea = to create an idea
  5. A = up
    1. to make something up = to invent
  6. B = down
    1. to put other people down = to criticise someone or belittle someone

I hope you found this lesson useful 🙂

Liz

Get my free lessons by email

Subscribe for free to get my new IELTS lessons sent to your email inbox.

Sharing is caring...
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+Share on LinkedInEmail this to someonePin on Pinterest

Up or Down?

Below are some sentences which need completing. This lesson is for phrasal verb practice.

Questions

Complete the sentences by choosing the right particle for the phrasal verb.

You can choose:

  • A = up
  • B = down
  • C = no word
  1. When he gets upset, it takes ages to calm him ……….
  2. If you can’t find a hotel for the night just come round to my place and I’ll put you ……………
  3. The number of sales fell ………… significantly from 10,000 to only 500 by the end of the period.
  4. He’s a useful member of the team because he often comes ……… with interesting ideas.
  5. My son is very creative, he’s always making ………. exciting stories.
  6. I can’t stand people who put others ……………..

Answers

You can find the answers by clicking here: Answers Up or Down

 

Get my free lessons by email

Subscribe for free to get my new IELTS lessons sent to your email inbox.

Sharing is caring...
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+Share on LinkedInEmail this to someonePin on Pinterest

Answer: Idioms or Description

Let me post the answer to idiom or description.

Previously I asked you which was best for a good score in IELTS speaking:

Which is best?

  • A) My brother is as cool as a cucumber.
  • B) My brother is so calm and composed that he doesn’t get stressed or worried under any kind of pressure.

Answer

 

B is best for a high score. Let me explain below why the examiner will give you a higher mark for B.

IELTS Speaking Marking:

Fluency 25% / Grammar 25% / Vocabulary 25% / Pronunciation 25%

Why A is not the right answer:

  1. Grammar in A: basic. This basic structure was learned by students who are elementary level “my brother is …”. So, this answer shows a low level of grammar.
  2. Fluency in A is limited. Fluency counts for 25% of your marks. Giving such a short answer will not help your score. It shows you can give a precise answer but you can’t speak further.
  3. Vocabulary in A: learned and not impressive. Yes, it is an idiom. But it is an old fashioned idiom that modern English people almost never use any more. It is also overused by low level English language students. So, the examiner will not be impressed. Nearly all low level students try to impress the examiner by learning idioms. They know their English is poor so they learn pages of idioms to compensate – it doesn’t work in IELTS.
  4. THIS MEANS that answer A shows a memorised idiom which is out-dated, it shows low level grammar and no fluency.

Why B is better for IELTS speaking:

  1. Grammar in B is complex. It is a long complex sentence because it contains a clause. The examiner will note that this structure can’t be used easily or correctly by low level students. So, it shows higher level grammar.
  2. Fluency in B is better. There is more to the answer. Although it is only one sentence is contains more information and willingness to talk which will help your fluency score.
  3. Vocabulary in B is excellent. Let me explain:
    1. Synonyms
      1. calm and composed
      2. stressed or worried
      3. These are synonyms. They show the examiner you understand the subtle differences in vocabulary. The word “composed” is unusual to use and is high level. Only high level students learn this word.
    2. Idiomatic language. Students get confused about “idiomatic language”. They think that they must use idioms. But the truth is that the examiner is looking for idiomatic language (not necessarily idioms). Idioms are only one type of idiomatic language – I don’t recommend using them and certainly not from out-dated lists provided by lazy teachers. You will find teachers give students lists of idioms to learn – 1) because it is easy work to print a list 2) because students are impresses 3) so the teacher does little work and the students are impressed
      1. “under pressure” (under any kind of pressure – which is used in answer B)
      2. This is idiomatic. It is the perfect piece of idiomatic language to use.
      3. Other idiomatic language to use is phrasal verbs: bring up / take over etc
  4. THIS MEANS that answer B contains high level grammar, excellent vocabulary with idiomatic language and demonstrates more fluency.

See all my IELTS Speaking Tips & Model Answers

I hope you found this lesson useful 🙂

Liz

Get my free lessons by email

Subscribe for free to get my new IELTS lessons sent to your email inbox.

 

Sharing is caring...
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+Share on LinkedInEmail this to someonePin on Pinterest

IELTS Speaking: Idiom or Description?

IELTS Speaking

Will using an idiom get you a higher score or is it better to use description? Look below and decide which piece of language will give you a higher score in IELTS Speaking.

Which is best?

  • A) My brother is as cool as a cucumber.
  • B) My brother is so calm and composed that he doesn’t get stressed or worried under any kind of pressure.

Answer

Click here: Answer: Idiom or Description

All the best

Liz

Sharing is caring...
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+Share on LinkedInEmail this to someonePin on Pinterest